The split is audible and perceptible – especially in cities like Stroke-on-Trent. There was a clear majority for Brexit. And there live many migrants. Since the referendum, sentiment has become increasingly hostile.
By Christoph Heinzle, ARD Studio London
Decline of the industry, high unemployment, poverty, social problems. The consequences of this can clearly be seen in the city of Stoke-on-Trent between Birmingham and Manchester. Also visible: the high proportion of migrants. Especially people with a Pakistani background can be found here in the district of Shelton – but also Europeans.
Since Stoke's 70 percent vote in favor of Britain's exit from the EU, the climate has become rougher for them, says the Portuguese Rui, who is just picking up his daughter from kindergarten: "The Brexit supporters harass foreigners Brexit yes, the referendum was based on the lie, after Brexit you would be the foreigners go and no one would come more. "
Often taunts, sometimes attacks
This is also reflected in statistics: hate crime – and especially racist attacks – have increased a lot in Stoke-on-Trent since the referendum. Often it is bullying, but sometimes also physical attacks.
Simon Harris heads the Citizens Advice Bureau in Stoke, stating that the number of "hate crimes" has quadrupled four-fold in important phases of the Brexit debate. "People are encouraged by the tone of public debate to express their hatred," says Harris. Politicians need to be cautious in their choice of words, they are often quite cynical and have caused concern.
"You take away the jobs, go back to Poland"
The number of unreported cases is high. Affected individuals often find it difficult to report incidents. And certainly, to speak publicly about it. The BBC told Edyta Kastelik from near Birmingham that she and her friends would often have to listen to things like, "Take away the jobs, go back to Poland." That had increased after the Brexit referendum.
Shazia Nasreen was even struck with a stone and insulted as "Paki". The attackers called on them to leave the UK. She is not welcome here. "I was really scared," says Nasreen.
And it is no longer just against foreigners and migrants. Attacks on homosexuals, for example, have also increased, according to scientist Kate Ferguson. "When violence against a group increases, violence against other groups also increases," she says.
Hatred could increase after new elections
By the British society go a crack that is not so easy to kitten, says citizen advisor Harris. "We have to work with the different social groups and make it clear that there is more in common than dividing, and people need to feel safer again, more confident about their future, and they will need less of an outlet to release frustration, anger and anxiety. "
Destroying the cohesion of society quickly, the construction takes much longer, says Kate Ferguson of the organization "Protection Approaches". Even if the new election in December brings a solution to Brexit, they think the hatred might increase. "No matter how it ends, a large minority will feel their identities are affected, so we still have some years to go."