The Vatican Press Room confirmed that Pope Francis spoke by phone this Monday, May 17 at 9:00, Rome time, with the President of the Republic of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.
Through a brief message sent to journalists accredited to the Holy See, the director of the Press Room, Matteo Bruni, confirmed the existence of the call announced by the government of Turkey, however he did not release details of the content of the conversation. .
According to the information published by the Turkish government, which was echoed by the Italian agency ANSA, the conversation between the Pontiff and the Turkish president would have revolved around the current Palestinian-Israeli crisis, unleashed last Friday, May 7, the last Friday of Ramadan, when thousands of Palestinian Muslims clashed with Israeli police at the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.
The crisis was aggravated by the intervention of the Hamas terrorist group, which, from the Gaza Strip under its control, launched rockets at Israeli border cities. Israel responded with bombardments on Hamas targets in Gaza. The exchange of fire has caused, so far, 120 deaths and numerous injuries.
According to the communiqué of the Turkish government collected by ANSA, Erdoğan would have asked the Pontiff for a common commitment between “Muslims, Christians and the whole of humanity” to end the “massacre” against Palestinians.
This diplomatic move by the Turkish president in favor of the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip comes at a time when relations between the Holy See and Turkey are not going through their best moment.
On July 24, 2020, the Turkish government converted the old Basilica of Hagia Sophia into a mosque. The temple, built in the 6th century, had already been converted into an Islamic place of worship after the Ottoman conquest of Christian Constantinople in 1453, but in 1935 it was transformed into a museum.
The conversion of the Basilica of Hagia Sophia into a mosque caused great pain to Pope Francis who, during the prayer of the Angelus on July 12, 2020 from the Vatican, affirmed: “I think of Hagia Sophia, and I am in great pain.”
Ekrem Imamoglu is President Erdogan’s main rival. The mayor allegedly disrespected him by walking near the deceased sultan’s mausoleum with his hands behind his back. He is also being investigated for alleged contacts with members of the Kurdish HDP party.
Istanbul (AsiaNews / Agencies) – The Turkish authorities have opened an investigation against the mayor of Istanbul Ekrem Imamoglu, one of the main rivals of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, and one of the few capable of competing with him in prestige and consensus. The magistrates consider that he would have shown “lack of respect” during a visit to the mausoleum of Sultan Mohammed II that he made in May last year.
The opposition newspaper Cumhuriyet, which revealed the story, reports that on that occasion the mayor would have walked holding his hands behind his back (in the photo) during the visit to the tomb of the sultan’s wife, Gulbahar. The environment of the mayor of the economic and commercial capital of Turkey responded immediately that it was a “pointless” procedure. Spokesman Murat Ongün added that Imamoglu had received a summons from the magistrates to “testify” about what happened.
The mayor is considered Erdogan’s most important rival for the 2023 presidential elections. The attitude that has been described as “disrespectful” was reported in a video posted on the network and shared by users, and occurred when he was in the Fatih Mosque cemetery for the anniversary ceremony of the conquest of Constantinople. The video allegedly led the Public Goods Inspectorate to open an investigation and request an interrogation from the mayor of Istanbul.
Mohammed II, in Ottoman Mehmet II, also known as “the Conqueror” (1432-1481), was the seventh sultan of the Ottoman Empire, who came to power at the age of 13 and began to rule effectively in 1451. At only 21 years he was responsible for the conquest of Constantinople (1453), which had been resisting the assaults of the Turks for decades. The fall of the city also marked the end of the Eastern Roman Empire after more than a thousand years of existence.
Finally, opposition sources report that Imamoglu is also being investigated for some (alleged) encounters with members of the pro-Kurdish HDP (People’s Democratic Party) party, accused by Ankara of being the political arm of the PKK. In the aftermath of the failed coup in 2016, the party was the target of a veritable campaign of repression in which hundreds of leading figures and leaders were arrested, including its leader Selahattin Demirtas.
Headquarters in danger. The final of the Champions League will be played on May 29 at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium in Istanbul, that is, in the capital of Turkey, however the government of that country imposed a total blockade on the nation, to prevent the increase of coronavirus infections. The measure will run until May 17.
The idea of UEFA is that the public can attend the final event, although the stadium has a capacity to host 80 thousand fans, it is expected that only 9000 can have access to the sports venue, however, after the new measures imposed by the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan would prevent the development of this meeting.
