Gigantic dinosaur with a heart-shaped bone in the tail that lived 100 million years ago

Gigantic dinosaur with a heart-shaped bone in the tail that lived 100 million years ago is discovered in Africa (and scientists have discovered it just in time for Valentine's Day)

  • Midwestern University researchers discovered the beast in a quarry
  • It was discovered by experts on the Mtuka River in southwestern Tanzania
  • Its scientific name derives from Swahili and translates as "animal of Mtuka (with) a heart-shaped tail".

Just in time for Valentine's Day, a giant dinosaur with heart-shaped tail bones was introduced to the world.

The scientists believe that the titanosaur will shed a valuable light on the evolution of dinosaurs in Africa, where their partial skeleton was found.

Titanosaurs, four-legged, long-necked herbivores, weighed up to 70 tons and comprised the largest animals ever on Earth.

They lived towards the end of the reign of the dinosaurs in the Cretaceous period more than 65 million years ago and were spread around the world.

Scroll down for video

Just in time for Valentine's Day, a giant dinosaur with heart-shaped tail bones was introduced to the world. Scientists believe that the Titanosaur will throw a valuable light on the evolution of dinosaurs in Africa, where the partial skeleton was found (impression of the artist).

Just in time for Valentine's Day, a giant dinosaur with heart-shaped tail bones was introduced to the world. Scientists believe that the Titanosaur will throw a valuable light on the evolution of dinosaurs in Africa, where the partial skeleton was found (impression of the artist).

The new specimen was recovered from a quarry on the Mtuka River in southwestern Tanzania.

Its scientific name, Mnyamawamtuka moyowamkia, comes from the Swahili and means "animal of Mtuka (with) a heart-shaped tail".

The peculiarity of the dinosaur is the unusual heart shape of its tail vertebrae.

In addition to numerous vertebrae, the scientists found in the quarry ribs, limb bones and teeth.

The dinosaur adds that there is a close relationship between the titanosaurs of southern Africa and South America, the researchers say.

Dr. Eric Gorscak, a member of the Midwestern University team in the US, said: "Although titanosaurs have become one of the most successful dinosaur groups before the notorious mass dying of the dinosaur era, their early evolutionary history and Mnyamawamtuka remains unclear in telling these beginnings especially for her African side of history. & # 39;

Titanosaurs, four-legged, long-necked herbivores, weighed up to 70 tons and comprised the largest animals ever on Earth. This is an illustration that shows the "Heart Tail" of Mnyamawamtuka moyowamkia and a selection of the found bones from his skeleton

Titanosaurs, four-legged, long-necked herbivores, weighed up to 70 tons and comprised the largest animals ever on Earth. This is an illustration that shows the "Heart Tail" of Mnyamawamtuka moyowamkia and a selection of the found bones from his skeleton

WHAT ARE SAUROPODS?

Sauropods were the first successful group of herbivorous dinosaurs that dominated most terrestrial ecosystems for over 140 million years, from the late Triassic to the Late Cretaceous.

They had long necks and tails and relatively small skulls and brains.

They expanded to 40 meters and weighed up to 80 tons (80,000 kg) – 14 times the weight of an African elephant.

Sauropods were the first successful group of herbivorous dinosaurs that dominated most terrestrial ecosystems for over 140 million years, from the late Triassic to the Late Cretaceous

Sauropods were the first successful group of herbivorous dinosaurs that dominated most terrestrial ecosystems for over 140 million years, from the late Triassic to the Late Cretaceous

They were widespread – their remains were found on every continent except the Antarctic.

They had nostrils high up on the skull – instead of being at the end of the muzzle like so many other terrestrial vertebrates.

Some fossils show that these nostrils were so high up on the skull that they were very close to the eye openings.

Sauropods such as Diplodocus began to diversify about 180 million years ago in the Middle Jurassic.

Source: Museum of Paleontology, University of California

Mnyamawamtuka weighed about a ton and was about the size of an average person on the hip. Mnyamawamtuka was small compared to other titanosaurs. However, scientists believe that it was not an adult.

"Based on some bones, it was youthful and certainly not mature," Dr. Gorscak. "We're just not sure how much bigger it would have been."

Judy Skog of the US National Science Foundation, who funded the research, said: "This new dinosaur provides us with important information about African fauna in a time of evolutionary change.

& # 39; The discovery provides insights into paleogeography in the Cretaceous. It is also timely information about an animal with heart-shaped tail bones during this Valentine's week. & # 39;

The full results of the study were published in the journal PLOS ONE.

They lived towards the end of the reign of the dinosaurs in the Cretaceous period more than 65 million years ago and were spread around the world. Tobin Hieronymus, a student from Ohio University, digs out part of the Mnyamawamtuka skeleton while he scales the cliff surface in 2007

They lived towards the end of the reign of the dinosaurs in the Cretaceous period more than 65 million years ago and were spread around the world. Tobin Hieronymus, a student from Ohio University, digs out part of the Mnyamawamtuka skeleton while he scales the cliff surface in 2007

advertising