Princess Diana always knew that Harry was rebellious like her and summed it up with one great phrase

princess diana always knew harry was rebellious as she summed up in great sentence 0

Ian Gavan/Getty Images | Steve Parsons – WPA Pool/Getty Images

Although Princess Diana’s passage through royalty was marked by some scandals and rumors (you can find out about them in a free series on VIX movies and tv), her good performance as a mother has never been in doubt.

With William and Harry he always showed to have a fairly close relationship and even overlooked some real protocols to get a smile, surprise or educate them differently.

princess diana harry william portraits photos buckingham palace
princess diana harry william portraits photos buckingham palace
Carl Court vía Getty Images

In the years since her death, stories, photographs and even videos have been revealed that show how committed she was as a mother. Watching her scold (playfully) her children or let William do her makeup is most adorable.

So it’s safe to say that he knew William and Harry quite well, but is it possible that he knew something about his youngest son that no one else guessed?

diana shoes
diana shoes
Princess Diana Archive

In a phrase from her best-known interview (given to the BBC in 1995), Lady Di seemed to predict that Prince Harry would one day leave the Crown.

When journalist Martin Bashir asked the then princess about her children, she replied:

“William is a lot like his dad, he’s more traditional and rational, but Harry… he’s more like me.”

william harry playing polo
william harry playing polo
Chris Jackson vía Getty

Indeed, the youngest son of Diana and Carlos has much in common with his mother: he is close to people, makes funny gestures from time to time and suffered the scrutiny of the press through the stories that were published about Meghan Markle.

To make matters worse, Lady Di and Harry are among the few people in the history of the monarchy who have parted ways with their duties.

principe harry foto princesa diana lady
principe harry foto princesa diana lady
Getty Images

When she gave the famous interview, Harry was barely 9 years old and there was no way to guess what would happen to him, but he did show that his character and decisions were more important to him than the protocols of the Crown.

princess diana lady di had postpartum depression
princess diana lady di had postpartum depression
Newsmakers/Getty Images

In any case, Princess Diana’s legacy was also very helpful for Harry and Meghan to steer clear of their royal duties.

As he himself stated in his interview with Oprah, during the year in which neither of them worked, they supported themselves with the money that she inherited from him.

Meghan Harry interview similarities to the one Diana gave to the BBC in 1995 0
Meghan Harry interview similarities to the one Diana gave to the BBC in 1995 0
Harpo Productions/Joe Pugliese via Getty Images | Pascal Rondeau/ALLSPORT

In case we need more proof, before Harry announced his departure from the Crown he said in an interview:

“They are not going to harass me into playing the same game that killed my mother.”

principe harry 0
principe harry 0
John Phillips

What do you think? Do you think Diana knew, in some way, that her son would have a future like hers and that he would need her financial help? Tell us in the comments what you think about it.

Want to know more royal secrets? We recommend these stories:


Jürgen Klopp remains with against the Superliga

LIVERPOOL.- “I hope the Super League never happens. For me, the Super League is the Champions League, in which you don’t always play against the same teams. Why would we create a system in which Liverpool faces Real Madrid ten years in a row? Who wants that?

They were the words that Jürgen Klopp said in 2019, before the Super League was what it is now: a reality.

Two years later, the Liverpool coach assured that he remains firm in his opinion, however he declared that no member of the institution asked him for his opinion regarding the arrival of the Reds to this new and controversial European competition.

“My opinion has not changed. I heard it for the first time on Sunday while trying to prepare for a very difficult game against Leeds and I knew we had some information so far, but not much to be honest. “the German told SKY Sports.

“People are not happy and I can understand it, but I don’t have much more to say, because we were not consulted during the process, neither the players nor I”, he pointed.

Finally, Klopp spoke out in favor of the Champions League and the competition format that allows all European clubs to have the opportunity to play it.

“I love the competitive aspect of football, I love the idea that West Ham (currently 4th place in the Premier League and virtually qualified for the Champions League) can play the Champions League next season. I don’t want them to qualify to be honest, because we want to be there too, but I want them to have a chance », he pointed out.


María Dueñas, writer: “It is moving to see how women who have spent their lives cleaning offices learn to read”

  • The writer presents ‘Sira’, the second part of ‘The time between seams’, a novel set in the mid-20th century in Madrid, London, Jerusalem and Tangier

  • Real and fictional characters, Franco and Evita, Jewish terrorists, British spies, American billionaires and Spanish journalists parade on the BBC

  • María Dueñas vindicates through Sira the value of pioneer women and the importance of education and culture as a lifeline in the most adverse circumstances

Maria Dueñas (Puertollano, Ciudad Real, 1964) is a doctor in English Philology. After two decades dedicated to academic life, he burst into the world of literature in 2009 with The time between seams, the novel that became an editorial phenomenon. His later novels are Mision Forget (2012), Temperance (2015) and The Captain’s Daughters (2018). His work has been translated into more than thirty-five languages, with millions of copies sold around the world.

Planet publishes now Sira. It is his fifth novel, and is the second part of The time between seams. Jerusalem, London, Madrid and Tangier these are the scenes that Sira, the seamstress turned spy in postwar Europe travels through.