Of course the measures taken by the Turkish government are justified, since the country registered 37,312 new cases of coronavirus and 353 deaths in 24 hours. The intention is to reduce the rate of infections, so Erdogan imposed new restrictions, among which the need to have an official document that justifies intercity travel stands out.
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If these measures are maintained, it will be difficult to offer tickets for 9 thousand fans, since they will not be able to travel to the Turkish nation. Therefore, a possible change of venue is already being handled.
One of the options to host the final match of the Champions It would be the Wembley stadium in London, however from UEFA they consider that in the event of the advance of Manchester City or Chelsea the final, they would play with a slight advantage.
Ultimately, the governing body of football in the old continent also manages the option of maintaining the headquarters of the match in Turkey, but it would be played behind closed doors, as the final of the 2019-2020 edition was played at the Da Stadium. Luz de Lisboa, but UEFA does not want another final to be played without fans. @worldly
Two days after the news was known, the president of Turkey reacted. Recep Tayyip Erdogan said this Monday (04.26.2021) that the United States’ recognition of the Armenian genocide was unfounded, and warned of its “destructive impact” on relations between the two countries. On Saturday, his colleague Joe Biden issued a statement marking the anniversary of the massacre of Armenians by the Turks and used the word “genocide.”
It is the first time that a president of the United States makes that gesture. “The US president made unsubstantiated, unfair and contrary statements to reality,” Erdogan declared. “We believe that these comments were included in the statement after pressure from radical Armenian groups and anti-Turkish circles,” added the Turkish leader.
The president used language similar to the statements issued on Saturday by the Turkish Foreign Ministry and on Sunday by Presidential spokesman Ibrahim Kalin, who had asked Biden to “rectify” his statements. “I hope that the United States will correct its mistake as soon as possible. These steps do not help the Armenian community. We want to build a good neighborly relationship with Armenia, but the American decision spoils it,” the president said.
“You must look in the mirror”
Armenia, supported by many historians and scholars, claims that 1.5 million people of its people were killed in a genocide perpetrated by the Ottoman Empire between 1915 and 1917. Turkey accepts that both Armenians and Turks died in great numbers during World War I. , but he vehemently denies that there was a deliberate policy of genocide, a term that had not been legally defined at the time.
Erdogan listed the sticking points in the bilateral relationship with the United States – such as the presence of exiled Islamist preacher Fethullah Gülen in Pennsylvania and the US veto on the sale of F-35 fighters to Turkey after the Turkish purchase of the Russian S-400 anti-missile system. and concluded that “this latest incident has made everything worse and has lowered the level of strategic relations.”
“I will discuss all this with Biden face to face when we meet in June. I remind him that we know each other: he visited me at my home when I was ill. How can he poison relations with Turkey by Armenian pressure groups?” Erdogan. “If you speak of genocide, you must look in the mirror,” he added. “We can also talk about what happened to Native Americans, to blacks and in Vietnam,” he concluded.
DZC (EFE, AFP)
The international community and the Armenian genocide
Francisco: “The first genocide of the 20th century”
Pope Francis issued a message of political content at the last Easter Mass. He called the massacre committed against Armenian Christians 100 years ago “the first genocide of the 20th century.” After the criticism that his words unleashed in Turkey, he said: “We cannot keep silent about what we have seen and heard.”
The international community and the Armenian genocide
“We share the pain …”
The Turkish government refuses to acknowledge that what happened a century ago was strictly genocide. But lately, Ankara has approached the descendants of the victims. The Head of Government, Ahmet Davutoglu, said: “We share the pain of the children and grandchildren of those Armenians who lost their lives in the deportations of 1915.” Not to mention the word “genocide.”
The international community and the Armenian genocide
“Crime against Humanity”
Following the Pope’s remarks, Ban Ki Moon, UN Secretary General, expressed his desire to mediate between Turkey and Armenia. Ban Ki Moon speaks of “atrocities” and “crimes against Humanity”. He does not want to form new investigative commissions to remove what happened. Both countries must continue their dialogue with the clear objective of avoiding such “tragic events” in the future.
