Anne Sacoolas, wife of the American spy, sparked a heated debate over the immunity of diplomats this week after fleeing the UK following a hate crime that killed a British teenager.
But the 42-year-old is not the first person to have shouted "immunity" for getting out of trouble – other people using this legal right to give up demands for murder, rape and made and to divorce benefits of several million pounds.
In Britain, about 20,000 registered diplomats and their families enjoy diplomatic immunity to do their jobs in this country safely and without harassment.
By virtue of this form of legal immunity, they are protected from prosecution everywhere in the United Kingdom. Similarly, British diplomats working abroad are immune in the foreign state.
"Diplomatic immunity is being abused – it's a scandal"
This protection goes back centuries and is crucial for international relations. Yet, according to some experts, some "abuse" regularly to escape crimes and protect their fortunes in cases of divorce.
"It's a scandal," said human rights attorney Mark Stephens at Sun Online. "[Evading the law] That is not why they received diplomatic immunity, it is to enable them to do their job. "
Here, while the family of Harry Dunn, a 19-year-old claiming to death, asks for the return of the mother of two children to the UK, we are looking at other controversial cases in which diplomatic immunity has been invoked …
The drunken diplomat who killed a teenager
Georgian diplomat Georgy Makharadze claimed diplomatic immunity after provoking a stack of five cars in Washington DC that killed one teenager and injured four others.
Makharadze, then number two of his country's embassy in the US capital, threw his Ford into a row of vehicles in January 1997, crushing and killing Joviane Waltrick, 16.
The cops said that he was drunk and that he was driving at 90 mph.
Initially, the law could not affect Makharadze because of its diplomatic status. But, the "heavy heart", his home country has decided to lift his immunity so that he can face justice in American courts.
Makharadze was jailed for seven years after admitting manslaughter and aggravated assault.
Wimbledon legend fights for bankruptcy
Even celebrities have claimed diplomatic immunity to try to get out of trouble.
Last year, Wimbledon legend, Boris Becker, had done so when he had been sued, claiming that he had legal protection because of his role as a diplomat Central African Republic (CAR).
The former German tennis champion was being sued for "other assets" after being declared bankrupt in 2017 for sums owed to private bank Arbuthnot Latham, the BBC reported.
But he cited his recent appointment by the CAR – an impoverished nation – as an EU attaché for sport and culture, claiming that it gave him immunity during the bankruptcy proceedings.
He later abandoned the defense for unclear reasons.
The billionaire who did not want to pay for the obsession with the bride's handbag
When the ex-wife of Sheikh Walid Juffali's model claimed £ 4 million in a highly publicized divorce battle, he used his diplomatic stance on an island of Caribbean to try to stop it.
The former wife of Saudi businessman Christina Estrada – who was once a daughter of the Pirelli calendar – reportedly claimed over 200 million pounds sterling.
She also claimed £ 116,000 a year for handbags and £ 83,000 for cocktail dresses.
But her ex-husband claimed in British courts that he enjoyed diplomatic immunity – due to his appointment as permanent representative of Saint Lucia to the International Maritime Organization (IMO) ).
A High Court judge was not convinced, however.
Judge Hayden stated that Mr. Juffali's immunity claim was "false", that there was no evidence that he was a marine surveyor and that he had obtained the publication only to avoid prosecution for divorce.
Dr. Juffali, 61, died of lung cancer in 2016, just weeks after awarding a settlement to Christina, but before she paid her . Three years later, we do not know if she received the sum …
The twins who "tried to murder a teenager"
In 2016, the twin sons of the ambassador of Iraq to Portugal, aged 17, hit the headlines after beating another teenager at the pulp of a brawl in a bar, the leaving in a coma with a fractured skull.
Despite the serious injuries suffered by Rubén Cavaco, aged 15, Haider Ali and Ridha Ali were immediately released by Portuguese police officers because of the diplomatic immunity that protected them, as well as their father.
The brothers and sisters then left the host country and Iraq withdrew his father, Saad Mohammed Ali, from Lisbon. The diplomat reportedly reached an amicable agreement with Rubén's family.
The whereabouts of Haider and Ridha are still unknown – but last year Portuguese prosecutors accused them of attempting to kill Ruben after Iraq repeatedly refused to waive their immunity.
In reality, it is unlikely that both men will be the subject of a trial in the country.
Mega-rich 'buying diplomat passports for privileges & # 39;
According to human rights lawyer Mark, the abuse of diplomatic immunity has become so prevalent that some of the mega-rich are now turning to law firms. To help them acquire it so that they can get out of the deal.
"I think we have extended immunity far too far, too many people have immunity," says the lawyer.
"There is a flourishing business in which you can … get a diplomatic passport to avoid liability."