Question: A Sira who, as one character says, “She learned long ago to take care of herself.”

Answer: On The time between seams, Sira acts according to the circumstances and the wishes of others. Not here anymore: it is she who decides with absolute freedom. She has learned to fly alone.

P: It’s a female referent for that time (1947), but in the novel we find more models, especially foreign journalists.

R: Yes. I wanted to reflect that: they were very solid professionals, even with relevant roles. There were many in the BBC, even if they were a minority. The war took many men and those positions were filled by them. They are pioneers by force.

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P: The BBC and radio they play a leading role in Sira.

R: In those, the radio had the broadest reach, because the press was more local or if perhaps national. The radio channeled information and also war propaganda. I was interested in highlighting the BBC’s services in Spanish, that mythical Voice of london that was heard in the United States and in Latin America, where announcers like Arturo Barea were received like movie stars.

P: They were journalists of race, but exiles, like Angel Ara and George Camacho, which appear in the novel.

R: Yes, the British Government and the BBC did not want conflicts with Franco. So to the most red They sent them to transmit to Latin America.

The BBC fed many Spanish exiles, but also helped them rebuild their dignity

P: Manuel Chaves Nogales or Luis Cernuda they also parade through Sira. Exiles also hosted by the BBC.

R: Without making them permanent, the BBC hired them for sporadic jobs. He fed them but above all he helped them rebuild their dignity. They were eminences in Spain: professors, artists, lawyers, diplomats. For example, Luis Portillo, who was a professor of law at the University of Salamanca, was digging trenches at an airfield in London. Years later his son Michael Portillo was a British minister. The exile from Great Britain is intellectual, of an enormous professional quality. That flight was a horror for Spain.

P: But others very valid professionals stay in our country. You bring them to life in the character of Diego Tovar, director of the Diplomatic Information Office.

R: Not all Franco supporters were very bad people who wanted to take others to the wall. There was everything, many supported Franco and were not murderers or reactionaries. The degrees of affinity to the regime were enormous. The first Franco regime of the military changes with more prepared and cosmopolitan people when Franco tries to wash the face of Spain abroad. That’s where the propagandists of Catholic Action come in and then Opus.

Many of those who supported Franco were not murderers or reactionaries

P: Describes the postwar period in London and Madrid, but you highlight different attitudes in their neighbors.

R: In London there was a lack of everything as in Madrid but there were unitary consciousness as a nation that it was necessary to get out of that. In Spain there was a lot of repression, it was divided: two Spains, the victors and the losers, and a lot of fear of not meaning itself. It is a very different reconstruction between the two countries.

P: Spain is isolated.

R: Yes, England is helped, not Spain. The United Nations gives it the kick. After World War II, many Spaniards in and in exile were convinced that England and the United States would help overthrow the Franco regime. That is not the case, they wash their hands, it is a huge disappointment. So Spain is recovering differently from the rest of Europe.


Eva Perón, Franco and Carmen Polo, in Madrid, on June 25,

P: Only Argentina helps him. There it is framed Eva Perón’s visit to Spain. It is a fundamental part of Sira. “Franco, Perón, one heart,” they shouted in the Plaza de Oriente.

R: The visit was a crazy thing but it worked. For many years ships loaded with food arrived from Argentina. It was a constant convoy.

P: Only for that reason Franco swallowed the toad of the eccentricities of Evita.

R: I had no other. He swallows them all: the rudeness, the delays during his visit. I was fascinated by digging and reconstructing the character of Evita. She is a 27-year-old girl, without training, without contacts. However, it has absolute security in itself. 70 years have passed and we continue to remember Evita.

Franco swallowed the rudeness and delays of Evita’s trip because he had no other

P: There is a Madrid very different from that of poverty. A Madrid of breakfasts at Embassy, ​​of mass at 12 in the Salamanca district and of pool at the Stella de Arturo Soria. Y Sira talk about it all.

R: Documentation work is what fascinates me the most, draw the maps where the plots will occur. The hard work starts later, when you write “Chapter 1”. In 1947 the characters moved through mythical places of that time, such as the party room Roman Villa, which later became the Oh Madrid nightclub, on the slope of the Partridges. It was an almost exotic Madrid.


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P: In that “poblachón manchego” Sira out of tune. He is lucky enough to work for the BBC, but confesses that “He has no school”, like many Spanish women then.

R: It was a tough Spain. In the postwar period, there were girls who with only 12 years entered domestic service. They went from the towns to the cities to work. I have met some of them older. Ladies who confess that they could neither read nor write and entered workshops to learn. Women who have spent their lives cleaning stairs, warehouses and offices, and when they retire, instead of sitting down to watch TV, have gone to a literacy center to learn to read with their fingers. Slowly, at their own pace, they are now able to read 600-page novels. I find it moving.

What I want to tell is in my books, I don’t want to become a character

P: Y they value education.

R: So education it was the only chance to take a step forward. Before to progress in life you needed a training that would open the doors of a job. Now there are other shortcuts. Now there are many people without art and without talent and without anything that becomes idols or references.

