Sturgeon proclaims his victory in Scotland and will promote a new referendum | Economy

Scotland’s chief minister, Nicola Sturgeon, proclaimed on Thursday the victory of her Scottish National Party (SNP) in the regional elections, and assured that she will seek a new independence referendum “when the Covid crisis passes.”

In a formal statement, the nationalist leader said that, in the absence of knowing the final results, there will be a clear majority in the regional Parliament in favor of independence – made up of her party and the Greens – and, therefore, “the people Scotland must decide its future when the COVID crisis passes “.

According to all indications, in the absence of the proportional distribution of seats being announced, the SNP will stay very close, but it will not reach the 65 parliamentarians who would give it an absolute majority.

However, the good result of the Greens, which foresees around nine deputies, will give the nationalists of the SNP a more than enough cushion to form a government and demand a new consultation with the central government, after in 2014 the Scots had already rejected secession.

Sturgeon called the achievement of his formation, which will rule Scotland for the fourth consecutive term, as “extraordinary and historic”.

“As chief minister, my immediate task is to do everything possible to keep us all as safe as possible. We have not beaten the covid yet,” she said.

He then contrasted the results of the elections in Scotland, where “most people support a progressive and inclusive vision of the future”, with what happened in the municipal elections in England, which gave a strong boost to the conservative government of Boris Johnson.

“For this reason, the people of Scotland must decide their future when the COVID crisis passes. It is a matter of democratic principles,” he added, before recalling that the SNP and the Greens carried in their campaign commitments the celebration of a new referendum.

Johnson closed the door on Saturday to agree to a new independence consultation, arguing that it would be “irresponsible and reckless in the current context”, in an interview with the newspaper “The Telegraph”.

Sturgeon replied that “there is no democratic justification” for Johnson “to block the right of the people” and said that if the “Tories” try to stop it in London “they will not go against the SNP, but against the will of the people of Scotland”.

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COVID-19 stole the future from a young generation | The World | DW

I am not the first person to sit in a dark room to watch a stock market index fall. However, there is something a little different about watching that little arrow go down and not thinking about money-losing investments. When you are 23 years old and just out of college, the only thing the arrow represents for you is the loss of opportunities.

I felt like I was going to panic seeing that arrow sink in February 2020. All I knew at the time was that my prospects of getting a job quickly after finishing my master’s degree became much slimmer. In nervous video chat conversations with my peers, we all related the same fears that we had in the pit of our stomachs that we would end up as the last generation to see the markets fall in 2008. Although we were very young when that happened, everyone knew the stories of terror.

The shares have since rallied, which may be reassuring for some investors. But for those of us looking for work after graduation, the situation is still close to hopeless.

Side effects are a slap

Most people my age recognize that we are lucky in this pandemic. Being young exposes us much less to the effects of the coronavirus on our health. Sometimes the real problems facing this generation now seem to be overlooked, because we get rid of that health risk.

The side effects of the pandemic, particularly its impact on the economy, and by extension the hiring of college graduates, have felt like a slap in the face. I write this because those who graduated this year and last year had already finished college at a time that felt more precarious than our predecessors.

In countries where they are charged, college tuition fees are the highest ever. In addition to that, the cost of living has skyrocketed in the main cities where many universities are located, especially housing. It was often difficult for me to convey to older people, who often romanticized the student lifestyle, how intensely competitive and stressful life was at many universities and the pressure many of my peers felt from employers, who seemed be always raising your level of demand.

It all happened before a global pandemic decimated many industries and often made even leaving home impossible.

Salome Gongadze spends most of her time applying for jobs

Lost and with nowhere to go?

This year’s graduates face a monstrously competitive hiring market not seen since 2008. Multiple cohorts of job seekers, both recent college graduates and those who were fired or whose offers were rescinded the previous year, are in dispute. the same posts.

A friend struggling to find a permanent job explained it clearly to me: doing the work of writing so many job applications while the pandemic raged felt almost unbearable at times. Job hunting is a task that requires courage and fortitude under normal circumstances. It is extremely difficult to continue like this while experiencing intense social isolation, boredom, and lack of physical activity. At least the class of 2008 could go out for a drink to forget their troubles.

