Nuclear weapons banned | Opinion

We need good news. It has been many months now, a lot of isolation and, above all, many deaths that weigh on our downcast personal and collective spirit. Well, these days, if we look up from the virus without neglecting it, the world has good news to celebrate. And is that On January 22, the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons enters into force (TPAN). Hiroshima and Nagasaki showed that nuclear weapons are the most destructive and inhumane weapons that exist. We should never forget it. The stories of the few surviving people, the so-called ‘hibakusha’, remind us of this, when a nuclear arsenal still hangs as a silent threat over our lives. With the capacity to produce millions of deaths and irreversible damage to the planet, this arsenal absorbs a huge amount of resources that could be used to satisfy real human needs. In 2017, a coalition of NGOs, ICAN, launched an international campaign and succeeded in getting the United Nations General Assembly to adopt TPAN with the approval of 122 countries. For their work and commitment, ICAN received the Nobel Peace Prize that year. Now, after having achieved that fifty countries, as is mandatory, ratify their accession, TPAN becomes international law: the use, production and development, testing, stocking and storage of nuclear weapons, as well as the threat of use. Without a doubt, it is a great step for humanity. Finally, a joy!

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UK bishops call on government to ‘give up its nuclear arsenal’

“That the United Kingdom support the Treaty of Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, considered a historic milestone on the road to nuclear disarmament”: Joint request of the Bishops of England, Wales and Scotland

Anna Poce-Vatican City

The bishops of England, Wales and Scotland, in a joint statement published today on their websites, called on the British government to “renounce its nuclear arsenal” and support the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, which will enter into force on Friday 22nd. January 2021.

The Treaty – says the declaration – represents “a historic milestone on the road to nuclear disarmament”, and “an opportunity to refocus on a true consolidation of peace based on dialogue, justice and respect for human dignity and caring for our planet “.

The prelates, citing Pope Francis’ speech to the UN, call the complete elimination of nuclear weapons a “moral and humanitarian imperative.” They also hope that “the resources spent on the production, maintenance and upgrade of these weapons of mass destruction” will be “reinvested to alleviate the suffering of the poorest and most vulnerable members of our society, for the common good of all peoples.” .

At the same time, they implore “the government to tighten its gun control regulations, addressing the production and sale of more weapons, which continue to destroy so many lives around the world.”

Finally, turning to the Lord, who created all human beings equal in dignity, the bishops pray that he “instill in our hearts a brotherly spirit.” “Grant”, they conclude, “that we can create healthier societies and a more dignified world, a world without hunger, poverty, violence and war.”

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Young people fall with an arsenal of weapons in Santa Rita

Those affected affirmed that they were going hunting, but they would be charged with violation of the arms law, according to what was advanced by the prosecutor José Silguero, who intervened in the case.

Those apprehended were identified as Justiniano Ezequiel Reyes Benítez, 22, Isael Leandro Da Silva, 30, Ysaías Leandro Da Silva, 27, and Ylson Leandro Da Silva, 25.

The group of young people was in a Nissan pickup, Frontier model, with registration CEJ 591.

The agents intercepted the shot on Albano Birnfeld Avenue in the Esquina Gaucha neighborhood of that city and when they verified it, they found 6 firearms inside.

It consists of a revolver, a pistol and a 22 mm caliber rifle, 2 28 and 36 mm caliber shotguns, and a modified pressure rifle for 22 mm caliber, as well as ammunition of different calibers.

The detainees affirmed at the time of their capture that they were going hunting, but they had no other evidence about the alleged activity they carried out and intended to carry out, according to the version collected by the Prosecutor’s Office.

The young people are exposed to an accusation for transgression of the arms law 4036/2010, according to the prosecutor Silguero (EM).

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Arrested a man who manufactured and stored firearms in Barcelona

The judge has decreed prison for a man that he was arrested by the National Police this Wednesday for allegedly manufacturing Firearms in a workshop at your home – from parts acquired illegally – and store them in a storage room in the center of Barcelona.

