Barcelona hotels have been the hardest hit by the mobility restrictions derived from the Covid-19 pandemic. During 2020, only 48.3% of the hotel offer remained open and the occupancy of available places was 41.1%, which led to an accumulated decrease in billing of 86.7%, according to data from the Barometer of Tourist Destinations by Exceltur.
The set of 46 cities and 51 national tourist destinations analyzed by the employers’ association of large hoteliers shows a collapse of the combined income of 77.2% in the whole of 2020 that rises to 86.8% if it is counted from the March 14 when the first state of alarm was declared. A total of 725,000 beds have not reopened since that day, it is 54.7% of the total number of hotels in tourist destinations.
In Costa Dorada the decrease was 93.4%
Despite the bad data from Barcelona and Madrid, where hotel billing fell by 81.2% and the supply of places by 45.5%, city destinations withstood the Covid-19 blow somewhat better than holiday destinations.
The average drop in billing in large cities was 77% with half of their hotel supply in operation, while in vacation destinations billing fell by 77.2% but the absence of international customers has prevented more than 60% of the establishments.
This is the case of destinations such as the Costa Dorada where the decrease in billing reached 93.4% and the supply of available places plummeted by 63.8%, or on the Costa Brava, with a drop in billing of 72, 6% and 48.7% fewer places available.
The Balearic Islands the most punished holiday destination
Although the biggest hit of the coastal destinations has been taken by the Balearic Islands. In Mallorca, for example, the absence of foreigners has caused an income drop of 91.8% and during the summer only 24% of the island’s hotel plant opened, reaching an average income for all hotel categories, per room available of 36.7 euros, 54% less than in 2019.
With this balance and “with serious doubts that, despite the hopes that vaccines are opening, tourism demand will be substantially activated in the remainder of the first semester of 2021”, Exceltur once again demands an urgent plan of rescue based essentially on direct aid to lost fund for the whole of the Spanish tourist sector.
They demand direct aid
“ERTEs and access to preferential financing with an ICO guarantee are no longer enough in the face of the defeat and the agony the sector is going through,” warn from the hotel management association. Since a greater debt will only lead to insolvency to those companies that assume it to the extent that the recovery is still far off. “Direct aid is necessary before the time runs out and not forgiveness of part of the debt of the ICO loans to be paid within a period of one to two years” stressed the tourism employers, who recalls that for many companies this does not solve the immediate problem of lack of cash due to lack of income.