When pouring fish is not for joy – Mir – Kommersant

This week, a real war almost broke out in the English Channel, provoked by the decision of the island of Jersey to change the rules for fishing off its shores. Already on Wednesday, dozens of French fishing boats, as well as French and British warships, gathered around the island. However, unlike previous wars over fish in the region, this time it has not yet come to direct clashes.

Doomsday threat

On January 31, when the United Kingdom officially left the European Union, the Granville Agreement, which for two centuries established general fishing rights in the island area, also ended. It became invalid after the island of Jersey signed a trade and cooperation agreement between the UK and the EU after Brexit. And the French authorities had to agree on the new rules not with Britain, but with the representatives of the island.

France wanted to keep the terms of the previous agreement. Jersey wanted something different. The island’s authorities had 90 days to put forward specific conditions for a new agreement.

But instead, they simply announced the introduction of new rules for fishing in the region, and did so only on the evening of Friday, April 30, at the very last moment. At the same time, without notifying either France or the EU (which they should have done under the terms of a new trade agreement between Great Britain and the European Union). In fact, the island’s authorities have unilaterally introduced new requirements for foreign ships.

The reaction from the French authorities followed on Tuesday. Marine Resources Minister Annick Girardin said the Jersey authorities’ actions give France the right to retaliate. For example, stop supplying electricity to Jersey. Now almost 95% of the electricity needed for a normal life, Jersey receives from France.

On the night of Wednesday to Thursday, about 50 French fishing boats departed from the coast of France towards the island in order to block the port of the Jersey capital Saint Helier by morning.

Later, two French warships were spotted nearby, as well as two British warships. At the same time, both sides stated that the ships were sent purely to monitor the situation and ensure security. It seemed, however, that collisions could not be avoided.

But on Thursday evening, French fishermen unexpectedly left the territorial waters of Jersey. “The demonstration of strength took place. Now politicians have to get the upper hand, ”Dmitry Rogoff, President of the Normandy Regional Fisheries Committee, told the French TV channel BFM TV.

On the crest of the war

It is still unknown how the conflict between France and Jersey will end and what historians will later call it. But history already knows cases when the disagreements between French and British fishermen resulted in open confrontations at sea with the participation of warships. This is how events developed Great scallop war… It includes several episodes of clashes between anglers of the two countries in the English Channel: in 2012, 2018 and 2020. The cause of the war, as it is not difficult to guess from its name, was the scallops. More precisely, the difference is in the restrictions of the French and British legislation on their catch in the Seine Bay. As a result, the French mined them only from October 1 to May 15, and the British – all year round.

Offended by such injustice, the French on October 28, 2012 decided to take revenge on their competitors. About 40 French boats found 5 British fishing boats in the waters of the Gulf and attacked them, throwing stones and nets in the hope of damaging the propellers and engines of the enemy boats.

Even signal flares were used, which the French used to shoot at their enemies.

Fortunately, no one was seriously injured during the clashes. The British Marine Resources Management Organization notified the French authorities of the incident, which immediately sent a warship to the region, which stopped the fishing showdown.

After negotiations in 2013, the authorities agreed to amend the UK regulation of scallop fishing in the Gulf of Seine: now the fishermen of both countries were limited in time. True, this limitation did not apply to British fishing vessels less than 15 meters long. Therefore, the conflict was not settled there.

In 2018, the French National Fisheries Committee refuses to accept the renewal of this agreement, which meant the lifting of any bans for the British. On 28 August, about 35 French ships launch an attack on 5 British ships that have come to fish for scallops. And again stones, nets and flares are used. Two British trawlers are damaged. The British, pursued by French fishermen, leave for the English port of Brixham, where the Scottish oyster ship Honeybourne III is also involved in the battle of fishermen, which manages to damage three French boats with a ram. Further escalation of the conflict was prevented by the timely arrival of the law enforcement forces. British this time.

In the course of further negotiations between London and Paris, the parties agreed to extend the rules to British vessels less than 15 meters in length in exchange for the issuance of an additional catch quota to the British.