The investigation has been carried out jointly by agents of the General Information Commission and the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS). National Police this Saturday in a statement.

It began when the US police reported that a person in Spain used the postal services to illegally acquire parts of weapons – disguised as car parts – and that he had a network of collaborators in the United States.

After purchasing the pieces, he proceeded to their assembly through the method of ‘cannibalization‘, creating complete weapons without any type of brand or serial numbers that would allow their identification.

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During the operation, an assault rifle was intervened M4 -categorized as a weapon of war-, a tactical vest, an Astra 1921 pistol, a Walter pistol, a Rossi 22 revolver, a Walter 6.35 pistol and a 22 caliber revolver.

Several silencers, fundamental parts of firearms, more than 1,500 cartridges -among them more than 500 from war-, kits for firing handguns of Glock pistols, molds for the manufacture of frames, a press and a machine were also located. ammo reload.

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the new arsenal of Morocco in the Strait

Donald Trump gives the starting gun to what was agreed between state United (USA) and Morocco on October 2 in defense matters, and notifies Congress of the sale of military equipment worth one billion dollars.

Treaty announced by the then Secretary of Defense Mark Esper. “Morocco remains a crucial partner for the US on a wide range of security issues,” he said in Rabat.

Now the agreement is fulfilled. Last shipment at Moroccan Royal Armed Forces includes electronic surveillance aircraft Gulstream G550, drones MQ-9B, ME-104 Patriotmissiles Hellfire, bombs guided by To be Paveway and kits of JDAM ammunition.

In fact, on September 12 the first test of one of the four G550 aircraft destined for Morocco at the airport Savannah in the US.

The family real alawi you already have a jet private Gulfstream for VIP transportation, the model G650. It was a gift to the heir Moulay Hassan in 2018 at a cost of 57 million euros. It is capable of reaching 1,100 kilometers per hour and to fly 13,000 kilometers nonstop with 12 people on board, and has a system antimissile Israeli. The four pending receipt will now embark intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) systems also of Israeli origin.

This material that Morocco receives is well known for participating in international conflicts for participating in conflicts international. The long-range surface-to-air missile system ME-104 Patriot it became popular after the Gulf War, where it was used massively. Each battery of the PAC 3 model is made up of six launch vehicles capable of carrying 16 missiles each.

The Spanish Army also has 18 Patriots in three batteries. The first were acquired as a military commitment at the NATO summit in 2002, and in 2014 bought the latter from Germany for a little over 40 million euros.

In addition, Morocco will also receive four drones MQ-9, the largest unmanned aircraft in the world with a power that can overcome 15 times more cargo than previous models and with a cruising speed three times higher.

As EL ESPAÑOL has learned, at least two of the four drones will go to the military base that is being built at the international airport Mount Arruit (Nador), 40 kilometers from Melilla. There, precisely in a hangar, the F-16s that Morocco acquired in the US are parked, which have replaced the previous F-5s, which will travel to the south of the country.

These drones were created by the American company General Atomics for the use of the American, British, Italian and Spanish air forces. And now they will strengthen Morocco’s role as a regional force in the Mediterranean and North Africa.

Missiles and bombs

The shipment of weapons from the US Department of Defense to Morocco also includes precision guided munition launched from the air: missiles Hellfire, y kits Paveway and JDAM.

These guided weapons are intended to destroy a single target and minimize collateral damage. They usually use the GPS, laser guidance or navigation systems to improve the accuracy of a weapon to less than 3 meters.

Thus the US equips the MQ-9 drones with Hellfire missiles, which were formerly used in the AH-64 Apache, using laser guide to aim at tanks, bunkers and structures. But for two decades they have joined the MQ drones and provided them with an attack capacity. They have become the ammunition of choice for operations in the Middle East.

While the Paveways are guide kits that stick to bombs no guided. They include a seeker at the tip of the bomb that finds a laser to mark a target and a tail kit to direct the bomb. They were developed during the Vietnam War to allow tactical aircraft to deliver accurate ammunition.

