“People want to live here and there is a lot of uncertainty”: Brexit worries the British in Spain

Spain stands out among the British as a comfortable, safe country with social benefits more than acceptable. They enjoy here not only an optimal climate or affordable prices, but also an efficient health system and a wide variety of tourist options. A couple of hours by plane from their places of birth, this community finds the sunny paradise (come accompanied by the beach or the mountains) where you can enjoy your retirement or start a business.

A possibility that more than 250,000 people were already taking advantage of in 2019, according to the Labor Force Survey (EPA). Residents in the Iberian country from the British Isles they were concentrated in coastal places like Alicante, Malaga, Almería, Barcelona or in the Balearic and Canary Islands. Throughout 2020, all these neighbors and those who were about to join the census have suffered a small earthquake in their placid ways: Brexit has disturbed them.

The departure of Great Britain from the European Union has splashed people who chose Spain as their residence. Almost five years have passed since the referendum and the transitional period is over. The questions and agreements have come to an end: the British bloc leaves the common market, the last fringe to be covered. In December the withdrawal was settled, with Boris Johnson boasting that he had kept his promise and regained “national independence.”

“The United Kingdom has reestablished control over laws, borders, financial resources, trade and fishing,” said the prime minister before a pact that facilitates free trade without tariffs or quotas.

Everything is not clear yet. Bilaterally, between nations, the United Kingdom has to qualify certain pending clauses such as that of its citizens living abroad. The calls brexpats (by the conjunction in English of “expatriates” and “British”) fill the groups of social networks with questions. They are concerned about unforeseen events that may arise when they are in Spain or the rules for travel, aggravated by COVID-19.

“We were assured that we would maintain the residence rights as long as we had requested it before December 31. Now, those who have presented it but are still stuck in the process are treated separately and are denied the return trip,” lamented one of them recently.

From the UK consulate in Madrid they claim that they are aware of the doubts and acknowledge that “there is confusion” about the paperwork and conditions to stay in the country or just visit it. “We are actively working on these issues”, they grant on an issue that not only affects the permanently settled, but the 18 million tourists who have come to Spain annually for years, according to the National Institute of Statistics: one in five foreigners who set foot in the country is British.

This is the case of Warren Edwardes. Retired banker, he married in 1992 in Barcelona with his Spanish wife. He lives in London, but visits “regularly” Spain “to see family and friends.” “It has become much more bureaucratic,” he says. He describes himself as an importer of wines and tango DJs and has left the European Union “with deep disappointment and sadness“.” I voted in favor of staying and, in addition, I campaigned for membership, “he adds.

Warren Edwardes believes that, apart from labor issues, the break is palpable in the street. “Our mother tongue in London is Spanish, and speaking it after Brexit can provoke ‘speaking in English’ comments, he notes,” and couples will have to stand in separate queues at airports; the human rights of a lifetime have been harmed. relative of Spanish-British bilingual couples who both married as EU citizens “.

“Some British residents in Spain will return to the United Kingdom. But the majority will settle and seek Spanish nationality,” he concludes.

Barry Haylor is one of them. Neighbor of Lloret del Mar, in the north of Catalonia, he has been in the Iberian country for a decade and five years with the TIE (Foreigner Identification Card). “I am a resident and I do not think that Brexit affects me, except for the change from pound to euro,” he concedes. Haylor, 69, retired, takes the opportunity to upload videos on his YouTube channel about Spanish enclaves. In the one dedicated to the choice of the place, he praises gastronomy and prices.

“I think England will trade well with all countries. There could be problems with Gibraltar here, but I get the feeling that no one cares about Brexit,” he says, just after an agreement has been reached with this overseas territory. and military negotiations between the two states have begun.

Martine Mertens, in charge of the residents of other nationalities in Alfaz del Pi, does feel concern. The councilor of this Alicante town, who has been in office for five years, has noticed a general confusion in recent months. “We had a talk in August and the consul came to the City Council,” he anticipates, “but I think many have waited too long, until they were obliged, and now they are having problems with the paperwork. “

Belgian by birth, but with many years of stay in Spain, Mertens numbers around 3,000 people of British origin who reside in this part of the Mediterranean, a few kilometers from Benidorm, a mecca for English tourism. “We have 80% of retirees and 20% who work in the region,” she details. The councilor has been surprised these months not by the effect of Brexit but from the scourge of the coronavirus, even in a group that seems solvent: “We have seen requests for social assistance from British people,” he confesses from the consistory.

