The new border controls between the European Union and the United Kingdom, which will be introduced from January, will cause delays for air carriers and carriers in British ports on the Irish Sea and the English Channel. This endangers British exports to mainland Europe.
British ports do not have enough space to park thousands of trucks as customs have to control the cargo. The government is planning to build “mega-customs parking lots” inland. Transport problems in the ports also threaten Ireland’s exports, as their goods are also transported over (British!) Land.
According to surveys, the UK lamb sector would be the biggest loser in a no-trade Brexit. About 891 TP1T of the lamb produced in Great Britain currently goes to European markets. It is expected that around 3 million fewer lambs will be exported next year. When they hit the UK market, the price will come under pressure too.
If the current transition period ends on December 31st, it will also have a negative impact on the UK agricultural sector, writes FarmingUK. Between 2013 and 2017, 82% of exported beef and 78% of dairy products, eggs, fruit and vegetables went to EU markets.
UK fruit and vegetable production is mostly concentrated in domestic markets with low exports, but much of its agriculture depends on external markets, mainly the European Union. At the same time, many EU manufacturers are dependent on the English market. In 2018, 80% of meat products arrived in the UK and almost 100% of dairy products and eggs came from the EU.
British consumers buy a wide variety of EU products every day, especially fresh fruit, vegetables and meat. In 2018, the European Union exported food worth £ 38.2 billion (over £ 15,000 billion) to the UK.
Ireland is considering using additional ferry services from Irish ports to Cherbourgh in France. Every year, more than 150,000 trucks transport more than 3 million tons of cargo to and from Ireland via UK highways and ports to reach the European continent.