For its part, the JDAM (Joint Direct Attack Munition), direct joint attack ammunition, replaces all free-fall bombs because it has a GPS adapted to its mechanism. It was first used in Kosovo and is used by all fixed wing attack aircraft.

American military base

In addition to arming Morocco, and installing troops in the military bases of Go and Nador, negotiations are underway to transfer command of a US military base from Europe to Sahara Occidental.

Morocco had offered the US the naval base of Alcazarguir so that the ships of the American army would call before entering and leaving the Mediterranean, in addition to controlling He Narrow due to its strategic location, near the port Tangier With and 15 kilometers from Rate.

Then the Pentagon rejected it for not having draft for the maneuvers of large ships and aircraft carriers. However, “in the last eight years they have developed the base and it is already equipped to accommodate submarines. In addition, it will be expanded to four times its size ”, a Moroccan military source told EL ESPAÑOL.

The Americans visited it at the beginning of its construction and also equipped it with the first radar that detects all kinds of maritime targets from the air, in such a way that it controls the ships that sail through He Narrow.

Currently, both military and diplomats already announce advanced negotiations between Washington and Rabat for the opening of a major branch of the US Central Command in the Sahara Occidental and a military base under the US Army in Europe and Africa.

In fact, on November 13, coinciding with the military intervention of the Royal Moroccan Army in Guerguerat to dissolve the group of Sahrawi activists who were preventing trafficking from Mauritania, the military leaders of the Royal Armed Forces and their American counterparts met in Agadir.

Likewise, a Zionist entity has promised to help Morocco, militarily and in intelligence, to confront the Polisario Front.

That trio Washington-Rabat-Tel Aviv implies the endowment of F35, which goes through the approval of Israel, and the KC135Tanker aircraft to support these attack fighters, the most modern in the world that are capable of avoiding radars.

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The government refuses to reveal if it maintains the arms trade with Turkey

Recep Tayyip Erdogan usually looks to Spain when buying weapons. In just the last two years, the Government has authorized 63 export licenses for defense material to Turkey for a value of more than 1,500 million euros. Today it is impossible to know whether or not this burgeoning business has been affected by the outbreak of violence in Nagorno-Karabakh, where the Turkish government has a key position of support and supply of weapons to Azerbaijan.

The deputy of EH Bildu Jon Iñarritu, who at the beginning of last November traveled to Nagorno Karabakh to verify in situ the situation of that territory after the attacks by Azerbaijan with the support of Erdogan, tried to get the Spanish Government to clarify if he kept the arms sale open to the Executives of Baku and Ankara.

“Taking into account the attacks against the civilian population and against civilian infrastructures that are taking both Azerbaijan and Turkey in Nagorno-KarabakhHas the Government considered ceasing the export of weapons and dual-use material to these states? “Asked the representative of the sovereignist coalition at the end of last October.

The Executive’s response came a few weeks later. “Since the start of hostilities last October, no new applications for the export of defense and dual-use material have been authorized to either of the two countries in conflict,” says the Government. alluding to Armenia and Azerbaijan, without clarifying what happens in the case of Turkey.

In that document it further alleges that “in 1992, in response to the armed conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan in the Nagorno-Karabakh area, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) called on its participating states to impose an arms export embargo to the forces fighting in the Nagorno-Karabakh area. “

In this regard, it underlines that “the OSCE request has not been repealed”, although it also emphasizes that it is “a voluntary multilateral arms embargo” and that “several OSCE participating States have supplied arms to Armenia and Azerbaijan since 1992.” In fact, Spain has sold defense equipment to both countries.

“The Government is making a fiction. We had clearly asked it about the sale of weapons to Azerbaijan and Turkey, taking into account that in this conflict the Turkish support has been more than evident with cutting-edge technology and drones, something that Turkey and Azerbaijan have publicized“, Iñarritu pointed out to Public.In fact, the EH Bildu deputy highlighted that this week “both Erdogan and (Azerbaijan Prime Minister Ilham) Aliyev they were threatening Armenia from Baku “.