For me, personally, it is very similar. Time passes very slowly when all you can do is write job applications. Looking at the calendar is also very stressful because I realize how long it has been since I last worked. It’s hard to deal with the fact that I feel like something was taken from me and others of my generation.

Young job seekers need support

Young people have confessed to growing feelings of hopelessness and many of us fear that we will become a lost generation.

Governments should use the policy instruments at their disposal to stimulate the economy and boost youth recruitment wherever possible. Employers can also play a role. One of the biggest job search problems right now, one that makes an already stressful experience even worse, is how common it is to be treated poorly. Most job applicants don’t expect much in the process, but doing thoughtful things like sending quick updates and rejections can ease and give applicants more certainty.

I am very concerned that the pandemic is creating a cohort that will fight for years, which would increase the problem of intergenerational inequality. The long-term impact of the income potential and life prospects of the generation of 2008 is well documented. For many of the class of 2020 it takes away sleep.

(rr/few)

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Events | They arrest a man at Malaga airport claimed by Germany for defrauding with aid due to the Covid crisis

Agents of the National Police arrested on April 17 at Malaga airport a fugitive of German nationality and claimed by the authorities of his country in relation to economic and financial crimes. The fugitive had just landed in Spain, on a flight from Istanbul (Turkey) and has already passed to the disposition of the Central Court of Instruction number 3 of the National Court.

The man was located thanks to the control that the National Police performs on passengers entering and leaving the town of Malaga. Specifically, the fugitive, who had just arrived in Spain on a flight from Istanbul, had a valid European Arrest and Surrender Order since September 16, 2020.

According to the content of the arrest warrant, he had committed various crimes of an economic and financial nature in Germany. As stated, and due to the economic losses suffered in connection with the Covid-19 pandemic, the German federal states granted, upon request, immediate aid of up to 25,000 euros to companies and freelancers particularly affected.

The arrested allegedly would have illegally collected two of these aid, which he later sent to a Lithuanian bank account to make them available to the alleged organizers of the fraud, all in exchange for a fee. commission for your services.

As reported by the National Police in a statement, despite being notified by the German authorities of the alleged fraud, the detainee also sent the funds, took them out of the reach of the state authorities, frustrating their seizure and participating in a alleged crime of money laundering.

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Draghi unleashes a crisis with Turkey by calling Erdogan dictator

The head of the Italian Government, Mario Draghi, has called dictator al president of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, to root of his rudeness to the president of the European Commission, Ursula Von der Leyen, whom he seated on a side sofa and not at the same level as the president of the European Council, Charles Michel, in their visit to Ankara on Tuesday.

Turkey has summoned the Italian ambassador on the turkish capital to expose your “condemns unacceptable populist rhetoric,” while calling for “these ugly and blatant claims to be dropped immediately.” In response to a question about the snub that the president of the EU Commission, Ursula von der Layen, received in Ankara last Tuesday, Draghi said: “I do not share it, I think it was inappropriate conduct by the Turkish president and I was very sorry for the humiliation. ” “Although here there is a consideration to be made – adds the Italian prime minister – with these, let’s call them for what they are, dictators, with whom one needs to collaborate, you have to find an exact balance.”

Mevlut Cavusoglu, Turkish Foreign Minister, strongly condemned the “uncontrolled assertions of the Italian prime minister about our elected president.” Hours later, he summoned the Italian ambassador, Massimo Gaiani, whom he has asked Italy to “immediately withdraw these ugly and blatant assertions, which do not conform to the spirit of friendship and alliance between Italy and Turkey. “The Italian agency Ansa has pointed out that the Turkish minister had a” bad face “and that, according to his ministry,” the teams from Turkey and the EU met before the visit and their requests were satisfied. ”. Brussels has responded that its team was not able to attend the “final supervision” and Turkey has countered that “at first it was not even planned that Ursula von der Layen would attend”.

“I am going to talk to Draghi and we will agree on all the initiatives,” he commented. Luigi Di Maio, Italian Minister of Exteriores, which, referring to the visit of the EU leadership to Erdogan, has added: “Even before the protocol, it is a minimum of gallantry.”

Several analysts have commented on the ‘Sofogate’, underlining that, faced with the situation, the President of the European Council, Charles Michel, should have given his chair to the President of the Commission, or even “everyone left the meeting” . Others have stressed that “the whole case has been a boomerang for Erdogan”, for having offended the president of the Commission, a woman, after a few days ago Turkey left a treaty against gender violence.