The international community and the Armenian genocide
Germany supports reconciliation
Frank-Walter Steinmeier, German Foreign Minister, measures his words well. He does not want to jeopardize the reconciliation between Turkey and Armenia. That is why he does not speak of “genocide”, since he believes that being responsible does not imply “reducing responsibility to a concept.” In October 2014, Steinmeier visited Armenia. Pictured is with his Armenian counterpart, Edward Nalbandian.
The international community and the Armenian genocide
“It is not about taking blame”
After a minute of silence in the European Parliament, the institution issued a statement urging Turkey to recognize the massacre as genocide. MP Knut Fleckenstein said: “It is not about the current Turkish government taking the blame, but taking responsibility.”
The international community and the Armenian genocide
An explosive song at Eurovision 2015
The political aspect should not be present in Eurovision, but in this edition Armenia will be represented by an explosive theme. The main message of the song “Face the shadow” is “Do not deny it!”. The six members of the band Genealogy want to turn the contest into a platform for freedom of expression.
The international community and the Armenian genocide
Opening the doors of the EU
“If Turkey were not so stubborn at this point, its entry into the European Union would be accelerated.” That says about the conflict Daniyel Demir, president of the Arameans in Germany. Demir believes that the victims may get the impression that “Erdogan is part of the German government”, in reference to the Turkish pressure so that this country does not recognize the genocide.
The international community and the Armenian genocide
Curious about Putin’s reaction
Putin has yet to speak on the matter and it is already making headlines. It remains to be seen if he will attend the commemoration of the genocide on April 24 in Eriwan. The last time Putin visited Armenia was in 2013. Observers believe that the Russian president could use the commemorative event for his own political purposes.
Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the incombustible president of Turkey, has not metabolized the rejection of the European Union and his resentment reveals it almost daily. Since he managed to stop the military attempts to overthrow him by the simple method of incarcerating them all, has not stopped entangling the precarious international stability in its geographical area.
He is involved in the eternal war in Syria, he has interfered in the Libyan conflict and the Lebanese drama, he has fought, and immediately allied again, with Putin, he flirts with the Iranians, he has lent a hand in the Nagorno Karabakh confrontation and live obsessed with fighting the Kurds. Those who know him well say that his dream is to recover the old Ottoman Empire.
In ambitions it does not fall short. But in politics, and more so in international relations, there is never a lack of resources to curb ambitions. Turkey has been dragging for a hundred years the stigma of the genocide committed in Armenia. Between 600,000 and 800,000 people were assassinated by order of the government, then in Istanbul, in an attempt to erase from the map the identity and culture of the Armenian people who resisted their rule.
Successive Turkish governments never accepted this reality, which further tarnishes their history. They have always denied it and retaliated against those who thoroughly investigated and reported it. To this negative attitude, nothing less than the new American president has just responded, Joe Biden. In a speech that honors him, he announced that the Armenian genocide must be clarified. The first interpretations agree that it is a way to lower Erdogan’s fumes.
The US embassy in Ankara announced this Saturday that it will be closed next Monday and Tuesday as a precaution against the risk of demonstrations against the use of the term “Armenian genocide” in a statement by US President Joe Biden.
“There may be demonstrations or protests as a result of the April 24 statement from the White House that commemorates the lives of all those who died in the Armenian genocide of the Ottoman era,” warns a note on the legation website.
“As a precautionary measure” the embassy in Ankara as well as the consulate general in Istanbul and the consulates of Adana and Izmir will be closed next Monday, April 26 and Tuesday, April 27, the statement said.
As expected, the announcement of the Democratic president has ignited tensions with Turkey, one of his most important allies in NATO and an essential strategic partner to advance Washington’s priorities in the Middle East.
Numerous senior officials in the Turkish government and the ruling party, the Islamist AKP, have harshly denounced Biden’s decision to use the word genocide for the first time in this commemoration, rejecting that the massacres of 1915 can be described with this term.
The harshest condemnation came from Devlet Bahçeli, leader of the ultra-nationalist MHP party, a coalition partner of the AKP, who defended the deportations of Armenians in 1915 as “a correct and balanced decision” and accused the United States of having “strayed from the path of the alliance “, so” nothing will be like before “.
But also the nationalist IYI party and the social democrat CHP, which form an opposition coalition, have protested against Biden’s use of the term, calling it historically incorrect.
Only the left-wing HDP party, third in seats in Parliament, has asked society to acknowledge the past and “face the shame of the Armenian genocide.”
