Felipe Fernández, an illustrated man in London

Last year, the Sevilla University, in collaboration with the Instituto Cervantes in London, edited one publication titled ‘Routes of Spanish exile in London’. It contained a succinct and well-documented history of those Spaniards who, for political and ideological reasons, were welcomed by England throughout the 19th and 20th centuries.

But what surprise it is the omission of a name in that list of exiles to that country, even more so when it landed there much earlier, even, than all those mentioned in that short guide.

We refer to Jerez Felipe Fernández Argumedo (Jerez, 1741-London, 1815), installed in London twenty years before José María Blanco White himself (Seville, 1775. Liverpool, 1841).

Little has been written about him, if we do not mention the article that I published in the magazine Historia de Jerez, in the one corresponding to the 2008/2009 academic year.

The data exposed at the time have not been replicated, except for some points of his biography that have yet to be fully contrasted, which the researcher Juan Antonio Moreno Arana exposes in his work, dated 2012, ‘Education in Jerez de la Frontera in the century XVIII ‘.

However, in what everyone agrees is in the importance of the figure of this illustrated priest, in the relevant of his work, especially with regard to the teaching Spanish in the Anglo-Saxon world in the early 19th century.

This is evidenced by specialists such as Mar Vilar in ‘Spanish, a second language in the United States (2008)’: “From his success of ‘A New Practical Grammar’ the six London editions attest “.

Estimate that you share Luis Miguel Enciso when in his book ‘Economic Societies in the Century of Enlightenment (2010)’, he deals with Fernández in his involvement in the cultural life of Jerez at the end of the 18th century.

From this period of his life, before leaving Jerez, the Jerez writer and politician, Manuel de Friends, in his study of the Historical-Critical Memory of the Real Sociedad Económica Jerezana de Amigos del País, and of the times before and after its first foundation from 1781 to 1833, published in 1862, states the following: “… he was one of those useful and modest men today relegated to oblivion by the ingratitude of his compatriots. To him, mainly, is due the founding of this Royal Economic Society. “Considered” the soul of the company. “

The Economic Society of Friends of the Country

Felipe Fernández ArgumedoAs stated in the birth certificate of the parish of Santiago, he was born on October 3, 1741.

We know nothing of his childhood and youth, and it is not until 1778 what, according to Moreno Arana, “leave the Dominican habit to pass into the ecclesiastical state of secular “.

In those years is actively involved in the creation of the Royal Patriotic Society of Jerez, but some influential members of the civil and ecclesiastical sectors used compromises to relegate Fernández de la Sociedad.

To this fact will be added the confrontation of positions for the control of the institution and its precarious economic situation, in addition to others of an international scope, such as the French Revolution.

Antonio Cabral describes in a very graphic way the flight of Fernández de Jerez: “the patriots became hateful in Jerez, the houses of these visited by the Inquisition in search of prohibited books, a member of the Society was stoned and, finally, one of the most significant, the priest Fernández, chose calmer waters by exiling himself to London. Meanwhile, from the pulpit, the church inflamed the atmosphere against those “possessed of the spirit of the times.”

Make friends, meanwhile, that places him in London in 1793, although it is possible that it came a few years earlier, he puts it this way: “Liberal Jerez canon, true founder of his Real Sociedad Económica fed up with the political struggles between the ecclesiastical and municipal councils and apparently the ingratitude and ingratitude of his natives one good day “He jumped and did not return.”

Exile in england

In England he would develop all his works, highlighting its didactic works for the teaching of Spanish, books that would have editions in the United States.

Little by little, and with great effort, a niche in London high society, their services being required as Spanish teacher between the young members of the nobility, future leaders of a nation that increasingly expanded its overseas possessions in competition with Spain. Knowledge of Spanish taught by an expert native speaker was in high demand at the time.

