Germany plans to hold an international conference on the future of Libya, supported by the UN, with the aim of forcing the many regional players to stop financing and arming the warring parties in the country.
The UN acknowledged that the increased arms embargo imposed on the country had been totally ignored by various countries, including Turkey and the United Arab Emirates.
UN Special Envoy Ghassan Salamé said that unless the role of many regional actors is highlighted by the international community, the war will continue indefinitely, eventually turning the country into a new Syria.
Heiko Maas, German Foreign Minister, discussed Thursday the upcoming problems in terms of goals and list of guests for the conference, saying that there would be a lot of work to organize such a meeting.
It is unlikely that some countries will attend the meeting if they think they will be put on trial to support one side or the other. Maas added: "Germany wants to launch a consultation process with all relevant stakeholders. There is still a lot of work to do before organizing such a conference. But we started working on a process. "
Last year, two conferences, one in Palermo and the other in Paris, failed before Marshal Khalifa Haftar, the military commander of eastern Libya, attempted to seize the capital, Tripoli, the seat of the UN. recognized government.
Salamé has been defending the idea of a conference for more than two months. In a speech to the UN Security Council, she called for a three-step process, including a local ceasefire, a national conference and then a national meeting in Libya.
Maas stressed that his work supported Salamé, who toured European and Middle Eastern capitals to support his conference plan. Salamé told the Security Council: "It remains extremely clear that without the commitment of the main external actors engaged in Libya, the conflict will continue."
Highlighting the magnitude of the violation of the UN's authority, he told the UN: "The violence in Libya is exacerbated by the provision of weapons, ammunition and additional war material in the country.The violations of the arms embargo have been both systematic and often flagrant by the two main parties to the conflict and the sponsoring member states. "
He revealed that the UN panel of experts was investigating more than 40 cases of arms embargo violations of varying degrees, despite the lack of cooperation from most of the Member States perpetrating those acts. "It is unfortunately true that the arms embargo has been in effect since April 4, 2019," he said.
He added: "No interdiction or search has been conducted at sea, although such activities have been authorized by UN resolutions, with the recent arrival of thousands of mercenaries in the country likely to prolong and escalate the conflict. "
He stated that the purpose of the conference was "to send a strong message on the need to respect the arms embargo, to commit to non-interference in Libyan affairs and to to attack the main causes of conflict formulated by the Libyans themselves and to emphasize his clear and active support for any political formula accepted by the Libyans. "
With French President Emmanuel Macron focused on the search for peace in Iran, the Italians busy calming a new coalition government and Britain preoccupied with Brexit, Germany has become the host natural European conference and is considered largely neutral in the conflict between Tripoli and Haftar. Macron, the United Arab Emirates and Egypt are normally cited as the largest external donors of Haftar.
The clashes between the two sides have left more than 1,000 dead and about 5,500 injured, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).