Biden and Erdogan will coincide in Brussels
The leaders agreed to meet in person in June, during the NATO summit in Brussels.
It will be the first meeting between the two since the coming to power of Biden, who delayed for months his first telephone conversation with Erdogan, a leader with whom he had a cold relationship when he was Obama’s vice president.
Ties between the United States and Turkey have weakened in recent years, especially in the wake of the failed military coup in 2016, for which Erdogan blames the self-exiled Islamist preacher Fethullah Gülen.
Relations were further aggravated by the Turkish offensive against Kurdish-Syrian militias in northeastern Syria in 2019 and Turkey’s purchase of the Russian S-400 anti-aircraft missile system, rejected by NATO, which led Washington to impose sanctions on Ankara last year.
Jubilation in Armenia and on the streets of Los Angeles and New York
The Prime Minister of Armenia, Nikol Pashinián, sent a telegram to Biden this Saturday to thank him for the measure, which he described as “a powerful step on the path of restoring truth and historical justice.”
Likewise, the Armenian community in the United States exploded with joy after the official recognition of the White House was known.
Hundreds of Armenian-Americans came to a memorial located in Los Angeles to pay tribute to the million and a half Armenians, victims of the massacre and systematic deportation in Ottoman Turkey since 1915. This Saturday marked the 106th anniversary of the tragedy.
Biden’s statement was greeted with hope but also disappointment.
“It is an important day for us. It makes me feel very excited. However, it took us 106 years to get here,” says an Armenian-American in Los Angeles. While in Washington, an American of Turkish origin accuses the Government of interference.
“We do not agree with President Joe Biden’s decision because it is not his, it is not his position. It is not his duty to solve something that happened 106 years ago.”
April 24 marks the 106th anniversary of the start of the genocide against the Armenian people, as it was on that date in 1915 that the Ottoman Turks arrested and beheaded hundreds of intellectuals and politicians. A total of 1.5 million Armenians were killed during the First World War. But that was not the first assault. Armenia was the ancient pass of invaders, the crumb of Ottomanism, the little Soviet republic and the underground nation of the 21st century.
Contemporary pages of Armenian history warn of a genocide planned by the Turkish authorities that began with Sultan Hamid, continued with the Young Turks, and culminated with Kemal Ataturk, the father of modern Turkey. The first aggressions against Armenians occurred from the end of the 19th century, although it is considered that the date of the beginning of the genocidal process was April 24, 1915, when hundreds of Armenian intellectuals and politicians were arrested and beheaded in Constantinople.
Carlos Antaramian in the article ‘Historical Sketch of the Armenian Genocide’ recounts some of the premeditated steps of the extermination plan. Society had been left headless without its legal faction; the male force served the Turkish Army and was exploited to build roads, railways and trenches, to be later annihilated. Women, children and the elderly were at the mercy of the most cruel methods of torture and were the protagonists of the long caravans of deportation to the deserts of Syria and Mesopotamia, where they suffered extreme situations such as starvation, disease, rape and executions.
The genocide was programmed under the aegis of the First World War, which masked the Panturist plan to create a homogeneous state made up of Muslim Turks. There was no place for Armenians, Assyrians, and Greeks in that equation. Thus, the massacres committed by the Turkish government against the Armenian people took the lives of one and a half million civilians.
After the decline of the Ottoman Empire, a curtain covered the tragedy and endorsed the rebirth of Turkey. Those responsible for the Armenian genocide diverted their passage through the courts of justice, paving the way for the triumph of silence until today.
At 106 years old, the Turkish state continues to deny the existence of the Armenian genocide and, in fact, a large part of its ideologists and executors have been exalted in their national narrative as heroes of the homeland. The Turkish determination to change history, even in its textbooks, has provided arguments for other acts against humanity such as the Jewish Holocaust. “Who remembers the extermination of the Armenians today?” Was the phrase that Adolf Hitler uttered before the invasion of Poland in 1939.
The current Turkey led by Recep Tayyip Erdogan is struggling to cover its past with a cloak of legality. Its widely expanded lobby diverts the term “genocide” and replaces it with “war.” A large part of its citizens are unaware of what happened in their territory more than a century ago and whoever begins to question the past of their nation is sanctioned by article 301 of the penal code for degrading the Turkish identity.
More than twenty states have recognized the Armenian genocide, after the first step taken by Uruguay in 1965. However, Armenia still has not turned that page of its past largely due to the lack of international recognition of what happened.