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Challenges for Turkey: managing an institutional crisis | Finance Blog at 9

Since the beginning of this year, one of the keys to the evolution of assets in emerging countries has been the rise in interest rates in the US. History tells us that when there is a significant rise in the cost of financing in USD, those countries with levels of external debt (in the hands of non-national investors) and also denominated in USD, suffer a notable volatility in their financial variables in general and exchange rates in particular. This is due to an outflow that occurs from those assets considered riskier (debt from emerging countries, especially that denominated in local currency), in the face of an increase in the expected profitability in the “risk-free” (US debt). ).

However, this does not necessarily have to be the case and the IMF has pointed this out recently in an article. A rise in interest rates in the US does not have to be inherently negative for emerging countries, but will depend on the reason for this movement. In the event of a surprise effect on monetary policy (an anticipation of interest rate hike expectations by the Fed on this occasion, anticipating a tightening of accelerated monetary policy), yes it tends to lead to an outflow of investment flows from emerging countries. This occurred in 2013, when the Fed’s QE programs (taper tantrum) were soon to exit, and in 2018, when the Federal Reserve raised interest rates four times.

However, If these interest rate rises were produced by the perception that economic activity is being better than anticipated or, in the current situation, because the vaccination campaign is being successful, it does not have to lead to these frictions. In fact, what is found in the IMF study is that on these occasions investment inflows are observed in emerging markets. Although this is the general trend, differences may occur between countries, since the least benefited, which could even observe tensions in investment flows, would be those countries that have a limited percentage of exports to the US and a high volume of external debt. Turkey, South Africa or Argentina are examples of countries that meet these characteristics: low trade volume with the US and high external debt ratios.

But we can’t let go idiosyncratic cutoff factors, which, in some cases, may accentuate the problems that emerging markets will face in the coming months. This would be the case of Turkey, who is immersed in an institutional crisis.

During the past month, Erdogan removed the Governor of the Central Bank of Turkey and, weeks later, the deputy governor. This decision could have been due to the open conflict of interest in relation to the intervention interest rate hikes carried out by this institution since last November (+875 basis points). This tightening of financial conditions leads the country into an economic recession and raises the risk for the political stability of the Erdogan government. (In recent weeks, rumors of possible electoral advancement have circulated due to the growing discontent of the population).

The uncertainty about the next steps of the Central Bank of Turkey, the place of its supposed independence and doubts about the governance and quality of the country’s institutions has already led to a strong outflow of flows abroad which is reflected in the depreciation of the TRY in all its crosses (more than 13% depreciation against USD accumulated from decision to 04/12) and the collapse of the Turkish stock market (over 11%).

Turkey currently has two macro-level problems that a monetary tightening would help address: on the one hand, a high and out of control inflation (it has doubled since the end of 2019 to about 16%); on the other, a strong need for external financing (The needs derived from the payment of debt coupons, short-term foreign debt repayment and current account deficit amount to USD 250,000 million over a 12-month horizon).

In this context, the application of a very restrictive monetary policy, that would need additional increases in intervention rates, would contribute to the stabilization of inflation in the medium term (disincentive to consumption, brake on the depreciation of the currency and its pass-through effect towards inflation), in addition to attracting capital flows from abroad to cover financing needs. In any case, a monetary restriction strategy must be credible, for which it must have greater certainty of quality and institutional stability, precisely the factor that is now (rightly) in doubt.

If this path is chosen, the tightening of financing conditions would push Turkey into a recession that could be similar to the decline in growth observed in 2018. The contraction in domestic demand sharply reduced external financing needs (reduction of the current account deficit, with a sharp drop in imports).

A refusal to maintain the upward bias in interest rates (Erdogan has on numerous occasions expressed his opinion that it is high interest rates that cause high inflation) will slow down the attraction of investment flows to Turkey and will cause a sudden stop. Capital flight in an environment of growing financing needs would make it necessary to impose capital controls. The stabilization of the currency would go through a strong sale of reserves which, given Turkey’s reduced position (negative net reserves), would lead the country to request aid from the IMF.