P: Missing a mirror in which to look at yourself?

R: I want to think not at all. Many readers tell me: “I love you because you are a woman, because you write, and because at the same time you are a normal figure, without scandals and without screaming ”. It is good that the younger generations have those references.

P: You have decided not be too exposed.

R: I already tell what I want to tell in my books, I don’t want to become a character.


Maria DueñasCarlos Ruiz placeholder image

P: For years you have resisted giving a second chance at Sira.

R: It hadn’t occurred to me again. With The time between seams everything was very convulsive, fast and intense. Translations, series, country tours. In the United States we spent a month of promotion. It was outrageous. I wanted to put some peace of mind, I could not continue living with Sira all my life. It was hard for me. And I decided to write other different stories.

P: Sira is a closed chapter already?

R: I do not know. She has regained calm, affection, and has found a place where she is comfortable. But maybe I’ll want to go back to it in the future.

With ‘The time between seams’ everything was very convulsive, fast and intense

P: How do you see the current novel? It does a lot autofiction, where the author is also a character.

R: As a writer in my life I will take that leap. As a reader I do read that type of novel, like many other things.

R: As I write I read a lot of documentation and also literature related to historical moments of the novel. I reread a lot, things that got left me by the way. But also many new features, in Spanish and English.


Maria DueñasCarlos Ruiz placeholder image

P: Your narrative style is more Anglo-Saxon than Spanish.

R: English has been my working language for 20 years, when I did a lot of academic writing and wrote more in English than in Spanish. The speech is different. Unconsciously I tend not to use too much subordination, which is not common in English and it is in Spanish. I also try to be more direct and spare.

P: Discover your sources at the end of the book. More homage than bibliography.

R: When you start writing you think about how many people have taken care of you and lent you a hand, how many references do you have.


“To prevent severe Covid, all vaccines are just as good”


Updated:11/04/2021 12:03h


The coronavirus vaccine developed by the British pharmaceutical AstraZeneca together with the University of Oxford, was called to be the salvation of Europe, but doubts about its side effects have taken their toll on the confidence of citizens. David Moreno Pérez, the pediatrician who is in charge of the regional strategy for vaccination against Covid, trust that the reputational damage is reversible. It is not just a matter of faith. Provides data that support its diagnosis. Despite the increase in people who refused to attend their summons, more doses of AstraZeneca were given last Thursday and Friday, one and two days after its use was suspended in those under 60 years of age.

-How is it going


Interview with Jamie Reid, who worked on PARCO’s spring-summer advertisement, about “hope and gravity” |

Speaking of PARCO’s advertising, it is a prestigious work in which rare art directors such as Eiko Ishioka, Michihiko Yanai, and M / M Paris have built a monument one after another. British art director Jamie Reid has been working on such PARCO season advertisements since 2020. The 31-year-old Reed is a young and talented person who has worked as an art director for British fashion magazines such as “DAZED & CONFUSED” and “POP”. The Spring / Summer 2009 season advertisement, produced in the midst of the continuing threat of Corona, has the theme of “HOPE FLOATS,” which expresses hope and gravity. Johnny Dufort will be the photographer, Gareth Wrighton will be the stylist, and a young creator from London will be appointed to send a positive message to the future.

WWD: I heard that you first came to Japan for the Parco campaign in 2019. What was your impression of PARCO at that time?

Jamie Reid (hereinafter referred to as Reid): When designing Parco’s campaign, I was first interested in what kind of function Parco’s community, culture, and subculture bring to the region. At that time, Shibuya Parco was being rebuilt (a large-scale renovation was carried out in 2019), but the architecture itself was very cool, and I got the impression that the store is thinking very carefully about what function it will perform in the city. I had it. It wasn’t just about fashion, it was a very strong identity. I felt the meaning of real stores in the digital society and the spirit of transmitting culture from the center of Shibuya.

WWD: What are your thoughts on the Spring / Summer 2009 campaign “HOPE FLOATS”?

Reed: From the beginning, everyone’s common understanding was to cherish such thoughts that would give us hope for the future. So I talked many times about how to express the feeling of uplifting and brightening. That’s why I decided to use balloons to compare the feeling of climbing into the sky and the feeling of floating my body to gravity.

WWD: Why did you choose rabbit or ice cream as the balloon motif?

Reed: I had a lot of ideas for motifs, but when I launch an ad, it’s important that the message is clearly conveyed. That’s why I had to create a motif that everyone could feel close to. Rabbits and ice cream are associated with many people’s memories. The size and visuals are the idea of ​​stylist Gareth, but by making them larger than humans, you can feel the power. In the end, it’s important to convey it quickly, so I was particular about whether I could make it the most effective visual when I put it in the photo. It would be interesting to have this big rabbit balloon inside Parco’s shopping mall.

WWD: Why did you use the actual London skyline as a background?

Reed: I shot at multiple locations in London last December. London is now in a really empty state with no one in the city, with the situation in Corona getting worse. It’s a place where people can’t come and go now, but I wanted to visually show how fun and unrealistic things are happening there.

