A total of 7,332,925 Bolivians are entitled to elect a president and other positions, as a corollary of an electoral process traversed by the economic crisis and the coronavirus, in which several candidates face in a tense climate.
Bolivia comes to this election after a year, which began with the indefiniteness of the 2019 presidential elections, with accusations of fraud to re-elect Evo Morales, which were endorsed by the Organization of American States (OAS) and served to force his resignation, on November 10, and the installation of an irregular government.
In this context of tension, with at least 33 people killed during the coup, the coronavirus pandemic forced the postponement of two electoral dates, amid complaints against the de facto government of Jeanine Áñez of trying to use the health crisis to undermine the possibilities of the Movement Toward Socialism (MAS).
The MAS candidate, Luis Arce, appears in the polls as the probable winner, although he must reach 40% of the votes with 10 points of difference from his follower to win directly in this first round.
In case of going to the second round, called for November 29, the chances of the MAS to return to the government are less certain.
As in the frustrated elections last year, the second in voting intentions is former President Carlos Mesa, candidate for Citizen Conscience.
And the third, which may affect the result, is the former mayor of Santa Cruz de la Sierra Luis Fernando Camacho, who is running for Creemos.
The whole spectrum has been pressuring Camacho to support Mesa, because they consider the union of the right-wing vote “is the only way to prevent the MAS from winning,” according to the de facto president, Jeanine Áñez, when withdrawing her own nomination, when seeing that it did not summon the electorate.
The rest of the candidates are Chi Hyun Chung, from the Front for Victory; Feliciano Mamani, from the Bolivian National Action Party, and María de la Cruz Bayá, from Acción Democrática Nacionalista.
In addition to president and vice president, 36 senators and 130 deputies are elected, among other positions. One of the few certainties in this process is that whoever loses is unlikely to resign himself to accepting the result. In the event that MAS wins, its advantage would have to be very broad to stifle the foreseeable claims of the most radicalized sectors, with Camacho as the outstanding figure.