The last country among the largest emerging countries to request an aid program from the IMF was Argentina in 2018, after the imposition of capital controls, in a situation in which the outflow was greater than the central bank itself could. manage. Months after the request, the adjustments to the public accounts, among other measures, ended up deteriorating the political position of then-president Macri, who lost the elections the following year.

Although there could be a third escape route for Turkey (for another country to serve as a lender to compensate for the outflows suffered), the situation facing the Turkish executive will not be easy in the coming months. All eyes will be on the following meetings of the Central Bank of Turkey. The decisions of this institution will be key to determine the independence and credibility of the institution, as well as the duration of the chapter of institutional uncertainty in this country.

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Erdogan’s moves offer little reward | Opinion

Turkey has resisted the temptation to cut borrowing costs, for now. The new head of the central bank, Sahap Kavcioglu, on Thursday kept the main rate at 19%, while hinting at a possible relaxation.

Tayyip Erdogan’s apparent goal of easing monetary policy falters. In March, he abruptly replaced the governor, Naci Agbal, who had raised rates that month by 200 basis points, the third dismissal from the post in two years. Kavcioglu seemed more inclined to please him, having argued that high rates can cause, rather than slow down, inflation.

So far, you have avoided any rough action. But you are setting the stage for relaxation. He spoke of keeping rates above inflation. Since the annual exceeded 16% in March, you can raise them up to 300 points. Meanwhile, the promise of March to maintain a tight monetary policy “for an extended period” disappeared.

But Turkey is worse than before. The lira has lost more than a tenth of its value against the dollar since the appointment. And, having spent more than $ 100 billion in 2020 to shore it up, the bank only has $ 10 billion in net foreign exchange reserves, the lowest level since 2003, giving it little ability to fight a sell-off. Also, the Turks are avoiding it in warehouses.

That means inflation can continue to rise. The growing current account deficit, of 2.6 billion dollars in February, is another cause for concern, especially since the restrictions mean that tourism will suffer again this year, which will hurt exports. Kavcioglu is unlikely to be able to slash rates without risking rising inflation, or even a currency crisis.

Your biggest problem is a lack of credibility. Société Générale estimates that another $ 5.9 billion of capital will leave Turkish assets in the short term. The central bank’s twists and turns make a rate cut even more risky.

The authors are columnists for Reuters Breakingviews. Opinions are yours. The translation, of Carlos Gomez Down, it is the responsibility of Five days

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‘Blame it on the EU’: vaccines trigger anti-Europeanism to the level of the credit crunch

The Covid-19 crisis has opened a deep gap in the confidence of citizens towards politicians that is noted on a daily basis in the constant judgment that public opinion submits to leaders around the world. This dimension of the pandemic has given new wings to Euroscepticism, that had decreased in recent years in the European Union (EU), and has returned it to levels of the credit crisis, with a marked pessimism towards the future of the bloc, at 2012 levels, according to a recent survey by the European Commission ( EC).

By the end of 2019, the image of the EU had improved considerably compared to a few years before. But according to the most recent survey in November 2020, the tables had been turned to worst moments of the sovereign debt crisis, when the political forces calling for the exit from the EU or the euro began to proliferate. “Brexit prospered, but it was a painful process,” recalls Bruno Cavalier, chief economist at Oddo BHF. Elsewhere, anti-European movements primarily demonstrated their inability to rule well (for example, in Greece and Italy) or even to be elected (France). “Consequently, Euroscepticism was on the decline,” he stresses.

But the pandemic has resurrected this feeling that was lethargic, continues the analyst. “The EU is accused of serious deficiencies in access to vaccines, which makes it necessary to prolong the sanitary restriction measures with innumerable adverse effects in the economic, social, educational, psychological and financial spheres, among others. “” The fault lies with the European Union, the fault lies with Brussels … it is the type of arguments that are heard when a problem arises in the region “, argues Cavalier. A” little song “that frequently” serves to support a political project or for states to ignore“He continues.” It is an application of the theory of the scapegoat to the political sphere, “says the expert.

However, the facts speak for themselves. The EU vaccination failures are obvious compared to other countries developed. Three to four months after the start of the campaign, the United States has vaccinated about 30% of its adult population, the United Kingdom 45% and the EU 11% on average. “The implementation of a coordinated policy was disappointing,” exclaims the Oddo BHF analyst. “It is difficult to say to what extent the delay was due to a number of exceptional circumstances and the extent to which it reflects a fundamental deficiency of the EU“.

