Istanbul, Jan 16 (dpa) – German extreme athlete Jonas Deichmann, who is currently trying to go around the world in a kind of triathlon, is currently stranded in Turkey due to border closures due to the coronavirus.
“It’s really frustrating not being able to go on, but naturally not surprising,” the adventurer commented to dpa.
Deichmann left Munich by bike in September, swam 456 kilometers off the coast of Croatia and now, on his way east, has been in Turkey for about a month.
The extreme athlete explained that he exercises in Turkey, while analyzing how to continue his journey. Initially he planned to continue his journey to Russia, although now he could change course.
These days he is looking for a sailboat that can take him from Europe to the United States, which he also wants to cross.
“With my project I want to show that you can also go around the world without a motor and I intend to draw attention to climate change,” said Deichmann, who usually resides in Munich.
Three years ago, the Stuttgart-born extreme athlete who grew up in Pforzheim dared to turn his childhood dream into his trade.
Deichmann is an independent adventurer, earning his living by speaking on tour and as a motivational speaker. And, despite all the inconveniences, he affirms that interrupting his trip around the world is not an option. “If I am stranded for half a year, then I am stranded,” he added.
# Information for the publisher
* * * * The following contact details are not intended for publication
The member of the General Command of the Syrian Democratic Forces, Çiya Furat, in a special interview with our agency, in which he revealed all the developments that have occurred and are continuing in the Ain Issa region.
The text of the dialogue included:
For more than two months, Ain Issa has been the target of widespread attacks, what is the objective of them, how do you assess the confrontation of the SDF and how much have Turkey and its mercenaries lost?
At the beginning, we commemorated with the personality of the martyr Xebat Dêrik all the martyrs of the People’s Protection Units (YPG), Women’s Protection Units (YPJ) and the Syrian Democratic Forces, and we salute all our forces stationed in the fronts.
Everyone knows that we share with the media all the details of the attacks launched by Turkey against Ain Issa and its peoples, and we do not hide anything. For more than two months, the attacks have continued in various forms, and the reason is that the current political conditions do not help Turkey to launch a major attack against Ain Issa and occupy it, so it is following a policy of intermittent attacks. . in an attempt to gradually annex lands and towns, and besiege Ain Issa. Their attempts still continue, using advanced weapons, such as drones, Grad missiles, Katyusha, and other weapons.
There were heavy attacks and violent bombardments in the villages of Ain Issa, such as Al-Malikiyah, Ain Issa camp and others, with the aim of occupying the villages one after another, concentrating on them and then besieging Ain Issa, but the Las Syrian Democratic Forces were attentive to this, they managed to frustrate them all and inflicted heavy losses on the Turkish occupation and its mercenaries, since during the first widespread attacks on the villages of Ain Issa, 18 occupation soldiers and mercenaries were killed, and the bodies they were left on the ground, it was a painful blow.
The fighting continued between us and them for more than two days, after which Turkey requested the mediation of Russia to intervene and allow it to remove the bodies and withdraw. In fact, Russia intervened and held meetings with the Relations Committees in the Syrian Democratic Forces, and we allowed them to withdraw their bodies under Russian supervision.
But what we noticed at the time was that the Turkish forces took the bodies of their soldiers and kept the bodies of the mercenaries, and there are still several left in the fighting zones that currently separate our zones from those of the mercenaries.
In all the attacks during the last two months, around 65 of the occupation soldiers and mercenaries were killed, and several more were wounded in their ranks, while 7 of our fighters were martyred and 9 were wounded.
In addition, the indiscriminate shelling of villages and on the outskirts of Ain Issa resulted in the death of 5 civilians and the injury of 3 members of the Syrian government forces, who did not respond to the sources of the attacks and had no role. in repelling them.
It is worth mentioning that according to the agreement concluded between our forces and the Turkish occupation and its mercenaries mediated by international powers, the villages of al-Mushairfeh and Jahbel were within the “forbidden” zones, which means that no one can enter them. But the Turkish occupation and its mercenaries did not comply with the agreement, they tried to advance and occupy these towns as well, so our forces repelled them.
