Elcano Royal Institute

We highlight

Ainhoa ​​Marín Egoscozábal. Elcano Policy Paper 6/2020

The report aims to highlight the strategies, real and perceived risks, and perspectives of Spanish companies that already do business in African markets and that contribute to understanding the strategic importance and potential of the continent.

The Elcano Royal Institute and the Office of the European Parliament in Spain have started a cycle of debates to analyze the future of Europe in a post-COVID world.

  1. Digitization and data privacy (September 29, 2020 – 17:00)
  2. Green Pact and ecological transition (October 23, 2020 – 10:00)
  3. The role of the EU in the world (November 27, 2020 – 10:00)
  4. General reflections on the future of the EU: Institutional reforms and reorganization of competences (December 11, 2020 – 10:00)

Latest posts

Sebastián Royo. ARI 138/2020 – 12/04/2020.

What can be expected of Biden’s foreign policy and what limitations will he have in changing course?

Mario Esteban. ARI 137/2020 – 3/12/2020.

In the year in which the 150th anniversary of the establishment of relations between Spain and Thailand, this analysis asks to what extent it is possible to promote a qualitative change in bilateral ties.

Román D. Ortiz. ARI 135/2020 – 1/12/2020.

The changes of the rCivil-military relationships in Latin America in the crisis scenario created by the growth of organized crime, the deterioration of the socioeconomic situation and the pandemic.

Iliana Olivié. ARI 134/2020 –30/11/2020.

The Spanish cooperation Development is still not, even today, a State policy. To do so, in addition to reforms that improve its effectiveness, a narrative must be constructed that integrates the very different political and ideological perspectives from which aid can be approached.

Iliana Olivié, Emma Carrasco and María Moreno. DT 23/2020 – 11/26/2020.

In general terms, and coinciding with previous works on multilateral aid from Spanish cooperation, there is a weak correspondence between the declared strategic aims and the aid allocation pattern and a changing behavior of aid flows. Likewise, the important transformations of recent years in the international context require an in-depth reflection on the role of Spain in the multilateral aid system.

Emilio Lamo de Espinosa. DT 22/2020 – 11/20/2020.

This working document tries to address a cross-sectional analysis of the effects of the pandemic, before attempting to territorialize these effects in a geopolitical analysis, all from the perspective of the consequences and lessons of the pandemic.

Mira Milosevich-Juaristi. 20/11/2020.

This map highlights the real presence of Russia based on data and documents in different regions of the world since 2000, a presence that opens the way for their influence (understood as a power to determine or alter the way other countries act).

Mario Esteban. ARI 131/2020 – 11/19/2020.

This analysis studies the implications of Biden’s expected arrival at the White House on US policy towards China and the repercussions on its European allies.

Mario Esteban & Federico Steinberg. Comment Elcano 39/2020 – 11/18/2020.

The appetite for trade liberalization in Asia it remains intense beyond the COVID-19 pandemic and criticism of globalization.

Carlos Malamud and Rogelio Núñez. ARI 130/2020 – 11/18/2020.

Joe Biden’s victory in the US elections has not only defined the direction of the country in the next four years, but the new Administration will influence the substance and the forms and focus of the relationship with Latin America.

Paulina Astroza. ARI 129/2020 – 17/11/2020.

On October 25, a historic moment was experienced in Chile with the plebiscite carried out and the future constitutional process initiated after the triumph of the options of “Approval” and “Constitutional Convention”.

Ainhoa ​​Marín Egoscozábal. Elcano Policy Paper 6/2020 – 11/12/2020.

The report aims to highlight the strategies, real and perceived risks, and perspectives of Spanish companies that already do business in the African markets and that contribute to understanding the strategic importance and potential of the continent.

Federico Steinberg and Alicia García-Herrero. Comment Elcano 37/2020 – 11/11/2020.

The euroAn orphan coin in its early days, it may now find more support than it ever imagined.

Felix Arteaga. Comment Elcano 36/2020 – 10/11/2020.

The United States, which is waging a war against China for control of the digital technologies, has now opened another front against its big companies.