63 licenses in two years

According to official data, in the last two years the Spanish Government –through the Interministerial Board for Trade and Control of Defense Material and Dual-Use Technologies (JIMMDU), whose minutes are secret– granted 63 export licenses for defense material to Turkey. These operations reached a total of 1,527 million euros.

In 2018, 29 defense material licenses were authorized for an amount of 1,104 million euros, which included small arms, light weapons, ammunition, armored vehicles, energetic materials such as explosives and even aircraft. In 2019, the JIMMDU authorized another 34 defense material licenses worth 423.5 million euros, among which were small arms and light weapons, ammunition, bombs, fire control systems, armored and material of the aircraft category.

“Don’t wait for corpses”

The spokesperson for Amnesty International in Spain, Alberto Estévez, maintains that “in the decisions of the Interministerial Board that regulates the Spanish arms trade, a key element weighs little: the risk assessment of the use of weapons by the recipient.” “The Arms Trade Treaty requires not waiting for bodies to arrive to take actionAs it prohibits arms transfers when a government knows that they can be used to commit war crimes, “he said.

Precisely, Amnesty International has denounced this week the commission of such crimes “by both Azerbaijani and Armenian forces during the recent fighting in Nagorno Karabakh.”

“The Spanish Government should suspend arms sales to Turkey”

Estévez affirmed Public that the Spanish Government “should suspend arms sales to Turkey of at least small arms, light weapons and ammunition, transport aircraft and other military material due to the risk of being used for commit atrocities or are diverted to Syria or Libya, scenarios of human rights crisis in which Turkey intervenes with troops and has been accused of diverting weapons “.

In this regard, he recalled that in October 2019 “the Spanish Government adopted a positive measure when it announced, together with other EU Member States, the denial of new material export licenses to Turkey“that could be used in Syria,” but that measure must be completed with the suspension of the transfer to Turkey of susceptible weapons to be used to commit atrocities. “

The AI ​​spokesperson specifically targeted the “complaints of the use of A-400 aircraft to transport troops from Turkey who invaded northeastern Syria in October and committed war crimes, “for which he claimed that the Spanish Government”adopt a criterion of presumption of refusal, which means reversing the burden of proof by forcing Turkey to demonstrate that it will use the weapons in accordance with international law. “

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What happened to the Islamic State supply networks? | The World | DW

A small telephone business that purchases six tons of aluminum paste, a fertilizer trader interested in 78 tons of a certain food additive, a UK-based company that orders remote control systems from the United States and whose invoice is The sale is paid for by a Turkish company dedicated to the rental of luxury cars. Through isolated and almost insignificant actions like these, the jihadist organization Islamic State hoarded much of its arsenal of weapons without arousing suspicion.

During the early phase of the rise of the Islamic State, very few imagined the dynamics, perseverance and refinement with which the organization operated. According to a recent study published by the London-based research institute “Conflict Armament Research”, the result of this is that the Islamic State established a network of technicians and distributors that allowed its access to an extensive arsenal of weapons which it used to progressively expand since 2014 its domain area in Iraq and Syria.

Turkish-Syrian border, open zone

According to the study, the area of ​​the Turkish-Syrian border was vital for the provisioning of the training. The members of the Islamic State most of the time contacted businessmen in the region under false identities to order the necessary components for weapons or explosives. The companies took note of the orders without knowing, generally, to which type of client they were destined.

Peter Neumann, Professor of Security Studies at King’s College London, says it is not surprising that the border area between Syria and Turkey was a central part of the Islamic State supply strategy. “The Islamic State intentionally kept the area open as a retreat space, in which the necessary business could also be done. Its strategy corresponds to the manuals of other revolutionaries, such as Mao Tse Tung or Che Guevara.”

Hidden identities

Thanks to the cunning of its intermediaries, the Islamic State supply network was able to sustain itself for years. They skillfully hid their identities, and communication with the various companies took place via fake email accounts, third-party websites, and audio programs. Payments were made primarily through cash transfers, carried out through international providers. Some transfers were made in parts of the world other than where orders were made. Researchers from “Conflict Armament Research” found clues that led to Asia.

