Clouds have briefly dissolved in the Peak District, and Martin Olsson welcomes regular customers using the good weather behind the counter at Appleyards Tabakladen.

He helps lead the family business of his wife in Buxton, where she moved in 2002. But in the year he remembers it, 1994 is the year in which Sweden held its own referendum on the EU. He voted No, but won with a splinter – so Sweden went in.

"The country was divided and I was deeply disappointed. But one year later, I started to benefit from membership in the EU when I went to Ireland to study and study there, "says Olsson, 47.

He holds out for a second Brexit referendum. "In the last two years, many people have realized that they, like me, have made the wrong decision. As Brexit progresses, ordinary people who are just familiar with it starve to death. "

Right next door Martin Lang, 61, works as a salesman at Conways DIY. He disagrees. "I voted for the exit in 2016 and would do the same today," he says, "because of the regulation we have to go through as a small business." He calls on MEPs to support the prime minister's deal. "Given the opposition she had from her own party, I think she has done remarkably well. I'm not a natural Tory voter, but I admire Theresa May. "

Tobacco dealer Martin Olsson:

Tobaccist Martin Olsson: "Many people have realized that they have made the wrong choice." Photo: Eleni Courea for the observer

This dichotomy is nothing new in Buxton. High Peak, the parliamentary group in which it lies, voted for Brexit at 0.5%. Now there are some signs that the mood is reversing. Local MP Ruth George is one of a group of Labor politicians who conducted polls on their voters' views on Brexit. Their recent 1,600-person poll, which has been ongoing since November 13, has led to a 17% shift from former voters to Remain and 4% from Remain voters to Leave. In her first survey, which took place between January and May, leave-to-remain rash was only 1%.

"There was little difference of opinion in the spring," says George. "Now we can see how the" best deal we can get from Europe "looks, there is definitely a change." She will vote against May's deal on Tuesday and supports Labor's policy of keeping all options on the table. In the last survey, 59% of respondents supported a new vote.

Back on Buxton High Street, says Julie, 58, who works in retail and did not want to give her last name. She says she voted in 2016 over the bureaucracy imposed by EU rules. "But if I had to vote again, I would choose Remain, because everything was so confused," she says. Nicola Wallace, 24, who works at the University of Derby and has provided Remain from the beginning, agrees, "This whole process was a disaster – and although the Brexiteers claim they could make a better deal, none of them has anything put forward. "

Other Labor MPs who have sought the views of their constituents are James Frith, Melanie Onn and Sharon Hodgson. All recent net rashes in their Leave to Remain constituencies as the reality of what the Brexit deal will look like has begun.

Frith has been a member of Bury North since 2017, known as the Bell Seat. Last month's survey of 760 people found that Leave to Remain's conversion was down 8.5% compared to 4%. More than half of the respondents supported a renewed vote on the deal. Frith says his results show that "the people of Bury do not want to give the prime minister a blank check for this deal."

Sam Bastable

Sam Bastable: "I'm still in two heads – that's not the Brexit I voted for." Photo: Eleni Courea for the Watcher

In Washington and Sunderland West, which voted strongly for the resignation, Hodgson's survey suggests that among 623 people, a 24% turnaround from Leave to Remain and 18% from the other side. "There is still a lot of disagreement in my constituency," says Hodgson. "However, it is clear that very few people are satisfied with the way the government conducted the negotiations." In Great Grimsby, Onn's poll found a turnaround of 13% from Leave to Remain among 856 people, while the change from Remain took place leaving was about half that.

However, as the MEPs acknowledge, voluntary surveys are being filled by those who are most dissatisfied with the current situation and their results are not representative. Onn says that "the vast majority of Grimsby's residents still have a similar opinion at the time they voted in 2016. There has been little change and people's patience has diminished." According to national polls, the results of another referendum would be too close to call. Nevertheless, leading Labor members have taken a road to advocating a vote on Brexit.

If the May deal is rejected on Tuesday – a result that seems inevitable – the party will try to trigger general elections. If this attempt fails, Labor says it will call for a referendum on May's deal. The question is whether enough Tory MPs will vote for it.

Back in Buxton, Sam Bastable, 34, sells his wooden constructions at a mall in the mall. He was a supporter of the Labor Party and supported Brexit in 2016, but when it came to a second referendum, he is not sure how he would vote. He supports freedom of movement and thinks May has negotiated a terrible business. "It's worse than what we have now," he says. "I'm still in two directions because this is not the Brexit I voted for."