The war seems to have ended diplomatically. However, in the fall of last year, there were two more cases of clashes between fishermen of the two countries in the Seine Bay.

With stones, nets, flares – everything is as it should be in this war.

Fever pretensions

In both French and British history, there have been many disputes over maritime boundaries and fishing rights. However, all of them, with the exception of one case, were of an exclusively diplomatic and judicial nature. But this exception was included in history textbooks, books were written about him and even films were made. And the confrontation itself lasted almost 20 years – and this is not counting disputes and proceedings in various instances for several centuries. This is about Cod wars between the UK and Iceland.

The beginning of the Cod War is considered 1952, but it was preceded by a conflict between Britain and Denmark, which controlled Iceland until 1944. In 1893, the Danish authorities unilaterally closed the 50 nautical miles (93 km) zone around Iceland and the Faroe Islands to foreign fishermen. The British government refused to comply with the Danish demand, as it caused significant damage to British fisheries. British vessels continued to fish off the coast of Iceland, where they fished mainly for cod (hence the name of the conflict).

Attempts to find a compromise solution lasted several years, but ended in vain.

And in April 1899, the first military clash happened: the Danes tried to detain the British trawler Caspian off the coast of the Faroe Islands, and the captain of a fishing vessel even boarded a Danish patrol ship. But the crew of the trawler, according to the preliminary order of the captain, did not give up and took the ship away. The Danes, who opened fire on Caspian, could not stop him. And the negotiations that followed this incident ended with the signing of an agreement in 1901 establishing the width of Iceland’s territorial waters at three miles, which was in line with the doctrine of the high seas, which had been in force since the 17th century around the world.

The seemingly resolved conflict erupted with renewed vigor after Iceland gained independence. Now the island itself controlled its territory and in 1952 announced the expansion of the forbidden waters for foreign fishermen from three to four miles (from 6 to 7 km). Britain first imposed sanctions on Icelandic fishermen in retaliation, forbidding them to unload fish in British ports, and then went to the International Court of Justice to resolve this dispute.

Most likely, this conflict would have remained behind the more powerful Great Britain, if the USSR had not suddenly intervened in it first, seeking to increase its influence in Western Europe and agreeing to buy Icelandic fish, and then the United States, which did not want the growth of the influence of the Soviets in Europe.

The Americans, following the Soviet leadership, also agreed to buy Icelandic fish and persuaded Spain and Italy to do the same. As a result, Britain’s sanctions policy failed, and it had to admit the expansion of Iceland’s exclusive economic zone.

Another escalation of the conflict occurred in 1958, after Iceland announced a new expansion of the exclusive fishing zone from 4 to 12 miles (up to 22 km). At that time, many countries wanted to expand their maritime borders, and this issue was even brought up for discussion at the UN in the framework of the first ever conference on the law of the sea, but the debates there did not lead to any formal agreements. Therefore, Iceland has decided on the border of the fishing zone unilaterally. Britain could not make concessions to the island for the second time, and therefore announced that from now on, British fishermen would fish in the waters of Iceland under the protection of the navy. Fishing off the coast of Iceland has turned into a full-scale military operation with systematic clashes between military and fishing vessels of the two countries.

Iceland’s insolence was not supported by either the UN or NATO. The military power of Great Britain significantly exceeded the Icelandic one. It seemed that this time the situation would be resolved in favor of a power accustomed to rule the seas. But the Icelanders again outwitted their rival, and the outcome of the confrontation was again decided by the United States. Iceland threatened to withdraw from NATO and expel American troops from the island. The American leadership immediately put pressure on the UN, which held another conference on the law of the sea, after which Great Britain agreed to recognize in February 1961 the expansion of Iceland’s exclusive economic zone to 22 km. British fishermen got only a few concessions.

In 1972, the Icelandic leadership will actually repeat the same maneuver in order to expand its borders to 50 nautical miles (93 km). British resistance was even more fierce, with a total of 32 British frigates entering the disputed territories during this phase of the conflict. But, like a decade before, the outcome of the confrontation was decided in the NATO offices, and again not in favor of Britain.

