With a strong signal of unity within the national government, and on the Day of Militancy, the Chamber of Deputies is preparing to approve this morning the bill that creates a solidarity and mandatory contribution from the richest people in the country in order to to moderate the economic crisis produced by the pandemic. The ruling party will be accompanied by the interblocks led by José Luis Ramón and Eduardo Bucca, while Together for Change will vote against. The bill is expected to be voted on around two in the morning.
In an intense day, which began at noon outside the Congress with demonstrations in favor of the initiative presented by the president of the Frente de Todos bloc, Máximo Kirchner, a group of officials from Alberto Fernández’s government and Buenos Aires mayors approached parliament to support the project, but also to tear down any rumors about internal differences.
Before taking the reins of the session, the president of the legislative body Sergio Massa, held a meeting with Kirchner with the ministers of economy, Martín Guzmán, of Productive Development, Matías Kulfas and Daniel Arroyo, minister of Social Development. The meeting was also attended by the holders of Aysa, Malena Galmarini, PAMI, Luana Volnovich and ANSES, Fernanda Raverta. The mayor of Quilmes Mayra Mendoza, her peer from Lomas de Zamora, Martín Insaurralde, the one from San Vicente, Nicolás Mantegaza and the president of the Buenos Aires Chamber of Deputies, Federico Otermin, also joined. The joint photo closed several days of rumors about alleged tensions within the governing coalition about the opportunity to debate this initiative that for the first time in history imposes an extraordinary contribution from Argentine billionaires to meet specific needs.
At the same time, the presidential message for the day of militancy, broadcast through external screens to the crowd that had gathered around Parliament to support the measure, gave a strong symbolism to a day full of gestures towards the electorate which brought Fernández to the government in 2019.
Masa entered the premises at 21 after the presentation of a score of deputies. The Tigrense had arrived at the legislative palace around 5 p.m., after Álvaro González, the first vice president of the body and a member of the opposition group of Together for Change, was at the forefront of the debate since noon waiting for it to be confirmed. that the IMF representatives who had been meeting with Massa last Friday gave negative in the Covid test.
“I want to reiterate my gratitude to Deputy Álvaro González for the responsibility of starting the session and thank all the deputies for their patience and understanding and concern for my health,” said the president of the Lower House upon entering the premises.
In the midst of criticism from opposition legislators for the speed with which the head of the Lower House was discharged, and with the request for face-to-face sessions, taking into account that most of the activities returned to work from that Thus, Massa promised to notify the protocol to all governors so that there are no restrictions on legislators when it comes to circulating in their provinces: “The National authority is above the provincial,” he said.
The ruling party expects to have more than 129 positive votes. The closings will be in charge of Ramón, Mario Negri and Máximo Kirchner. If passed, the bill will go to the Senate, where it could become law quickly, perhaps next week.
In the middle of the session, the Executive finally sent to Parliament the bill of Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy, which is why the Sorority deputies who had participated in the session with green clothing and accessories on the benches went out to the Hall of Steps Lost – where the accredited press followed the session – to celebrate the measure.
Regarding the legislative path, in a brief dialogue with journalists Massa said that the sending of the project: “It is the demonstration that the president fulfills his campaign promises. After this session we are going to summon the presidents and vice presidents of the committees involved to treat the project with respect ”. In addition, he anticipated that the definition of the treatment of this initiative will be discussed with the deputies Mónica Macha (FdeT), president of the Women and Diversity commission, Silvia Lospennato, parliamentary secretary of Together for Change, Cecilia Moreau (fdeT), president of General Legislation, Carolina Gaillard, president of the Criminal Legislation commission and Carmen Polledo (JxC), vice president of the Health commission.
The solidarity contribution
The debate on solidarity contribution was opened with a presentation by the president of the Budget committee of the Chamber of Deputies, Carlos Heller, from the Frente de Todos, author of the initiative together with Máximo Kirchner, head of the ruling party. Heller made a strong defense of the project: “We are not fans of the deficit, we are enemies of the adjustment,” he said.
The deputy added that the bill of extraordinary solidarity contribution being debated by the lower house “does not go against anyone” and “is not a confrontation between those who have the most and those who have the least.”
After reiterating the “supportive and extraordinary nature of the initiative”, the deputy of the Frente de Todos highlighted that the country is “facing an emergency situation” and the contribution is intended to “reach those people who are holders of great fortunes “to” moderate “in the most vulnerable sectors” the effects of the pandemic. ”
Also from the Frente de Todos, deputy Fernanda Vallejos said that the initiative of the ruling party, in which she collaborated, is an “attempt to somewhat alleviate the shameful levels of injustice that hurt our society.” And he called for the measure to be taken “as an act of reparation and a kickoff for so many other debates from which we can give birth to an Argentina with greater equality.”
The president of the Finance Commission refuted the motives of the opposition of Together for Change to reject the project. On the one hand, he assured that the “alleged suffocating tax pressure” is a “lie”, since “the fact that we are not debating a tax but a one-time contribution, an extraordinary contribution, is being avoided, in a circumstance that, It is probably the most extraordinary that my generation has ever had to live ”.
While, in Together for Change, Luciano Malaspina, said: “This would be tax 166 and is applied in the most burdensome country on the planet” and warned that the rate reaches 7.5%, which “will trigger a avalanche of trials “.
“Assets that encourage national savings are taxed, deposits, rural assets and business assets are taxed, it is a tax on investment in Argentina,” added the legislator. “This tax does not have a tax collection purpose, it has an ideological desire. And the proof of this is that we are discussing them many months after the pandemic began and with a mobilization outside the congress and on the day of the militancy ”.
For the time of the vote, the presence of activists and representatives of social movements in the box is expected, as well as that of different mayors of the province of Buenos Aires.
Central points of the project
The law establishes a one-time contribution that will exclusively reach human persons with a high wealth level. Only those with a declared wealth of more than 200 million pesos are included with an aliquot of 2%, which increases as the equity is greater.
It involves approximately 9,300 people. Around half of the people reached by this contribution have declared assets of between 200 and 400 million pesos. The highest rate reaches less than 300 people. For the goods that the people reached have abroad, the rates are 50% higher.
It is estimated that approximately $ 307,000 million will be raised, which will be used to buy health equipment to attend the pandemic, to subsidies and credits for SMEs, urbanization of popular neighborhoods, works and equipment to YPF to produce and package Natural GAS and to finance a relaunch of the PROGRESAR plan . It is estimated that approximately $ 307,000 million will be raised, which will be used to buy health equipment to attend the pandemic, to subsidies and credits for SMEs, urbanization of popular neighborhoods, works and equipment to YPF to produce and package Natural GAS and to finance a relaunch of the PROGRESAR plan .