Thanks to the cunning of its intermediaries, the Islamic State supply network was able to sustain itself for years.

The study shows that a large part of the weapons and military devices have a different origin than was originally supposed. “At first it was thought that they came largely from the Gulf region. Depending on who you asked, you received very different answers about their funding: interlocutors in Saudi Arabia held Iran responsible and vice versa,” Peter Neumann tells DW . In fact, part of it was self-made and also another source has been discovered: “The weapons came mainly from abandoned stocks of the Syrian and Iraqi Armies, which the Islamic State seized.”

Knocked out thanks to the international coalition

For Neumann, it is not surprising that the Islamic State supply network was deployed on Turkish soil. “When the Islamic State emerged, Turkey was as surprised by its dynamics as the rest of the countries. But since the organization did not attack Turkish targets, it let it act, Turkey did not see it as an enemy. Furthermore, the Islamic State fought against the Kurds, whom it is also fighting Turkey. That too was a reason to let it continue its activity. The Turkish position changed around 2015, when the Islamic State became more aggressive and powerful. “

Now its supply network is dismantled. Islamic State tried to continue obtaining weapons, but reports from the Iraqi government reveal that the organization only has some light weapons. This is stated by the terrorism researcher Jassim Mohamad, who runs the website “europarabtc.com”. “The Islamic State is believed to have lost its network and its sources of funding around the world,” Mohamad told DW. The international coalition fighting the Islamic State has managed to control funding sources and the movement patterns of potential jihadists are now being closely followed. “That has led to a decline in Islamic State operations around the world,” says Mohamad, although he also acknowledges that there are still some networks, which in Iraq are limited to criminal structures that the country fights decisively. “In all likelihood, the organization no longer has advanced technology, including chemical and biological weapons, because that requires a stable structure and environment that it now lacks.”

(ms/ers)

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Bogotá News: Arsenal of weapons found inside toys in El Dorado

The order came from the United States and was destined for the city of Medellín.

Tax and Customs Police agents found in the last hours a tremendous arsenal, hidden inside boxes full of toys in a grocery store Arrival from the United States at Eldorado Airport in Bogotá.

General Gustavo Franco, director of the well-known Polfa, stated on RCN Radio’s La Cariñosa 610 AM station that the commission of five rifles, two pistols and 15 suppliers, apparently it was destined for the city of Medellín in the department of Antioquia.

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More muscle and an arsenal of weapons for the COVID Unit

At the forefront of the fight against the pandemic since it was born in May as the radar of the health system and dug his trench on the front line. In the COVID Unit, every day the eyes and the soul are left to fulfill its essential mission of wearing down the SARS-CoV-2 by stifling its spread. It is a striking force that

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Greece attacks Berlin for rejecting the arms embargo on Turkey – ANHA | HAWARNEWS

In an interview with the Politico American newspaper, Greek Foreign Minister Nikos Dendias said that Germany is not responding to its leadership role in the European Union when it rejects Athens’ calls for an embargo on arms shipments to Turkey.

Dendias said: “To set a good example, I cannot understand Germany’s reluctance to use the enormous power of its economy to link states to international law.”

Dendias added: “I understand the economic aspect in Germany, but I am sure that the latter also understands the tremendous contradiction in providing arms to a country that threatens peace and stability in two countries of the European Union. This is really the definition of contradiction”.

He added that he does not understand why Greece raised the matter in Berlin rather than Germany realizing on its own, that this does not correspond to its role in Europe.

The chancellor pointed out that if the leaders of the European Union do the same as they did at the October summit, that means they have not learned their lesson and it will be a wrong signal to be sent from Europe to all the countries of the world.

The Foreign Minister stated that he looks forward to working with the next US administration, as President-elect Joe Biden and new Secretary of State Anthony Blinken are well acquainted with the region and the Greek-Turkish issues.

He said: “I think the region needs the presence of the United States, especially its military presence, in a way that compensates for the lack of a European military presence in the region.”

ANHA

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