He himself recounts, in the prologue of his ‘A New Practical Grammar of the Spanish Language’, his unstable situation of asylee at the beginning and his rapid adaptation “… I arrived in England without any letter of recommendation, and yet although there were a sufficient number of teachers and among them a Spaniard, I was able to easily obtain a sufficient number of disciples, who enabled me to be able to live without disturbing anyone: so that I find myself established in this country, and so sufficiently provided, that I do not miss any of the conveniences that I enjoyed in my homeland ”.

One of the people who helped him on his arrival in the host country was Lord Holland, what years later he would be the protector of Blanco White and other liberal Spaniards fled from Spain.

In the text he writes by way of dedication in his ‘First Dictionary’, published in 1811, is addressed to Lord Henry Richard Fox, Baron of Holland, whom Fernández taught Spanish when he was barely twenty-five years old.

Our countryman did not limit himself to this single aspect, that of teaching, but He also carried out outstanding translation work like the satirical novel, ‘Raselas, Prince of Abisinia’, by Samuel Johnson, which was published in 1813.

On the other hand, it was responsible appreciated and exquisite revised editions of Spanish classics as’ The ingenious hidalgo Don Quijote of La Mancha’, by Cervantes, or ‘Adventures of Gil Blas de Santillana’.

Fernández died in London on August 27, 1815, at the age of 74. He was buried in the chapel of St. Alban, in Wood Street, attached to the Anglican cult, and near his home on Noble Street, in the historic center of the city.

Unfortunately of this religious building, very affected by the German bombings during the Second World War, only its bell tower remains standing, so its tomb would remain under the rubble, as can be seen in the photo taken in the 50s , 20th century.

Recognized in your land?

The Fernández’s personality is well reflected in the sentence in Latin that he used to include in the first pages of his books: I did what I could, may those who are able do better, which translated came to say that of ‘I did what I could, do better than you can’.

Really he dedicated his whole life to culture and teaching. His work proves it. As payment he received the incomprehension of the city that saw him born.

But he never denied his origins, as we see in the text that he included on the covers of his books: “Rev. Don Felipe Fernández AM, a native of Xerez de la Frontera and founder of the Royal Economic Society of the Friends of the Country in that city”. With this he took the revenge against those who had ignored it.

Since 2008, and on the proposal of which this subscribes, a Jerez street bears his name. The label had to include the dates of birth and death, as approved, but this was ignored due to the carelessness of those responsible in carrying out this task. Modest public road near the Fire Station.

In 2009, the Jerez Municipal Library received a donation, for my part, of one of Felipe Fernández’s works, specifically the ‘New Practical Grammar’, edition of 1812


Along with the one that exists in the Provincial Library of Cádiz, which already had a ejemplar de sus ‘Excercises on rules of construction of the Spanish Language’, from 1798, they were the only two public libraries in Andalusia with works by Fernández. The one from Cádiz was donated by José M. Vadillo in 1855.

That same year I prepared a brief semblance for the virtual encyclopedia wikipedia, which can be consulted today.

And after all this, one wonders: For when will a tombstone on the facade of the Municipal Library of Jerez that remembers men like Felipe Fernández ?.

We will continue against the current claiming his work; he, as we have seen, never forgot Jerez. Perhaps the Cervantes Institute in London, currently directed by Ignacio Peyró, can accept the challenge of doing it in the city that received it and provided help. Who knows?.


Hard Brexit threatens to leave Spanish lawyers in London without a license | Legal

There is little more than a month left for the United Kingdom to withdraw from all European institutions, after the end of the transition period. Brexit will begin to be a reality from December 31, 2020 and, at this point, it is not clear if London and Brussels will finally arrive in time to seal a trade agreement that will alleviate the effects of divorce in the different economic sectors, including legal. The outcome of the negotiations will be decisive in defining the situation in which the Spanish lawyers operating in British territory will remain.