Nagorno Karabakh, the reactivation of the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan
The Caucasian country once again burst onto the global scene as a result of the war in the territory of Nagorno Karabakh. On September 27, 2020, Azerbaijan unleashed a large-scale attack on the line of contact with Nagorno Karabakh (Artsakh, its original name in Armenian) and reactivated an armed conflict that, in theory, had ended with the signing ceasefire in 1994. On this occasion, the Covid-19 pandemic imposed a disorientating scenario in which the countries of the world were focused on finding ways to solve their health crisis.
The origin of the tension began at the beginning of the 20th century, when Soviet leader Joseph Stalin handed over the management of Nagorno Karabakh to Azerbaijan as an autonomous region in 1923. Later years, the independence movement of 1988 demanded the reunification of Nagorno Karabakh with Armenia , although the request was objected by the Soviet government. Both declared their independence from the Soviet Union and immediately, the barriers to the warlike confrontation with Azerbaijan were raised in the 1990s.
Since the end of the war, the Minsk Group of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) began to mediate between two dichotomous positions: the international right to territorial integrity of Azerbaijan and the right to self-determination of the people. of Nagorno Karabakh. Without success in resolving the conflict, the war knocked on the door again in 2020.
Turkey’s explicit support for its allied nation Azerbaijan was not long in coming. Its leaders consolidated a long-standing mutual commitment sealed with the provision of Bayraktar TB2 drones from Turkish industry, special forces units from the Turkish Army and Syrian mercenaries who arrived on the battlefield from Turkey to confront the Armenian Defense Army.
After 44 days of intense military offensives, an agreement signed between Armenia, Azerbaijan and Russia put an end to the attacks. However, the bitter taste of history prevailed in the Armenian people, repeating itself once again. Intentions of ethnic cleansing erupted with the attacks on the civilian population of Nagorno Karabakh; Thousands of Armenian soldiers were killed by Azerbaijani artillery and hundreds of POWs were detained by Azerbaijani troops who, to this day, refuse to return them.
In addition, the occupation of more than 70% of the Karabakh area banished a significant number of inhabitants who now live under refugee status. Just a few months ago, the lines of Armenians expelled from their homes updated the old images of the “death caravans” of 1915.
Marks of ‘Armenophobia’ after the war
According to the statement issued by the Armenian National Council of South America, the hostilities have renewed Turkey’s denial policy and have consolidated the atmosphere for Azerbaijan to make way for the destruction of Armenian cultural heritage in the recently occupied territories. In this way, they try to question the historical existence of Armenians in those lands.
The Panturist aspiration has been reactivated in the region fueled by unbridled hatred and Armenophobia. Its bases have taken deep roots at the state level and political programs are implemented that materialize racism against people of Armenian origin.
On April 12, Azerbaijani President Ihlam Aliyev inaugurated the “Military Trophy Park”, where confiscated equipment, helmets of Armenian soldiers killed in combat and wax mannequins representing them in humiliating situations are exhibited. Families, boys and girls visit the exhibitions, cementing the validity of generations educated in hatred towards the Armenian people. In fact, formal educational institutions are creators of strong racial animosity. As evidence, a viralized video in 2018 reports on indoctrination in a kindergarten in Azerbaijan: “Who is our enemy?”, Asked the teacher. “The Armenians,” the children replied in unison.
The Turkish and Azerbaijani authorities present a pacifist public discourse and absolved of all responsibility, while fueling their aggressive measures against the Armenian population in the present and strengthening their denialist policy around what happened 106 years ago in this region.
Andrei Karlov, ambassador of Russia on Turkey, was shot dead on December 19, 2016 in the Turkish capital, at the opening of an art exhibition
According to Turkish justice, the convicted, in addition to the perpetrator of the shots, were part of the brotherhood of Fethullah Gülen, accused of terrorist for Ankara
Five civilians were sentenced to life imprisonment on Monday in connection with the December 2016 murder of Russian ambassador to Turkey Andrei Karlov. According to the Turkish justice, those sentenced aided the material perpetrator of the murder, Mevlut Mert Altintas, to infiltrate the Turkish police and secret services and then kill the Russian diplomat.
