U24 News | The princes AMD, Nvidia, Apple and ARM invade the Kingdom of Intel

AMD, Nvidia + ARM and Apple are shaking the Intel realm, taking advantage of its stumbles – Specter and Meltdown – and big developments of its own: the new AMD Ryzen 5000 are superior on desktops, and Apple with its architecture-based M1 chips ARM is a battering ram against the x86-64 architecture in the laptop world.

Intel’s stagnation in the 14 nm chips and the delay in the jump to 10 nm is striking. Not to mention the 7 nm that they also have programmed, a lithography that they are already using at AMD, and it bases their success.

Intel was founded in 1968 by Gordon Moore (chemist and physicist) and Robert Noyce (physicist and co-inventor of the integrated circuit) when they left Fairchild Semiconductor. The other key character was Andy Grove, another chemical engineer, who ran the company for most of the 1980s and the high growth period of the 1990s.

Their success began modestly when they got Japan’s Busicom to order microprocessors for their programmable calculators. Engineer Ted Hoff designed a revolutionary chip that could be used in many other devices without the need for redesign.

It had potential and Intel decided to buy back the rights from Busim for $ 60,000.

In 1971 the first microprocessor was born: Intel 4004, a set of 2,300 transistors that executed 60,000 operations per second at US $ 200.

Then came the Intel 8008, Intel 8086 and 8088, selected by IBM for its IBM PC and in 1982 the Intel 80286 appeared, equipped with 134,000 transistors and the first to offer software compatibility with its predecessors.

In the meantime, “Moore’s Law” appeared, which states that every 2 years the number of transistors in a microprocessor doubles.

And William Gates built the “Wintel”, personal computers based on the Windows operating system, from Microsoft, and a microprocessor from Intel, with x86 architecture: computing grew rapidly.

In June 2005, Intel reached an agreement with Apple Computer to provide processors for Apple computers, with dual-core Intel Core Duo processors.

The brake

But one day Intel ceased to be the once innovative company.

The firm that dominated the world of PCs with a firm hand missed the opportunity to get into the iPhone and dismissed the relevance of the mobile world.

In recent times it is said that the Kingdom of Intel is in trouble, reeling. And there are very firm competitors, with the voracity that the market hunger grants.

For starters, AMD, which has achieved the new AMD Ryzen 4000 in laptops and AMD Ryzen 5000 in desktop PCs, which have grown a lot in gaming.

Intel’s stagnation in the 14 nm chips and the delay in the jump to 10 nm is striking. Not to mention the 7 nm that they also have programmed, a lithography that they are already using at AMD, and it bases their success.

Then, graphics card maker Nvidia, in 2020 has invested $ 40 billion to acquire ARM, a threat to Intel (and AMD). It is a potential bet for PCs and laptops, just as Apple does with its M1.

Meanwhile, ARM has just presented the Cortex-A78C for laptops also thinking about the leap from mobile phones or tablets to more traditional equipment when it comes to working and producing.

A no-minor question is whether the Apple M1s are all that Apple promises because they could challenge ARM in gaming equipment, and Qualcomm and Mediatek.

Apple broke the deal with its traditional partner, Intel, and went its own way. Will their promises be true?

Apple M1

“(…) Apple is making claims about batteries that I would characterize as “bombastic at best” if applied to a laptop with an Intel chip inside. With this M1 chip, I don’t have any frame of reference except Apple’s claims, which are substantial.

Apple claims 18 hours of video playback on the MacBook Air and 20 hours on the MacBook Pro. Video playback is a bad metric (especially since modern chips are optimized for it), so what to keep in mind is that those claims are significantly higher than what Apple claimed about its Intel-based predecessors: 6 more on Air and almost double on Pro.

But to be frank, I was expecting big announcements from Apple on battery. We already knew that it could extract more performance per watt than Intel and that translates directly to battery life. What I didn’t expect is how optimistic the company would be about performance.

Since the M1 is based on the ARM architecture, Apple needs an additional layer of software to run applications designed for Intel chips – it’s called Rosetta 2. The very idea of ​​x86 applications emulated on an ARM processor gives me hives. The experience of Intel applications emulated within ARM on Windows is not great. But Apple says that for certain graphically intensive applications you can get better performance on an application running through Rosetta 2 than on an equivalent Intel chip. (…)”.

We will see. As read, there are many processes to verify.

Now, if Apple’s expectation is true, the microprocessor market will be worse than Game of Thrones, and no one is assured of ruling the 7 kingdoms.

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