It can be said that the violent bombings and attacks continue for two months until now, however the attackers have not achieved any objective, and everything that Turkey and its mercenaries claim through the media that they have entered some villages, We confirm that they are unfounded, as they have not been able to enter any town so far.
In addition to the attacks on Ain Issa, Turkey constantly threatens to attack Kobane and Manbij, what is the truth of this matter and what are your preparations for it?
Yes, we received a lot of information about Turkey’s intention to expand its attacks, and we received information that Turkey brought many mercenaries that it had sent to Libya, brought some from Idlib and gathered them in Jarablus, on the lines of contact with Manbij. , on the Ain Issa line and on Girê Spî, and on the front lines in the Serêkaniyê camp, which means that Turkey and its mercenaries are preparing to launch attacks if the opportunity arises.
We in the Syrian Democratic Forces also have our preparations to face any attack, and we will not stand idly by. We have greatly benefited from our previous experiences, according to which we have taken the necessary measures, for example it will not be easy for them to launch any attacks in any area this time, and the response will be much more forceful than before. We will protect all our regions.
Our forces have gained extensive experience during their battles with ISIS, mercenary groups and against the Turkish occupation, and we ensure that we will be able to protect our areas against any attack.
After Turkey and its mercenaries launched the attacks against Ain Issa, many media outlets circulated news that it is considering handing over Ain Issa to Syrian government forces. How reliable is this news?
Everybody used to say that the SDF cannot protect Ain Issa, so they will hand him over to the Syrian government forces, but in reality there is no such thing. Our forces are capable of protecting, the town will not be handed over to anyone and will continue to be administered by the Autonomous Administration. Everyone knows that government forces are present in Ain Issa and its periphery according to previous agreements, but that does not mean that we have handed over the city to the Syrian government, as all these rumors are false.
At a time when attacks against Ain Issa are increasing, what is the position and response of the Russian forces and the government of Damascus to these attacks?
There is an agreement between us and the government of Damascus, which was concluded last year, according to which, the forces of the government of Damascus are stationed in the region, and there are Russian forces in the region, but they have no answer or position on the attacks that have so far injured several of its members. The Damascus government is responsible for protecting Syrian lands, but it is not fulfilling its responsibilities, and we can say that it did not fire a single bullet.
We do not know the terms and the level of the agreements concluded between Russia and Turkey, but we know that there are meetings and discussions between them, and although the attacks occur in front of the Russian forces, they remain silent and without position.
The United States and Russia are the two powers that can stop the war in all Syrian lands, and there are agreements between you, Russia, and the United States on the ground, but to what extent do these two powers fulfill their responsibilities to stop the war and war? attacks taking place in the region?
Russia and the United States are two basic powers, but above all, our goal is to protect our land through our forces, and this is the basic premise for us. After the attacks against Serêkaniyê and Girê Spî, agreements were concluded between us and these powers to stop the war, but despite that, the Turkish state and its mercenaries continue their attacks, and we hope that these forces will fulfill their duties and responsibilities. As they are the ones who entered into these agreements, but their violation is carried out by the Turkish state, and once again I confirm that the main force in the Syrian Democratic Forces is our core forces.
Today, what is the level of fighting against ISIS mercenaries?
ISIS has been a great force in the region for a long time, it controlled many cities and towns in the region and, in coordination with the International Coalition, we launched campaigns against it. The public opinion was informed of these campaigns and their results, and strong battles against ISIS broke out, during which more than 11 of our fighters were martyred, and in the end, he was defeated in al-Baghouz.
We cannot say that ISIS has been completely eliminated because there are still cells affiliated with it in the region, and when the opportunity presents itself, they launch attacks, and that is why our campaigns still continue against them in coordination with the international coalition. We have launched joint campaigns in the recent period.
ISIS still has power and seizes opportunities to organize, especially in the areas inhabited by the Arab component. I say again that a large number of ISIS mercenaries fought against us, and now they are fighting against us within the mercenaries of the Turkish occupation army and launching attacks in our areas.
What is your message to the people?