Samantha Walde corroborates it: “It’s that not all of us live with a pension.” This 35-year-old girl came to Lloret del Mar at 20 and was employed in all kinds of trades. Now he works from British Food Import, a store of British products. “This is dead. Here we live on tourism and it is empty”, emphasizes who already has two Spanish children and has been integrated “perfectly”, no complaints about the deal. “It was one more foreigner, but I have always been very comfortable,” underlines who regrets the decline in activity and Brexit is an added uncertainty to the pandemic.

“There is a lot of trouble on the issue of documents and imports. We have been here all January without receiving anything. And we don’t know what will happen. I suppose the price will rise, but it depends on the tariffs and the currency,” he argues.

In Sweet Home Lliria, a store in the interior of Valencia, they hold the same. Maggie, its owner for five years, does not have information about providers or deadlines. “They do not tell us if VAT will have to be paid here or there, if it will affect the arrival time or if it will alter the amount,” replies this Polish woman who has been in Spain for 21 years and whose survival has been the sale of international food: “The key, in my case, has been to mix. Because the British are very traditional and they wanted their sausages or bacon, but many were afraid and they left.”

Brexit has been joined by the virus. The health epidemic, with great impact in the first months of the year in Spain, expelled the residents. And it closed stores or stopped the holidays. It also paralyzed another of the businesses related to this community of foreigners: the buying and selling of flats. Real estate companies in areas with a high concentration of foreigners have noticed the collapse, although they cannot blame it on geopolitics.

“The fall was due to the virus. We, with different customer profiles, cannot know if the drop was of an exact nationality. We can say that the elderly Briton has stopped buying, waiting to see what It happens “, they comment from Spain Homes, with an office in Andalusia.

There is no clear data on whether Brexit is the culprit, explains Rinus van Vliet. Dutch based in Alicante since 1999, the agent and real estate consultant of Houses in Spain accuses COVID-19 of the disaster. “There are people nervous to see how the separation of Europe progresses, but more to see how the disease pulls. One thing is also clear: regardless of the virus or the agreement with the continent, the British want to live here, “he says.

Jordi Giner Monfort, professor of Sociology at the University of Alicante specialized in the United Kingdom, points out this preference. “The relationship dates back to the 19th century, but from 2000 it began to be more common”, he analyzes. “Now there are almost 300,000 inhabitants, although there are 250,000 registered and another 50,000 seasonal. A large part of the group, 45%, is over 55 years old. has a pension and can live well. Most are distributed on the Mediterranean coast, although there are young people who work and live in cities such as Madrid, Valencia or Barcelona “, he analyzes.

It responds to a population with a medium-high income level, Giner specifies, although there is “an important part” with low retirement pensions. “Until Brexit, the intention to return to the United Kingdom was more common. Now, more and more people do not want to return, who want to stay in Spain. Even with the indecision of what it represents. In 2021 it will not affect the basics yet, such as health coverage or transportation “, explains the sociologist.

“They are people used to traveling, who take advantage of the best of each country, such as the income of one and the climate of the other, and it will be more difficult for them to move,” he adds. “Is a insecurity situation that does not know how it will end. They have planned their last years in a stable way and they are thrown out of place, “says Giner, noting the unease of some of the brexpats whose comfort they have seen disrupted: “Suddenly, they doubt whether they will have to go or be eligible for benefits such as housing.”


London, the Silicon Valley of the Old Continent, without fear of Brexit

London Correspondent

Updated:01/10/2021 01: 29h


The different global rankings leave no doubt that the innovative British model is one of the strongest on the planet. And London, one of the reference technology squares, the closest to Silicon Valley that exists in the Old Continent. Will Brexit turn off this focus of investment and talent attraction? Experts agree that the new context will force to redefine some strategies, but UK position does not seem threatened.

“The fact that Brexit occurred with an agreement gives tranquility and confidence to investors, who do not invest so happily when there is uncertainty or doubts about the future. Think so Luis Zunzunegui, Spaniard based in London and CEO of IDEO, an innovative global company that has headquarters not only in the British capital, but in cities such as Chicago, San Francisco, New York or Munich. Founded in 1991, it is one of the leading specialists in corporate innovation and stands out for being the forerunner of «design thinking».

In conversation with ABC, Zunzunegui considered that the moment we are living right now due to the pandemic has created a context that makes the effect of Brexit will not be negative on the influence of London as a benchmark technology capital. “Corporate innovation is not only going to grow,” he says, but “there is a certain rush to be at the level that consumers need at the level of digital transformation.” And although he considers that “venture capital is more slowed down, one thing will compensate for the other.”