WWD: What do you value most in your fashion campaign?

Reed: I think it’s very important to create a creative team in a campaign job. With this idea of ​​this campaign, I think that if you meet this person with this person, something interesting will happen. That’s the most important thing, and I think it’s the place I enjoy the most.

WWD: What did you feel when you worked with PARCO?

Reed: I didn’t know Parco as a consumer because it was my first time to visit Japan in 1919, but I saw Parco’s advertisements in various places when learning graphic design. If you’re in the art and design community, you’ll inevitably see Parco’s name, so successive campaign visuals are naturally imprinted in your head. So when I was asked, I was very honored and happy to be involved. The Parco team is so sincere in their expression that I was able to do what I wanted to do and pursue ideas. There aren’t many projects that let me think about everything from scratch like this campaign. I think PARCO is the only place where designers have the freedom to make clothes for their ideas.


Great geothermal potential ready to be exploited in Slovakia

City of Presov, Slovakia (source: Ing.Mgr. Jozef Kotulic, commons wikimedia)

In this interview, James B. Koenig offers his insight into geothermal potential and his work for a local developer in Slovakia.

There is great untapped geothermal potential in the country of Slovakia in Europe, according to James B. Koenig, a US citizen and founder and former Chairman and President of GeothermEx. Having been involved in geothermal for over 50 years, he has been heavily involved in geothermal development at Geysers in California, and as a consultant on dozens of projects around the world, including Kenya, Turkey, and Indonesia. In an interview with the Slovak publication Energie Portal, here he shares details about his work in Slovakia.

In Slovakia he collaborates with the company PW Energy in two geothermal energy projects in municipalities near Ziar nad Hronom and near Presov. He talks about this cooperation, but also about the development of geothermal energy in the world, in an interview for the Slovak publication

We have been reporting intermittently on the development potential and plans for Slovakia, for example in this 2013 note.

Kosice, Slovakia (source: flickr/ Jordi Masagué, creative commons)

He has worked on the largest geothermal projects in the world. How are the plans being prepared in Slovakia among them?

A Canadian mining company had interests in Czech mining properties. I was asked to evaluate the potential of geothermal resources in both the Czech Republic and Slovakia. After a detailed review, I suggested that Ziar was the best business prospect.

Later, the Canadian company sold its geothermal interests to an American developer and I continued to work for that developer. Both Michal Masek and Luboslav Mat’o also worked with me. The American promoter abandoned his interests due to financial problems.

How was the geological investigation in Slovakia? What had to be done and what did you find out about geothermal conditions in Slovakia? Was there something that surprised you?

I recognized very quickly that a lot of work had been done in the Ziar region, as well as in other parts of Slovakia with geothermal potential, especially in the Slovak parts of the greater Pannonian basin. Most of the basin is in Hungary, but the basin extends south and east from Presov and Kosice to the border with Ukraine and Hungary.

Many wells had been drilled in the search for oil and gas, and seismic profiling had also been made. Subsurface temperature data was available for most of these wells, which was a pleasant surprise. With Dr. Luboslav Mat’o, I was able to construct subsurface temperature maps at 2,500, 3,000 and 3,500 m depths over much of the basin.

There are two projects in the works: Lovca (Ziar nad Hronom) and Presov. What are the particularities of these territories? Why are they suitable for drilling? How would you evaluate its potential?

Two factors are required for a productive geothermal system: sufficiently high temperature and good rock permeability at depth.

At Ziar there is good evidence that the temperature gradient in the first 2 km of depth is about 38-40 degrees C per kilometer.

Presov has the highest gradient, perhaps even reaching 45 degrees C / km. The deeper gradient is expected to decrease by a few degrees / km. Therefore, the projected temperatures at 3,000-4,000 m are in the range of 140 to over 150 degrees C.

The locally permeable dolomite-limesrone rock sequence called Hronicum is interpreted from the seismic profile to be present at depths between 3,000 and 4,000 m in parts of Presov and Ziar.

Therefore, with the essential factors satisfied, it is worth drilling exploratory wells to a depth of 3.5-4.0 km. Based on the above, I estimate that each one is capable of sustaining up to 20 MWe through the Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) process. (The temperatures are not high enough for the flash steam generation process.)

What benefits could geothermal power plants bring to Slovakia? How deep do you assume it would be necessary to drill for adequate hot water for a geothermal power plant?

The development of geothermal electricity and non-electric geothermal heating and cooling has several advantages. The geothermal fluid is completely reinjected after use, with no objectionable discharges to the atmosphere or groundwater system. This is an advantage over natural gas. It is economically viable even in small units, making it capable of serving small off-grid locations.

It can be developed in modules, to adapt to the growth of demand. It is available 24 hours a day, unlike solar or wind power, so it can be used as a base load if desired. And it helps to free Slovakia from dependence on imported energy, saving foreign exchange and benefiting the economy.

Because there is no evidence of recent volcanic activity in Slovakia, wells to be commercially useful for electricity must be 3-4 km deep. For heating and cooling, the same fluid can be used at 60-80 ° C after electricity generation.

