There is little more than a month left for the United Kingdom to withdraw from all European institutions, after the end of the transition period. Brexit will begin to be a reality from December 31, 2020 and, at this point, it is not clear if London and Brussels will finally arrive in time to seal a trade agreement that will alleviate the effects of divorce in the different economic sectors, including legal. The outcome of the negotiations will be decisive in defining the situation in which the Spanish lawyers operating in British territory will remain.
Currently, three European directives allow any lawyer qualified in an EU Member State to practice and establish his business permanently on the other side of the English Channel. The interested party only needs to register in the Law Society (the British regulator of legal activities) to obtain a European legal license with which you can advise on all kinds of matters and litigate before the courts of England, Wales and Northern Ireland, except before the Supreme Court. However, as of January, this regulation will automatically cease to apply.
According to international lawyer Miriam González, there is still room for the parties to articulate some type of transitional regime, “although it is clear that things will not be as they have been before and all lawyers operating in the United Kingdom will have to adapt to a legal framework that will gradually distance itself from the European ”.
León Fernando del Canto, a barrister in London for 20 years, doubts that the Brexit negotiations will go ahead and much more that they include a moratorium on the current professional freedom. From his point of view, it is most likely that, with the entry of the new year, Spanish lawyers will be at the same level as those from other third countries. “Although no one is going to kick them out, they must be enabled under one of the formulas provided by British law if they want to continue working,” he remarks.
In a worst-case scenario, stakeholders would have to start from scratch and basically have three options. The first would be to register as a foreign lawyer (Registered Foreign Lawyer), a category that limits the exercise exclusively to advice on the law of the country of origin.
They could also take a year-long bridging course, in which the basic subjects of English law are studied, and pass an exam to be a trial lawyer (barrister) or not litigant (solicitor). Finally, it would be possible to work in a firm under the supervision of another licensed attorney (paralegal).
González estimates that the impact that a non-consensual break would have would be rather limited among Spanish lawyers residing in Great Britain, taking into account that “the vast majority work in large law firms in the City Londoner and are not really practicing in court, but rather offering business services. In other words, “there are very few who would be forced to enroll as solicitors o barristers”.
A point of view shared by Del Canto, who confirms that there are just over 50 Spaniards who are currently engaged in English law in London and almost all of them have already taken measures to continue operating after Brexit. However, he warns that the British regulator “is very strict” and will carry out controls to verify that “no foreign worker exceeds his functions.” In this sense, he explains, it will no longer be possible to share files with other colleagues from the EU or work for offices with headquarters in a country of the EU bloc. In addition, it will be mandatory to take out a civil liability insurance to cover any compensation for malpractice.
The experts consulted also coincide in pointing out that, regardless of whether or not there is a commercial agreement in extremis, bureaucratic requirements will be increased for those lawyers who travel to the United Kingdom on time. Specifically, they must apply for a special visa, inform the authorities of the reason for their visit, and go through customs in order to pay the corresponding taxes. “Of course, it will not be so easy to do business here,” Del Canto says.
10,000 jobs at stake
Impact. The United Kingdom Bar Association (Law Society) estimates, in a recent report, that a no-deal Brexit would reduce the income of the British legal sector by 3.5 billion pounds (10% compared to 2019) and would put 10,000 jobs at risk direct.
Business volume. The UK is the largest exporter of legal services in Europe. According to the Office for National Statistics, the sector contributed 27.9 billion pounds to the British economy last year, equivalent to 1.4% of gross domestic product (GDP).
Vulnerability. The Law Society study points out that law firms specializing in technology and intellectual property matters are especially vulnerable to a no-deal Brexit, as British trademarks would no longer be recognized as such in the EU after divorce.
The slam of Ireland. Thousands of British lawyers have registered in Ireland to protect their exercise rights in the EU. Specifically, according to the Law Society Gazette, lawyers from England and Wales already represent about 14% of the total number of registered in the Irish bar association. However, the institution clarified at the end of October that it will only grant a license to those professionals who have their headquarters in the republic.
This December is a hot month for the European agenda. We will have several fronts and many moments of action, with a European Council on December 10 and 11 and a plenary session of the European Parliament that will begin on 14. What are the fronts?
Hungary and Poland decided last week to cast their veto on the budget package, which includes the € 750 billion Recovery Fund from which Spain could get up to 140 billion. It is in retaliation for the agreement on a rule of law mechanism that could cut off their access to European funds for their attack on judicial independence.
The safest thing is that this matter is pending until the summit of December 10 and 11. Charles Michel, President of the European Council, intends to hold this meeting in person in Brussels, because the videoconference format has proven to be of little use in solving serious problems.