On the other hand, “one of the great battles that could be seen coming in the context of Brexit was that of attracting talent,” he details, but as a consequence of teleworking “Location is no longer as important as it used to be” so investors “are no longer going to demand physical proximity so much.” Zunzunegui also considers that «the United Kingdom may strengthen its relationship with the United States“And argues that because the” British market within the startup world is measured by scalability, it is easy for a British startup to establish itself in the US market. ”

Also in London lives Ali Ganjavian, CEO of several companies, including Studio Banana, a design studio that helps companies in their transformation and innovation processes, which he co-founded with Key Portilla Kawamura. With offices in the United States, Switzerland, United Kingdom and Spain (they set up the first one in Madrid) and clients from all over the world, they have a great advantage: “Multi-geography, which gives us the opportunity to be quite versatile,” says Ganjavian. for whom «in times of uncertainty, large companies usually wait to make decisions.

There is a psychological border marked by two questions: what is going to happen? And are we going to be prepared? ». When asked whether London is going to be ready, he says yes. «London will still be London, but it will have to reinvent itself“And” decisions will have to be made to keep it attractive, like Ireland did. ” He considers that the current moment in Great Britain, marked by Covid and Brexit, is a cocktail that will cause investments to fall and this inevitably “lowers the productivity of a country”, but acknowledges that The United Kingdom is a “pioneer country, and it will continue to be so” with a “very powerful financial and creative industry and a high concentration of companies” and does not predict major problems in the area of ​​entrepreneurship “because of the way they finance projects here.”

Two other experts consulted by ABC, executives in the technological area of ​​two large companies based in London and who agreed to give their opinion anonymously due to the restrictions of their companies to talk about Brexit, do not anticipate a very significant impact either, and they take weight off the fear that the ecosystem will be affected by the divorce with the EU, although they do detail some points worthy of attention. “In the United Kingdom there is a great commitment to scientific and technological investment that will continue to do so regardless of the political, tariff or bureaucratic issues related to Brexit. Innovation is based on sharing information and ideas that will continue to be available to the British ”, says one of them, who nevertheless sees a problem in attracting talent. “There is going to be friction because community students who have just finished their degree or are starting to work will have more difficulties entering entrepreneurship companies or small startups than managers who are recruited by large companies.”

His colleague agrees: «When creating new companies there will be an inclination to set up the base in some EU country to have facilities, for example, in the logistics field. And that could be a problem for private innovation. But all British scientific and technological innovation that is based on universities and with state funding is not going to have problems, “he says.

See them


IAG plans to put Aer Lingus to compete in the UK for traffic to the US | Companies

The baton of the CEO of IAG, Luis Gallego, is already perceived as the head of the airline holding company, where he is making decisions that are reminiscent of his time in Iberia. Between the first stall movements, you will put Aer Lingus, when the crisis begins to be overcome, to compete with their own British Airways in the United Kingdom.

The Irish woman will have an offer, which would be understood as a natural from her group sister, where she can make the operation more competitive. But without disturbing the powerful unions that represent the more than 40,000 workers of the British airline.

IAG finalizes the obtaining of permits for Aer Lingus fly direct between the British Isles and the United States. The placet to commercialize the offer is expected imminently, while the flight licenses would still take several weeks. The first operations could be activated next summer if the health situation allows it. Both the United States Department of Transportation and the British Civil Aviation Authority have a voice and vote in this project.

Manchester has the third largest airport in the United Kingdom by passenger traffic, after Heathrow and Gatwick

“As part of an ongoing process to see if there are opportunities for Aer Lingus to operate North Atlantic routes from UK regional airports, a request was submitted to the US Department of Transport. No final decision has been made regarding with the launch of these services, subject to the granting of different permits ”, acknowledges the airline.

Aer Lingus does not break into Heathrow, where it would generate suspicion from the British Airways staff and the slots are numbered, but instead seeks to fly from Manchester to New York, Boston and Orlando.

Observers of the air market explain that IAG tries to occupy the space left by Thomas Cook with a more cost-competitive product than what British Airways can offer. The rival to beat in the third largest airport in the United Kingdom by volume of traffic is Virgin Atlantic.

Without noise

The commitment to the Irish is one of the first steps of Luis Gallego as CEO of IAG

The project to implement IAG’s Irish benchmark in the UK for travel to long-distance destinations is not new. The novelty is that Gallego is going to take it forward, with all the precautions required by Brexit and the pandemic itself, without the slightest outbreak of protest in the holding’s star airline.

The initiative has the backing of the British pilot unions (Balpa) and also that of the Irish (Ialpa).

The recent replacement of the CEO of British Airways, Alex Cruz, after the political and labor battle triggered by the announcement and negotiation of severe cuts, and the subsequent reduction of the aforementioned adjustment, may explain the atmosphere of tense calm at British Airways.