We tell our Kurdish and Arab people and all the components of the region that we, in the Syrian Democratic Forces, are on the side of our people, we will defend them and we will defend our cities. Our people must support the Syrian Democratic Forces and defend their land, and our call to all our people is that they do not abandon their land, as our basic duty is to protect people, defend the region and face any possible attack by mercenaries. , and we will resist, with our people, we will be able to defend ourselves, and it is not allowed to leave the land and the homeland.
This is our hope for our people and we must prepare accordingly. If the people join forces with the Syrian Democratic Forces, we are confident that we will prevail.
The post-Brexit shopping between Great Britain and the European Union is generating confusion and high tariffs, despite the agreement indicating otherwise.
Mark and Spencer, the famous British supermarket, has branches in France. Her specialty is ready meals, British produce for the London community ‘nostalgia menu’, egg and crest BLT sandwiches and prawns, bouquets of white lilies at half the price of a French bouquet.
The Bastille branch of M&S is desolation: no flowers, no prepared salads, no sandwiches, no people. The refrigerators are empty. All these fresh produce must arrive from Great Britain on a daily basis and with Brexit and its new regulations, it cannot. They get stuck in customs.
New regulations and tariffs complicate the movement of goods. (AFP)
The stationery bureaucracy in customs is hellish. Documents plus documents that carriers are unaware of. The new rules have slowed deliveries from Great Britain to the continent and M&S is empty. It is one of its main victims.
Upon reaching the British Frankish edge, lTrucks with fresh produce are rejected due to lack of papers essential to cross into the EU. One fifth of the documents they present are not correct before crossing the English Channel, on the ferry or Eurotunel train.
They cannot deliver the parcels
The DPD courier stopped deliveries to the European Union and blamed the customs bureaucracy. The parcel company said it was “pausando deliveries to the continent and Ireland “ because up to a fifth of the packages had the wrong documentation.
The burden of additional paperwork and new border rules for British companies became apparent. It was after Courrier DPD stopped deliveries to the mainland and Marks & Spencer warned that its supply of Percy Pigs candy to Ireland was at risk.
DPD said that temporarily suspended its deliveries to Europe and the Republic of Ireland “Due to additional customs data requirements.”
Customs personnel in the Netherlands check vehicles leaving a UK ferry. (EFE)
It is a sign of the ignorance of customers and carriers about the additional information that is now needed to cross the border, previously part of the European single market.
DPD said that up to a fifth of the packages had “incorrect or incomplete data attached, which meant they had to be returned to the sender.” The company explained that this had exercised added pressure on your turnaround and delivery times.
“Besides this, we are seeing delays and congestion at UK ports and tighter requirements for Cana crossingsl, “he wrote in a statement.
The company said that “we will stop and review our road service in Europe, including the Republic of Ireland.” They will update clients on Tuesday with their plans to resume services.
The devil in the details
Steve Rowe, CEO of Marks & Spencer, said today that “the company would still face potential tariffs on a third of its products destined for stores in the EU.” As well as a “very complex administrative process”, which would increase costs for the business.
Rowe also revealed that M & S’s famous Percy Pigs sweets will be subject to tariffs in Ireland. Although they are manufactured in Germany and are not processed or modified, they are normally transported to the UK, before being distributed to the Republic of Ireland.
Intricate EU rules mean that the company also face tariffs on French or Italian cheese, which is grated by hand, and then transported to Ireland. But not if it is grated by machine because it is considered that the product is sufficiently altered.
Rowe said the scale of M&S meant it could find ways to mitigate the additional burdens with bonded warehouses. But he cautioned that the effort would be substantial for smaller companies.
“There are many other smaller British companies for which this means that will face tariffs or they will have to readjust in the European Union, “he said.
A cheat deal
The UK’s deal with the European Union on Christmas Eve was billed as “a tariff-free deal.” But food industry bosses have said the terms mean that tariffs still apply to many products.
“Duty-free is not exactly duty-free when you read the fine print,” said Mark and Spencer’s Rowe.
The Debenhams department store, which is in receivership, have stopped receiving online orders from the Republic of Ireland to avoid the cost of fees.
Clothing retailers are working through the complexity of the new Brexit rules, bringing in products from outside the EU and shipping them to Ireland.
For example, if a clothing retailer imports a dress from Turkey – a major manufacturing center for T-shirts and jersey dresses – to the UK and then ships it to the Republic of Ireland, it could be hit by a tariff.