Ana Ayerbe. ARI 128/2020 – 10/11/2020.

Artificial intelligence and cybersecurity can be used to both reinforce and deteriorate each other.

More posts


Spain and France agree to ask for more European solidarity and cooperation with third countries for migration

They defend the European fund against Poland and Hungary but disagree on Turkey and do not advance proposals for the EU-Mercosur agreement


The Secretary of State for the EU, Juan González-Barba, and his French counterpart, Clément Beaune, agreed this Monday on the need for greater European solidarity to manage migration and curb illegal migration, as well as the need to work and involve more the countries of origin and transit.

They have stated this at a press conference after meeting in Madrid in which, however, they have not gone down to the details. Beaune has not elaborated his proposal that he has mentioned in interviews about the possibility of restricting visas to personalities from countries that do not accept the repatriation of illegal immigrants.

Thus, he has limited himself to saying that a discussion and an approach is necessary between the European partners on the “levers” and “incentives” that European countries can develop towards the countries that are the origin and transit of migrants and also have their own challenges. “We want to cooperate so that there is European support for these countries but that there is also a commitment on their part to help us,” he said.

The two have agreed on the need to reinforce the external dimension of the migratory pact. According to González-Barba, “the Spanish experience shows that cooperation with countries of origin and transit, operational cooperation and the opening of legal channels are the main instruments to control irregular immigration.”

Beaune, for his part, also pointed out that France has shown solidarity with its European partners every time it has been necessary to welcome immigrants, but that a permanent mechanism is “indispensable”. However, it has not commented on the working document that Spain handed over to the EU last week with other partners from the south of the EU, all of them first-entry countries (Italy, Malta and Greece).


The two officials have also closed ranks regarding the European post-Covid recovery fund and its conditionality to respect the rule of law despite the blockade maintained by Poland and Hungary. Beaune has been convinced that it will be possible to find solutions in a few weeks, but “if the blockade persists, other options can be considered.”

Video of the day

Minister of Justice on the emeritus king: “If he were called, he would come.”

González-Barba, who will travel to Poland this Tuesday, insisted that, for Spain, the text negotiated by the German presidency of the EU and the European Parliament “is the only one that can generate the necessary consensus.” Spain, he said, does not conceive that on January 1 the recovery fund may not be in force.


At the bilateral level, Beaune has ensured that there are no misgivings between Spain and France regarding the different entry control measures in the framework of the pandemic. Spain requires negative PCR for travelers entering by boat or plane, but France does not.

González-Barba has pointed out that it is a demand of the autonomous governments – “co-governance in the Spanish case, as you well know, is more complicated, he said – and has influenced that, in any case, it is about minimizing the effects on mobility.

From the outset, he pointed out that the French PCR certificates are being accepted, making a “flexible interpretation so as not to create more difficulties.” He also recalled that those who enter by land are not required, so that the inhabitants of cross-border areas are exempt.

In any case, they have agreed to stay in contact to see if improvements in the sensitivity of the cheaper and less laborious antigen tests are announced in the coming weeks, and they can start using them.

The two European officials have highlighted the close cooperation of both countries against terrorism and have jointly committed to strengthening European instruments. At the bilateral level, they are working to hold a Summit of the two governments in the first months of 2021 in France – the last one was held in Malaga in 2017.

However, Madrid and Paris continue to have different positions on how to deal with the tensions between Greece and Cyprus with Turkey. González-Barba has reiterated his solidarity with the European partners and has insisted on asking for a “negotiated solution between the parties avoiding incidents” that could prevent it. Beaune, however, has insisted on making “decisions that translate into collective firmness.”

Another matter of discrepancies is the EU-Mercosur agreement, discussed at the meeting but only to make an “assessment of the status of ratification” of the agreement. González-Barba has insisted on defending that it would be beneficial not only for Spain but also for the EU and to strengthen the European presence on the continent.

France is one of the countries that insist on demanding environmental guarantees from Ibero-American countries, while Spain recently signed a letter together with the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Italy, Latvia, Portugal and Sweden to ask the European Commissioner for Trade , Valdis Dombrovskis, the signing and ratification of the Agreement.