For Aer Lingus, for its part, flying from the United Kingdom can be a spur as IAG begins to use its fleet and equipment as a piece to compete outside of Ireland to maintain leadership in the North Atlantic corridor.

Aer Lingus, through the newly created British subsidiary Aer Lingus UK, plans that the route to New York is daily and throughout the year, as it has transpired in the Irish press. Those that will link with Boston and Orlando would be operated during the summer season.

Apparently, the company reserved the space to operate from Manchester airport at the end of 2020 and would make the jump with two A330 aircraft and another pair of A321 LRs, the latter expected to arrive in the fleet next summer.

As a preliminary step, and not a minor one, the Shamrock airline has just obtained permission from the United States Department of Transportation to join the transatlantic joint venture alliance of which they are part British Airways, Iberia, American Airlines y Finnair.

Among the movements of IAG with Luis Gallego already in charge are the capital increase of the holding for 2,741 million euros to deal with the current crisis; the change of the chief executive at British Airways, and the restructuring of the national control structures of the group’s community airlines to maintain flight certificates after Brexit.

When the moment when traffic will pick up again cannot yet be assured with certainty, the executive moves tab in the United Kingdom to take part in the recovery.

Doubts about the rule of airline ownership

The CEO of Wizz Air, Jozsef Varadi, came out yesterday in the wake of an HSBC report in which it is questioned that the suppression of political rights to British shareholders is enough for airlines to comply with EU regulations on ownership and control after Brexit. “Personally, I think this is a sustainable proposal,” Varadi told Reuters.

80% of Wizz participants have non-EU nationalities. Other companies exposed are Ryanair or IAG, both with a large UK stakeholder base. The report pointed out the need for a regulatory change to validate the strategy of leaving these investors without voting rights. Otherwise, HSBC argues, they would be forced to take over the shares or restructure the capital.

The EU obliges its airlines to have at least 50.1% of the capital in the hands of investors from the community bloc, including those from countries aligned with the European Economic Area.

The post-Brexit aviation agreement between the EU and the UK has not relaxed the rule, but recognizes “the potential benefits of continued liberalization of ownership and control” and commits to revising the rule this year.


What to expect from post-Brexit | Opinion

The bars of Radetzky’s march in Vienna have announced to us in this new year that the United Kingdom completed its unilateral separation with the European Union, ending a relationship of almost half a century. Thus, the British and EU negotiators closed a post-Brexit free trade agreement of minimums on Christmas Eve. A prestigious English newspaper recently published a cartoon depicting Boris Johnson as the Pied Piper of Hamelin enchanting, to the tune of Brexit, much of British society to follow him to the precipice of the unknown. To reach people you have to show them the promised land and, for that, there is nothing like a good story that draws an idyllic world.

His speech has prevailed over English pragmatism. For the prime minister, as well as for other English politicians, Brexit has always been a bargaining chip to gain power because it is the tactic that has provided the most electoral performance: invoking patriotism and blaming all its ills on the EU. In this sense, the French president, Emmanuel Macron, stated: “The decision to leave Europe, this Brexit, is the product of a lot of lies and false promises.” He recently claimed that, following the withdrawal from the EU, Britain would recover enough money to alleviate the weakened NHS (National Health Service).

In the UK the trade agreement is not going to be celebrated with the same joy by everyone. For the more than 16 million who voted to remain in the EU, their feelings are sad and desolate. On the contrary, for the 17 million eurosceptics it is of satisfaction for the victory as Boris Johnson has recently stated in one more proof of his peculiar populism: “The fate of this great country now resides firmly in our hands as we regain control. and sovereignty ”. It should not be forgotten that the UK has as much right to withdraw as others to stay.

Now, once outside the EU, and in order to hide the magnitude of the economic crisis produced by Brexit, it is trying to blame Covid-19 for its consequences. Once again, those responsible for his erratic management are everyone else except him. But it will not be able to mask for long the perfect storm due to a multifactorial crisis that the United Kingdom is experiencing, formed by the three Cs (customs – customs – crisis and coronavirus) as the English public opinion calls it. The Bank of England and various government studies warn of serious post-Brexit economic “shocks”.

The EU, for its part, has not welcomed the loss of an important partner such as the United Kingdom, although it has felt some relief. Since joining the European Economic Community in 1973, he has always been an uncomfortable member. If the achievements of an organization are the sum of individual efforts, the United Kingdom has been a drag on the process of political and economic integration.

