Manchester United may have finished sixth overall last season, but managed to maintain its position as the premier developer of Premier League talent.
Twenty players who have finished their youth football with United, were represented in the top division of the season 2018/19, which corresponds to the balance of the previous period.
They played together over 27,000 minutes and kept United almost 10,000 minutes away from the next challenger Tottenham. Elsewhere,
The graduates of Southampton took third place in the ranking, and also the Portuguese clubs increased.
No change at the top
For the third year in a row, PA has recorded which academy each Premier League player has completed and how high the numbers are. For those who switched clubs as youth players, the academy they last played in is the one that was credited.
United was number one every three years, and although their graduates' seasons have dropped every season – from 44,055 in the first year to 32,157 in the years 2017 to 18 and 27,395 in the last study – they remain clearly informed.
Just over a third of them came from members of their own squad, led by Paul Pogba, Marcus Rashford and Jesse Lingard, while Joshua King, Michael Keane and Craig Cathcart played over 3,000 minutes for Bournemouth, Everton and Watford and Burnley withstood 4,400 minutes from Tom Heaton, Phil Bardsley and Robbie Brady away.
Tottenham's tally dropped from 22,314 to 17,903, meaning that they reduced just 351 minutes from United's lead, which now stands at 9,492.
Sixteen Southampton Academy products played in the top division last season, including nine in their own team. However, United full-backs Luke Shaw and Fulham's Calum Chambers made the biggest contributions to the total of 15,964 minutes.
Saints finished third, just ahead of Chelsea and Manchester City completed the top five.
Brooks contributes to Blade's proud record
Sheffield United was a constant high flyer in the study, finishing in eighth place in 2016/17, finishing as League One champion and fifth in the championship club the following year.
The same six players – Kyle Walker, Harry Maguire, Phil Jagielka, Dominic Calvert-Lewin, Matt Lowton and Kyle Naughton – made for these two impressive placings, but Naughton's descent with Swansea and Jagielka's shortened Everton season left them in doubt.
Give David Brooks. The Welsh midfielder, who signed for Bournemouth last summer, became an integral part of his plans for the Premier League. He played for 2,400 minutes, helping to keep the Blades close to 300 minutes from seventh Liverpool.
With Chris Wilder's team securing the promotion for the new season and re-signing Jagielka, they could even claim a higher place in twelve months.
Special mention goes to Coventry, who has made 113 places to reach the Top 20 after James Maddison and Cyrus Christie, along with Leicester and Fulham, have joined Callum Wilson, the Bournemouth striker, as a regular.
In the last years of the study, the Dutch teams Ajax and Feyenoord were the best represented teams outside England. However, last season saw a shift to Portugal, largely thanks to the rise of the Wolves and their connection with Agent Jorge Mendes.
Benfica and Sporting Lisbon finished ninth at West Ham to round out the top 10 of the study – the only 10 teams to cross the five-digit mark, with Sporting 10,127 minutes ahead of eleventh at 9,712 in Barcelona. Ajax followed as 12th, Feyenoord as 18th.
Everton's two heroes, Helder Costa and Ivan Cavaleiro, and Andre Gomes, complemented the efforts of Benfica graduates Ederson and Bernardo Silva in Manchester City, while Rui Patricio and Joao Moutinho are products of the Sporting Academy.
McNeil plows a single furrow
Because of this dependency on imports, wolves play a subordinate role in promoting talent in the Premier League – though Burnley is in the lead.
In six high-profile clubs, their graduates played less than 4,000 minutes in the Premier League last season, and the Clarets separated with only 1,683 minutes, all from winger Dwight McNeil.
Bournemouth received 3,375 minutes from five players and Newcastle 3,492 from four, one of the wolves whose 3,531 minutes from Cardiff winger Morgan Gibbs-White, Nathaniel Mendez-Laing and Crystal Palace goalkeeper Wayne Hennessey. were shared.
Cardiff has spawned only two of the past season's Premier League players, Joe Ralls and Arsenal midfielder Aaron Ramsey, who is now at Juventus for 3,558 minutes.
Huddersfield's total of 3,771 came exclusively from their own players, led by Phillip Billing and Tommy Smith.
Top 20 producers of Premier League players
(Rank, club, minutes, rank change from 2017-18)
1 Manchester United 27,395 (-)
2 Tottenham 17.903 (-)
3 Southampton 15,964 (+6)
4 Chelsea 15,870 (-1)
5 Manchester City 13,605 (+7)
6 Sheffield United 12,400 (-1)
7 Liverpool 12.104 (+10)
8 Benfica 11.032 (+23)
9 West Ham 10,608 (+2)
10 Sporting Lisbon 10,127 (+6)
11 Barcelona 9,712 (+22)
12 Ajax 9,418 (-2)
13 Everton 9,404 (-5)
14 Schalke 9,031 (-)
15 Toulouse 8.793 (+70)
16 Leeds 8,279 (-3)
17 Crystal Palace 7,977 (+7)
18 Feyenoord 7,888 (-11)
19 Coventry 7,793 (+113)
20. Arsenal 7.604 (-16)
Premier League clubs 2018-19
(Rank, club, minutes)
1 Manchester United 27.395
2 Tottenham 17,903
3 Southampton 15,964
4 Chelsea 15,870
5 Manchester City 13,605
7 Liverpool 12.104
9 West Ham 10,608
13 Everton 9,404
17 Crystal Palace 7,977
20. Arsenal 7.604
23 Leicester 6,959
24 Fulham 6,921
26 Brighton 6,387
45 Watford 4,850
57 Huddersfield 3,771
68 Cardiff 3,558
70 wolves 3,531
73 Newcastle 3,492
80 Bournemouth 3,375
172 Burnley 1,683
Data provided by PA Sport