Port delays have prompted warnings from Scottish seafood exporters. They say their perishable stocks (lobsters, oysters, scallops) run the risk of rotting if they can’t get to the markets in time.
Carriers have also described the border delays in Northern Ireland as “almost unviable”. They warned that they risk extending the food shortage in Britain in a few days.
To avoid empty shelves in Northern Ireland, Sainsbury’s has turned to wholesalers, who stock products from the Spar chain.
The port of Dublin, in the middle of the conflict of tariffs. (EFE)
Consumers in the EU have been affected by unexpected import fees when ordering products from Great Britain since the end of Brexit.
They thought that the agreement Boris Johnson signed, which included a promise of duty-free trade, meant that they could continue to order goods from Britain at no additional cost. In return they are receiving heavy bills.
Heavy customs costs
A Briton bought a pair of trousers and a shirt in Great Britain from France and paid 160 euros. When it arrived via the courier UPS they had added 48 euros in customs costs.
When he protested, the company explained that all its customers in Europe must pay import costs, imposed by the local government.
No one understands this difference between the tariff avoidance agreement and reality. The problem is that the customs duties that are paid are applicable in objects of more than 150 euros ordered from Great Britain, but that are not manufactured in Great Britain or in the EU.
The agreement also changed the VAT rules. People living in the EU do not have to pay more VAT in Great Britain when buying products in Great Britain. They must pay the VAT imposed in their country of residence.
An absolute state of confusion reigns. The main recommendation is that the British in Europe who want to buy objects in Great Britain first find out how many customs duties they are entitled to or not.
Chelsea receives this Monday at 2:00 p.m. the visit of West Ham at Stamford Bridge during his fourteenth game in the Premier League.
Chelsea He wants to be victorious again in the match corresponding to the fourteenth day after suffering a defeat against Wolverhampton Wanderers in the previous match by a score of 2-1. Since the competition began, the hosts have won six of the 13 matches played so far in the Premier League, with 26 goals for and 14 against.
On the visitors’ side, West Ham had to settle for a 1-1 draw against Crystal Palace during the last match, so he will try to keep adding points to his leaderboard against Chelsea. To date, of the 13 games he has played West Ham in the Premier League, he has won six of them with a figure of 21 goals for and 16 against.
Focusing on performance as a home team, Chelsea They have achieved a balance of three wins, one loss and two draws in six home games, which shows that they are slipping points in their fiefdom, giving the visitors hope of achieving positive results. At home, West Ham They have a record of three wins, two losses and a draw in six games that they have played so far, so they are quite a strong opponent away from home that the hosts will have to face.
The two rivals have met before at home ChelseaIn fact, the numbers show 15 wins, five losses and five draws in favor of the home team. The last time they faced each other Chelsea and West Ham in this competition it was in July 2020 and the match ended with a 3-2 result in favor of West Ham.
Analyzing the situation of these teams in the Premier League qualifying table, we can see that the locals are above West Ham with a difference of one point. Chelsea He arrives at the meeting with 22 points in his locker and occupying the eighth place before the game. For their part, the visitors are in ninth position with 21 points.
Author of recent biography Meghan Misunderstood, Sean Smith is a authorized voice to express opinions on matters inherent to the British crown. In this sense, the specialist stated that the accolades that His Majesty makes year after year areovervalued, since, although they can have a great weight for those figures who do deserve them, they are also received by people who should not be on the payroll.
“It has great meaning to the people who deserve it. Who could object to Captain Tom Moore receiving it? But handing it over to big donors or political failures makes, in my opinion, the whole thing a complete mockery“, sentenced Smith.
From his point of view, the historic honors list published for Queen Elizabeth’s birthday should be rethought. As slogan
Before the holidays, the Duke and Duchess of Sussex will launch a podcast Inaugural with guests to ring in the new year. Throughout the episodes, Meghan and Harry are expected to present stories of improvement that contribute to the well-being of society.