And in 1975 Iceland will announce the next stage of expansion of its special economic zone – up to 200 nautical miles (370 km from the coast).

The third stage of the Cod War was the most fierce in terms of battles between the Icelandic coast guard and British naval sailors.

The balance of power, as always, was in favor of Great Britain. British interests in Icelandic waters were defended by 22 destroyers, 7 auxiliary vessels and 6 fortified tugs. Whereas Iceland had only six patrol ships. But as soon as the Icelandic leadership started talking about leaving NATO, closing the American military base and buying patrol ships from the Soviet Union, the dispute was immediately resolved according to the old scheme. So Iceland still lives with a 200-mile exclusive economic zone.

For the entire time of the Cod Wars, Iceland lost one person in the battles – an engineer who performed welding work on one of the ships after a collision with a British destroyer. During the work, the compartment where the engineer was located was flooded with water, and he received an electric shock from the welding equipment.

British losses were not calculated in lives, but in money. The costs of repairing the ships alone amounted to £ 1 million – what can we say about the lost profits from fishing and thousands of jobs.

Kirill Sarkhanyants


Apple is tightening the security of some older iPhones, what’s going on? | Lifestyle

Security is one of the biggest headaches for manufacturers, who not only have to verify that their devices are functional and have no faults, but are also capable of withstanding the onslaught of hackers who are always looking for a way to bypass their protections. So on many occasions we are faced with problems of zero day that are there latent until someone discovers them.

And something like this must have happened within the Apple ecosystem that, silently and practically secretly, has been introducing changes over the last few months in some iPhone models arrived on the market for two and a half years, at the end of 2018, with the intention of protecting them from some threats that have proliferated since then.

A serious security flaw?

So has published Forbes, where it is clear that the smartphones with A12 and A13 processor, they have received a little extra security in recent times: “The A12, A13, S4, and S5 products first released in Fall 2020 have a second-generation secure storage component, while previous products based on these SoCs have a first-generation secure storage component.”

This part of Apple’s ecosystem, Secure Enclave, It is inserted into the processors that North Americans manufacture for their devices and it is an extra reinforcement when it comes to storing and encrypting confidential data such as those corresponding to Face ID, Touch ID, etc. It has been on the market since the A7 chips, which equipped the iPhone 5s of 2013. The problem is that the threats have become more sophisticated and the current version of the new iPhone 12 is much more secure than, for example, that of the previous models 2018 or 2019.

That is why some analysts believe that all smartphones that have been sold since the end of 2020, including the updated versions of iPhone 11 and iPhone SE, they have done it with this security module updated to the latest version. So what has happened to the previous ones? Are they exposed? Luckily, it seems that Apple has applied a update to all models with A12 chips, such as the iPhone XR, XS and XS Max, as well as the fifth generation iPad Mini or the third and eighth generation iPad Air and iPad, respectively.

According to some experts, this movement is due to Apple has wanted to provide a “countermeasure against devices to crack passwords, What Graykey, which try to access iPhones by guessing the password an infinite number of times, using exploits that allow countless attempts at the wrong password. “All of this suggests that” the security issues that are being addressed are serious. “


Wet and rainy weather is forecast for this Tuesday

The dawn of this Tuesday was characterized by rains and occasional electrical storms in almost the entire national territory. The atmosphere will remain pleasant in the morning and hotter in the afternoon.

A special bulletin applies to the western area of ​​Boquerón and warns of moderate to strong thunderstorm rains, moderate to strong gusts of winds, and occasional hail fall.

For Asunción and the metropolitan area, a warm to hot environment is expected with a maximum of 28ºC. The sky will be mostly cloudy and the winds will be variable. The humidity is 96%.

In the North of the country the temperature is expected to reach 28ºC and in the East there will be a maximum of 27ºC.

While in the South a maximum of 26ºC is forecast. For the Paraguayan Chaco, temperatures between 30ºC and 29ºC are expected.