“The setbacks of the European vaccination campaign are temporary and there is no certainty that they will inflict lasting damage to the image All in all, the health sector, the analyst acknowledges, has been added to the four main classes of anti-European sentiment at a very delicate moment for the bloc, with the general elections looming in Germany (September 2021) and France (April-May 2022).

THE FISCAL EUROSCEPTICISM, THE MOST DANGEROUS

The expert believes that “antieuro position, a variant of the antieuro position, has lost its luster“from the disastrous experience of Greece in 2015 under a radical left government”. In the same way, the questionable outcome of the divorce between the Twenty-Seven and London has pushed back the political euroscepticism.

On the other hand the Euroscepticism related to immigration It has had repercussions from the health crisis. “In all countries, freedom of movement has been restricted to some extent over the past year to slow the spread of the virus,” he reflects. “Although the closure of the internal borders is exceptional and justified in the framework of the state of emergency, this gives an argument to the political parties that they would like the EU to adopt similar measures at the external borders to control illegal immigration,” says Cavalier

But it is the EU criticism of fiscal plans and recovery plan, of which Spain must receive 140,000 million in six years, one of the most dangerous. “The dividing line between frugal and lax countries resurfaced last year in discussions about the injection of stimulus for the European club countries.” The health crisis has prompted a shift in the EU’s tax doctrine towards greater flexibility. The deficit and public debt criteria have been suspended in 2020 and 2021 and will likely remain suspended in 2022, as pre-crisis activity levels will not have been fully restored.

“In the future, the Commission plans to review its tax rules. It is not a question of reestablishing the orthodoxy of the past in an identical way. Even the European Central Bank, which is not traditionally in favor of a lax approach, considers that fiscal stimulus efforts could be stronger or faster, “the analyst emphasizes.” The hope is that the public debt problem can be controlled through higher GDP growth and not, as in 2011, cutting public spending “, rounds off the economist from Oddo BHF.

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Will Cuba be a health sovereignty factor for the Global South?

https://mundo.sputniknews.com/20210417/sera-cuba-un-factor-de-soberania-sanitaria-para-el-sur-global-1111283345.html

Will Cuba be a health sovereignty factor for the Global South?

Will Cuba be a health sovereignty factor for the Global South?

After the progress of clinical trials for the development of vaccines against COVID-19 on the Caribbean island, the head of the Cuban medical mission in … 04.17.2021, Sputnik Mundo

2021-04-17T09: 55 + 0000

2021-04-17T09: 55 + 0000

2021-04-17T09: 55 + 0000

international gps

covid-19

crisis

vaccine

eu

UK

cuba

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Will Cuba be a health sovereignty factor for the Global South?

Will Cuba be a health sovereignty factor for the Global South?

The second stage of phase III of clinical trials with Cuban vaccine candidates against COVID-19 (Soberana 02 and Abdala) began in the Cuban capital and in three eastern provinces of the island, and includes about 88,000 volunteers, as confirmed by the pharmaceutical company BioCubaFarma. In this context, the Soberana 02 vaccine project, the first drug against COVID-19 in Latin America to advance to the final phase of clinical trials, has a schedule of injections at zero, 28 and 56 days. of its own vaccines against COVID-19 In this framework, “from the first moment, the Cuban government mobilized the country’s scientists to gather information, in order to understand the characteristics of the disease and take immediate measures,” he said. In parallel to this, research is beginning to search for vaccine formulations, he said. In this regard, “they are talking about the Soberana 01 and 02, Abdala and Mambisa vaccines, as well as the Soberana plus, which is showing high safety and security. it has been able to develop a significant immune response, “he added. For its part, with assured quality standards, “Cuba will be able to produce about 100 million doses per year, which will be an important factor in providing vaccines to the poorest countries in an accessible way,” he concluded. In Sputnik and radio M24 We were also in contact with the Italian journalist Carlo Cauti, with whom we discussed the economic and health impact of the pandemic in Europe.Strong impact of the pandemic in the European UnionThe total number of people who lost their lives due to COVID-19 in Europe exceeded one million, according to the head of the European regional office of the World Health Organization (WHO), Hans Kluge. In this framework, “we are facing a logistical problem on the continent, which makes the vaccination rate very slow,” said Cauti. Likewise, “the European Commission negotiated a very bad agreement for the provision of vaccines with pharmaceutical companies, which put pressure on the Union, since after Brexit, the United Kingdom had a much better performance in terms of immunization against COVID-19, “he said. For his part, “the economic impact has been very strong and there are no signs of a rapid recovery,” he warned. Furthermore, “everything seems to indicate that Europe is facing an economic disaster in the coming years,” he concluded. Geopolitical Dialogues Our political analyst and specialist in International Studies, Santiago Caetano, made a brief historical analysis of international constitutionalism. Documentary film about tornado in Dolores In the cultural closing, we were in contact with Pablo Martínez Pessi, who is the producer of the documentary entitled “The Wind Will Leave Us”, which deals with the events that occurred in the Uruguayan city of Dolores. Five years ago a tornado passed there, leaving seven fatalities, thousands of victims and 130 blocks destroyed. The documentary is presented by Gabinete Films and La Crescent.