Through a teaser spread on social networks, the couple anticipated
In his statements, Smith implied that both initiatives should not coexist, but rather Prince Harry and his wife should take the lead. For the moment, to dispel doubts of any friction, in a statement issued by its spokesperson the sussex clarified: “We hope to share more about Archewell’s work in the coming weeks, but any hint that it intends to rival the UK honors list is false“.
In the game that marked the return to the Spanish League in Barcelona after meeting on the last Wednesday of the death of Diego Armando Maradona, the club where the Argentine also left his mark dedicated an emotional tribute to him.
“Diego, always with us,” wrote the Culé club on its social networks, and showed the 10 jacket from the time Maradona wore it in the middle of the Camp Nou stalls.
Before the game there was a heartfelt dedication where the players of both teams surrounded the central circle of the game, with a shirt 10 in the center, silence and music to say goodbye to the Argentine star.
With the return of Lionel Messi and the need to win to improve their present, Barcelona against Osasuna, while Real Sociedad -leader together with Atlético de Madrid- will be local to Villarreal in the two outstanding games of the continuity of the date 11th. of the Spanish League.
Madrid, Nov 28 (EFE) .- After taking the witness of Harrison Ford as Han Solo in the “Star Wars” saga, Alden Ehrenreich dared to explore “Brave New World”, a dystopian series in which he becomes the sheep black from a herd of humans with a robotic profile, an experience he spoke about with Efe.
Alden Ehrenreich (Los Angeles, 1989) is one of the few actors who, at his age, can boast of having been under the direction of directors such as Francis Ford Coppola, the Coen brothers, Woody Allen or the visionary Park Chan-wook in addition to having starred in one of the movies in the “Star Wars” universe.
“Tetro” (2009), by Coppola; “Stoker” (2013), by Chan-wook; “Blue Jasmine” (2013), by Allen and “Hail, Caesar!” (2016), by the Coens, will be forever reflected in the curriculum of the Los Angeles actor, who this strange 2020 has allowed him to fully immerse himself in the world of series, a place with which the interpreter had rarely flirted.
He does so with the dystopia “Brave new world”, a television adaptation of the 1932 novel “A happy world” by Aldoux Huxley, which Ehrenreich admits having had in his hands but did not read until he was part of the cast of the series, broadcast in United States on the Peacock platform.
“When I read the script for this series I realized that there was nothing quite like it. It has a very unusual tone, a mixture of heartbreaking drama with satire, humor and with a very different, unusual and interesting character to which I I really wanted to give life, “the 31-year-old actor begins by explaining.
“Brave New World” raises a society, “New London” in which happiness and perfection are imposed, the result of depriving its inhabitants of privacy, family and the option of being monogamous. A happiness that depends on a drug in the form of candy that keeps the herd at bay.
It is at this point that the actor makes a stop to reflect on the capacity of the series to be a reflection of the society in which we live, in which people “do not want to leave their comfort zone”.
“The brilliance of this series is that it presents a world in which people do not want to be uncomfortable so they decide to eliminate risk factors such as family or monogamy to create a world of apparent, but totally wrong, happiness”, explains the actor.
“This is a great reflection of our world,” he continues. “We always seek that certain perfection and avoid discomfort. People avoid facing the uncomfortable experiences of others.”
“It is uncomfortable and painful to open up to the world, but it is necessary,” emphasizes the actor, who gives life to what could be called ‘the black sheep’ -not only because of his totally dark clothing- of this whole story: John ‘El Salvaje’ .
John belongs to that group of humans who were left out of that select society that forms the “perfect” and “immaculate” city of “New London”, a character who becomes the hurricane that destabilizes the foundations of the robotic and aseptic place.
The evolution of the character and the fact of being fully involved in the construction of it are the keys that the actor comments: “John is a person who, at the beginning of the series, has no power and is even bullied” .
“When he sneaks into that new world, he gets that desire to be in control, to have power and he realizes that this society is certainly naive and can manipulate it,” says the actor, who recognizes that the biggest challenge was at the level physical and emotional.
“I lost a lot of weight for the role, especially for the first part, where I was in the wild and food was supposed to be scarce. On an emotional level it was the most complicated and it was tough, but in a good way,” he says.
The actor acknowledges that, after starring in “Solo: A Star Wars Story” (2018), he did not have in mind to participate in a series like this one that, with his first reading, “excited” him.