Currently, three European directives allow any lawyer qualified in an EU Member State to practice and establish his business permanently on the other side of the English Channel. The interested party only needs to register in the Law Society (the British regulator of legal activities) to obtain a European legal license with which you can advise on all kinds of matters and litigate before the courts of England, Wales and Northern Ireland, except before the Supreme Court. However, as of January, this regulation will automatically cease to apply.

Different scenarios

According to international lawyer Miriam González, there is still room for the parties to articulate some type of transitional regime, “although it is clear that things will not be as they have been before and all lawyers operating in the United Kingdom will have to adapt to a legal framework that will gradually distance itself from the European ”.

León Fernando del Canto, a barrister in London for 20 years, doubts that the Brexit negotiations will go ahead and much more that they include a moratorium on the current professional freedom. From his point of view, it is most likely that, with the entry of the new year, Spanish lawyers will be at the same level as those from other third countries. “Although no one is going to kick them out, they must be enabled under one of the formulas provided by British law if they want to continue working,” he remarks.

In a worst-case scenario, stakeholders would have to start from scratch and basically have three options. The first would be to register as a foreign lawyer (Registered Foreign Lawyer), a category that limits the exercise exclusively to advice on the law of the country of origin.

They could also take a year-long bridging course, in which the basic subjects of English law are studied, and pass an exam to be a trial lawyer (barrister) or not litigant (solicitor). Finally, it would be possible to work in a firm under the supervision of another licensed attorney (paralegal).

Limited impact

González estimates that the impact that a non-consensual break would have would be rather limited among Spanish lawyers residing in Great Britain, taking into account that “the vast majority work in large law firms in the City Londoner and are not really practicing in court, but rather offering business services. In other words, “there are very few who would be forced to enroll as solicitors o barristers”.

A point of view shared by Del Canto, who confirms that there are just over 50 Spaniards who are currently engaged in English law in London and almost all of them have already taken measures to continue operating after Brexit. However, he warns that the British regulator “is very strict” and will carry out controls to verify that “no foreign worker exceeds his functions.” In this sense, he explains, it will no longer be possible to share files with other colleagues from the EU or work for offices with headquarters in a country of the EU bloc. In addition, it will be mandatory to take out a civil liability insurance to cover any compensation for malpractice.

One-off assistance

The experts consulted also coincide in pointing out that, regardless of whether or not there is a commercial agreement in extremis, bureaucratic requirements will be increased for those lawyers who travel to the United Kingdom on time. Specifically, they must apply for a special visa, inform the authorities of the reason for their visit, and go through customs in order to pay the corresponding taxes. “Of course, it will not be so easy to do business here,” Del Canto says.

10,000 jobs at stake

  • Impact. The United Kingdom Bar Association (Law Society) estimates, in a recent report, that a no-deal Brexit would reduce the income of the British legal sector by 3.5 billion pounds (10% compared to 2019) and would put 10,000 jobs at risk direct.
  • Business volume. The UK is the largest exporter of legal services in Europe. According to the Office for National Statistics, the sector contributed 27.9 billion pounds to the British economy last year, equivalent to 1.4% of gross domestic product (GDP).
  • Vulnerability. The Law Society study points out that law firms specializing in technology and intellectual property matters are especially vulnerable to a no-deal Brexit, as British trademarks would no longer be recognized as such in the EU after divorce.
  • The slam of Ireland. Thousands of British lawyers have registered in Ireland to protect their exercise rights in the EU. Specifically, according to the Law Society Gazette, lawyers from England and Wales already represent about 14% of the total number of registered in the Irish bar association. However, the institution clarified at the end of October that it will only grant a license to those professionals who have their headquarters in the republic.


An Argentine is red wine winemaker of the year at the International Wine Challenge in London

This year, as in the last 37 years, the International Wine Challenge, the most rigorous and serious wine competition in the world, with professionals such as Tim Atkin MW, Oz Clarke, Dr. Jamie Goode, Charles Metcalfe, Peter McCombie MW y Helen McGinn, among dozens of Masters of Wine and industry experts.