These passports, which would cost between hundreds of thousands of pounds and up to 2 million pounds, allow their holders to claim privileges as "diplomats" from small countries and island nations that they do not have. May have never been visited.
The former head of the IMF who tried to use "his own Hail Mary pass"
Former head of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Dominique Strauss-Kahn, shouted "diplomatic immunity" in desperation when he was sued by an American maid who claimed to have sexually assaulted her.
Strauss-Kahn, who was once one of the favorites of the French presidency, was accused in 2011 of forcing Nafissatou Diallo to sexually assault her and assault her while she was in prison. she was trying to clean her hotel suite in New York.
He denied that he had attacked and the prosecutors subsequently dropped all the criminal proceedings against him, concerned about Ms. Diallo's "credibility". But at that moment, the maid had already initiated a civil action.
Strauss-Kahn tried to claim immunity to dismiss the case – but a judge rejected his attempt, saying he was attempting to use it as "his own version of the case." a Hail Mary pass, "the New York Times reported.
The civil case was then settled amicably, for an undisclosed amount.
Sheikh wanted to "race Ferrari in Beverly Hills"
When the luxury Ferrari of Sheikh Khalid bin Hamad al-Thani was filmed racing on a Porsche in the Hollywood district of Beverly Hills, California, he claimed diplomatic immunity.
But before the police can do the necessary checks, the 29-year-old sheikh – a member of the ruling family of Qatar who has been dubbed the "sheik boss" of the accelerator race – has fled the United States .
Only later, after consulting with the US State Department and the Qatari consulate in Los Angeles, officials realized that his claim for immunity was false, the independent reported.
At the time of the 2015 scandal, Sheikh al-Thani reportedly told the police that he was driving neither the yellow Ferrari – valued at more than 1 million pounds – nor the Porsche 911 GT3 captured in the film.
12 "serious and significant" cases in the United Kingdom in one year
Last December, the Foreign Office revealed that 12 people who had benefited from diplomatic immunity in the United Kingdom had committed 12 "serious and significant" offenses in just one year.
According to the department, rape, sexual assault, blackmail and possession of a firearm with the intent to injure are among the reported crimes. Five of them were related to driving.
A diplomat was expelled from Britain after being charged with rape and attempted rape in 2017. The United Kingdom had requested the lifting of his immunity, but the foreign state had refused to do so.
The Foreign Office said in an online statement that it "does not tolerate foreign diplomats who break the law".
A Saudi diplomat who "held captive and raped two girls"
A Saudi diplomat accused of holding captive and repeatedly raping two Nepali girls in his luxurious Indian home was able to flee the country under diplomatic immunity.
In a series of gruesome assertions, the women claimed that they had been held against their will, starved, brutally beaten and raped by a group of eight men at a time inside of them. l & # 39; apartment.
The two men, who were rescued after being informed by the police, were working for the diplomat's family in Saudi Arabia after being recruited as domestic servants by human traffickers, according to the Telegraph.
When he was posted to Delhi, he brought them with him.
Despite the women's shocking claims, the diplomat was allowed to leave India without being prosecuted because of his diplomatic privileges, which sparked fury in the country and Nepal.
His own embassy has firmly denied "false" allegations.
Yet one of the women recalled with emotion: "They raped us, kept us locked up, gave us nothing to eat … When we tried to run away, we were beaten."
The shot of the embassy that killed a British cop
One of the best-known cases of diplomatic immunity in Britain is the death of Yvonne Yvonne Fletcher – who was shot dead in front of the Libyan Embassy in London at the age of 25.
PC Fletcher, of the Metropolitan Police, was watching an anti-Gaddafi demonstration when shots were fired from the embassy window located on the first floor in April 1984. She died at the hospital shortly afterwards. time after.
After an 11-day siege in which an armed police surrounded the embassy, all Libyan diplomats left the building and were granted diplomatic immunity. They were quickly deported.
In the aftermath of the horror, diplomatic relations with Libya were immediately halted.
Although the Libyan government eventually accepted the "general responsibility" for the shooting and offered compensation to PC Fletcher's family, no one was sentenced for his murder.
The mysterious murder of the wife of the ambassador
In one of the most shocking diplomatic immunity cases, a Burmese diplomat suspected of murdering his wife avoided prosecution because they were in Sri Lanka at the time.
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Ambassador Sao Boonwaat reportedly confronted his wife Shirley after discovering that she had an affair, with residents reporting having heard a series of shots fired from her residence.
A few hours later, Shirley was dead and her body was cremated during a private Buddhist ceremony.
Although Boonwaat was initially arrested for the horror of 1967, he was released after invoking his immunity. He was never the subject of a lawsuit and then returned to Burma, leaving behind a mystery of unresolved murder.