“I loved that it raised more questions than it solved. The series leaves the door open to the viewer’s choice. Not everything is black or white, good or bad, there are many nuances and the possibility that they connect with the different characters and see that you can always find a place in society. ” EFE
| K: SOC: SOCIEDAD-SALUD, COMUNICACION |
| Q: ACE: en-ES: 01016000: Arts, Culture and Entertainment: Television |
By Amaya QuincocesMadrid, Nov 28 (EFE) .- Chilean Gonzalo Muñoz, “Champion” of the High Level of climate action at COP25, a world event held in Madrid a year ago after not being able to do it in Chile, says in an interview with Efe that trusts that “the new role” in the defense of the US climate, after the change of government, will give way to a phase of multilateralism “to advance and not weaken.”
“In no case, the coronavirus has slowed down climate action”, quite the opposite, adds this defender of sustainability, an entrepreneur at the head of the position of “Champion” or High-Level climate champion promoted by the UN, with temporary mandates , to mobilize companies, institutions, universities, cities … etc, through a Climate Ambition Alliance.
According to their figures, more than 500 cities, more than 1,100 companies and at least eight of the ten largest in the world, and more than 5 trillion dollars in financial assets are already committed to emission neutrality by 2050 in line with the Agreement on Paris, the great global pact for the climate of whose signature will be celebrated this December 12 the fifth anniversary.
QUESTION: This year was key to submitting more ambitious emission reduction commitments under the Paris Agreement. How is the coronavirus affecting climate action?
ANSWER: The fight against global warming continues to advance. It has been reflected at the national level, not only by the number of those that have updated their national contributions, but also because there are countries that have announced commitments to neutrality. We look forward to celebrating the Paris Agreement with lots of added commitments that will lead us to the Glasgow Summit (UK) in November 2021 with more progress.
Q: Through the Alliance for Climate Ambition launched in 2019 by the UN with the impulse of Chile as the organizing country of COP25, could you give us details of the climate action by non-state actors?
A: The Alliance for Climate Ambition brings together nations and non-state actors committed to climate neutrality by 2050. At COP25 the initiative was strengthened with a significant number of new members. In June, together with Briton Nigel Topping, the High Level Champion for COP26, we launched the Race to Zero campaign. Today we have in the Climate Ambition Alliance a significant number of states like California and New York, and the majority of Australians. Also from Brazil, from Europe. In addition, more than 500 cities, more than 1,100 companies from different sectors and regions. Of the ten largest companies in the world, at least eight are already part of this alliance. But at the same time, we have a significant number of SMEs in the world, and 550 universities. Additionally, more than $ 5 trillion in assets under management are committed to carbon neutrality by 2050. And all of that continues to grow. I have no doubt, vis-à-vis Glasgow, that many countries will increase their ambition, as the announcements from China, Japan confirm. It will also influence what the president-elect in the US assumes.
Q .: Are there new initiatives in defense of the climate?
A .: This year one of the milestones on the global climate agenda has been the launch of Race to Zero. In the area of non-state actors, which is what we are mobilizing with this campaign, the number of members has doubled during the pandemic. The increase in commitments is being impressive. Today, 53% of the world’s gross domestic product (GDP) is committed to carbon neutrality.
Q: Will the health crisis teach us about the effect on health caused by mistreatment of the environment?
A: The pandemic, in addition to generating a lot of pain and suffering, has shown us the possibility of doing things differently. For example, the energy transition has accelerated, fossil fuels are increasingly in disuse, and the development of photovoltaics or wind, in addition to green hydrogen projects. The commitments of the Paris Agreement have continued to advance. This year, Chile has updated its NDC or determined contributions in line with science, and China has surprised us by declaring that it will be climate neutral at the latest in 2060, while Japan will be in 2050, and South Korea, the same .
Q: What is your opinion from the climate point of view of the change of government in the United States?
A .: In addition to further acceleration of commitments within the country, I hope that it will engage the nation with emissions neutrality before 2050. I believe that Joe Biden as president-elect, based on his speech, is going to bring about an important change at the global level of climate action to comply with the Paris Agreement.