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аудио, covid-19, crisis, vaccine, eu, uk, cuba

After the progress of the clinical trials for the development of vaccines against COVID-19 in the Caribbean island, the head of the Cuban medical mission in Uruguay, José Ernesto Hernández Guerra, spoke with ‘GPS international’ to analyze the perspectives around to the provision of vaccines, as well as the health situation in the country.

The second stage of phase III clinical trials with candidates from Cuban vaccines against COVID-19 (Soberana 02 and Abdala) began in the Cuban capital and in three eastern provinces of the island, and includes about 88,000 volunteers, as confirmed by the pharmaceutical company BioCubaFarma. In this context, the Sovereign 02 vaccine project, the first drug against COVID-19 in Latin America to advance to the final phase of clinical trials, has a schedule of injections at zero, 28 and 56 days.

Cuba advances towards the development of its own vaccines against COVID-19

Within this framework, “from the outset, the Cuban government mobilized the country’s scientists to gather information, in order to understand the characteristics of the disease and take immediate measures,” he said. In parallel to this, research is beginning to search for vaccine formulations, he said.

The Cuban biotechnology industry, which dates back to the 1980s, “has a prestige gained from the results in the production of vaccines and different drugs,” he added.

In this regard, “they are talking about the Soberana 01 and 02, Abdala and Mambisa vaccines, as well as the Soberana plus, which is showing high safety and has been able to develop an important immune response,” he added. For its part, with quality standards assured, “Cuba will be able to produce about 100 million doses per year, which will be an important factor in providing vaccines to the poorest countries in an accessible way,” he concluded.

On Sputnik and radio M24 We were also in contact with the Italian journalist Carlo Cauti, with whom we discussed the economic and health impact of the pandemic in Europe.

Strong impact of the pandemic in the European Union

The total number of people who lost their lives to COVID-19 in Europe exceeded one million, according to the head of the European regional office of the World Health Organization (WHO), Hans Kluge. In this framework, “we are facing a logistics problem on the continent, which makes the vaccination rate very slow, “said Cauti.

This is coupled with growing frustration among Europeans, “among whom more and more movements against vaccines stand out,” he said.

Likewise, “the European Commission negotiated a very bad vaccine supply agreement with pharmaceutical companies, which put pressure on the Union, since after Brexit, the United Kingdom performed much better in terms of immunization against COVID -19 “, he assured. For his part, “the economic impact has been very strong and there are no signs of a rapid recovery,” he warned. Furthermore, “everything seems to indicate that Europe is facing a economic disaster in the next few years, “he concluded.

Geopolitical dialogues

Our political analyst and specialist in International Studies, Santiago Caetano, carried out a brief historical analysis of the international constitutionalism.

Documentary film about tornado in Dolores

In the cultural closing, we were in contact with Pablo Martínez Pessi, who is the producer of the documentary entitled “The Wind Will Leave Us”, which deals with the events that occurred in the Uruguayan city of Dolores. Five years ago a tornado passed there, leaving seven fatalities, thousands of victims and 130 blocks destroyed. The documentary is presented by Gabinete Films and La Crescent.