There is an Andalusian song that says: “Something dies in the soul, when a friend leaves.” The British Prime Minister never tires of repeating that they are our most faithful friends, but they have concealed it very well in all this time. Life experience teaches us that true friends are known by their actions. Therefore, it should be remembered that the United Kingdom did not participate in the Schengen Agreement (1995), rejected the euro and the Economic and Monetary Union (2002), did not sign the Treaty for the Stability, Coordination and Governance of the EMU (2012 ) and rejected the European pact to reinforce fiscal discipline (2013). More recently, he has refused a new referendum when the previous one was, in my opinion, based on lies and had a not very high turnout (71%). While those under 50 years of age voted against Brexit, those over 50 did so in favor, especially in rural areas. Withdrawal from the EU is a deeply selfish and discriminatory decision from a generational point of view. Possibly with that background and without Brexit, the outcome of the European summit last July, in which the European Union Solidarity Fund was approved to deal with serious public health emergencies, would have been very different.

Polls in the UK say that the British want more talk about the pandemic, economic revival and social protection. However, the nature of the new relationship between the UK and the EU means that many things will be different.

The trade agreement avoids the tariffs that are imposed on goods, but it does not save more paperwork for companies and people traveling to EU countries. There will be more additional controls at the borders, as well as customs and security declarations. In short, more bureaucracy, more obstacles and more costs.

The free movement of people, between the two sides of the English Channel, will end and will be replaced in the UK by a ‘point-based’ immigration system for both the EU and people from other parts of the world. Also, anyone from the UK who wants to stay in the EU for more than 90 days, in any 180-day period, will need a visa.

Despite Boris Johnson’s promises and a House of Lords Committee for the EU report warning that the benefits of the Erasmus program would be very difficult to replace with a national program, the country has sadly announced that You will no longer participate in that program and will replace it with a new one. According to Johnson, students “would have the opportunity not only to go to European universities, but to go to the best universities in the world.” It was not necessary to leave the EU for this. Nothing prevented the British from establishing a program of their own to travel to universities other than the EU.

Nor have the government’s promises that the UK would maintain “exactly the same benefits” as it had as a member of the EU, and that they could never have been realized. However, the country will continue to be in a worse situation than it was while it was in the EU, and there is still uncertainty about what will happen to the banking and services that represent 80% of its economy. In certain areas, the UK has always sought to maintain a special position. Like that community of neighbors in which one of its owners decides not to pay, but wants to continue enjoying the services.

There is a phrase from Winston Churchill, former British Prime Minister, that adequately defines the current sentiment of the United Kingdom: “You must know that, if we have to choose between Europe and the open seas, we will always choose the open seas.”

Vicente Castelló is Professor at the Jaume I University and member of the Interuniversity Institute for Local Development


Brexit throws the electric glove on the British automotive | Opinion

It is difficult to start a car in the cold, when engine oil becomes very viscous. The British Government, after Brexit, is in a similar situation when it comes to boosting its car industry. Although it managed to avoid tariffs at the last minute in the trade agreement reached with the European Union, the rules on the export of electric vehicles could leave British manufacturers stuck in second gear. The deal reached on Christmas Eve brought a sigh of relief from British carmakers, who together account for 13% of UK merchandise exports. Tariffs would have clogged automotive supply chains and weighed down on the sector, which exports just over half of its production to the EU.

But British manufacturers are bound by so-called rules of origin, which govern how much of a product’s value can originate outside the UK or the EU to remain duty-free. The trade agreement sets that ratio at 45% for combustion engine vehicles, ensuring that plants operated by manufacturers such as BMW and Jaguar Land Rover do not have to pay tariffs.

In principle, battery-powered vehicles may have 60% of their value originated in third countries, but it is a temporary measure, which will drop to 55% between now and 2024. This is a problem because batteries alone, which originate Mainly in Asia, they currently represent up to half of what a zero-emission car is worth. Added to other foreign components, UK-made electric vehicles exported to the EU could suffer a 10% surcharge under World Trade Organization rules.

It is true that electric vehicles accounted for a miniscule proportion of the 1.3 million cars produced in the UK in 2019. But the future of car manufacturers is increasingly electric: sales of cars powered by petrol or diesel are They contracted around 40% in the first nine months of 2020, according to the European Automobile Manufacturers Association, while sales of electric and hybrid vehicles doubled year-on-year.

Convincing companies like Nissan Motor to stay in Britain is not going to be an easy task for Prime Minister Boris Johnson. One option would be to manufacture more batteries in the UK, although this would require a substantial increase in production. The UK Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders estimates that the country’s current electric battery manufacturing capacity is just 2 GW per year, compared to the long-term goal of 120 GWh needed to power two million electric vehicles .