When Hungary and Poland formalized their veto two weeks ago, it was thought that a change in the wording could be enough, but Budapest and Warsaw are directly opposed, and the rest of the Member States and the European Parliament do not feel like making concessions. That is why many voices in Brussels believe that it is only a matter of waiting for them to continue seeing each other alone and without the possibility of obtaining concessions so that they end up withdrawing their bluff in exchange for some minimum transfer.
The agony of Brexit
After Michel Barnier, chief negotiator of the European Commission, traveled to London on Friday after a difficult week, this past weekend has been one of intense negotiations. Many assume that the Frenchman’s trip is due to a good signal from the British side.
The three pending issues are those already known to all: governance of the agreement, fishing and ‘level-playing field’ or equal conditions. With 95% of the agreement completed in its technical aspects, as they have assured from the European Commission, these three issues are linked to an ideological element. That is precisely what is making them especially difficult to negotiate.
Once an agreement is reached, if at all, the job is not done. The ratification process will not be straightforward either, and Brexit will surely have to continue to be paid attention to well into December. The European Parliament has been willing to ratify the agreement as late as is December the 28th.
If it is not possible to close a deal, it goes without saying that the matter will gain importance as Member States have to prepare for an unknown scenario in their trade with the United Kingdom. as of January 1, 2021. Again, deal or no deal, Brexit will be one of the main issues at this month’s summit and will keep diplomats busy for weeks to come.
Turkey continues to give problems
European leaders promised Cyprus, which was calling for sanctions against Turkey for its oil and gas exploration in Cypriot and Greek waters, that they would take up the issue in December. In the meantime, Ankara would be offered the possibility of building a “positive agenda”. Despite strong friction between Turkish leader Recep Tayyip Erdogan and French President Emmanuel Macron, the dialogue between Berlin, Brussels and Ankara has not ceased.
But the tensions between the Hellenic, Cypriot and Turkish governments have not abated either. “Europe cannot pretend that Turkey is acting as an acceptable player in the regionNikolaos Dendias, the Greek foreign minister, complained last week, calling Ankara’s behavior “delinquent and provocative.” Last week, the High Representative of the Union for Foreign and Security Policy, the Spanish Josep Borrell, explained to the European Parliament that the EU bloc is at a “critical moment” in its relationship with Turkey.
The European Parliament called in a non-binding resolution addressed to the meeting of leaders on December 10 and 11, that the European Union “act and impose harsh sanctions in response to the illegal actions of Turkey.” The atmosphere will heat up in the coming days, especially if there is any kind of tension in the Aegean Sea.
This coming week, the one prior to the key dates of December, it will also come loaded, with meeting of finance ministers of the Eurozone and the European Union this Monday and Tuesday, with a review of the national budget plans, including the Spanish one, which have received the general approval of the European Commission.
Also on Monday there will be a videoconference of ministers of Education and also of Youth. It will be the turn of those of Culture and Sports on Tuesday, and on Wednesday that of the Ministers of Justice, who will discuss the launch of the European prosecutor’s office, and also of those of Health, who in an informal meeting will address the fight against the coronavirus pandemic in the European Union. Also on Thursday Thierry Breton, Commissioner for the Internal Market, will have a meeting with Ken Hu, CEO of Huawei, and also with Abraham Liu, CEO of Huawei in Europe.
The week will close with an employment and social affairs council. In addition, Yolanda Díaz, Minister of Employment, will see a lot of faces with the commissioner of the branch, the Luxembourgian Nicolás Schmit, because in addition to the Council they will participate together in a videoconference on social economy that same Friday.
What vaccine are you going to get to get immunized against the coronavirus? The short answer is that you will not be able to choose. The long version is that it will depend on a host of circumstances regarding which ones are authorized in Europe, the industrial capacity of the manufacturers, the European supply contracts and the vaccination schedule for groups that the Government designs.
At the moment, the alliance vaccine between Pfizer and BioNTech like the AstraZeneca. It is expected that the first doses of both initiatives can be distributed in Europe at the end of December and on a larger scale from the first quarter of 2021. In that race they follow Moderna, Janssen, the consortium of Sanofi y GSK Y CureVac (see graph).
For the moment, these are the companies that are going to distribute in Europe, since they are the only ones that have reached advance purchase agreements with the European Commission, to which the Member States adhere, as in the case of Spain. Only in the case of Moderna, the Executive of Ursula von der Leyen has not finished signing the contract. The countries can add other acquisitions to alternative companies, but at the European level it is not being done, since the centralized negotiation has been transferred to Brussels. Likewise, contracts for advanced candidates designed by Novavax, Medicago or the giant Merck Sharpe & Dohme (MSD) could be added in the future.
With these contracts, the EU has already reserved at least 1,305 million doses, but to which an optional 660 million can be added. By the proportional distribution with respect to the population of the country, Spain would have between 137 and 206 million vials if it is added to all commercial pacts.
