The Vice President of the Government Nadia Calvin adapts to the new times. The socialist has approved the expenditure of 400,000 euros that will be converted into scholarships through the ICO Foundation to grant up to 25 scholarships to study Mandarin Chinese directly in the Asian country. The proposal is scarce, something that is even recognized by Calviño’s own Ministry of Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation, but it is a step for Spanish universities to collaborate with Chinese universities to improve labor relations between both countries in the future. The direct grant has been approved at the entrance of this year and it is expected that at least all scholarships will be awarded. The registration period has closed on February 8 and it is expected that in a little while 25 Spanish students will go to universities in China. Even with the latent coronavirus.
There are three universities that Spanish students can go to. The Pekin University, the University of International Business and Economics or the Beijing Normal University. The only problem is the shortage of scholarships that will be awarded for this course: 400,000 euros for 25 ten-month scholarships. Those who access these grants must have Spanish nationality, but they also open up the possibility that foreigners with everything in order can access the scholarships to study in China. This is the starting gun of a plan that the Ministry of Economic Affairs has carried out and that intends to be extended and provide more resources between now and the next few days.
At the moment, each student will cost the public coffers 16,000 euros. A good initiative that will include for each Spanish student tuition for the course, which will be paid directly by the ICO Foundation to the destination University, accommodation expenses in a university residence or other accommodation, up to the limit of the cost of the same in university residence, endowment of up to 1,600 euros, as aid for the transfer from Spain (in tourist class), at the request of the Foundation, proof of the expenses incurred, medical insurance of international coverage and contribution of 4,600 euros for personal expenses, which will be paid in three installments: September, January and April. A very well structured scholarship that they hope will become generic every year.
China’s hegemony has been demonstrated after the coronavirus pandemic. The Asian giant has become one of the candidate countries to unseat the United States from the first place in the global economy and after the appearance of the virus, China has been the only power whose GDP has grown during 2020. The Executive’s scholarship plan and Collaboration with Chinese universities is part of the importance that the Asian giant has and will have in the future. This is only the first step for a plan that may grow, according to government sources, for the next few years.
The Government has eliminated the academic requirement that the Popular Party introduced in 2012 to receive a scholarship from the State, and from next year these study grants will be granted based on the student’s family income. In addition, the Executive will increase the budget for scholarships by 386 million euros, which represents an increase of 22%, “the most important in the last ten years,” as stressed.
With this increase, they point out from the Government, the state system of scholarships and study aid will have more than 1,900 million that could benefit more than 600,000 students next year. The increase in investment will allow the fixed amount of each scholarship to be increased by 100 euros for undergraduate and master’s degrees.
Students who obtain a residence scholarship outside their municipality and those who benefit from the basic scholarship in non-university education will also receive 100 euros, more than 500,000 in total according to government calculations. “In the event that the person meets the requirements for both types of scholarships, the amounts will be cumulative and not exclusive,” according to the Ministry of Education and Professional Training.
RELATIONS WITH CHINA
Another issue that will bring conversation this near future in relation to relations with China is 5G. The arrival of this network in Spain is a mystery and it is also Calviño who wants to implement it, something that will force the vice president to intensify relations with the Asian giant. And now that Donald Trump is no longer as president of the United States, Spain’s international relations will be somewhat less conditioned.
The ghost of 5G haunts Europe, but no one yet knows how the networks that are going to develop in the member countries support this new speed scenario in the transfer of data. The decision of the United Kingdom to expel Huawei from the development of its 5G network has marked a trend imposed by the president of the United States, Donald Trump: that of the direct confrontation with China. But this is history. Nevertheless, the rest of the European countries are still in a neutral position. And Spain, with the economic vice president of the Government Nadia Calvin as responsible for making that decision, He still has no idea whether he will bow to Trump’s outdated demands or succumb to Huawei’s charms, the company best positioned to develop 5G infrastructure.
“It was not an easy decision, but it was the best in the long term for our economy and our national security,” Minister Oliver Dowden said in the UK House of Commons. Now, in addition to the fact that the European country does not know with certainty how they will tackle the challenge of developing this high-speed network, they will have to face possible economic retaliation from the Asian giant. But for the moment, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s decision is that by 2027 there should be no trace of Huawei in the country’s 5G networks.