About James B. Koenig

Geologist, specialist in geothermal projects with 50 years of experience. He began his career as a geothermal specialist in the state of California. In 1973 he founded the private company GeothermEx, where he worked as a leading expert in the discovery of geothermal resources in Miravalles (Costa Rica), Dixie Valley (Nevada) and Batong Buhay (Philippines). He has also participated in projects in Africa, Indonesia, Japan, Kenya and Vietnam. He has also worked for the UN, the World Bank, and various private investors. He was also involved in the International Geothermal Association and in 2005 he was General Manager of the World Geothermal Congress in Turkey. He is currently a consultant for geothermal projects in Kenya, Turkey and Slovakia.

Source: Energy portal


Interview – James B. Koenig, Consultant and Founder, GeothermEx | #site_titleEntrevista

Africa, development, geothermal, geothermal, geothermal, GeothermEx, interview, James B. Koenig, Turkey

With over 50 years of geothermal experience, James B. Koenig, founder of GeothermEx shares details of his international work in a recent interview.

Working on geothermal development in Slovakia for PW Energy company, James B. Koenig, Founder and former Chairman and President of GeothermEx provided insight into how he got involved in geothermal energy and his work for various development activities around the world in a interview with the Slovak portal Energy .sk. We publish a separate article about your activities and thoughts on Slovakia’s geothermal potential.

How did you get into a specific branch of geothermal energy in the 1960s that wasn’t even highly developed at the time?

I studied geology and a doctorate. I have succeeded in the field of volcanology – seismology. I came into contact with geothermal energy when I started working for the state of California in 1965. It was a National Geological Survey.

The work included a detailed study of two geothermal systems: Coso and Salton Sea. We also evaluated Quaternary volcanoes as potential areas for pumping geothermal energy. In addition, I participated in the creation of legislation that allowed the leasing of state land for geothermal development.

California also has the largest geothermal complex in the world: The Geysers. What were your tasks in this project?

During the civil service, I collected a lot of geological data in the area, as well as drilling results. This allowed the National Energy and Planning Agency (California Energy Commission note) to approve the construction of the first geothermal power plants. When I left the civil service in 1972, I founded the consulting company GeothermEx.

My colleagues and I work for The Geysers for various private investors. For example, for NCPA, we located and deployed dozens of geothermal wells. Subsequently, we compiled the first integrated numerical simulation of the area using data from all operators. In addition, we provide credit counseling and also monitor the planned progress of projects and the achievement of important milestones.

Geothermal Plant by Calpine in The Geysers, California (source: flickr/ thinkgeoenergy, creative commons)

What was the simulation for?

The Geysers is a two-phase system in which steam and water coexist with the maximum enthalpy. Together they form a “saturated” system. However, due to the pressure drop, the water in the wells turns into steam and thus reaches the surface.

Steam pumping is faster than its natural regeneration through permeable aquifers. Therefore, the pressure in the geothermal collector decreases over time. It is necessary to inject water at a level of 85-95 percent of the amount of steam produced to stabilize the pressure.

The importance of this procedure was first identified just after completing our numerical simulation.

We talked about surveying the area, when the site for the extraction of geothermal resources will be selected. Is it the same everywhere? What processes does it involve?

The most important activities include geological mapping of the area, data recording of existing wells, geochemical analysis of thermal water and gases. The so-called magnetotelluric and seismic surveys are also carried out. Together, they can provide a three-dimensional picture of what is hidden underground, including an estimate of the temperature and depth of the geothermal collector.

What is the most common problem or obstacle to implementation?

Paradoxically, it is not about geology or technology, but the most common obstacle is people’s ignorance. Depending on your attitude, various assumptions or exaggerated demands are often spread during a geothermal project.

It is therefore important to create a close-knit group from the beginning made up of representatives of the population, local government, conservation associations and the investor. The aim is to identify potential problems in time and, in particular, to provide all parties with the necessary information. When people have enough knowledge about the project and identify with it, there is practically nothing that can frustrate it.

How big is the impact on the surrounding environment when the geothermal project is implemented?

Relatively small. As with other energy projects, land is occupied, but in this case insignificant. In the design phase, an increase in noise is expected for a short time. The environment of plants or animals is not significantly altered, it is also monitored in the environmental impact assessment process.

He has worked on geothermal projects around the world, in addition to the US and Europe, also in Africa and Asia. Is there a difference in where the plan is made?

Certainly yes. Most of the projects in Latin America, Asia and Africa are in volcanically active areas, where there is a lot of heat in the country above 250 degrees Celsius at a depth of two to three kilometers.

In continental Europe – with the exception of Italy and Turkey – temperatures are lower and comparable to those in Slovakia, for example, they are Hungary and Serbia. In high temperature areas, large power plants with a power of 30, 50 or even 100 megawatts are generally built. This, of course, also requires large investments, usually from development banks with government repayment guarantees.

In Africa, for example, geothermal energy is also spreading the electrification of homes, helping to raise people’s living standards. In Kenya, which is a leader in the use of this renewable resource on the continent, it even generates almost half of its electricity. Is this the best example of the use of geothermal energy?