For the next few days rain is no longer expected, but the warm to hot environment and the northeast winds will predominate.


Xiaomi celebrates the decision of a court to paralyze its veto in the United States


Xiaomi has celebrated the decision of a United States court last Friday that temporarily paralyzed the order to veto the Chinese company for alleged ties with the Chinese army, carried out in the last days of the administration of former President Donald Trump, and has asked to be permanently withdrawn.

Rudolph Contreras, federal judge in the state of Washington, ruled on Friday a temporary blockade against the measure of the Department of Defense that prevented the investment of US companies in Xiaomi, after the Chinese company presented an appeal, as reported by Bloomberg.

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Contreras estimated that Xiaomi had a high probability of winning the litigation against the United States Department of Defense, and considered that the permanent blockade would entail “irreparable damage” for the technology manufacturer. “

This Sunday, Xiaomi has issued a statement in which it celebrates the decision of the American judge against its consideration as a “communist Chinese military company”, thus avoiding receiving investments from the North American country.

The technology manufacturer has once again recalled that it is “a private and independently operated company”, as well as that it “offers electronic products for civilian use only”, in response to its allegations of ties with the Chinese army.

Xiaomi has considered that the original veto of the Department of Defense of the United States is “arbitrary and capricious” and has asked that this measure be withdrawn permanently.


What happened to Yulia Skripal’s dog after the Salisbury incident

Yulia Skripal left her dog in Moscow

A photo: REUTERS

The incident with the alleged poisoning of the British spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia turned the lives of not only the participants in this story, who by the will of fate were involved in it, but also their pets. It is known that in Salisbury, the family of the former intelligence officer had a cat that Julia brought from Russia, as well as two guinea pigs. At one time, a woman spent 600 euros on the transportation of a fluffy. She chipped him, castrated him and collected all the necessary documents. However, after the events of March 3, 2018, when Britain announced the poisoning, the local police forgot about the pets. As the niece of Sergei Skripal Viktoria told “KP-Petersburg”, two pigs died of dehydration. The cat was later found alive, but they said that he was under severe stress, so it was decided to euthanize and cremate.

The fate of only one pet, left by Yulia in a Moscow apartment, remained in question. Skripal took mongrel Noir from the shelter and after what happened in England she returned there.

Skripals’ cat cremated


– Julia asked the owner of the shelter Antoine, so that Noir in no case was transferred to me or other relatives, – Viktoria Skripal told KP-Petersburg. “If she wanted to take Noir to England, she would. She could ask her friend Gulnara to transport the dog, she could ask the British embassy to do it. But, apparently, she didn’t want to. The owner of the orphanage ended up telling me that Noir had been placed in good hands.

Apparently, Julia was not worried about Noir for long. Now in England she has two new pets.

– During the last conversation on the phone, Yulia told me that she had two dogs. From the shelter or not – she did not specify, – continues Viktoria Skripal. “Why she didn’t want to hand Noir over to us is hard to say. We were planning to keep the dog for her. But Yulia was told that we were claiming her property or inheritance. I drew this conclusion when I asked her permission to take photographs from her apartment. She replied that she had already taken them to her father in Britain long ago. Then I asked to allow me to take part of the library, which was collected by Sergei Skripal’s parents. But she said nothing. Julia only said that her friend Gulnara and the boyfriend of this friend Valery can sell whatever they want from her apartment.

Dog Noir stayed in Moscow


The Moscow apartment of Yulia Skripal, according to Victoria, has now ended up being rewritten to Valery’s mother.

– The apartment is decorated without money just under a purchase and sale agreement, – Victoria clarified. – Julia explained this decision by the fact that with her last name (Skripal) the apartment could be sold only at half price. She did not receive money for the apartment. Julia said: “But you don’t have to pay taxes and think about rent.” Now a young man lives there, to whom the property is being leased. And Yulia Valery’s things are already posted on Avito.

Earlier, “KP-Petersburg” said that Yulia Skripal completely settled in England. She received citizenship and is waiting for money from the authorities of Foggy Albion for new real estate.