Argentina surprised again with its wines, reaching 96 points with the Terrazas de los Andes Appeal of Origin Paraje Altamira 2018, Malbec – Cabernet Sauvignon from Bodega Terrazas de los Andes, obtaining the regional trophy: Mendoza Red Blend Thophy and the Argentina Red Wine Trophy.


5.3 million to shine alongside Berlin and London

Good times for lovers of speed. The agglutinated calendar of athletic events was cleared for several months by the damn pandemic. A break that seems to have appreciated the legs of the athletes, perhaps not so much their respective pockets. Cheptegei and Gidey flew in Valencia on the tracks of the old river bed of the Túria while runners of all conditions did the same in the World Half Marathon in Poland. Only Kipchoge failed, sometime he had to, in the challenge of surpassing himself in London.

Yesterday, in New Delhi, Yalemzerf Yehualaw set the second best time in the women’s half marathon category (1:04:43). His compatriot Amedework Walelegn (58:53) broke the Indian test record. In less than a week, Valencia faces its greatest challenge. It will ensure the safety of the athletes, the organization insists that fans follow the event through the media, and will host a double date. The Valencia Trinidad Alfonso EDP Elite Edition Half Marathon will start at 8 o’clock and 30 minutes later the Filípides distance test will start. The city has experience in double dates, precisely this year it was shedding its parallel 10K in order to continue growing in the premiere of the platinum label of the World Athletics.

The Elite Edition will feature a 5.3 million budget with realistic and therefore disparate targets. The marathon will celebrate its 40th anniversary, in the men’s category the challenge is to enter the top-10 of the fastest dates in 2020, in addition to breaking the records of the event. Alayew (2:03:51) and his compatriot Dereje (2:18:30) are the current brand holders respectively. More than twenty athletes have a record of less than 2 hours 7 minutes.

In half a marathon, the assault on the world record is the goal. The rookie Kipruto or the Ugandan Kiplino are the great candidates. In the female category, Gidey and Teferi aspire to the podium although a great cast will gather at the start with young people of the stature of Yimer and Azemiraw. The national elite aspires to reach the country’s records. In marathon, Ben Daoud is the best credited (2:07:33) and Camilo Santiago also has great feelings. Galimany feels ready to storm the record (2:26:51). Javi Guerra and Méndez are the favorites in the middle.

Birhanu Legese Ethiopia (PB 2:02:48) Sept. 2019
A fine tuning

At 2,400 meters above sea level, in the African Rift Valley it has finalized its set-up for the assault on the best Valencian brand. His last run, together with the Kipchoge and company, at the beginning of the month, was 20 kilometers at a pace of 3 ‘.

Kinde Atanaw Ethiopia (PB 2:03:51) December 2019
Owner of the best Valencian brand

He entered the history of the Valencian marathon in 2019, a record that is threatened by the form of Legese, who holds the third best mark in history in the 42,195 kilometers.

Hamid Ben Daoud Spain (PB 2:07:33) February 2020
An experienced with 24 years

At 24, he is growing by leaps and bounds. He was the second best Spanish in Seville with a time of 2:07:33, in May he crossed the finish line of the Prague marathon and registered the highest Spanish mark in 13 years.

Ruti Aga Ethiopia (PB 2:18:34) January 2019
To reissue the milestone of almost two years ago

He had his best record after winning in Tokyo last year. “Never give up your dreams,” he said on that occasion. In Valencia she hopes to be the fastest.

Birhane Dibaba Ethiopia (PB 2:18:35) February 2020
He flew in Tokyo before the pandemic

Before the pandemic broke out, he posted his best time. It was in Tokyo, last February. In Valencia she aspires to surpass herself once more.

Elena Loyo Spain (PB 2:30:57) December 2019
La alavesa, the fastest in 2019

Marta Galimany aspires to batirl to best national score, but she is not the only athlete who will give a show in Valencia. Loyo from Alava hopes to repeat her sensations.