I think so. In Africa, I first worked in 1971 as part of an activity for the United Nations, when possible areas in Ethiopia were being considered. Later I did the same in Mozambique. For the World Bank, I subsequently covered the distribution of funds for exploratory drilling in Djibouti in the 1980s. I also participated in a geochemical study of groundwater in the hot spring regions of Uganda.

Of course, I spent most of my time in Kenya. For more than 30 years, I have worked in the exploration and development of geothermal resources in the East Africa Trench, where I have identified potential areas as part of a UN regional survey. Later, I worked on behalf of the World Bank as a consultant for the distribution and administration of investment funds in the Olkaria area, where the largest geothermal complex on the continent was growing gradually.

Olkaria II geothermal power plant, Kenya (source: ARGeo)

But you’re also a direct consultant to a local power company, aren’t you?

Yes, in 1993 I changed my position from a bank representative to a position for the national electricity producer KenGen, where I am currently chairman of the advisory council.

From this position, I oversee all activities of the local geothermal team and recommend procedures for future steps. This includes, in addition to studies, well drilling and hydrodynamic testing, geothermal area development and management, related surface construction, power plant design, environmental issues, and other non-electrical projects.

Where does the potential of African countries go?

Kenya has the potential of some 4,000 MWe of geothermal energy that can be extracted from high-end endotic systems.

Ethiopia has similar potential, also due to the young volcanic areas of the East African Trench. Djibouti can also produce hundreds of MWe of electricity, but it needs to solve the complication of high water salinity. They also have slightly lower potential in Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, and other countries.

In Europe, Iceland is the leader in the share of renewable energy in the energy mix, but in recent years the development of geothermal energy in Turkey has started more. What’s behind it?

Turkey has relied on an acceleration program to support the production of electricity from geothermal sources, which is based on subsidies to producers and a guarantee of market access. The Menderes river valley, which has some similar characteristics to the aforementioned Pannonian basin, reaches a general gradient of 40-60 degrees Celsius and has a very good permeability of limestone-dolomitic rocks at a depth of 2-4 kilometers. The natural conditions are, therefore, satisfactory, it was enough to start using them.

Funding for geothermal projects began to come in Turkey almost exclusively from local sources. Power plant construction is contracted here at an earlier stage than usual, often before wells are tested. So far, no major issues have arisen with this strategy.

Özmen-3 Geothermal Power Plant, Manisa, Turkey (source: EGESIM)

What are the most effective forms of support that can accelerate the use and development of geothermal energy in the world?

It is a combination consisting of higher purchase prices for geothermal energy, grid connection guarantees, financial guarantees for loans, acceleration of permits and environmental assessments, and cost sharing in the riskiest phase of projects: in the implementation of exploratory wells.

All of these tools are currently used in many countries. Cost sharing proved to be very efficient in Japan, for example, in the 1980s. Resource insurance seems less effective, which was too expensive, but so did smaller financial grants that have multiple “hooks” or financial support for the use of new technologies.

What is the main technological challenge?

The greatest need is to increase the drilling speed. It takes too long to pull the drill head out of the hole, replace it, and replace it. It takes 10-15 hours, which is time-consuming and expensive, especially since the drills need to be changed at least once a week.

The technology for the production of electricity has improved significantly, we have an efficiency of around 15 to 17 percent, while the theoretical maximum is around 30 percent. More improvements are yet to come.

About James B. Koenig

Geologist, specialist in geothermal projects with 50 years of experience. He began his career as a geothermal specialist in the state of California. In 1973 he founded the private company GeothermEx, where he worked as a leading expert in the discovery of geothermal resources in Miravalles (Costa Rica), Dixie Valley (Nevada) and BatongBuhay (Philippines). He has also participated in projects in Africa, Indonesia, Japan, Kenya and Vietnam. He has also worked for the UN, the World Bank, and various private investors. He was also involved in the International Geothermal Association and in 2005 he was General Manager of the World Geothermal Congress in Turkey. He is currently a consultant for geothermal projects in Kenya, Turkey and Slovakia.

Source: Energy portal


Stars, madness and wilderness – when & where –

©Christian Anwander

Star photographer Christian Anwander from Dornbirn has the greats in front of his lens. He spoke to W&W about celebrities, GNTM and the madness of the USA.

by Anja Förtsch / When & Where

WHEN & WHERE: Daft Punk recently announced their musical end. You took one of the most famous photos of them. Would you spot them on the street without helmets now?

Christian Anwander: Yes, I would know. (laughs) Before the shoot, I actually asked myself how they would appear – with a helmet or “in civilian clothes”. But they came across as normal, one in a Porsche, the other in a limousine. They were really nice, extremely relaxed and absolutely great to work with.

WHEN & WHERE: Who did you shoot last?

Christian Anwander: Adam Driver, he was Kylo Ren in Star Wars. A great actor that I’ve wanted to photograph for a long time. Now it finally worked, which made me really happy.

WHEN & WHERE: Do you remember certain shootings in particular over the years?

