The governor of Magdalena, Carlos Caicedo, assured that in March the vaccination plan will begin in the department, seeking to apply the vaccine against Covid-19 to 70% of the population with the highest risk of mortality.
At the table of Vaccination Strategies against Covid-19, Caicedo explained that the plan consists of two phases that will be carried out in five stages: the first will be effective during 2021, in which the vaccine will be applied to people over 80 years already the first line of health care personnel.
In the second stage, will apply to older than 60 to 79 years and the second and third line of health care personnel; while the third of phase 1 will apply for people from 16 to 59 years with comorbidity and primary and secondary teachers.
The authorities consider that, during the fourth stage, the vaccine will be applied for 100% of institutional caregivers and 100% of populations in occupations and risk situations; Finally, the fifth stage it will be for populations between 16 and 59 years old.
In addition to the vaccination strategy, there is coordination with municipal administrations and health entities, 90 teams from the Doctors in Your House program, the modernization of the public hospital network, the increase in tests and tracking and selective isolation.
“We started this 2021 with the incidence of contagion below the national average, as well as mortality; ICU occupancy in Magdalena by Covid is less than 40% in general; and Magdalena, including Santa Marta, has not lost its capacity for hospital response, however, we know that we are facing a second wave of the pandemic and we must reinforce measures in the territory “highlighted Carlos Caicedo.
Likewise, thanks to an innovative strategy for conducting serological tests “Today, the Magdalena including Santa Marta, is not in a second peak like the rest of the Caribbean Coast and Colombia”added the governor.
Since the COVID-19 pandemic began, what the world population has waited the most for is a vaccine that helps control the virus and that little by little return each individual to their normal life. This medical solution is finally available and The first doses are expected to arrive in Colombia in the coming days to start the pilot tests and that the country prepare for the mass vaccination that would begin in February, as indicated by the President of the Republic, Iván Duque.
Although on December 18, in the “Prevention and Action” program of the National Government, the Ministry of Health (MinSalud) has already explained how the vaccination process will be in the country, Colombians continue to have doubts about why the vaccine will not be applied (for now) in children under 16 years of age, how the process will be monitored and whether access to the vaccine is free.
To make this process as organized as possible, the Minister of Health, Fernando Ruiz, clarified some of these concerns during the broadcast of Noticias Caracol Televisión on December 21.
The country already has insured vaccines processed by the Pfizer and Astrazeneca laboratories. The doses purchased so far will cover 20 million Colombians and were acquired thanks to direct agreements with manufacturers and the COVAX mechanism of the World Health Organization (WHO). In addition, Minister Ruiz assured that “agreements are being made with three other laboratories: Jhonson & Jhonson, the Serum Institute of India and the Chinese pharmaceutical company Sinopharm ”.
MinSalud has not yet made a decision on the matter, but Ruiz assured that most likely it is not possible. “I don’t think you can choose because that choice would bring many logistical problems ”, the minister explained. It should be clarified that what ise will take into account is if a person is, or not, allergic to certain components to determine which vaccine to apply.
In addition, at this point the minister made it clear that since it is a two-dose vaccine, the first dose applied must correspond to the second. The types of vaccine cannot be mixed.
MinSalud will begin to vaccinate health workers, This includes auxiliary physicians and all the team on the front line, that is, those who are in intensive care units and have the highest exposure and risk to the virus. Fernando Ruiz indicated that it is most likely that the vaccination days will take place within the same workplace of these people.
Then those over 80 will be vaccinated. For this population there is already an established database aligned with the Unique Affiliate Registry (RUAF), a MinSalud database where the entire population is included in the Social Security System that is covered by the health system. “We already have this list with its own name, with address and EPS. They will be attended to in a scheduled manner and the vaccination site will be assigned ”, Ruiz stated.
It’s two doses and these must be applied with one month of intercalo. It is important to remember that the process must be completed because the success of the vaccine will depend on that.
On this point, MinSalud calls for the responsibility of each Colombian, since it will be up to each one to complete the vaccination process, that is to say, apply the two doses in the due periods. “You have to be clear that this is an exercise of responsibility. We must remember that if a vaccine is wasted, another Colombian would be losing the opportunity to be immunizedRuiz declared.
Regarding the government, the minister affirmed that MinSalud and the National Institute for Food and Drug Surveillance (Invima) They are finishing planning the drug-surveillance strategy to be able to evaluate if people who were vaccinated have adverse effects and to be able to solve any type of setback. In addition, together with the Institute for Technological Evaluation in Health (IETS) a panel of vaccine experts is being coordinated so that they are responsible for reviewing adverse cases that may arise in a personalized way.
“We are looking to have a complete traceability of the process: from the type of vaccine, batch of vaccine, date of application, who applied it and all the adverse effects that may occur, ”said Minister Ruíz.
According to the minister, this is because the vaccines that Colombia has acquired so far have not included these populations in their clinical trials, therefore, in order to prevent setbacks, MinSalud made this decision. The minister explained that this population will be protected thanks to the famous herd immunity. “We must bear in mind that we are going to start generating what they call herd immunity, that is, we will have 70 percent of the population vaccinated and we hope that this percentage will allow indirect protection of the rest of Colombians,” Ruiz explained.
It should be noted that, People who have already been infected with the coronavirus will not be vaccinated for the time being either. MinSalud assured that it will ensure that this is respected and they will do so taking into account the SegCovid19, the platform created to keep the record of infected with personal data, especially the identity card, which will be key to identify those who are part of this group.
Yes, the vaccine will be distributed free of charge.
The National Government is considering the possibility of allocating units for sale. These doses could be accessed by those who can pay for them and do not want to wait for their vaccination time to arrive, according to the scheme proposed by MinSalud. “We are studying the possibility of distributing vaccines on the private side. We clarify that what will be required, vaccinate who gets vaccinated, is that the record remains of this in the web platform that we are implementing ”, said Ruíz.
It should be noted that in the event of sale, it is not yet known what the price of the vaccines would be.
The Ministry of Health will have hospitals, clinics and other places to carry out vaccination throughout the national territory. There are no specific points for now, but what Ruíz did confirm in an interview with Blu Radio, is that there will be 3,000 vaccination posts and 7,900 vaccinators in the country. In addition, the goal is for 160,000 to 170,000 vaccines to be given daily.
Of course, this will be a task for health professionals. According to Minister Ruiz, Ministry of Health is working on the design of some manuals specific so that those who must apply the vaccine have all the information clear and there are no problems.
MinSalud has not yet defined this point. Ruiz assured that they are evaluating the option of going through an enrollment process or sticking to the portfolio database. What is clear is that the Ministry of Health will launch a platform in the coming weeks to register those vaccinated against the coronavirus.
“We will have a web portal and we hope to have an app so that the population can verify their inclusion based on the data we have, or with that they can register to be able to access the vaccine,” Ruiz explained on Blu Radio.
Finally, Minister Fernando Ruíz recalled that the pandemic is not over yet and that everyone must continue to implement protection measures until the health authorities contemplate it. “Surely until we generate, at the end of the second semester, herd immunity, that we have a very high percentage of vaccinated people, we have to be very disciplined in maintaining the measures,” he said.
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