“Yulia Skripal received British citizenship and is waiting for money from the government”: The fate of the Russian spy and his daughter in Salisbury has become known

The Skripals’ house will be sold, the new housing for the former intelligence officer and his daughter should be bought by the British government (details)

“Sergei Skripal is no longer alive. But it is not profitable for Britain to admit it “: the spy’s niece made a statement

On the third anniversary of the events in Salisbury, a spy’s relative told why Britain is in no hurry to prove the guilt of “Russian agents” and why it is beneficial for her to keep silent about the Skripals (details)


The fate of the Russian spy and his daughter in Salisbury has become known

Sergei Skripal should get a new home


The Skripal House will be sold in Salisbury three years after the alleged poisoning of the former GRU spy and his daughter Yulia. The house of Sergei Skripal, according to the British press, was bought by the Wiltshire County Council, after which it was cleaned for a year and a half. Now the authorities intend to sell the house, which has four bedrooms.

As the niece of the former GRU spy Viktoria Skripal told KP-Petersburg, such a decision was made a long time ago. Sergei Skripal stated that he no longer wants to live in this house.

“They are adults, they manage their property themselves,” Viktoria Skripal explained to KP-Petersburg. – Sergei officially announced that they do not want to live in that house, it is painful. Yulia in her last call last year told me that she had received British citizenship. And with housing they will have exactly the same situation as before.

Yulia Skripal received a new citizenship

A photo: REUTERS

The house was bought by Sergei Skripal and Yulia with the money of the British government. The housing was purchased for 260 thousand pounds (almost 27 million rubles).

– Repair and re-equipment of the house Sergey and Yulia did at their own expense, – explains Victoria. – Now Julia said that after the sale of this house, the government will again allocate money for the purchase of housing in Britain. They must live with Sergei separately. However, they have had problems with the sale of this house for three years now. At first it was announced that it would be demolished and disposed of. Then the roof and the front door were changed there, after which the municipality was supposed to buy it out. They have been putting it up for sale for two years now. However, the owner of the property was also Sergei Skripal. Now I again requested an extract from the register to find out who is now the owner.

According to Victoria Skripal, her uncle Sergei has recently stopped communicating with her. There was no call or news from him even after the death of his own mother in Russia.


“Sergei Skripal is no longer alive. But it is not profitable for Britain to admit it “: the spy’s niece made a statement

On the third anniversary of the events in Salisbury, a relative of an ex-GRU officer told why Britain is in no hurry to prove the guilt of “Russian agents” and why it is beneficial for her to keep silent about the Skripals (details)


London will earn more if it raises taxes on all online sales | Opinion

Rishi Sunak’s procrastination can bring some unexpected benefits. The British Finance Minister has postponed the decision on a new 2% tax on online sales. This gives you time to reflect on the best way to adapt the tax system to the increase in online purchases.

Sunak could raise corporation tax on its March 3 Budgets to fund expanded stimulus measures, according to the Times. A tax on internet sales to online-only businesses could have generated additional tax revenue, but would not have done much to reduce the deficit, which is forecast to rise to € 457 billion in the year ending in April.

See Amazon, which would pay the lion’s share of the new tribute. A 2% rate applied to your 2020 UK revenue would more than double your tax bill in the country, but would only raise $ 776 million. If applied to the 2020 sales of fast fashion companies Asos and Boohoo, they would pay 75 million and almost 29 million more, respectively.

Grocery stores and other retailers complain that commercial fees, a tax on the value of companies’ properties, unfairly penalize those who have stores and not just warehouses on the outskirts. But a government with a huge deficit can find it difficult to cut property taxes significantly without finding alternative sources of revenue, since these taxes collect almost 60% of the 58 billion in corporate tax.

Many brick-and-mortar retailers are selling more online. Applying the 2% rate on internet sales to everyone, and not just to online cigars, would be even better for the Treasury. For example, according to Nielsen, the income of online grocery stores averages 16% of their total. If the 2% were applied to the chains Tesco, J Sainsbury and WM Morrison, Sunak would raise 380 million more. Upgrading to the 21st century has its knack, but it would mean more fiscal loot.