Altintas, who shot Karlov in the back as he inaugurated a art exhibition in Ankara, died in the same action, after being killed by the police. At first, the old-fashioned event was blamed Jabhat al Nusra, organization that is now called Hayat Tahrir al Sham and which was, in 2016, the subsidiary of Al Qaeda In Syria. At that time, in 2016, tensions in Syrian territory were high over the siege of Aleppo and the involvement of the russian aviation on discriminated bombings against civilians.
The Turkish court, however, has not targeted Al Qaeda as the organization behind Karlov’s assassination, but rather the brotherhood of the Turkish Islamist cleric Fethullah Gülen, considered as the leader of a criminal and terrorist group by Turkey. Ankara also names him as the head of the coup attempt in July 2016 – just five months before the assassination of the Russian ambassador. In the attempt 251 civilians died at the hands of the rebel military.
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According to the Turkish court, Gülen himself, living in exile in USA since the 1990s, he was the one who gave the green light to the murder of Karlov. His intention, says the Turkish justice, was to muddy the relations between the Russian and Turkish presidents, Vladimir Putin Y Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
“The sole intention of the attack was to destroy relations between Turkey and Russia. In addition, they also sought to boost the morale of the members of Fetö [el nombre que recibe el grupo de Gülen en Turquía], Y Preparing the terrain for the coup ”, says the Turkish court, which assures that the murder had to occur before the attempt, but that it had to be postponed.
Turkish military drones have been decisive in the victory of the allies of Turkey in the wars of Syria, Libya Y Azerbaijan,
Ukraine is the last country interested in acquiring this military material owned by a company of Erdogan’s son-in-law
On February 27, 2020, 36 Turkish soldiers were killed in northern Syria by a bombardment carried out by forces loyal to Bashar al Asad. Syria, at that time, was in full offensive against the opposition region of Idleb, where the air and land attacks of Assad and his allies, Russia and Iran, then augured a victory for the forces of Damascus and a humanitarian catastrophe. The death of the Turkish military made the president Recep Tayyip Erdogan will react and decide to involve your country fully in the conflict in the neighboring country.
“Is awesome. The people here are very happy, and now we are celebrating in the street. Never before in this war have we felt anything like this, that who they bomb is not us but the others”, Then explained a Syrian civilian of Idleb province.
In just a few days, the Turkish forces completely stopped the Syrian regime’s offensive. Tens of Russian anti-aircraft systems were destroyed, in addition to many others tanks Y artillery pieces of Assad’s forces. A ceasefire was signed in early March and, since then, partly thanks to Turkish intervention and partly because of the covid Yet the Syrian economic crisis- weapons have been silent in the region for an entire year, the longest period of time since the start of the war.
Turkish military success had its secret. A weapon that he had never used before and that proved to be key to battle: one state-of-the-art drones. “Turkey’s effective use of these combat drones is helping to change what a war is. Although the issue is not just about drones. These systems are effective because they use guided missile systems, in addition to systems electronic warfare along with drones. Of course there are measures against this, but not all countries can afford such sophisticated anti-aircraft systems nor do they have sufficiently qualified personnel to operate them ”, he explains. Michael Tanchum, professor at the University of Navarra.
The company that makes these drones – the most famous of which is the Bayraktar TB2– is named Baykar and one of its main directors is Selcuk, the husband of President Erdogan’s daughter. Everything is in the family.
In April 2020, with confidence skyrocketing for the new jewel in the Army’s crown, Turkey decided to send its sophisticated unmanned artillery aircraft to Libya, where the Turkish ally in the war, the government recognized by the UN from Tripoli, was about to lose the capital to an offensive by the rebel commander Khalifa hafter.
The arrival of the new weapon – along with some Turkish soldiers and Syrian mercenaries– changed everything, as in Syria. The attack on Tripoli turned into a counteroffensive against Hafter’s forces, who was forced to sign an armistice that still lasts.
“The Bayraktar give Erdogan an important tool to project the military might of Turkey quickly and cheaply, ”he says Nicholas Heras, analista del ‘think tank’American Newlines Institute. Heras recognizes the power of the Turkish drones, but with nuances: “Erdogan has meticulously chosen where the Bayraktar are sent. To date they have only been used in conflicts in which the Turkish Army was quite convinced that its devices would not be challenged and where, furthermore, their effectiveness could have a detrimental effect. maximum propaganda”.