Another option would be to use batteries produced in the EU. The value of these should decrease as the production capacity in the sector increases. Even so, UK-made cars are going to encounter all sorts of annoying potholes along the way.


Luxembourg detects first case of British strain of coronavirus | Europe up to date | DW

Luxembourg detected a first case of the new coronavirus strain from the United Kingdom when sequencing samples collected between December 19 and 29, the Luxembourg Ministry of Health reported this Saturday (01/02/2020).

The health inspection has opened an investigation to determine the origin of this case, which was detected by the National Health Laboratory when analyzing the samples.

According to studies presented in the United Kingdom, where the virus variant was first detected at the end of 2020, this new strain would be more contagious than the original strain, with a 70% higher transmissibility, the Luxembourg ministry said in a statement. .

However, they recalled, there are still no clinical reports on the virulence of the new variants and they have not been shown to cause more severe forms of the disease.

So far, sporadic cases caused by the new variant of COVID-19 have been detected in twelve European countries (Germany, Belgium, Denmark, Spain, France, Ireland, Iceland, Italy, Norway, the Netherlands, Portugal and Sweden) and in several States. more in the rest of the world, including Australia, Brazil, Canada, South Korea, Hong Kong, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Lebanon, Switzerland, Singapore and Turkey.

The European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) considers that this new strain could pose an additional source of pressure for health systems, given its high contagion capacity, and the World Health Organization has recommended to the authorities to strengthen controls. (efe)


The most extravagant gifts British royals gave themselves – Eme – 01/02/2021

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The Christmas it is a time in which, among other things, people show the affection or emotions they feel for their neighbor through the rite of doing gifts. And, in this sense, the british royalty is no exception. In times christmas, the royals they usually do all kinds of gifts, some of them very funny and novel. You could even say that they are even bizarre.

UK site Hello Magazine published a list of the weirdest and funniest items given to each other by members of the Casa Windsor that, in addition to gestures, are clear expressions of what is known in the world as “English humor”.

Meghan Markle

According Finding Freedom, the biographical book of the couple formed by Meghan Markle and Prince Harry, the American actress went to great lengths to find original gifts on her first Christmas Next to the Royal family, in the year 2017.

“The greatest challenge of Meghan was finding the perfect gifts to entertain his new family “, wrote the authors of the aforementioned book, Omid Scobie y Carolyn Durand. There they reported that Duchess of Sussex gave his brother-in-law, the Prince William, a spoon that had the inscription “Cereal killer” engraved in the concave part, a play on words with “Serial killer”.

Kate Middleton

Kate, the Duchess of Cambridge, gave the Queen isabel II a chutney homemade, made with a recipe from her own grandmother, when she joined the crown. He chutney It is a bittersweet condiment from India, in which fruits and vegetables cooked in vinegar, spices and sugar are mixed, and it is used to accompany various foods, such as meats and cheeses.

Showing off a special sense of humor, Middleton he also gave his brother-in-law Harry a kit to “grow your own girlfriend”. This he did before the youngest son of Carlos and Lady Di will start dating Meghan.

Princes Harry and William

Known for his humor, it is not surprising that the prince harry has excelled in giving Christmas gifts. As reported Finding Freedom, one year the duke of sussex -Today away with his wife from his royal duties- he gave his grandmother a bathing cap with the phrase “Life is not a bitch (Ain’t life a bitch)”, a common saying in England, which Isabel he loved it.

“On another occasion she gave her grandmother a Big Mouth Billy Bass toy (a singing and dancing fish) that the monarch was said to have hung proudly on Balmoral, her Scottish refuge, and made her die laughing, “says the book.

William also, like his brother Harry, has a predilection for giving gifts to get a smile from the reina. On one occasion, he gave her a pair of slippers adorned with her own face.

Princess Ana

Ana, the only female daughter of Isabel II, she also shows off her strange gifts. To your brother Carlos gave him a toilet seat made of leather. And to his father, the prince philip, gave him a pepper mill with a light on one end, with the intention that it would serve to season the meals even in times of darkness, especially when the consort of the reina He goes on his hunting parties.


Will I have to carry a passport or DNI when I travel to London? Will I be able to do an Erasmus in British universities? And roaming?

ID card or passport? Do I have to apply for a visa? Is the driving license useful? Can I leave the use of mobile data activated? These are some of the rules that change and others that will remain the same as of January 1, 2021 in the relationship between Navarre and the United Kingdom.

Can I continue traveling with my DNI or do I have to carry a passport?
The DNI can continue to be used to travel between Spain and the United Kingdom until September 30, 2021. From October 1, it will be mandatory to travel with a passport.

