A new study focuses on the role of the clitoris in women, showing that when stimulated, it triggers a wave of changes in the rest of the reproductive tract. The results of these changes give the clitoris an importance not only recreational, but also reproductive, according to the studies. As a result, the removal of this organ is a deeply disabling act, in terms of reproduction and sexual pleasure. The author of the study, Roy Levin, said: "The mantra, often repeated, that the clitoris has the sole function of inducing sexual pleasure, is now obsolete. The physiological evidence is now obvious. "

Female anatomy has long been an issue to be protected and concealed, although in modern times the opposite trend has been introduced, bringing it back to an undesired public level. For a long time, the clitoris has been considered as a simple pleasure-related organ, leading to the mutilation of millions of girls of different cultures in order to keep them chaste or healthy by removing the source of sexual pleasure.

3D printed model of the clitoris of a female sexual organ. Image Credit: josefkubes / Shutterstock

3D printed model of the clitoris of a female sexual organ. Image Credit: josefkubes / Shutterstock

Abundant confusion, little precision

Levin first made his findings on the importance of clitoral reproduction in 2018. While the organ was identified and studied in anatomical detail centuries ago, its function has aroused many controversies. It has been claimed at various times to assist in urination, female orgasm, to be present only among hermaphrodites, not to serve, or to be responsible for various female sexual behaviors, even on the part of women. great anatomists like Vesalius. Those who have accepted his presence seem to have considered it as a purely pleasure-related organ. Of these, some thought it helped women to choose their partner – the one who gave the most pleasure won. Others say that it is a vestigial organ.

To be fair to this last category, most women do not reach orgasm during sex by penile stimulation of the clitoris. In addition, orgasm in women is not related to reproductive success. As a result, the role of the clitoris in reproduction seems to have been largely unknown.

Importance of reproduction

The new study shows that if the clitoris, when it is stimulated appropriately, causes the woman's orgasm, accompanied by an increase in various hormones, it also activates several physiological processes through sensations treated in many areas of the brain. When several brain regions participate in a task, this usually indicates its importance. From this perspective, it is obvious that clitoral stimulation is an important event in female physiology.

Vaginal changes

As a result, the woman's heart rate and blood pressure increase, thereby promoting blood circulation in the vagina and thus providing more oxygen to the expected sperm cells. Vaginal discharge increases, providing abundant lubrication of the blood vessels by exudation, aided by neural stimulation of the transudation. The result is that penetration through the penis becomes easy and painless.

At the same time, the vaginal acid environment is partially neutralized, which promotes sperm capacitation and motricity. The vagina also takes on a tent-like shape and swells to move the cervix away from the uterus (the lower opening of the uterus) from the sperm basin. This helps retain the sperm within them, until they have been in contact with various natural chemicals, called capacitating factors, which are necessary for their subsequent activity. The increased vaginal heat felt by the penis also increases male arousal.

Sperm treatment

Until then, the spermatozoa are immobile and in a non-capacitive state where they can not fertilize the egg. Thus, clitoral stimulation also produces simultaneous biochemical changes in the ejaculate semen discharge in the female vagina. This includes the release of the precapacitation and sperm capacitation factors, which convert sperm into highly mobile forms that can ascend through the vagina, cervix, uterus and uterine tubes to reach the sperm. Ovule, enter it and achieve fertilization. These are coordinated with the changes occurring in the female vagina.

Preparation for fertilization

The result is that before orgasm, the female reproductive tract is prepared to receive the sperm and make it able to fertilize the released egg. This conclusion is supported by the fact that this organ becomes significantly larger just before ovulation until the 20th day of a typical monthly cycle. In other words, it is easier and easier to stimulate when the woman has the best chance of conceiving. This seems to corroborate its importance in reproduction, especially when we remember that these changes occur at any point in the cycle and regardless of the timing of ovulation, ensuring that the reproductive system female is always ready to receive and handle sperm during sexual intercourse.

Many previous studies have concluded that clitoral stimulation is supposed to take place regardless of sexual intercourse. Indeed, some scientists have thought that stimulation during sex has harmful effects on women, although there is no evidence to support this claim. The present study provides a strong theoretical framework for emphasizing the importance of clitoral stimulation during sexual intercourse or foreplay, as a fundamental physiological process by which the woman's body prepares, via the activation of several areas of the body. brain, to receive and stimulate sperm to maximize fertility.

Clitoris Removal – Inability to Reproduce

The removal of the clitoris has been practiced for several reasons, either in the context of female genital mutilation to ensure female chastity, or for non-therapeutic reasons to "cure" certain mental conditions in women. However, the researchers point out that in doing so, not only does the woman lose sexual pleasure resulting from sexual arousal by stimulating the clitoris before actual penetration, but the woman's body can not pre-activate the reproductive system for prepare to receive the ejaculate. This has a detrimental effect on reproductive success, according to the authors.

Women with certain clitoral abnormalities report low libido, pain and waking problems caused by clitoral stimulation. Corrective surgery in a very small number of cases would have beneficial physical and psychological effects, but more in-depth studies would be needed to confirm its benefits.

Conclusion

Although Freud claimed that clitoral stimulation was a primitive and primitive method of obtaining orgasm, unlike that achieved by penile intercourse, other more modern researchers have dismissed as an undesirable mechanism that does not promote gene transfer by reproductive success. This biased view completely ignores the current knowledge about the important activity of priming that clitoral stimulation triggers in the female reproductive tract, with the consequence of increasing the fertilization rate and the pregnancy.

The present study sheds new light on this subject, claiming that the clitoris is stimulated to activate the brain before and during penetration of the penis, so that the female body is led to accept, with sexual pleasure, ejaculated semen to ensure the best chances possible. the success of reproduction. In other words, the view that reproductive and recreational roles are equally important for the clitoris is, in the words of the authors, "now unavoidable".

Journal reference:

The clitoris – an assessment of its reproductive function during the fertile years: why was it and remains forgotten in the stories of women's sexual arousal. Roy J. Levin. Clinical Anatomy (2019). DOI: 10.1002 / ca.23498. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1002/ca.23498

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