Let them do the work
Turkish drones also served to tip the balance in favor of Azerbaijan in the Karabakh war last fall. “Their trust in them was so great that many soldiers they complained that they were sent to fight. They thought that their work in the war would consist only of wait for drones to attack and then go and collect the corpses, ”explained an Azeri with contacts within the Army of his country.
Obviously this was not the case, and thousands of Azeri soldiers – including Armenians – died in the war. But Azerbaijan is just as grateful for Turkish drones as it was two weeks ago Selcuk I travel to Baku to meet the Azeri president, Ilham Aliyev. Aliyev decorated Erdogan’s son-in-law with the Karabakh medal of honor, one of the greatest decorations in the Caucasian country.
The Bayraktar will now be able to experience the one that may represent their greatest challenge to date, if the interest of Ukraine for acquiring them. Faced with the deployment of Russian troops on the Ukrainian border, the President of Ukraine, Volodímir Zelenski, visited Erdogan last week.
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The objective was none other than the purchase of the drones. “The Bayraktar could give the Ukrainian Army a tactical defense tool that could weaken an offensive by Russian-backed separatist forces. However, the Russians learned much from the Bayraktar during the recent conflict in the Upper Karabakh, and towards the end of the war, they had led Armenia anti-aircraft defense systems that were already a threat against Turkish drones ”, Heras explains.
Two days after Zelensky’s visit to Ankara, Russia prohibited its tourists go this spring to Turkey on vacation, although they claimed that the reason was the coronavirus. Meanwhile, Russia demanded that Turkey not arm Ukraine.
The meeting on the future of Cyprus proposed by the UN Secretary General, Antonio Guterres, does not include the participation of the European Union, which requested it through the head of its diplomacy, Josep Borrell. Awaiting the UN’s response, a representative of the self-proclaimed Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (RTNC), which is only internationally recognized by Turkey, has declared that “the EU has no place at the discussion table.” The Mediterranean island of Cyprus was occupied by the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century until it came under British administration in 1878, as a gesture of the Sultan for London’s support of Turkey in its war against Russia. Inhabited by a majority of Greek origin, since its independence in 1960, the territory has been the scene of confrontations between the two communities that inhabit it, each with the support of the respective “motherland”, Greece and Turkey, historical and current enemies. . Separate states or binational federation In 1974, a military coup in Greece, which sought to annex the island, received a military invasion in response to the Turkish army that settled in the northern part with more than 30,000 soldiers to, according to the representatives of Ankara, defend the Turkish Cypriot minority. The conflict resulted in an exchange of territories and population and an island divided by a 182-kilometer line. UN Blue Helmets remain deployed between the two parties In 1983, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is proclaimed, only recognized by Ankara, which occupies 38% of the territory. All UN-sponsored reunification attempts have so far failed. The informal meeting called by Guterres from April 27 to 29 in Geneva (Switzerland) will take place at a time when Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has the RTNC not only as a paradigmatic symbol of his expansionist foreign policy, but as a platform and territorial justification of its gas exploration in an area claimed by the Republic of Cyprus – internationally recognized and a member of the EU since 2004 – by Greece, and by Egypt. The UN supports a unified bi-national and bizonal republic, while the Turkish Cypriot side defends the existence of two separate states. The last elections held in the Turkish side – last October 18 – gave the presidency, by a narrow margin, to the pro-Ankara nationalist Ersin Tatar, who receives the political and financial support of Erdogan. Turkish soldiers on the beach of Sophia Loren and Paul Newman Shortly thereafter, the Turkish president paid a visit to a symbolic site of the partition of the island, a fact that was seen as a provocation by Nicosia, the Cypriot capital, Athens and the European Union. Erdogan appeared in the spa town of Varosha, on whose beaches Sofía Loren, Paul Newman and Brigitte Bardot, among others, sunbathed in their day. An area today ghost, which in the 70s was known as the Saint Tropez of the Mediterranean and which for 45 years has remained as its Greek Cypriot inhabitants were forced to abandon it overnight by the Turkish army. Josep Borrell then accused Ankara of stirring up the tension in Cyprus and of flagrant violation of the United Nations agreements. But threats of EU sanctions were buried after the summit in late March, in which European diplomacy preferred to ease tension with Ankara, following skirmishes between Greek, Turkish and French military frigates last fall. The EU thus disappointed Cyprus, but wants to be present at the Geneva negotiations because, according to its foreign relations representative, “regional stability and prosperity in the Eastern Mediterranean are closely linked to a solution to the Cyprus problem.” Borrell also wanted to make it clear that the solution to the dispute cannot depend on third parties, in reference to Turkey. A rhetorical statement since it is clear that Erdogan now has the upper hand when it comes to the position of the RTCN in the negotiations on the future of the island. Cyprus is another stone in the EU’s shoe, in its relationship with Ankara. THE AUTHOR’S OPINION DOES NOT NECESSARILY MATCH THAT OF SPUTNIK
recep tayyip erdogan, cyprus, turkey, signatures, europe
Diplomatic tension between the European Union and Turkey will reappear at the meeting that the UN will hold at the end of the month on the future of Cyprus, where “the last wall of Europe” has divided the Greek and Turkish communities on the island since 1974.