Apart from these contracts, logically, the first vaccines to arrive will be the ones that are most advanced in the research process. In this section there are three initiatives: the North American Pfizer and the German BioNTech; the British AstraZeneca together with the University of Oxford, and the American Moderna. In these three cases, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) carries out a continuous evaluation of these trials to proceed with an almost automatic authorization as soon as sufficient medical data on efficacy and safety is available, something that could happen in the coming weeks.
Pfizer and BioNTech are leading that race, as this Wednesday they announced that they have concluded phase III (the last stage with thousands of volunteers before authorization) with an efficiency of 95% and that they plan to distribute in Europe before Christmas. Moderna also reported last week a preliminary efficacy of 94.5%. Its distribution could arrive in the first quarter of 2021. AstraZeneca is expected to offer efficacy data shortly and to begin distribution in December if it receives the approval of the EMA first. Salvador Illa, Minister of Health, already pointed out last month that he expects 3.1 million doses of this pharmaceutical for next month.
They go one step behind Sanofi (which expects to reach an authorization in the first half of 2021); Janssen (first trimester), and Curevac (third trimester). But in the case of the first two, what they would contribute to this race is a significant jump in large-scale production thanks to the manufacture of 1 billion doses a year each.
Hungary wants to skip the community purchase and take over Russian Sputnik V
In fact, one of the determining factors on which solution will be injected to each citizen is not only which one is authorized, but whether it is initially available. For this reason, when the Government decides what the vaccination schedule will be by groups and ages, it is expected that during the first months the available solution (Pfizer and AstraZeneca) will be injected without even the Administrations being able to choose other criteria such as price or ease of storage. Ugur Sahin, CEO of BioNTech, confirmed this Wednesday that any alternative will be welcomed with relish: “I really do not expect a competitive situation during the first nine months because every dose of approved vaccine that anyone can supply is welcome and will probably be used.” He also advanced that he hopes to have a new formulation of his product in 2021, since now it has the disadvantage of a distribution at 75º below zero.
Therefore, as the calendar progresses, for the Spaniards who are the last to be vaccinated, it is foreseeable that there will be a greater range of options.
All these companies are manufacturing vials simultaneously with their R&D with the aim of having millions of doses prepared when they receive sanitary authorization, although the great industrial leap is not expected until the second half of the year. The success of large manufacturers such as Pfizer, Sanofi, MSD, AstraZeneca or Janssen would be crucial for vaccines to reach health centers en masse.
Neither Russian nor Chinese
The vaccines that are not expected to arrive, at least not expected in the coming months, will be the Chinese or the Russian. These projects should previously request marketing authorization from the European Medicines Agency (EMA) to proceed with the evaluation of trials carried out in other territories. “It is not absolutely necessary that there be tests in the EU, but it is necessary for companies to follow the regulatory procedures that guarantee the quality, safety and efficacy required in our territory”, Health sources explain. Nor has the European Commission negotiated a supply contract for these alternatives.
Hungary, which has Viktor Orban as prime minister, has raised a controversy within the EU by advancing that it will negotiate the purchase of the Russian vaccine Sputnik V. That contract would be carried out outside the set of 27 and the Commission has already warned of the risk which involves vaccinating the Magyar population without following the strict controls of the tests by the EMA.
Given the enormous need due to the health and economic problem caused by the pandemic, price will not initially be a determining factor once the European Commission has already signed the contracts. But in amount, AstraZeneca is far apart, since its vaccine (two doses for 5.9 euros in total) is by far the cheapest, so in the medium term it may be a relevant factor for the authorities.
Currently, the department of Salvador Illa has not communicated the vaccination criteria, since it is debated in the Interterritorial Council in which autonomous communities participate, and which is joined by scientific societies, experts in bioethics, the Spanish Association of Vaccination and experts in mathematical models. But the minister has been advancing some ideas that they should first be administered to the elderly, health professionals and other risk groups.
British citizens voted to remove their country from the European Union on June 23, 2016. Almost four and a half years later, his government still does not agree with the European Union the treaty that will regulate the relationship after his final departure, which will take place on December 31.
(In context: Brussels and London race against time for a post-Brexit deal)
With just over five business weeks before the Christmas break, the negotiations remain blocked in the most conflictive points: fishing, non-unfair competition and governance of the future agreement before the distrust that the British Prime Minister Boris Johnson generates in Europeans.
The situation is increasingly pressing. In the remainder of November and the month of December, an agreement must be closed while the parties maintain red lines that seem impossible to move.
If successful, it would be necessary to convert the drafts of the negotiation (which already exceed 600 pages) into an international treaty and translate it into the 24 official languages of the European Union.
These texts should then be ratified by the European and British Parliament. If it also includes agreements on national and non-European competition policies, it should also be approved by the 27 national parliaments of the Member States of the European Union and even by some regional ones, like the three of the Belgian regions because they have international trade competences.
