Virginia Governor Ralph Northam vowed that he was "not leaving" despite calls for him to resign after recognizing that he had worn the black face.
He told Gayle King on CBS that he had weighed up his calls against "what Virginia needs now".
He denies having a racist photo on his page of his 1984 medical yearbook.
But he admitted to having worn Blackface on another occasion that year, while disguised as Michael Jackson.
In the yearbook of 1984, a photograph shows a person in blackface and another in Ku Klux Klan dress.
At Sunday's Face the Nation show, CBS, Mr. Northam said, "I really think I'm in a position where I can get Virginia to the next level.
"I learned from that," he said. "I have a lot more to learn."
He said he was in a more difficult situation during his career in medicine and added: "At the moment, Virginia needs someone who can heal." There is no better no one to do it but a doctor.
"Virginia also needs some strong, empathy, courage and moral compass, which is why I'm not going anywhere."
In a previous interview with The Washington Post, Mr. Northam had promised to set up race awareness training for state employees and to "take a hard line" on confederate statutes in public places of the state.
Statues of Confederate chiefs have been hot spots for protest and race disputes in recent years. In August 2017, a far-right supporter drove his car in a crowd of counter-protesters, killing one, following a white supremacy rally in the city of Charlottesville, Virginia .
Other senior officials of the state face their own controversies.
Attorney General Mark Herring, MP for Mr. Northam, admitted to being made up of "brown" at a party at the age of 19.
Meanwhile, Lieutenant Governor Justin Fairfax has denied allegations of sexual assault and rape.
All three are democrats. Should they all resign as a result of these controversies, Virginia could be led by Republican Speaker of the House of Delegates, Kirk Cox.
On Wednesday, Vanessa Tyson came to tell Mr. Fairfax's alleged aggression in troubling details in a statement from his lawyers.
Now a university professor in California, she claims that Mr. Fairfax forced her to indulge in a sexual act at the 2004 Boston Political Convention.
Mr. Fairfax said his statement had been "painful" but insisted that he was innocent.
On Friday, a second woman came forward. She claimed that Mr. Fairfax had raped her in 2000, when they were both students at Duke University in North Carolina.
Mr. Fairfax denied the allegations and said he was the victim of a smear campaign.
Meanwhile, the Republican Party in Virginia was also struck by its own blackface scandal after it appeared that the majority leader of the Virginia Senate, Tommy Norment, had published a college publication. from 1968 containing slur and blackface pictures.
In a statement Thursday, he condemned "the use of blackface".