Breast cancer is a formidable disease feared by women around the world as it is believed to be 'incurable'.But in reality, if the patients get diagnosed and treated in the early stage, there is still a' chance 'to cure it permanently ,
It is currently unclear as the cause of breast cancer, but it is evident that it is the growth hormone that accelerates the growth of breast tissue cells. Those cells will eventually become 'cancer cells'.
Statistics shows that 100 out of 100,000 women in Europe and USA have suffered from breast cancer. In Thailand, the number is around 30 in 100,000 women, which means that from 30 million Thai women nationwide, there will be 10,000 cancer patients every year. As the trend is growing exponentially, breast cancer has become a prominent public health problem in Thailand. It is currently no.
Prof. Dr. SupakornRoyananin, Director of Breast Center at Wattanosoth Hospital, revealed that women over 40 years old are at risk of developing breast cancer. Those who are unmarried, have no children, take hormones and have their periods. However, the most prominent risk factor is probably heredity. If you have more than two relatives (mother or sisters), you have it. If you are over 35 years old and have one or more of the above factors.
The key to breast cancer is early diagnosis. Breast cancer self-examination should be done at least once a month. Before it gets any bigger. Patients want to have a better chance of successful treatment if the lump is not bigger than 1 cm. in diameter. This is why early diagnosis is crucial.
To detect the lump even earlier with more accuracy, one must use a digital mammography machine, which can detect abnormal cells when they are only millimeters wide. If the suspect lump is detected, the doctor will then use it. Although there is no prevention for breast cancer at the moment, we can do it early even before the symptoms show up.
Dr. Supracorn further explores that patients with early stage breast cancer can choose between localized surgery or modified radical mastectomy (MRM) as treatment. If localized surgery is chosen, the follow-up chemo-therapy for the rest of the breast is required. After the surgery patients can expect almost 100% recovery. However, in case of advanced stage cancer, the only course of treatment is mastectomy followed by chemo- and hormone-therapy to reduce the chance of cancer reoccurrence.
Normally, surgeons would avoid mastectomy and use it only as the last resort for patients with high risk from heredity. After the mastectomy, patients will return to their normal lifestyle with confidence.
At present, the number of breast cancer cases has been growing due to the expansion of big cities and urban life style that put modern women at risk. Bangkok and Chiangmai have higher risk of breast cancer than people living in northeastern region.
Wattanosoth Hospital, a specialized cancer institute and affiliate of Bangkok Hospital, has opened the "Sunday Clinic: High Risk Breast Cancer" to promote breast cancer examination among high-risk women (the heredity group) by BRCA1 and BRCA2. The center is equipped with state-of-the-art machines and is well-staffed with experienced medical professionals to ensure the highest efficiency of treatment.
"Gene tests will help determine the chance of breast cancer development, however they can not exactly occur when the cancer occurs Happy and healthy life is the best immune system. "
Most importantly, women should not overlook the importance of doing breast surgery on a regular basis. The earlier you detect a lump, the better chance of successful treatment you can have. Breast cancer may be a deadly threat, but it's curable if you act fast.