(You may be interested: Without an EU change there will be no post-Brexit agreement: Boris Johnson)
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson assured that the United Kingdom will not make unfair competition in commercial, economic or environmental matters to the European Union.
To further complicate the situation this Thursday it was learned that a person from the team of the European negotiator Michel Barnier tested positive for covid-19, so the negotiations will have to continue electronically.
Given the rush of deadlines, several governments (European diplomatic sources confirmed that at least the French, Belgian and Dutch) asked the President of the European Commission, Úrsula Von der Leyen, on Thursday, to activate the contingency plans that the The executive arm of the European Union had prepared last year for the eventuality that Brexit would finally be made without agreements.
The same sources explained that those documents could begin to be published next week, especially if Von der Leyen decides that the negotiation has no prospect of prospering.
(Read also: Johnson’s most powerful advisor to leave Downing Street at year’s end)
Michel Barnier from the EU and Dominic Raab from the UK.
Fishing remains one of the great conflicts because although economically it is not even 1% of British GDP, politically it is a toxic issue because the fishing regions of southern England voted en masse in favor of Brexit.
These areas are fishing grounds for conservative votes and the current rulers promised them that they should no longer share their waters with European vessels but could continue to sell their catch on the mainland’s fish markets. And everything cannot be.
To break the block in fishing, European negotiator Michel Barnier offers the British to participate in the European energy market, twice as profitable as the fishing market. In return, they must allow European fishing vessels to continue fishing in their waters. The opposite, prohibiting them from returning to English waters, would practically open the door for countries such as France, Spain, Belgium, the Netherlands or Denmark to veto the agreement.
Time is running out. On December 31, the transitional period will end, this year of purgatory that Brussels and London gave each other to move from marriage to divorce. The calendar is so tight that many MEPs wonder if they will have to vote on an eventual agreement without having read it.
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Nothing but problems for Boris Johnson: Corona chaos, Brexit embarrassment, falling out with his most important advisor. But his followers don’t care.
Boris Johnsons It is said that the desk in Downing Street is a bust of Pericles, the Greek statesman from ancient Athens. And because the matter with the British Prime Minister can hardly be explained in terms of the present, it is worth taking a look at the past.
Pericles was a master of rhetoric, he promoted democratic structures, art and culture. With his reign from 443 BC The golden age of Athens joins together. Pericles is “the real hero” and “inspiration” for Johnson, according to insiders. In a new biography with the beautiful name “The Gambler” (“The Gambler”), quite immodest comparisons are made between Pericles and the conservative head of government in terms of rhetorical skill, personality, talent, political success, character.
Johnson himself must have had his role model in mind when, spurred on by a triumphant victory in the general election, he promised on Twitter in early January: “This will be a fantastic year for
Great Britain. ”Off to a“ golden era ”, freed from the shackles of
I. Global Britain, what else.
Only, as we all know, the past is a different world.
Dominic Cummings, the brain behind Brexit, is taking flight
A power struggle has just escalated within Johnson’s team over the controversial advisor Dominic Cummings, who is not only responsible like no other for Johnson’s rise to the highest office, but is also considered the architect of the success in the Brexit referendum. The media have been reporting in unsightly details for days on how the feud went in
Londons Government headquarters. Who argued with whom and how about what, how relentlessly and unscrupulously the rival factions wrestled with one another, how every cheap trick was used from behind to fill important positions within the apparatus in one’s own interests. The Prime Minister sat between the chairs.
The public watched the soap opera in amazement. The word “poor” appeared more often in the descriptions of observers, as did Johnson’s fiancée Carrie Symonds, who led the rebellion against the Cummings troupe in the theater. She was once head of communications for the Conservatives. In the end, her side prevailed.
The string puller Cummings, who never made a secret of his contempt for British institutions and even parts of the Tories, chose the big entrance and demonstratively walked out of the famous door number ten with moving boxes under his arm. Boom!
It was Cummings’ middle finger in the direction of those Tories who have long detested Johnson’s shadow man for his “confrontational and authoritarian” style. Cummings wanted nothing less than to radically transform the country, every means seemed right to him, whether Parliament would have to be put on a forced break for this, as it was last year or whether it was like recently
Brussels threatens to break international law. He liked the role of the system destroyer. A problem for Boris Johnson, who is considered indecisive and lacking in ideas. Because Cummings was also his chief whisperer. Now the government is sinking into chaos. And that in the middle of the second Corona wave and shortly before the Brexit final.
In Great Britain, 52,000 people have died with or from Corona
A brief overview of the state of the nation: According to official information, the pandemic has so far claimed more than 52,000 deaths, making the kingdom one of the highest per capita rates in the world. The government reacted too late with a lockdown, which then lasted all the longer.