Q .: What challenges do you consider a priority for the Glasgow Summit?
A .: One of the great challenges has to do with financing; for example, for adaptation: how mechanisms are generated that increase the resilience of all parts of the world that suffer the impacts of the climate crisis. At the same time, put an adequate price on carbon in everything that refers to a ton emitted and a ton captured and sequestered. We must move towards an accessible market worldwide, so that the trade begins to incorporate this metric with a lot of speed to align the incentives throughout the value chain. Another pending goal is nature-based solutions; Next year we will have a biodiversity COP, and I hope that during 2021 the world will learn to value ecosystem services and all that nature means. Glasgow’s expectations will depend on the next few months, because a lot will still happen before that appointment.
Q .: What message would you send to the world on climate issues?
A .: It is important to enter a new phase of assessing and validating multilateralism taking into account the lessons learned. The United States must play an important role to help, strengthen, resolve, improve and perfect, rather than attack and weaken. We must move forward to improve from learning as hard as those of recent times. EFE
aqr / sgb / ma / amg
(Archive resources at www.lafototeca.com 12001563, 10254201)
While 72 million Americans voted for Donald Trump, more than 5 million more elected Joe Biden – a difference of 3.4 percentage points. The implication is clear: right-wing populism is not dead, but it can be defeated.
Before becoming president of the United States, Donald Trump built a reality TV persona with the phrase, “He’s fired.” Now the American people have fired him. And Trump’s defeat has also dealt a devastating blow to nationalist populists in Europe and elsewhere. Could it prove lethal? The swamps where populist nationalism is generated have not dried up. Too many people remain frustrated because they perceive (or anticipate) a loss of economic and social status and feel ignored or slandered by establishment politicians. Stagnant wages, deindustrialization and economic injustice remain serious challenges. Many are convinced that immigration and cultural change pose a threat to their security and way of life. The Covid crisis has added to those concerns.
The persistence of these fears and frustrations was reflected in the results of the American election. Although President-elect Joe Biden obtained five million more votes than Trump – a 3.4 percentage point lead – more than 72 million Americans voted for the outgoing president. However, Biden has shown that populism can be defeated … and not just by more populism. Far from employing populist tactics, supporting his worldview, or indulging in biases, Biden built a broad electoral coalition around the promise of positive change, sober restraint, and competent governance. This holds a crucial lesson for Europe’s center-left and center-right political parties, which have at times succumbed to populist temptation – for example, echoing their socially conservative and anti-immigration views – to win votes.
Trump’s defeat also serves as a warning to far-right populists such as Jair Bolsonaro and Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán. Months ago, Orbán proclaimed: “We used to think that Europe was our future; today we know that we are the future of Europe ”. But with Trump’s defeat, his words ring hollow. Even if these leaders remain popular for now – in Bolsonaro’s case, thanks to generous subsidies to citizens from Covid – the rise or persistence of far-right populism is hardly inexorable.
In addition to tearing up this self-serving tale of inevitability, Trump’s defeat discredits his deeply flawed policies and thus reduces his appeal to others. Over the past four years, Trump has insisted on an approach that blatantly sought to put “America first,” trampling on trade agreements and misusing sanctions to try to give American companies and workers an advantage.
In this context, it seemed almost naive for others, including European governments, to seek multilateral and collaborative free market solutions. While mainstream politicians leaned toward protectionism, the extreme economic nationalism adhered to by parties such as the Agrupación Nacional (formerly National Front) of France – whose leaders are in favor of putting “France and the French people first” – seemed more and more reasonable. In addition, Trump’s xenophobic discourse and his way of fostering nativist sentiment opened the door to tough immigration policies at home and abroad.
Obviously, some European governments did not need to be encouraged to demonize Muslims, erect barbed wire fences at borders, or detain asylum seekers in squalid camps; they actually started doing it before Trump was elected, especially during the 2015-16 refugee crisis. But the Trump administration’s measures – such as separating children from their parents and detaining them in dire conditions, deporting asylum seekers without due process, banning the entry of immigrants from Muslim-majority countries, and building a wall with Mexico – they gave an important boost to the anti-immigration forces of Europe.
