Natural mummies are those that have been naturally mummified by the weather and soil conditions that dehydrate the body. For years, the oldest natural mummy in the world has been at the center of a legal dispute. ( Tomas Castelazo | Wikimedia Commons )
A lawsuit for custody of a mummy is over, as DNA sequencing shows that these are Native Americans of American descent. The motto "Spirit Cave" is the oldest natural mummy in the world.
Litigation around & # 39; Spirit Cave Mummy & # 39;
After years of litigation over custody of a 10,600-year-old natural mummy, she was eventually handed over to the Fallon Paiute-Shoshone tribe after advanced DNA sequencing revealed that the so-called Spirit Cave Mummy is indeed related to a Native American tribe.
The lawsuit began in 1996, when radiocarbon dating revealed that the mummy was about 9,400 years old. One year later, the Fallon-Paiute-Shoshone tribe tried to claim the remainder under the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act for immediate repatriation, but were denied access to it because the ancestry ancestry was controversial.
As a result, the tribe sued the federal government and a lawsuit was filed for 20 years. In it, anthropologists argued that the remains should be exhibited in a museum for their valuable insight into the first inhabitants of North America.
In 2016, the scientists were given permission by the tribe to carry out a genetic analysis of the remains for the first time, ultimately revealing that the remains are indeed related to the Native Americans. With such finds, the remains were immediately returned to the tribe and buried.
"The tribe has genuine feelings for Spirit Cave, which as Europeans may be hard to understand, but for us it would be like a funeral of our mother, father, sister or brother," said study leader Professor Eske Willeslev, who led geneticists through the DNA tests. "We can all imagine what it would be like if our father or mother were shown in an exhibition and they had the same feeling for Spirit Cave."
The Spirit Cave Mummy was first discovered in 1940 by Sydney and George Wheeler in a cave in Nevada. It is the mummy of a 40-year-old man at the time of death and was wrapped in a blanket and a mat of reeds. At that time, the remains were handed over to the Nevada State Museum
The research is published in the journal science,
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