Christian Anwander: Every shoot is actually remembered. Because it’s always individual and I have a great time with most people. That’s what I like about my job: that I can experience the character and energy of people with every shoot. I don’t spend every day with Pierce Brosnan in Malibu or with Donald Sutherland in a fat hotel suite in Montreal, where he is preparing for his role as J. Paul Getty and thus shaving himself while I photograph him – which, of course, is great picture.

WHEN & WHERE: You can currently also be seen as a guest juror and photographer at “Germany’s Next Topmodel”. How does the work at “GNTM” differ from your shootings for magazines, for example?

Christian Anwander: The biggest difference is that it’s television and entertainment. So it is also about the whole process, where I am of course filmed as a photographer while I take photos. All in all, the atmosphere at work for “GNTM” is completely different than at a mostly very intimate celebrity shoot.

WHEN & WHERE: You came back to Europe for the shooting. You have lived in New York since 2005. You once said that you initially lived there in a shared apartment with 13 artists and only two windows. Do you have more windows now?

Christian Anwander: Yes, I now have three windows and three roommates. (laughs)

WHEN & WHERE: But seriously: How hard was it to bite through? After all, you have more options there, but also more competition.

Christian Anwander: Yes, it was difficult at the beginning. And yet I don’t want to miss the time – “party hard, work even harder”. The city is full of surprises, it never gets boring. I can lie on the beach, take photos in the best studios, eat in the finest restaurants, meet great people. But it also has an absolutely fantastic country side, the complete wilderness.

WHEN & WHERE: So you don’t miss Vorarlberg and Austria as places to live?

Christian Anwander: I haven’t been in Europe as long since 2005 as I am now. It was great, I made new friends, toasted to old ones and, for me, spent a lot of time with the family. Our little daughter got to know the grandmas, grandpas, aunts and uncles, which is great. But now let’s get away from here! Back to the madness of the states, back to the jungle and the wilderness. Especially since politics has now become relatively sensible, or at least is on the mend.

WHEN & WHERE: Then your current stay in Austria was not planned at all?

Christian Anwander: Not so. Shortly after the start of the pandemic, we flew to Europe to film “GNTM” and from there took the train to St. Margrethen, where my family was supposed to pick us up. But they weren’t allowed to cross the border! So we had to walk across the border with luggage on our arms, baby in a carrier and dog on a leash. That was very absurd. Just like the whole Corona year 2020. But we are happy as a family.

Briefly asked

Who was the first star you photographed?Andreas Kronthaler by Vivienne Westwood for Ten Magazine.

Who else would you like to photograph? All other.

Which person from the story would you like to have in front of your lens?Sigmund Freud and Ernest Hemingway!

About the person: Christian Anwander

Former residence: June 7, 1984, New York, born in Dornbirn
Marital status: Has been in a relationship with friend Mitra, daughter Avalie Ray and dog Benson for nine years
Celebritys und Magazine u.a.: Adam Driver, Daft Punk, Pierce Brosnan, Donald Sutherland, John Cale, Vogue USA, GQ, Esquire, Ten Magazine, and many more.

You can read the entire issue of Wann & Wo here.


Heroes back on Syfy; Matt Parkman tells us about his serial passage

We remember Greg Grunberg for his role as Sean Blumberg in Felicity, and his rise to stardom was achieved in Alias, both produced by JJ Abrams, one of his great friends. His starring role as Matt Parkman, in Heroes, a cop who listen to the thoughts of others, gave him recognition and affection from the public. This series will be relayed by the SyFy signal.

Since i saw you in Felicity, I felt like you could be my friend in real life. Do they tell you often?

It is the best compliment. It happens to me all the time, they ask me: “Are we going to the same church?”, And I: “Umm… no”. I have a familiar face and in recent years it has been more specific to Felicity or Heroes. I try to be that character that everyone can relate to.

How did you start your career in television?

My best friend since I was kids is JJ Abrams; when I found out he and Matt Reeves were going to do FelicityI begged them: “I’m an actor, I’m good, you have to find me a character.” And even though he was too old for college crearon a Shawn Bloomberg, who looks a lot like me. And it was like a dream: I learned everything on that show. And then it happened Alias, working with Jeniffer Ganner and Victor Garber was amazing, very different, but from JJ at last. He knew he was in very good hands. And then came Lost.

When I knew you would be the pilot, I thought, “No.” We knew you were going to die …

Originally Michael Keaton was going to be the pilot or the doctor, I don’t remember. As that character had to die, no way to present the program like that: a Michael Keaton series in which he dies in the first chapter? No. So JJ moved it a bit, and Mathew Fox – bless him – stayed as the doctor. There was that other character, so my friend told me: “I have another role for you.” And I, “Wow. I’m going to Hawaii, I’m an airplane pilot and everything is incredible ”. Five minutes later I die (laughs). At least I got a chance to have a flashback later on.

And how was it with Heroes?

It’s very funny, I went from Felicity, a Alias, a Lost, and people assumed he worked on everything with JJ, but Heroes It’s from Tim Kring. I was so lucky that I saw what you were saying and said: “That’s the guy, we want him; if he played the cop we would love him and we would trust him ”. You have to be in the right place at the right time, in addition to doing your job well.