If I live and work in London, can I stay in the UK?
Yes. The agreements reached guarantee residency for European citizens who have arrived in the United Kingdom until December 31, 2020 (the end of the transition period) and that of British citizens who on that date live in one of the 27 countries of the European Union.

Should I do any paperwork?
Yes, you have to apply for a residence document in the UK, but there is time until June 30, 2021. Those who have resided for five years will be given settled status; and those who have been less time, the pre-seated. Britons in the European Union will also need to register, but the necessary paperwork is set by each country.

What if I have a family?
The UK Withdrawal Agreement from the EU protects the children of residents, regardless of where and when they were born. It also guarantees the right to family reunification with spouses or registered partners, parents, grandparents, children or grandchildren.

Will I need a visa if I don’t live in London but have to go on business?
No. You can visit the country for periods of up to six months for tourism or business activities, such as attending conferences or work meetings.

What if I want to go to study or work?
As of January 1, the United Kingdom will implement a point-based migration system – which will give priority to citizens with specific skills – and a visa will be required to work. To study, also for stays of more than six months. In the case of obtaining a university degree in the United Kingdom, you can apply for a graduate visa, which allows you to stay in the country to work or seek employment for two years; three, in the case of having obtained a doctorate.

How does it affect Social Security?
The current situation of residents of an EU country and their family members in the UK is also guaranteed, so that they will neither be left unprotected nor face double quota imposition.

And to health?
Emergency health care continues to be covered for temporary stays of tourists, students or business people with the European health card. Whether to stay longer will depend on national legislation. The United Kingdom imposes a health surcharge on the issuance of visas for stays of more than six months, which is refundable in the case of cross-border students or workers.

Will I be able to request an Erasmus in London if I am a student?
No. The UK has decided to exit the Erasmus program. The British government has announced that it wants to create its own plan, to be called Turing – after the mathematician Alan Turing – for 35,000 students each year to go abroad, but not just to Europe.

Will roaming still work?
European law ceases to apply and UK companies are free to apply roaming charges to EU citizens. Neither does the Spanish have to offer it to the British, although some firms will continue to provide that service.

Do I have to pay duties if I have a company that exports to the UK?
No. The pacts provide that there will be zero tariffs and zero quotas.

Will it involve more paperwork?
Yes. Both blocks have committed to reducing paperwork to a minimum. However, the United Kingdom exits the single market, which means that products from both sides of the Canal will be subject to customs controls and formalities to comply with the safety and health standards required by the destination country.

Does the ‘Brexit’ affect air transport?
Yes. UK airlines will cease to be EU companies and will not enjoy the same traffic rights in the community space. The agreement guarantees these companies that they will be able to fly over European skies and move passengers or goods between a British city and another in the EU. However, they will not be able to unite two cities in one country (Barcelona-Madrid), nor in the EU (Barcelona-Paris) or unite three points (London-Paris-Barcelona). In addition, they lose the so-called fifth freedom by not being able to travel between a Member State and a third country (London-Barcelona-Beijing). Everything will have to be re-negotiated bilaterally with the Member States.

Will that affect Iberia or Vueling?
They both belong to the British group IAG, but have defended their Spanish passports. The European Commission had doubts that the majority of its capital was European, but it is up to Spain to ensure compliance with that provision. The Government has already guaranteed that both will continue to fly. Furthermore, the agreement introduces the creation of a bilateral commission that will be able to decide within a year whether to remove the requirement that there be a majority of EU shareholders to obtain a community license.


British history presaged Brexit – Europe – International

In September 1946, gazing at the ruins of a war-torn continent, Winston Churchill he saw a unique way to rebuild and preserve peace.

“We must build a kind of United States of Europe,” the British leader, one of the great victors of World War II, told an audience at the University of Zurich.

(You may be interested: the United Kingdom completes its separation from the European Union)

On December 31, 2020 under Prime Minister Boris Johnson – who once wrote a biography of Churchill – the UK finally left the European Union single market.. Another 27 countries remain in the EU, and several more seek to join, but the UK has always been an awkward piece.

The history

Until about 8,500 years ago, the rocky promontory that would become the United Kingdom was attached to the coast of Europe continental by a region now known as Doggerland.

As the Ice Age glaciers retreated, the hills and swamps flooded, and Doggerland became the bed of what is now the North Sea.

The rocky promontory were now islands, and they were alone. The Mesolithic humans who had once hunted and gathered there in Doggerland were gradually pushed to one side or the other, by the advance of the waters. British and European history would remain closely intertwined, but now also physically divided.

