The invasion of the English to this territory began in the 1620s. In a short time they turned the island into a rich sugar colony whose production was sustained by the labor exploitation of hundreds of thousands of slaves trafficked from Africa.
This was the case until November 30, 1966, the year in which Barbados obtained a negotiated independence. This implied, among other things, being governed by an elected prime minister, maintaining the presence of a general governorate in charge of an official appointed by the queen.
Until today Barbados is part of the Commonwealth —Community of Nations, in Spanish—, made up of 54 independent and semi-independent sovereign countries that, with the exception of Mozambique and Rwanda, share historical ties with London.
Isabel II She is the head of state of the United Kingdom and of 15 others, a figure that could be reduced to 14 in November 2021. “The time has come to completely leave our colonial past behind,” the Prime Minister of Barbados said in her annual message to Parliament. , Mia Mottley, at the end of September.
“Our inhabitants want a head of state for Barbados. This is the highest declaration of confidence in who we are and what we are capable of achieving,” he said.
Time to time
“It would be better to wait and see what will happen, because although at other times there were announcements towards the creation of the Republic, there were also many pressures from external agents so that it did not materialize,” the expert on Latin American history said in a dialogue with Sputnik and Caribbean, Adrián Pereira Castellón.
The professor at the Central University “Marta Abreu” of Las Villas, in Santa Clara (Cuba), said that “we must remember that the nations of the Caribbean are dependent on large transnational corporations and Barbados is no exception.” And he added: “it would be necessary to see what actions they take to stop this type of political declaration, otherwise, we welcome one more Republic in the Caribbean.”
He recalled that this statement “is preceded by another, from Mia Mottley’s predecessor, who raised the need to establish a Republic, and since 1966 by the first head of government, Errol Barrow, who had also raised it.”
The Cuban academic highlighted that the island territory has historically been a reference “in international political matters.” Barbados’ first and second declaration on indigenous issues “set a precedent in the Caribbean region, including in Latin America.”
He was referring to declarations promulgated between 1970 and 1990 that articulated a set of demands for the recognition and inclusion of the indigenous populations of Latin America.
Close the door
Pereira Castellón referred to the geopolitical value of the island territory and the advantages that to date it gives the United Kingdom, which is 6,700 kilometers away from the enclave. “It is the easternmost territory in the Caribbean, a gateway to the entire Atlantic Ocean,” he said.
The teacher emphasized that the world is subjected to a bid by powers to establish a new world order. On one side is the US and “the Western world, which is basically under its aegis.” And on the other is China, “a power that is growing very strong, accelerated and solid.”
Finally “we have Russia, which although it is more measured and plausible in its actions, is decisive in the political development of the current world,” he said.
“China is in the middle of a commercial expansion,” said the interviewee, alluding to the New Silk Road project that will further unite the Asian giant with Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean and Europe.
“The Chinese presence in the Caribbean is very strong. Those businesses are decisive for the functioning of these nations and for the economy. [del gigante asiático]”, he pointed.
Due to this reality, among other things, is that the US has been preaching under the Donald Trump Administration about the risk that the advance of Beijing implies for Latin America.
“The US has a number of military bases in the Caribbean not only to maintain a geopolitical strategy in the region, but to guarantee that Latin America continues to be its backyard,” said the interviewee, referring to the fact that Washington will also seek for Barbados to remain as a subject under the English crown.