The government renationalises criminals' oversight after finding that a botched partial privatization program is jeopardizing the public.

Chris Grayling handed over surveillance of low and medium risk offenders to private companies despite warnings from officials, experts and charities.

The rehabilitation program aimed to reduce resuscitation and save money, but the government was forced to rescue failing companies and terminate contracts at an early stage, which would cost taxpayers more than £ 467 million.

The government is now scrapping every rehabilitation company (CRC) and handing over all offenders to the Public National Probation Service (NPS).

Justice Minister David Gauke said private and voluntary providers continue to be tasked with unpaid work, community punishment and probation programs.

"A stronger probation system that strengthens court confidence and better protects the public is one pillar of our reforms focused on rehabilitation and reduction of violations," he added.

"I want a smarter judicial system that reduces repeat offenses by providing robust alternatives to ineffective short prison sentences in the community – by helping offenders get away with crime for good."

The Department of Justice said the cost of the change, including recruitment, has not yet been calculated.

The new model is due to enter into force in the spring of 2021 after the CRC contracts expire in December 2020.

In its first increase last year, the government proposed to reduce the number of CRCs and reform their treaties. However, a number of reports from parliamentary committees and watchdogs found that the entire structure was "irreparably flawed."

In the recent damn report, the Public Accounts Committee said the "breakneck speed" reforms did not diminish the repetition of the insult and left the services "underfunded, fragile and without the trust of the courts."

An "exploding" number of criminals have been recalled to the jail, and more than 200 offenders allegedly being monitored by CRCs have been charged with murder while others have committed serious crimes or disappeared.

The inspectors found that companies monitored criminals by phone and did not properly assess criminals' risk or protect their victims.

The NPS has been rated more efficient in a system called "two-stage" by the HM Inspectorate of Probation.

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The government's announcement came two days before the publication of a critical report on CRC surveillance of people released after short prison sentences.

Dame Glenys Stacey, chief probationer for probation, said, "More than a quarter of a million people are being persecuted every year, and high-quality probation can make such a difference to them and society as a whole.

"Hard probation officers are facing more changes now, but I assume they will have a good heart."

A new consultation will provide up to GBP 280 million per year for private and voluntary sector examinations, but under the control of the NPS.

The new model foresees that 11 probationary districts across England and Wales have an "innovation partner" responsible for unpaid work, drug abuse programs, training, community service, and housing support.

The Department of Justice said it is planning new legislation to create a regulatory framework that holds probation officers to a set of professional standards, such as doctors and lawyers.

Mr Gauke also urges that the number of people incarcerated for less than a year be reduced after research has found that short sentences make it impossible to repeat crimes.

Richard Burgon, Labor's Shadow Justice Minister, said the government "endangered public safety and wasted hundreds of millions of pounds."

"The Tories did not want to make that U-turn and had desperately tried to re-enact the private sector," he added. "It is true that these plans have been dropped and the perpetrator management brought back into the house."

Christina Marriott, executive director of the Revolving Doors Agency rehab charity, said it was right "to return to the drawing board".

The Probation Service has found a "two-tier system" between private rehabilitation companies in the Community and the National Probation Service

"This dysfunctional separation was a failure," she added. "It has failed to protect the public, stop the crime cycle and, in particular, have failed convicted prisoners. Too many people leave the prison without supervision, without residence and without access to medical care. "

Peter Dawson, director of the Prison Reform Trust, said: "The pragmatism of Mr. Gauke gives hope that the damage done by his predecessor to probation can someday be remedied. The courts are demanding a simpler system that they can trust. "

Frances Crook, managing director of the Howard League for Penal Reform, called the program "catastrophic."

She said, "Parole only protects the public and helps people change their lives if it is integrated with housing, health and other such services and promotes a high professional standard at all levels."

"The proposed regional structure may turn out to be unwieldy, while adherence to unpaid work by the private sector seems to be flying in the face of repeated failures by companies to provide such contracts."