The authors are columnists for Reuters Breakingviews. Opinions are yours. The translation, of Carlos Gomez Down, it is the responsibility of Five days


UEFA suspends Ajax goalkeeper André Onana for one year for doping – International Football – Sports

The Cameroonian goalkeeper of Ajax André Onana He was suspended for a year by Uefa for violating anti-doping rules, the Dutch club announced on its website on Friday.

“The disciplinary commission of the European Football Association (Uefa) imposed a 12-month suspension on André Onana for violating anti-doping rules after an out-of-competition test on October 30,” the club said in a statement, adding that it will present a resource.

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“The suspension is effective as of today and applies to all soccer activities, national and international,” the statement added. As reported by the club, on October 30, Onana he felt ill and took a drug initially intended for his wife.

The Lasimac (a diuretic and hypotensive) “does not improve the performance” of an athlete, which is why Ajax did not expect “a firm suspension”.

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“Onana had no intention of cheating. But the Uefa estimates, following the applicable anti-doping rules, that an athlete has the duty at all times to ensure that no prohibited substance enters his body, “the club said.

It is the second hard blow Ajax has received in 24 hours. Thursday the Franco-Ivorian Sébastien Haller, landed at the club from West Ham in early January for 22.5 million euros ($ 26.9 million), was not entered into the Europa League.
“It’s a huge administrative error on our part,” Ajax coach Erik ten Hag lamented on the club’s website.

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Haller, the Dutch club’s most expensive signing, is not on the list of players eligible for the knockout phase of the second European competition. The Ajax they face Lille in the round of 32 on February 18 and 25.

Since signing in January, the 26-year-old forward has scored two goals and four decisive passes in six league games. Eredivisie. Ajax announced that it will make a request to Uefa to obtain the registration of its new player.



Neymar makes it clear: he is not leaving PSG, he does not want Mbappé to leave and … is he waiting for Messi? | Other Soccer Leagues

Neymar Jr carries on his back the cross of having left FC Barcelona at its best and that, judging by his statements, will stay that way, there will no longer be a sequel to that film.

The Brazilian himself spoke of his future, which, he said, is not even close to returning to Spain.

Speaking to Telefrance, the controversial attacker commented: “I feel happy. It has changed a lot, I could not say exactly why, if it is me or something else, but today I feel good. I have adapted and I am calmer. I want to stay. at PSG “.

So neither he wants to move nor does he want his teammates to do so: “I hope Kylian Mbappé also stays. We want Paris to be a great team,” he added.

“We are like brothers, but I am the oldest. We love playing together because I want to get the best out of him,” he said.

How will he want his message to be clear, that about the final lost in the last Champions League he said:
“I did not like it. I cried. I really wanted to bring this cup to France but we did not succeed. I think we will have more opportunities. This year we will do everything possible to reach the final and win the title,” he said.

And is he going to meet in Paris and not in Barcelona with his friend Lionel Messi, as he himself anticipated? He did not mention a word of that.

What he did make clear is that his parties are and will be his recovery therapy: “Who doesn’t like to party? We all love to have fun. I know when I can party or when not, even if some say that I am immature and not I know what I’m doing. If you like soccer 100 percent I think you end up exploding, so I will never give up. The party is an opportunity to relax, “he said.


Meteorology announces warm Tuesday, with rain and occasional storms

The weather this Tuesday will be marked by the presence of rainfall and occasional thunderstorms in much of the country. That condition would only improve at night. Scattered rains are again expected in the afternoon.

In the morning cool weather will predominate and in the afternoon warmer temperatures are expected, while the humidity would be around 95%.

The estimated maximum temperature for Asunción and the metropolitan area is 26ºC, while for the South 25ºC is expected.

In the East 30ºC is expected and in the North the temperature would reach 31ºC. For the Paraguayan Chaco, 30ºC is expected.

For the next few days, the forecasts continue with high probabilities of showers and thunderstorms until Friday.