Scientists create mysterious HOT ICEs, which are common in frozen planets like Uranus, using "fast-frozen" water with giant lasers

  • Scientists have observed an extremely hot ice that can make up the inside of planets
  • Superionic ice cream was made with a huge and powerful laser
  • Pulses from the OMEGA laser were able to pressurize as well as heat the water
  • This is the first time that scientists observe the atomic structure of the substance
  • The research could help to expand knowledge about Neptune and Uranus

By zapping water with lasers, the researchers were able to observe an "exotic" hot ice that they claim could exist in much of the universe.

The results, published in Nature by scientists at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in California, further demonstrate the properties of a substance called superionic ice, created last year by the same lab.

With huge lasers for freezing water, scientists can now observe the microscopic structure of the hybrid substance, which is both solid and liquid.

Superionic ice is both solid and liquid, which is why researchers call the substance "exotic". An artistic representation is shown

Superionic ice is both solid and liquid, which is why researchers call the substance "exotic". An artistic representation is shown

WHAT IS THE OMEGA LASER?

The OMEGA laser, based at the University of Rochester in New York, is one of the most powerful lasers in the world.

It uses 60 beams to test different types of plasma, radiation and other materials.

It was recently used by researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to study the structure of superionic ice.

While the plant has been threatened with closure in recent years, it continues to be used for research into high-energy physics and other areas.

"We wanted to determine the atomic structure of superionic water," said LLNL physicist Federica Coppari, co-author of the paper.

"However, given the extreme conditions under which this elusive condition of matter is considered stable, it has been an extremely difficult task to compress water to such pressures and temperatures while taking snapshots of the atomic structure."

For their observations, researchers said they used one of the world's most powerful lasers, the OMEGA Laser, at the University of Rochester's Laser Energy Laboratory.

The six lasers were used to generate shock waves and to compress the water to 1 to 4 million times the atmospheric pressure of the earth and 3,300 to 5,000 degrees Fahrenheit.

To capture the actual structure of the newly formed superionic water ice, the researchers used 16 additional laser pulses to blast an iron foil that produces X-rays that can illuminate the crystals.

"The X-ray diffraction patterns we have measured are a clear signature for dense ice crystals forming during ultrafast shock wave compression, demonstrating that the nucleation of solid ice from liquid water is fast enough to be observed in the nanosecond of the experiment," so Coppari said.

The experiment not only adds to the growing body of evidence and insights surrounding the mysterious superionic ice, but could also impact the core of ice giants such as Uranus and Neptune.

It needed one of the most powerful lasers in the world to prove the existence of an exotic, overheated ice that could form the interior of water planets throughout the universe

It needed one of the most powerful lasers in the world to prove the existence of an exotic, overheated ice that could form the interior of water planets throughout the universe

While previous hypotheses have claimed that the cores of the planets might resemble those of Earth, the discovery shows that the mysterious ice matter observed by researchers is a more likely candidate.

"It's probably better to imagine that superionic ice would flow like the Earth's mantle, which is made of solid rock but supports and supports large convective movements over very long geological periods," said LLNL physicist and co-author Marius Millot.

"This can have a dramatic impact on our understanding of the internal structure and evolution of the icy giant planet, as well as on all of its many extraterrestrial relatives."

Evidence of the substance confirms a projection from 1988 when scientists predicted that the pressure of oxygen and hydrogen in the nuclei of the aquatic planet would produce superionic ice.

HOW IS THE MAGNETIC FIELD OF URANUS WITH THE OARS?

A recent study analyzing data collected over 30 years ago by the Voyager 2 spacecraft has shown that the global magnetosphere of Uranus is not comparable to that of Earth, which is known to nearly coincide with the spin axis of our planet ,

A false color view of Uranus taken by Hubble is shown

A false color view of Uranus taken by Hubble is shown

According to researchers from the Georgia Institute of Technology, this bias would lead to behavior that is very different from what you see on Earth.

Uranus lies and turns on his side, with his magnetic field inclined by 60 degrees with respect to its axis.

As a result, the magnetic field "falls" asymmetrically relative to the solar wind.

As a result, the magnetic field "falls" asymmetrically relative to the solar wind.

When the magnetosphere is open, it lets in the solar wind.

But when it does, it forms a shield against these particles.

The researchers suspect that the solar wind connection in front of the magnetosphere of Uranus occurs at different latitudes, which closes the magnetic flux in different areas.

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