The Barcelona City Council presented the report last Friday, October 31 ‘Barcelona’s 2030 Agenda: Key milestones and indicators’. This document specifies seventeen social, economic and environmental goals of the city, as well as 139 specific milestones, which the city has set itself to meet within ten years, in line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
In this ten-year-old report, the ‘consistori’ and the city of Barcelona set out their roadmap to overcome the post-covid crisis and guarantee a sustainable future for the city and its inhabitants. The process of specifying and locating the different objectives has implied the adaptation of the SDGs to the local and metropolitan reality. Consequently, they contemplate more than 200 indicators to control the implementation of this local roadmap. In fact, the City Council has set the milestones with respect to the city, but in most cases success will only be achieved with complicity and alliance between different agents of the city.
The covid-19 pandemic has highlighted the need and urgency of achieve the objectives set ten years from now. The 2030 Agenda is the document that marks the way for the city to emerge stronger from the health, social, economic and environmental crisis that we are suffering and guarantee a sustainable future.
The virus has motivated a call to action to carry out profound transformations in the way the city works, our societies and our relationship with the Planet. In the medium and long term, the pandemic has shown that the 2030 Agenda and its vision of inclusion, sustainability and justice are the appropriate roadmap for recovery.
A committed city
The commitment of the city of Barcelona to the 2030 Agenda was made explicit in the plenary on September 30, 2019 with a signed institutional declaration by all groups. To specify it and adapt it to the reality of the city, a transversal Commission has prepared this document that combines technical rigor and political commitment, all aligned with the Municipal Action Plan (PAM) and the Municipal Investment Plan (PIM). ).
Locating the 2030 Agenda within the city and quantifying the milestones, as Barcelona has done, is a unpublished work so far locally. This capacity for concretion has been recognized by the Spanish Sustainable Development Network, which in its evaluation report of the proposal states that “Barcelona is pioneer among Spanish cities –And perhaps in the European environment–, due to the level of ambition and complexity of the proposed exercise ”. For each key indicator located, the Barcelona 2030 Agenda provides the origin of the indicator, the source of the data, the reference value of the indicator, the operational milestone and the desired value for the year 2030.
The location of the Barcelona landmarks has been validated by the Consell Acadèmic Assessor, which brings together personalities of recognized prestige in the academic field. In addition to this council, a follow-up table will be created with actors from the city to promote its achievement. The 2030 Agenda is a city goal. The commitment of administrations, social entities, companies and citizens is necessary to achieve the proposed milestones. In a time of uncertainty such as the one generated by covid-19, the city needs to set ambitious goals to move towards a more sustainable future. The 2030 Agenda is the tool to build this future.
Highlight 1. Quality and health care for all
The emergence of covid-19 has suddenly and profoundly modified the global impact and social perception of infectious and parasitic diseases. The goal of this milestone is halve the impact of infectious diseases and substantially lower their mortality rate. To achieve this, it is necessary to strengthen health care and prevention and public health policies.
Highlight milestone 2. Improve secondary education outcomes and ensure post-compulsory education
Successful completion of compulsory schooling is essential for young people’s life chances. For this reason, it is set as a milestone for 2030 that practically all students successfully complete compulsory education and with an adequate level of competencies, placing the achievement rate of basic competencies above 95% in all subjects. Quality training is essential to have better job opportunities and boost an economy capable of creating qualified jobs.
Outstanding milestone 3. Gender equality plans
Catalonia stands at 70.9 points in the Gender Equality Indicator, above the EU average (67.4), but below the best-situated country, Sweden, with 83.6. Barcelona aims to be above 85 points, which implies improve on all index indicators: work, money, knowledge, time, power and health. In addition, the document proposes to reduce the impact of gender violence. It is necessary to join forces so that in 2030 this type of violence is a residual phenomenon and on the way to extinction in Barcelona.
Milestone 4. Links against exclusion and loneliness
Barcelona has to be a city that includes everyone, respecting the diversity inherent in every urban community and thinking about the groups that, for obvious reasons, have more difficulties to join social life and take advantage of their opportunities. Consequently, it is proposed reduce the proportion of people at risk of poverty or exclusion from 23% to less than 15%, and placing the perception of loneliness below 6% from the current 8.8%.
Highlight 5. Fair and equitable economic growth
On the horizon 2030, Barcelona proposes a notable decrease in unemployment, working poverty and the gender pay gap, and doubling the effort for the labor inclusion of people with disabilities. The objective is to place registered unemployment below 70,000 people, to put the labor poverty rate and the gender pay gap to zero; and to ensure that more than 1,000 people with disabilities are hired each year by the Xarxa Barcelona for Labor Inclusion.
Milestone 6. Living in a healthier environment
In accordance with the forecasts of the Climate Plan 2018-2030, the document proposes to grow with 160 additional hectares the endowment of public green from the city, prioritizing the places with the greatest deficit, such as Avinguda Meridiana, the linear park of La Sagrera, or the Marina, among others. Consequently, the ‘consistori’ is committed to a greener and healthier city, with more spaces for games and leisure in each of its neighborhoods.
Highlight 7. Clean water, water for all
Barcelona must be able to guarantee the supply of drinking water to the entire population, even in situations of persistent drought. On the horizon of 2030, the ‘consistori’ intends to reinforce the social objective of a more efficient use of water, placing domestic drinking water consumption below 100 liters / inhabitant / day (currently it is over 106) and urban water consumption below 150 liters / inhabitant / day (currently it is 161).
Highlight 8. Clean air and renewable energy
The Barcelona City Council intends to take an exponential leap in the consumption and local production of renewable energy. The milestone is to achieve that by 2030 50% or more of the energy consumed is of renewable origin, and that 15% or more of the energy consumed is locally produced renewable. Currently less than 10% of energy consumption is of renewable origin and only 1% is produced in the city. Barcelona wants to become a leader in urban renewable energy production and move towards a fairer energy transition, linked to local production and distributed generation.
Highlight milestone 9. – plastic, + recycling
Barcelona proposes a significant leap in the reduction and recycling of waste, achieving a recycling rate of more than 65% of the collected waste. This is a significant change compared to the current situation, of 36%, a fact that will require more awareness and changes in the waste collection model.
Highlight 10. Just digital transition
The digitization of society, accelerated and deeper with the pandemic, makes it necessary to conceive of Internet access as a universal right. This access has to be affordable and at the same time reliable and of quality, bearing in mind that there are fundamental things, such as education, work, services and communication with family and friends, which are increasingly being carried out over the internet. Consequently the local administration proposes increase the proportion of households with Internet access to 99% and the proportion of households with broadband ICT equipment up to 90% with the objective of universalizing broadband Internet access.
Highlight 11 No one sleeping on the street and a plate on the table for everyone
This milestone contemplates that by 2030 no one residing in Barcelona will stay no bed to sleep in and no plate on the tableas well as the number of homeless people is substantially reduced. The goal is to reduce the incidence of severe poverty in the city and make sure that no one goes hungry or suffers from malnutrition. This milestone is part of insertion policies that guarantee the labor and social insertion of all.
Highlight 12. Affordable housing for all
Currently the lack of affordable housing constitutes one of the main, if not the main one, social problem of Barcelona. For many families it is an excessive cost for their family budget; for others, the impossibility of accessing decent housing. Barcelona aims to reduce the overload in the cost of housing. By 2030, the local city administration intends to reduce the proportion of families that allocate more than 40% of your resources to housing expenses below 14%, quadruple the number of protected rental housing and ensure that evictions tend to zero.