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Britain’s “Brexit” has been trapped in “eventful spring” for a hundred days _ 东方 Fortune.com

Original title: Britain’s “Brexit” for a hundred days, deep in “eventful spring”

According to comprehensive foreign media reports, the United Kingdom is currently experiencing an “eventful spring”: the death of the Queen’s husband, Prince Philip, triggered a crisis in the royal family and discussions on the abolition of the royal family; Belfast, the capital of Northern Ireland, has riots for many days; Scotland will again be independent in the future. The possibility of a referendum is increasing… In the context of “Brexit”, severe epidemics and economic recession, British society is facing a serious crisis.

  Contradictions broke out

The British royal family has caused controversy in a row recently. According to the Guardian, the news of Prince Philip’s death continued to “dominate the screen” in the British media, causing public dissatisfaction; among them, the British Broadcasting Corporation occupies a large amount of prime time to broadcast related reports, which caused more than 110,000 complaints, a record high in the number of complaints. .

In addition to the royal crisis, a greater risk of national secession is also brewing in the UK.

The British “Daily Mail” stated that the violent riots centered on Belfast, the capital of Northern Ireland, lasted more than a week. Masked demonstrators threw a large number of incendiary bombs and rocks at the police, while the police rarely deployed water cannon trucks. At present, 88 policemen have been injured. The US Consumer News and Business Channel stated that the riots were mainly caused by the conflict between the pro-British Protestant unificationists and the Catholic Irish nationalists. Despite the suspension of the riots, the long-standing sectarian and political differences in Northern Irish society are difficult to bridge.

At the same time, the possibility of Scotland seeking independence is also on the rise. The 2021 Scottish Parliament elections will be held on May 6. Polls from many organizations show that the Scottish National Party, which requires independence, will win a majority of seats in the parliament in this election. The leader of the party, Nicola Sturgeon,’s campaign proposal is to hold a second independence referendum to lead Scotland. Return to the European Union.

In January this year, the UK officially ended the “Brexit” transition period and withdrew from the European single market. The Russian television station “Channel 5” stated that “Britain is on the verge of a civil war.”

  “Brexit” as a catalyst

Why did the contradictions erupt in the UK at this time? Ding Chun, director of the Center for European Studies at Fudan University, pointed out that British society has long been discussing the legitimacy of the royal family and the centrifugal tendency of Scotland and Northern Ireland, and friction is an inevitable trend. “Brexit” has intensified conflicts and, coupled with the impact of some recent incidents, has led to frequent social conflicts.

Regarding the Northern Ireland issue, Wang Shuo, a professor at the School of International Relations at Beijing Foreign Studies University, pointed out that April 10 was the 23rd anniversary of the signing of the Northern Ireland Peace Agreement, which ended the long-term political and sectarian violence in Northern Ireland. However, “Brexit” has brought back waves of the conflict that had been quelled, especially the provisions on the border of Northern Ireland in the Brexit agreement, which increased the border inspections of goods shipped from the British mainland to Northern Ireland, and actually made Northern Ireland ” “Isolated Special Zone” was strongly opposed by the Northern Irish unificationists.

Regarding the Scottish issue, Ding Chun said that Scotland’s long-term pursuit of “Brexit” has complicated economic interests behind it. “Brexit” has given Scotland a reason to mention independence.

“Regardless of Northern Ireland, Scotland, or the royal family, Britain seems to be’fire’ everywhere, but in fact it is the fault of’Brexit’.” Wang Shuo said.

  The problem is short-term difficult to solve

“In the future, British society will still be in a period of confusion after the’Brexit’. The conflicts and sectarian disagreements between the British central government and the local government will exist for a long time.” Wang Shuo pointed out that the EU and the United Kingdom are economic, political, and military. There will also be rifts due to “Brexit”.

According to Efee News Agency, one hundred days after Britain’s formal “Brexit”, trade flows in the English Channel experienced a historic decline. The cooperation between the United Kingdom and the European Union has also been further complicated by the United Kingdom’s unilateral decision on the issue of Northern Ireland and the delivery of vaccines. According to a report in the Financial Times, the European Commission has opposed Britain’s participation in a legal agreement to resolve cross-border disputes on the grounds that the United Kingdom is neither a member of the European Economic Area nor the European Free Trade Association.