As a result, the country slipped into the worst recession in its history. There was no strategy at the beginning of the pandemic, but it staggered through the health crisis with a broken health system, a bad communication strategy and miserable leadership management. The “world’s best” test system announced by Johnson is still at best inadequate, just as the tracking of infection chains does not work. In the meantime, the kingdom is groaning again under a strict lockdown.
As if that weren’t enough problems, Brexit threatens to turn into a disaster. No deal or deal? Negotiations for a trade agreement between London and Brussels end every week with the same phrase statements. Lots of differences, hardly any progress, time is pressing. Actually, an agreement has to be reached by the end of this week so that the parliaments can ratify the treaty. Actually.
The political instrument of the ultimatum is played out after innumerable deadlines, most of which passed without consequences. The only one that hangs unchangeably over Europe like the sword of Damocles: The transition phase ends on December 31, during which the kingdom remains a member of the internal market and belongs to the customs union. Meanwhile, the business world is nervously heading towards uncertainty.
UK: Downing Street is in chaos
Brexi caused several U-turns by the government to make headlines on the island. The youngest was initiated by Johnson after the nation cried out in shock because Conservatives preferred to starve children from poor families on school holidays rather than give them meal vouchers. Unsurprisingly, it ended in a PR fiasco.
So now the public stage psychodrama. Downing Street is – once again – chaos. The Tory Party is in an uproar. The MPs from within their own ranks rebel behind the scenes. Even the Tories sympathetic media grumble about Johnson’s lack of leadership. He is still in campaign mode, it is criticized. “Take Back control.” “Get Brexit done.” “Build back better.” Johnson rules the kingdom primarily in three-word slogans.
According to the latest survey by the Savanta ComRes Institute, the Conservatives are still ahead of the Labor Party opposition. 40 percent of the British surveyed are behind the Tories, the Social Democrats only achieve 36 percent. How in the world can that be?
“Many voters give him a bonus when it comes to Covid because the crisis is so enormous,” says political scientist Anand Menon from King’s College in London. There is some understanding that the pandemic would have been difficult for any prime minister. On the other hand, it looks different when it comes to Brexit.
Boris Johnson faces a dilemma with Brexit
Johnson faces a dilemma that emerges from the victory of the EU friend
Joe Biden in the US elections has tightened. The Democrat made it clear weeks ago that there would be no bilateral agreement with the Kingdom if the British government disregarded the Good Friday Agreement – and thus endangered the peace on the Irish island. It is true that the Johnson / Biden partners have a lot more in common when it comes to climate change, security or foreign policy goals than they do with
Donald Trump was the case. But to the delight of EU skeptics, the Republican has always presented himself as a Brexit fan and raised hopes for a speedy deal. Now these are gone. Would Johnson dare the no deal, despite economic warnings? Now that Trump will evacuate the White House and hardliner Cummings is history too?
In the right wing of the Tory, concessions to Brussels that go too far could break the barrel and spark a mutiny. But at the same time, failure of the talks would make Johnson “politically extremely vulnerable,” according to political scientist Menon. It would play into the hands of the Labor opposition, who attacked the prime minister like a prayer wheel for “his lack of competence”.
In addition, an economic break with the EU would hit the regions in the north and center of England particularly hard. Of all things. Here Johnson tore down the “red wall” at the end of last year. The traditional Labor strongholds turned from red to blue.
Boris Johnson knows he now has to deliver for these new voters. There, where idle mines are rusting away and are remnants of the industrial heyday, there is above all despair. One pit after another was closed. First people lost their jobs, then hope. “The Brexit vote in the referendum was a cry for help,” says Jay Martin. In 2019, with the election of the Tories, who in their campaign completely relied on the promise to pull through the exit from the EU, let go of him again towards Westminster. People have been feeling neglected for too long, Brussels is still a scapegoat today.
What drives Johnson’s critics to despair
In the documentary “REDt’BLUE”, Martin, 22, traced why his home town of Mansfield in Nottinghamshire has turned its back on Labor and turned to the Tories. Older residents proudly tell of pubs that were once always full but no longer exist. From the marketplace, which used to be so lively and today is characterized by empty shops.
Again and again the film shows the abandoned coal mine, in whose shadow the city lies in every respect. The ruin is a metaphor for the development of Mansfield, which has developed from a prosperous center of the coal industry into a place of dreariness. And even if Johnson’s Conservatives are having a bad year, Jay Martin doesn’t think the turnaround is so easily reversible. “In the next election, people will have forgotten about Covid,” says the documentary filmmaker.
It is that fact that drives Johnson’s critics to despair. The politician can get away with anything, “over and over and over again,” says Matthew Parris, who himself was a long-time member of the Tories and who now observes political events as an author. He compares the Premier with the mouse Jerry from the cartoon series “Tom and Jerry”, which always escapes the tomcat Tom. Journalistic misconduct, affairs, public missteps – Johnson seems to survive any scandal. Also
Corona and Brexit?