For example, Matteo Salvini, leader of the far-right Italian party La Liga and the country’s interior minister in 2018-19, boasted of being “the Trump of Italy,” as he prevented boats carrying rescued migrants from docking at the Italian ports. When the Trump administration in 2018 refused to sign the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, nine EU governments – as well as other countries, including Australia – followed suit.
Biden will set a very different example that is likely to strengthen the internationalists and weaken the nationalists of Europe. Obviously, the president-elect – like Democrats in general – does not propose free trade and unrestricted immigration. But he does recognize the benefits of trade cooperation with European allies on foreign policy and has vowed to reverse some of the Trump administration’s most controversial immigration policies within days of his inauguration, as well as to reform the immigration system. longer term. Biden will also scrap Trump’s approach to climate change, starting with rejoining the Paris climate accord on the first day of his presidency.
Once Trump is gone, not only will populist politicians have less legitimacy at home, but governments will also pay a higher international price for their nationalist positions. Trump was a powerful ally of European nationalist governments, especially those of Hungary and Poland. When Poland’s ruling Law and Justice party sought a fight with Germany and questioned the EU’s policies on asylum, judicial independence and many other issues, he felt confident that even when his European partners turned against him, Trump would protect him from dangers like Vladimir Putin’s revengeful Russia. With Biden in the White House, the Polish government will feel more pressure to be constructive.
The same is true for British Prime Minister Boris Johnson. Trump supported Brexit as an expression of sovereignty and encouraged Johnson to take a tough stance before the European Union, tempting with the prospect of a bilateral trade deal as a prize.
Biden is not an admirer of Brexit – nor, we can guess, of Johnson, whose racist contempt for President Barack Obama’s “partly Kenyan” ancestry during the referendum campaign Biden will surely not forget. What’s more, Biden, who has often spoken about his Irish ancestry, has made it clear that he will not accept any threat to peace in Northern Ireland. As time runs out to negotiate a post-Brexit trade deal, Johnson is now under much more pressure to make concessions.
Populist nationalism has not died. But he can be defeated … and the fall of Trump will probably make it easier. Are the Europeans up to the task?
Riyadh, Nov 21 (EFE) .- The President of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, asked this Saturday in his speech at the G20 virtual summit an international effort to make future covid-19 vaccines accessible to the whole world.
“We should offer the vaccines that are being developed as common heritage of humanity, instead of deepening the existing injustices,” said the president in his videoconference speech at the virtual summit, reproduced on the website of the Turkish Presidency.
“In this framework, we should prepare and implement in the G20 platform mechanisms to guarantee access for all in fairness and at appropriate prices,” Erdogan proposed.
“We maintain this position also in the 16 vaccines in which we work and of which one has already reached the stage of being tested in humans; a vaccine that is produced in Turkey will be offered to all of humanity,” promised the Turkish president.
In his speech, Erdogan also called for a greater opening of national markets and called for reforming the World Trade Organization (WTO).
“We see that the tendency to isolate itself is reinforced, to raise customs walls again and to increase protections. But we know that two mistakes do not result in a success. Turkey is in favor of a trade that makes the world economy grow and the distribution of welfare on the basic principles of the WTO, and for that, progress must be made in the WTO reform process, “said the Turkish president.
Erdogan took advantage of the summit, which was to be held in Riyadh but moved to a purely virtual format due to the risks of the covid pandemic, to seek to improve relations with Saudi Arabia and the host of the meeting, King Salman bin Abdelaziz.
Relations between Ankara and Riyadh have been tense for months, partly because the two governments support opposing sides in Libya and the Persian Gulf and, last October, Turkish businessmen denounced an “unofficial embargo” by the Saudi authorities against Turkish imported goods. .
In the brief message of greeting that the G20 leaders sent today before the opening of the summit, Erdogan extended his thanks to his “dear brother, King Salman bin Abdulaziz” for the “successful” management of the rotating presidency of the G20 during this year “despite the difficult conditions of the pandemic.”
Hours earlier, in a phone call, Erdogan spoke with Salman about bilateral relations and both leaders agreed “to keep open channels of dialogue to overcome problems,” according to a note released by the Turkish Presidency. EFE