While vaccination is advancing at full speed in the United Kingdom, with days that have been injected more than 800,000 doses in a day, in the European Union the process is being much slower due to the limited availability of injections and doubts about the AstraZeneca compound.
The data they are currently clear. The British have already administered at least one dose to 46.5% of its population, while Spain (13.09%), Italy (13.16%), Germany (12.58%) or France (13.73% are much lower.
However, the race to immunize the population as soon as possible has just begun and European forecasts happen to end up on par than the UK. In this sense, in the second quarter (April, May and June) the governments of the EU promise a exponential increase in pace that would equate them to the British.
An ambitious goal that is explained by the increased arrival of vaccines. Currently the European Medicines Agency has approved four. They are those of Pfizer, Moderna and AstraZeneca, which have already been in place for several months, and that of Janssen that will arrive from April and that has the advantage of being a single dose, allowing to immunize the population much faster.
The European Commission considers that in these three months 360 million doses, which will allow countries such as Germany, Spain or Italy immunize 70% of adults before summer, which represents 50% or 60% of the total population.
In this sense, the European advantage is clear compared to the United Kingdom because only three vaccines have been approved on the islands, Pfizer, AstraZeneca and Moderna, and in the case of the latter its application will start this April 7, while the countries of the Union have been applying it for several months. There is still no news from Janssen’s.
Thus, with the massive arrival of injections to the EU, the forecasts are equal despite the huge current advantage of the UK. According to the British plan July 31 100% of adults (about 53 million people) would have already received a dose and 31 million would have the full regimen. Taking into account that the total population of the United Kingdom is about 67 million people, the complete vaccination would be approximately 46.2% of the population.
For its part, the European Commission, according to its memorandum of April 1, indicates that at the end of June he could have been immunized completely to 70% of adults. Thus, smaller countries such as Malta or Denmark would have vaccinated 93.1% and 79.9% of their total population and other larger countries such as Germany (61%), France (58.2%), Spain (57.4% ) or Italy (57.1%) would also have achieved the desired record.
So, with forecasts in hand, The United Kingdom would be able to put a dose before to its entire population, but the countries of the Union they would be ahead in people with the full pattern.
In his appearance on April 6, Pedro Sánchez gave the most prudent vaccination objectives and in them indicated that for the week of July 19 25 million people would be vaccinated with the complete guideline, numbers very similar to those of the United Kingdom (31 million as of July 31). At the end of August there would be 33 million, already reaching 70% of the total population.
Around with AstraZeneca
Much of whether this ambitious vaccination strategy succeeds depends on stop being suspicious with the AstraZeneca compound. In the second quarter, the European Union will receive 70 million doses, of which Spain would correspond to 10%, that is, 3.5 million people could be vaccinated with this compound, but the objectives can be modified if European regulators apply restrictions on this vaccine. It should be remembered that it is being investigated its relationship with cases of thrombi.
Thus it is still possible that the European Union and the United Kingdom reach the goal at the same time, although for that the pharmaceutical companies will have to deliver the promised vaccines and governments increase the pace. Only time will tell if in the end Europe puts the acceleration in and equals or if it ends up being signaled by a vaccine management that until now has been highly criticized.
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