One says: “Boris Johnson is the best liar who was prime minister”
Former Secretary of State Rory Stewart recently spoke up angrily. Johnson in no way resembles the Greek general Pericles, but is rather “the most accomplished liar in public life, perhaps the best liar who will ever serve as prime minister,” he wrote of his ex-boss, frustrated that the people always forgive him.
What Stewart left unmentioned: Pericles’ heyday ended during the Peloponnesian War – when a plague-like epidemic spread in Athens. 429 BC Pericles fell victim to the plague.
In April Boris Johnson fell seriously ill with Covid-19 and was even in intensive care in the meantime. In terms of health, the Prime Minister Corona survived.
We want to know what you think: Die Augsburg General therefore works with the polling institute Civey together. Read here what the representative surveys are all about and why you should register.
The mystery about the negotiation of an agreement that defines the relations between the United Kingdom and the European Union continues this week in London, in what seems like the last days to reach an agreement that would have to be ratified in record time by the 27 parliaments of the members of the Union if it has to go into operation on 1 January.
Michel Barnier, European Union negotiator, returned to the British capital after the dialogue held over the weekend between Prime Minister Boris Johnson and the President of the European Council, Ursula von der Leyen, repeated the language in its conclusions. in recent months: there are advances in various aspects, but still insurmountable differences in rules of fair competition, fishing and governance of an agreement. The pulse between the two parties indicates that both maintain principles that cannot be altered — sovereignty, in the British case; the integrity of the common market, for the EU—, or that each believes that the other will give way when the end of the transition phase, which ends on December 31st, approaches. London has rejected proposals to extend the deadline.
The British media have claimed that Johnson was waiting for the result of the elections in the United States to finish the Brexit negotiation and speculate on his greatest weakness after the victory of Joe Biden. The president-elect was part of the Barack Obama administration, which did not appreciate Brexit. He belongs to an Irish diaspora heir to resentment towards the British Empire and said after Johnson’s election victory that he was “an emotional and physical clone” of Trump.
The Brexit negotiations are entering the final phase, with only a few weeks left to negotiate a deal. The European summit in mid-October did not bring any result, but caused displeasure in London. Prime Minister Boris Johnson has said the country is preparing to exit without a deal. The EU must fundamentally change its position. But negotiations continue. The next few weeks will therefore be exciting. So that the overview is not lost, here is the ABC of Brexit.
Australia deal: According to Boris Johnson, the UK is preparing for this. The country “Down Under” is commonly associated with sun, good humor and nice people. It is therefore much better suited as a euphemism for the No-Dealthat is hidden behind it, such as Afghanistan or Mongolia.
Brexi: At the beginning there was the referendum in 2016 with a majority in favor of Brexit and since then there has been a dispute about what exactly is behind it. Because apart from leaving the EU, not much was previously defined. This makes Brexit the perfect foil for all wishes. Redeeming all of these in reality will become harder and the closer the exit gets, the more visible the difference between fantasy and reality becomes.
Covid-19: The pandemic has hit Britain harder than almost any European country, both economically and in terms of people who have died. What sets the British government apart is that it promises a lot (world-class app etc.) and hardly delivers anything. It has lost a lot of popularity, and its competence is being questioned, also because it is numerous U-Turns had to make.
Dover: This is the port through which much of the British-European trade passes, much to the surprise of the time Brexit Minister Dominic Raab. So far, Dover has neither the necessary IT infrastructure for trade after Brexit, nor the ability to cope with the expected traffic jams. For this reason, parking spaces in the wider Kent region are already being prepared for the backlog.
Edinburgh: The capital of Scotland, where a majority is against Brexit. Elections will take place there in May 2021 and the regional SNP party will stand up with the demand for Scottish independence. She wants to hold another referendum on this. When Brexit is over, the next exit spectacle could soon begin.
fish: Spoken in a culinary twisted metaphor, fish is the biggest bone of contention that stands in the way of an agreement. The economically almost insignificant industry is symbolically of enormous importance both on the island and in France. An agreement must therefore be considered for both sides Victory be interpretable. The fish is also one of London’s few trump cards in the negotiations. After December 31, 2020 it can refuse EU fishermen access to the waters. Who should then eat all the fish that is pulled out of the water, however, is open, because that was previously the Europeans.
Summit meeting: These are usually the big showdown, where Boris Johnson can show that great men make history. After the last summit passed uneventfully, it will probably rely on a special Brexit summit to signal that it is becoming one of Europe Deal brought.
Trade: The EU is Great Britain’s most important trading partner, it is the target of 43 percent of exports and the origin of 51 percent of imports. This huge flow of goods and services needs to be regulated. Should there be an “Australia deal”, customs duties would be due on almost all goods and trade should be drastically reduced because this would make the UK location too expensive for many companies.