Ding Chun said that “Brexit” has caused a shock to the British economy, while the epidemic has aggravated economic changes and unstable public sentiment, making the British government unable to pay attention to each other. It will take time for British society to return to normal. However, as the global economy recovers, if the UK can cautiously deal with the epidemic and various social issues, and handle its foreign economic and trade relations, the social situation in the UK may be improved.

“The UK has now tasted the taste of’Brexit’.” Wang Shuo said, “While enjoying sovereignty, the UK must also bear the corresponding price. This price may be due to international relations, economic development, and even domestic public sentiment. Long-term impact.”

(Source: People’s Daily Overseas Edition)

(Editor in charge: DF532)

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60 years being the most spectacular cinema in Los Angeles

On November 7, 1963, the imposing Los Angeles Cinerama Dome opened its doors to receive the world premiere of The world is crazy, crazy, crazy, crazy from Stanley Kramer. Its geodesic dome of up to 21 meters in height, its curved screen and the possibility of the huge Cinerama format captured a dedicated audience, which made Kramer’s title run for up to 66 weeks. Months before, its protagonists Spencer Tracy, Buddy Hackett y Mickey Rooney– helmet and shovel in hand- advertised the construction of the building created by R. Buckminster Fuller y Pierre Cabrol.

Curiously, Kramer’s film was filmed in Ultra Panavision 70, a format that soon after would become widely popular and that caused this construction to always be at the forefront. Almost 60 years later, the mythical Cinerama Dome closes due to the crisis in the film sector, caused by the Covid pandemic. The ArcLight and Pacific companies announced the closure of more than 300 of their rooms after more than a year without activity. A true tragedy for many moviegoers and Hollywood stars who mourned the closure through social networks.

Located at 6360 Sunset Boulevard, the building has been the setting for various movies and television series. In 1968, he appeared in the series B film Girl in Gold Boots, that would kick off a long life on screen. After this would come appearances in the series Galactica 1980, Entourage Y Melrose Place, as well as the Oscar nominee The Challenge – Frost vs. Nixon (2008) and in Keanu (2016), co-written by Jordan Peele.

The Cinerama Dome would also be the scene of the arrival of the digital format with the projection of Star Wars: Episodio III in 2005 and the 3D format, with the launch of Avatar in 2009. Always adapting to the new times. Films conceived to be projected on large screens, such as The conquest of the west (re-released in this room), by Henry Hathaway, John Ford and George Marshall; Y 2001: A Space Odyssey, de Stanley Kubrick.

In case of The conquest of the west It is striking, since it was released in 1962 in London, due to the difficulty of projecting in Cinerama. This format born to face television had to shoot with three cameras, and then be exhibited through three synchronized projectors. This difficulty caused the winner of three Oscars was later premiered at the Cinerama Dome, being a true cinematic milestone.

‘The conquest of the West’ in cinerama
Cinemania

One of the most remarkable aspects of the building is the customization of its dome for each special pass, so it had become the ideal location for some world premieres and high-profile encounters with some of the biggest film directors, with staunch advocates like Steven Spielberg O George Lucas. Even our most international national stars have enjoyed the place. Antonio Banderas Y Pedro Almodovar passed through the Cinerama Dome in 2019 on the occasion of the launch in the United States of Pain and glory, which was well worth an Oscar nomination for the Malaga actor.

However, in the 90s the room had his first setback with the expansion of multiplex rooms, prompting Pacific Theaters to consider a remodel. Something that was finally dismissed due to the support of the viewers. A problem that would emerge strengthened, while other iconic venues such as Indian Hills Theater were demolished.

One of his last appearances would be at the hands of one of his great godparents: Quentin Tarantino. The filmmaker regressed to the 1960s in Once upon a time in hollywood, where it showed the Cinerama Dome of the time. Something that would be the cause of a funny anecdote, when on June 12, 2018 viewers were surprised with a hilarious change in the scheduled screenings of 2001: A Space Odyssey, which had been replaced by those of East Java (1968) as part of Tarantino’s recreation for his film.

“It is one of the LAST Cinerama domes left in the world! With the recent news that Arclight Cinemas will be closed forever, we cannot allow the dome to be demolished or changed.” A new petition requires signatures so that the cinema is not closed and even some businessmen are running as candidates for the purchase of the room. Will they save the building from the wrecking ball?

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