The meeting on the future of Cyprus proposed by the UN Secretary General, Antonio Guterres, does not include the participation of the European Union, which requested it through the head of its diplomacy, Josep Borrell. Waiting for the UN response, a representative of the self-proclaimed Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (RTNC), which is only internationally recognized by Turkey, has declared that “the EU has no place at the discussion table.”
The Mediterranean island of Cyprus was occupied by the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century until it came under British administration in 1878, as a gesture of the Sultan for London’s support of Turkey in its war against Russia. Inhabited by a majority of Greek origin, since its independence in 1960, the territory has been the scene of confrontations between the two communities that inhabit it, each with the support of the respective “motherland”, Greece and Turkey, historical and current enemies.
Separate states or binational federation
In 1974, a military coup in Greece, which sought to annex the island, received a military invasion in response to the Turkish army that settled in the northern part with more than 30,000 soldiers to, according to the representatives of Ankara, defend the Turkish Cypriot minority. The conflict resulted in an exchange of territories and population and an island divided by a 182-kilometer line. UN Blue Helmets remain deployed between the two parties
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June 11, 2020, 12:31 GMT
In 1983, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus was proclaimed, only recognized by Ankara, which occupies 38% of the territory. All UN-sponsored reunification attempts have so far failed. The informal meeting called by Guterres from April 27 to 29 in Geneva (Switzerland) will take place at the time when the Turkish president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, has the RTNC not only as a paradigmatic symbol of its expansionist foreign policy, but also as a platform and territorial justification for its gas exploration in an area claimed by the Republic of Cyprus – internationally recognized and a member of the EU since 2004 – by Greece, and for Egypt.
The UN supports a unified bi-national and bizonal republic, while the Turkish Cypriot side defends the existence of two separate states. The last elections held in the Turkish side – last October 18 – gave the presidency, by a narrow margin, to the pro-Ankara nationalist Ersin Tatar, which receives political and financial support from Erdogan.
Turkish soldiers on the beach by Sofia Loren and Paul Newman
Shortly afterwards, the Turkish president paid a visit to a symbolic place of the partition of the island, a fact that was considered as a provocation on the part of Nicosia, the Cypriot capital, Athens and the European Union. Erdogan appeared in the spa town of Varosha, on whose beaches Sofía Loren, Paul Newman and Brigitte Bardot, among others, sunbathed in their day. An area today ghost, which in the 70s was known as the Saint Tropez of the Mediterranean and which for 45 years has remained as its Greek Cypriot inhabitants were forced to abandon it overnight by the Turkish army.
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Josep Borrell then accused Ankara of stirring up the tension in Cyprus and of flagrant violation of the United Nations agreements. But threats of EU sanctions were buried after the summit in late March, in which European diplomacy preferred to ease tension with Ankara, following skirmishes between Greek, Turkish and French military frigates last fall. The EU thus disappointed Cyprus, but wants to be present at the Geneva negotiations because, according to its foreign relations representative, “regional stability and prosperity in the Eastern Mediterranean are closely linked to a solution to the Cyprus problem.”
Borrell also wanted to make it clear that the solution to the dispute cannot depend on third parties, in reference to Turkey. A rhetorical statement since it is clear that Erdogan now has the upper hand when it comes to the position of the RTCN in the negotiations on the future of the island. Cyprus is another stone in the EU’s shoe, in its relationship with Ankara.
THE AUTHOR’S OPINION DOES NOT NECESSARILY MATCH THAT OF SPUTNIK