Ireland: The Emerald Isle has been the collateral victim of Brexit since 2016. Because he is endangering the 1998 peace agreement by setting up a border. At the same time, the Irish economy will also be affected due to its close ties with Great Britain. The EU has so far supported Dublin in all respects. Now that Joe Biden, of Irish descent, has been elected President of the United States, the British will feel even safer.
Johnson, Boris: Current Prime Minister, previously journalist, mayor, figurehead of Brexit and foreign minister. Known for bombastic rhetoric and not always house-clean humor. He is not all said to have detailed knowledge and expertise.
competence: The main line of attack of the Labor opposition in the Covid-19 crisis. She denounces the striking incompetence of Johnson and his government in dealing with the virus. Should it be for No-Deal come, she will also accuse him of a lack of competence in this field.
Level Playing Field: The English description for fair competition. This is what the EU urges in the agreement with London. She fears that after Brexit, the UK will lower standards for work and the environment and support British companies with state aid and thus engage in unfair competition.
majority: This voted for Brexit (but not in Scotland), that is the core argument of the supporters. This justifies any interpretation of the exit, however radical, even that No-Dealeven if a majority of the population continues to oppose this.
No-Deal: An exit without an agreement will cause long traffic jams in Dover in the short term, food and medication could become scarce. In the long term, the economic effects could be harder than those of the Covid 19 pandemic, which is already considered the worst economic crisis in 300 years.
Oven ready: That should be the deal that Johnson promised his voters ahead of the 2019 election. He would finally bring Brexit over the stage, also because he has an oven-ready deal ready. This promise could be given to him in the case of No-Deal fly around the ears and continue to question his competence.
Parking spaces: Preparations for the No-Deal are in full swing, according to the UK government. But while IT is still a long time coming in ports like Dover, the main focus is on parking lots and outhouses in Kent. There trucks have to pass through on the way to Dover and in order to avoid traffic jams for miles, they should just park to get their papers in order.
Qualifications: Part of the deal that London would like to see is the automatic mutual recognition of qualifications. This means that British service providers in particular can continue to provide their services in the EU without having to go through lengthy approval processes beforehand. This does not appear in the much-cited Canada Agreement, which Johnson always praises as a role model for the UK.
Red Wall: The constituencies in north and central England, which were previously the home of Labor and which were conquered by the Conservatives for the first time in 2019. Many of them clearly voted for Brexit and are now to be tied to the Tories in the long term by keeping this promise. But they would suffer the most if it happened to one No-Deal come and thereby reduce trade in goods.
State aid: Ironically, the second bone of contention after fish. Because the British government, which for years was strictly against the aid within the EU, now wants to keep a free hand in this area. The EU urgently wants to avoid that Level Playing Field to obtain.
Tiger im Tank: By using that old advertising slogan, Johnson signaled before the summer that negotiations would now get a boost. By putting the tiger in the tank, the road to an agreement would be quicker. At the end of October, everyone is still waiting for it to finally ignite.
U-Turn: The Prime Minister’s Favorite Movement. He put them on the floor when the exit agreement was signed and proved his flexibility time and again during the Covid 19 crisis. Now many hope that he will also have another in Brexit U-Turn lies down.
Victory Day: Some right-wing papers in Great Britain celebrated the 75th anniversary of the end of the Second World War as Victory over Europerather than historically correct as a victory in Europe. In doing so, they probably wanted to anticipate the Brexit negotiations, because Johnson’s goal is, of course, his Deal to celebrate as a victory over Europe and finally to be able to catch up with his idol Churchill.
Whammy (Double): The English phrase for “an accident seldom comes alone”. The concern that the Double Whammy describes the combination of Brexit and Covid-19, which could hit Great Britain hard and makes the blooming landscapes that Johnson had promised after Brexit seem even more distant.
X factor: In the case of the question of a last-minute agreement, it’s the character of Boris Johnson again. Because (at least) two souls live in his chest too, so it remains unclear which one will prevail in the end. The liberal and cosmopolitan Johnson or is it the populist nationalist?
Yorkshire Terrier: A popular UK domestic dog that will now be at the center of an important question for many British travelers to Europe: Can my pet still go on vacation after Brexit? An example of one of the questions that were neither asked nor answered in the 2016 referendum.
Zen: This form of Buddhist equanimity could be a useful way to guide the coming days and weeks on Brexit issues. So instead of every tweet from Johnson, every parking lot in Kent and every euphemism of the No-Deal Following hectic pursuits can lead to immersion in silence and concentration on the essentials. And when you think about how many people on both sides through you No-Deal would suffer, then there is also harm U-Turn shortly before the end no more, the main thing is that it leads in the right direction.
