It is a small hole in the East End of Glasgow, but it has the potential to make the area the world center for research into geothermal energy.

The first hole, which was drilled yesterday just across the road from Celtic Park, is part of a project with scientists, academics and businesses from all over the world wants to look at the future.

Geoenergy Observatories (UKGEOS) The 12 boreholes across the city wants to record data as part of the UK Geoenergy Observatories (UKGEOS) project.

The £ 31 million project wants record information about the rocks at an unprecedented level, with some going down almost 200 meters into the ground.
The East End is located on the Old Mines, which contain hot water, which has the potential to be used for heat homes and businesses in the area.

This data is intended to be used in the context of private research and innovation.

Zoe Shipton, professor of geological engineering at the University of Strathclyde, said: "Big science questions need big pieces of kit. Physicists have their CERN (home of the Large Hadron Collider) and we have our UKGEOS and this is about to be a laboratory with a 15-year design life.

"We can rarely carry out a controlled experiment in the way that chemists and physicists are able to do. This is what UKGEOS wants to allow us to do – we're going to characterize a cubic kilometer of rock in Glasgow and know the characteristics of the rock to an incredible degree.

"We'll have them down those boreholes that listen to the earth and hear the changes that happen where we have earthquakes. Somebody scores at Celtic Park.

"If we are going to meet the demands of the Paris treaty and decrease or reliance on fossil fuels and increase the ability of ours to power our homes and heat our homes, and our economy on renewable energy, we need to make it possible for work to come in. "

Geological research from this site may have many more applications for creating a greener way of living.

David Manning, Professor of Soil Science at Newcastle University, said, "In this country we've been mining for over 2,000 years, even before the Romans in Cornwall we were trading tin to the Phoenicians. Geothermal so we can run with that given it's carbon free.

"Hot water coming from the inside of the earth can be used to heat people's houses. We're so interested in energy storage – so it's possible to make heat from the surface into underground stores and take it back out again when we need it in winter. Hot summers can be captured, put underground and taken out again. "

As well as asking the big scientific questions, which would like to explore the possibility of heating the local area of ​​the East End and Clyde Gateway.

Although renewable energy is good at generating electricity, heat is more difficult to transport and store. Last year Scotland produced only six percent of its heat from renewable resources, compared to 68% of its electricity.

Ian Manson, chief executive of Clyde Gateway, said: "The East End has a history of great industry and is about to regenerate the area we need to look at the industries of the future. We hope this project will create a greater focus on renewables and bring engineering companies and jobs to the area.

20,000 jobs for this area, we've already attracted 5,000 – some of which are in renewables.

"We're looking for the low hundreds, but there's no reason why we should not be aiming for the thousands for jobs in this area."