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Island of immigrants

The Celtic tribes of the mainland moved or intermingled with prehistoric British and some of those peoples, such as the Belgians and the Dumnones, lived on both sides of the recent canal.

The invasion by the Roman Empire united the archipelago to the classical world until the 5th century, but when the legions withdrew, Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Scots arrived.

Several generations of Norse and Danish Vikings attacked and settled on the islands, until the Norman invasion of 1066 placed most of the territory under a French-speaking monarchy.

With the continental rulers the influence of the Catholic Church was consolidated and, for a time, the kings of England occupied vast tracts of land in what would become modern France.

(It may interest you: The post-Brexit agreement: ‘The devil is in the detail …’)

Gaze out to sea

Under Henry VIII, England abandoned the Roman church, putting the island on a collision course with the Catholic monarchies of Europe. In 1558, the forces of Mary Tudor, Queen of England and Ireland, lost control of the port of Calais to French forces., and British history began to differ from that of the continent.

Elizabeth I defeated a Spanish invasion fleet in 1588, and her kingdom turned its eyes to the sea, becoming a maritime rather than a continental power. Ties with the mainland were not completely severed, however.

British royalty married the great houses of Europe, commerce often flourished, and wars broke out. As early as the 19th century, after the British Empire allied itself with smaller continental powers to defeat Napoleonic France, London had global dominance.

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World at war

In the first half of the 20th century, the United Kingdom would once again be involved in conflicts in continental Europe, in the two world wars. England had been bombed but had escaped the German invasion, and thus avoided both Nazi tyranny like a postwar communist takeover, reinforcing its sense of splendid isolation.

“There was a brief period after World War II when we British really believed that we were at the peak of our power,” says Anand Menon, professor of European Policy and Foreign Affairs at King’s College London.

Alongside the British dominions and colonies there was another alternative ally, such as Churchill’s French rival. in wartime, General Charles de Gaulle knew very well: America.

(It may interest you: The ‘Brexit’ is completed in a historic day for Europe)

There was a brief period after WWII when we British really believed we were at the peak of our power

He does not

France was also a contracting empire in search of a role, and he thought he had found it in the emerging European Community.

In 1963 and 1967, de Gaulle vetoed British applications to join the bloc, fearing a loss of influence from Paris to London., with its close ties to Washington.

The British would have to wait until 1973 and the French presidency of George Pompidou to join what would later become known as the European Union.

“One of the things the French made sure of in the European Union before we entered it was sealing the budget in a way that didn’t work for us, “Menon explains.

The sense of estrangement from London did not end there. Although as a rising conservative politician Margaret Thatcher had been a staunch European, she quickly collided with Brussels. While the central European countries pushed for a deeper political and legal union, London was promoting a larger and more flexible common market.

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Thus, London defended the entry of former members of the Soviet bloc eager to taste the fruits of capitalism, and resisted regulatory integration. Even the opening, in 1994, of the English Channel did not close the gap.

Thatcher was succeeded by the relatively Europhile John Major, and this in turn by the Labor party Tony Blair, who pledged to rule from the “heart of Europe.”

But London kept and expanded the opt-out options Thatcher had negotiated for the core EU rules. Thus, London received a discount on its fees, it never joined the Schengen free movement zone. nor to the most ambitious project of the union: the euro.

Back in 2016, faced with a wave of Eurosceptic populism on the right wing of the Conservative party, Prime Minister David Cameron attempted to heal the division of Doggerland de once and for all with a referendum on EU membership. And once again, the UK moved away from the continent.


Read also:

– Why London will deny a work visa to those who do not know English
– ‘Brexit’: what does it mean for the European Union and our partners?
– United Kingdom, towards a new era that will not be exempt from trauma


The British strain spreads through Spain where nine cases have already been detected

Updated:12/29/2020 10:43h


The data on the number of infections could be reaching the stabilization phase but now Spain focuses attention on the new variation of the virus from the United Kingdom. While waiting for other autonomous communities to confirm new cases, the last five have been detected in Malaga and Granada. This English mutation is difficult to detect because it presents symptoms at 4 or 5 days and most of those infected were negative in PCR. Germany has also confirmed the first case in November in a deceased patient. Its high level of transmissibility could be related to the new record of daily infections that have been registered especially in the south-east of the United Kingdom. Only in the last hours, 41,385 cases have been detected. The government of Boris Johnson will study this Wednesday to review the measures among which a new strict confinement could be considered. But there is also encouraging news because it is a matter of days before the use of the Oxford and AstraZeneca vaccine, effective to immunize against this new strain, will be authorized.

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