The second wave of the coronavirus has allowed the last section of the negotiations between the United Kingdom and the European Union to be held these weeks without the political pressure or media attention that would have made the transfers and the search for common ground more complicated. Michel Barnier, chief negotiator of the European Commission, and David Frost, his British counterpart, spent a week of continuous talks in London and moved to Brussels last Thursday, where negotiations have continued.
This week will be key. There is important progress in terms of ‘level-playing field’, the level playing field necessary for the EU to allow the UK access to the single market, and in matters of state aid. Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission, celebrated on Thursday that it had been much progress and the work was already concentrating on equal conditions and fishing. “We are detailing in depth how we could build a system that is fair for both parties,” he explained during a press conference, “with a dispute mechanism and clear rules on both sides. This is crucial. This will be in the next days, the field in which to work deeply ”.
The calendar with which the capitals work indicates that an agreement should be reached regarding a legal text during the next few days
The calendar with which the capitals work marks that Barnier and Frost should reach an agreement regarding a legal text during the next days. There is a little more time, but not much. The text must be translated and then ratified by the European Parliament so that the future trade agreement can be put into effect as of January 1. But, in any case, not everything will be simple and easy: Barnier and Frost are stretching their negotiating mandates during these days, and what they manage to agree will have to receive the political blessing of the Twenty-Seven and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson.
It will not be the only issue on the European agenda for the next few days. Finance ministers also maintain a Eurogroup and an Ecofin in which the virus will focus all the attention. They will discuss, among other things, the measures that different Member States are taking and their possible economic effects. No one doubts that This second wave is going to have important consequences for the European economies in the last quarter, but no one knows exactly what the magnitude will be. Indeed, one of the issues to be discussed will be to what extent the budget plans sent to Brussels only half a month ago are still valid now.
It is expected that at the end of the week, on November 5, the European Commission will update its economic forecasts, so European sources have explained that the ministers will receive from the Community Executive, represented in the Eurogroup by Paolo Gentiloni, Commissioner for Economy and on Ecofin by Executive Vice President Valdis Dombrovskis, a preview in the form of a general “trend” of the forecasts. “The European Commission is preparing its forecast in a situation of extreme uncertainty because the new containment measures are changing day by day, and it is very difficult to anticipate how quickly they will have an effect ”, explains a European source.
What if the € 750 billion Recovery Fund is not enough given the severity of this second wave?
What if more measures are needed? In other words, what if the Recovery Fund of 750,000 million euros is not enough given the severity of this second wave? According to the source, the ministers are not going to discuss that yet: “I think the general understanding is that it is still a bit early.” For the moment they will focus on implementing the agreements already reached: half a billion euros of aid in the SURE program, the emergency line of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) and the pan-European guarantees of the European Investment Bank (EIB), as well as the Recovery Fund.
Also in the coming days, the trilogues between the European Commission, the Council and the European Parliament will continue to close an agreement on the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF), the European budget for 2021-2027, own resources and the instrument of the rule of law. Especially with regard to the MFF, where cuts had to be made to make room for the 750,000 million of the Recovery Fund, the tone among the negotiators is being very harsh.
Brussels. Belgium will impose stricter lockdown rules across the country to combat Covid-19, Prime Minister Alexander de Croo announced today.
According to the rules, all non-essential businesses will have to close. Grocery stores and supermarkets will remain open. Restaurants, bars and hotels will close.
Working from home will become mandatory when possible. The Belgian borders will remain open, but travel abroad is strongly discouraged.
Only one contact will be allowed in the social bubble. In other words, only one person can be invited home and that person will be a close contact.
The rule of four will continue to apply abroad. A person can meet four people outside, go for a walk or do other activities together, but they should practice social distancing and wear a mask.
These measures will be in effect throughout the country from November 2 to December 13.
“I realize that these measures are particularly drastic, particularly painful, but they are the result of long reflection and are based on facts. They are measures of last chance,” said the prime minister.
The Covid-19 situation in Belgium remains alarming. In the seven-day period from October 20 to 26, an average of 15,316 new cases were reported daily, according to the Sciensano public health institute.
Nationwide, 6,187 patients are currently hospitalized, a record number that exceeds the 5,759 registered during the peak of the first wave of the pandemic in spring.
To date, Belgium has registered a total of 392,258 cases and 11,308 deaths.
As the world remains in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic, countries around the world including China, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States, are in a race against time to find a vaccine.
The first is canceled during next month and the other three stop operating between November 14 and December 12
ÁLVARO MACHÍN Santander
Thursday 29 October 2020, 07:16
The Seve Ballesteros also lives his particular second wave. In this case, of cancellations. If the start of the winter season meant that the supply of destinations was shaking, it is now fully confirmed new routes that disappear from the airport panels. At least for a time. The company Volotea withdrew yesterday from
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