Fifteen years later, at the request of the fans, he returns Heroes to Latin America, how do you feel?

It is going to hold up more than well, when they told me it was going to be broadcast I asked when. I have friends in Saltillo, Monterrey, and Mexico City, and I immediately told everyone that we were coming back. I’m excited. My children are seeing it as adults and I’m rediscovering it with them.

You’re from the generation that started making smart TV again

Beyond science fiction, effects, people want to identify with good characters and stories. My power in Heroes it wasn’t just physical, but emotional. I felt people, that’s very strong. _



The original Heroes seasons cast Hayden Panettiere, Ali Larter, and Milo Ventimiglia, among others.


The Heroes series lasted only four seasons, 78 episodes. It was suddenly canceled in 2010 by the NBC company.

Star Wars

Greg plays Saint Wexley, one of the Rebel Alliance pilots, in two of the episodes of the latest Star Wars trilogy: Episodes VII and IX.



“We need that in women’s football!”

There is still one match between the FC Bayern women and reaching the Champions League semi-finals. For a player in the ranks of the Munich team, it will be a special away game. Hanna Glas not only meets well-known teammates from the national team against FC Rosengård, but also travels back to her homeland – to the country she left for Paris in 2018 to become one of the best full-backs in Europe.

New home

Sweden, France, Germany: Hanna Glas’ portfolio is peppered with appearances in the top leagues in Europe. After several positions in Scandinavia, she found her way to FCB via Paris Saint-Germain. Last summer, the 27-year-old moved to Munich, grabbed jersey number 5 and has since become an integral part of the current Bundesliga leaders’ squad. To the chagrin of the opposing attackers, who regularly bite their teeth against the national player. “It all happened very quickly, but I’ve settled in very well here. The team welcomed me very warmly from day one, “explains Glas, who feels very comfortable not only because of the sporting situation in the Bavarian capital:” Sometimes I think I’ve been here for several years. “

Difficult to outwit in a duel: Hanna Glas.

The Swede, who enjoys being outside in her free time, is particularly fond of the English Garden and the Olympic Park. She would have liked to see more of the city, but the current Corona situation thwarted her plans. Nevertheless, after eight months, she can already draw a first conclusion and explain the differences to France’s capital. “It was a tough time in Paris. It’s a huge city with millions of people. There is so much stress around it, as there is always in such large metropolises, ”says Glas looking back. She can also remember the communication between other people very clearly. The people in Bavaria are friendlier than they were in France. The whole atmosphere is also more relaxed and reminds her a bit of the way she was in her home country. In addition, she had fewer teething problems with the German language than with the unfamiliar French. Glas, who kicked the ball for the first time at the age of five, was helped by the German lessons from her school days.

Other priorities

From a sporting point of view, she can also see some differences between the individual countries. While tactics are in the foreground in Sweden, her trainer in France, Olivier Echouafni, attached great importance to individual and technical skills. A tough change for Glas, who had only gained experience in the Swedish league before moving to France: “At first I was a bit confused because I had to make a lot of decisions myself on the pitch. It was a good phase for my development because I was much more creative. Over time I got used to it and got in better. “

Glas also holds the position in the back row of the Swedish national team.

More competition

She describes women’s football in Germany as a “good mix” of both components, which allows her to be creative but also to follow a clear game plan. Both tactics and technology are equally important in the Bundesliga. This enabled Glas to pool her experience from Sweden and France in order to prove her role as one of the best players in the league as a right-back at Bayern. From her point of view, she has to deal with more demanding opponents than was the case in ‘Divison 1 Féminine’ or ‘Dammallsvenskan’: “In general, I think the German teams are a bit better. In Sweden the league is more balanced, even if Rosengård and Göteborg are leading the way. ”Not only is the competitiveness in their home country greatest, but also the attention that the sport receives there. “The newspapers are full of women’s football reports and it’s easier to watch the games on TV,” explains Glas.

England pioneer

She likes to look in the direction of the United Kingdom, where all English league games are broadcast live and free of charge and, from her point of view, clubs and associations have done a lot right in recent years. “I think the development in Great Britain is very good. We need that in women’s football! If more money is invested, there will be more fans in the future, ”said Glas, who sees the development of FC Bayern in women’s football at the same level. That was also a reason for her move to the south of Germany. “FC Bayern invests a lot. We have such a big team to take care of us. Regardless of whether they are trainers, physiotherapists or supervisors. The infrastructure is also completely different. There was no such thing as the campus at PSG, ”enthuses the defensive player.

Glas wants to move into the Champions League semi-finals with FC Bayern.

This is exactly where she and her team and head coach Jens Scheuer laid the foundation for a good starting position for the second leg in the Champions League quarter-final first leg. In the 3-0 home win against Rosengård, Glas was again on the pitch over the entire distance and had its share in another success without conceding a goal. This is how it should continue in the second leg, so that after many years in the top leagues in Europe she can finally hold her first title in the air.

Fans can follow FC Bayern’s quarter-final second leg in Malmö on Thursday at 7 p.m. in the free live stream on, FC live, YouTube and Facebook.