Rhonex Kipruto Kenya (Debut) December 2020
Train, train and retrain

He touched the sky in Valencia and wants to do it again. He has focused his last months on preparing for a debut in which he hopes to beat Kamworor’s mark.

Jakob Kiplimo Uganda (58:49) October 2020
A 19-year-old world champion

He made his distance debut at the World Cup in Poland last October and was proclaimed champion. He had excess legs so in Valencia he is a candidate for everything.

Javi Guerra Spain (PB 1:01:38) February 2018
Personal brand after great preparation

The Segovian enjoyed the preparation of the Valencian test. The intention of Javi Guerra is to lower the record he achieved in Granollers.

Senbere Teferi Ethiopia (PB 1:05:32) October 0, 2019
The current champion will not have it easy

High level in female category. In addition to Gidey, who is in great form, Teferi will have to compete against Chepkirui (1:07:37) winner of the 10K in Valencia and Prague.

Letesenbet Gidey Ethiopia (Debut) December 2020
Assault on his third WR

After conquering the world records of 15,000 and 5,000 meters, she wants to debut in a half marathon with the intention of being the fastest woman on the planet (1:04:21).

Laura Méndez Spain. (PB 1:12:58) October 2020
The best moment of the local

Laura Méndez now feels the reward for all the work of recent years. At the World Cup in Poland he dazzled and achieved his best mark. A record that she is willing to beat at home to close an unforgettable 2020 for the athlete from Almussafes.


More than 60 arrested in protests against Covid-19 restrictions in London

Saturday, 28 November 2020 – 20:11

Scotland Yard tried to dissuade the convocation beforehand, claiming the prohibition of public gatherings during the new confinement

British police detain protesters in London for skipping quarantine.

  • Coronavirus.

    The first COVID vaccines will arrive in British hospitals in 10 days

  • Unin Europea.

    Fishing quotas get in the way of the Brexit deal

Protests against coronavirus restrictions in London ended up in heavy confrontations with the police and more than 60 detainees for violating the rules of confinement in England. The demonstration kicked off at noon on Saturday at the gates of Kings Cross station and ended up in a pitched battle on Regent Street, where dozens of participants blocked traffic and shouted “shame!” thrown at the police.

Scotland Yard tried to dissuade the convocation beforehand, claiming the prohibition of public gatherings during the new confinement, effective until next Wednesday. With banners reading “No more fascist measures!” or “A future for our children”, the protesters defied the police order without masks and cheering.

The police first intervened on Regent Street, handcuffing several protesters while cutting traffic and responding to the toss of plastic bottles filled with sand. The protesters altered the route on the fly and they gave instructions through Telegram to congregate in Hyde Park, the scene of most of the protests so far.

“We have to be reactive in the midst of these circumstances: protest with everything that makes noise“could be read in a message issued by the StandUPX group, which supported the call together with other groups such as Liberty or Big Brother Watch. The incidents occurred just a week after a wave of protests in several British cities which also resulted in dozens of detainees. On November 5, at the start of the new confinement, there were 190 arrests throughout the country.

The plans of the Government of Boris Johnson, which as of Wednesday implement a strict triple alert system that affects 99% of the population of EnglandThey have reactivated the unrest of the British population and have provoked a political reaction in the hard wing of the Conservative Party.

More than 50 deputies tories They have announced that they will vote against the measures of their Government next Tuesday in Parliament, so Boris Johnson will probably need the support of the Labor opposition to put them into effect. “Caught in their own contradictions and based on dubious scientific evidence, the new restrictions will cause serious damage to our economy, sabotage our freedoms and serve to worsen the health of the nation,” warns a harsh allegation in the pages of The Daily Mail Sir Graham Brady, head of the Conservative parliamentary group, who has decided to break ranks with Boris Johnson. “The fight against Covid is a pica battle in which we must all take responsibility to protect ourselves and others, but that is not this is not the way to respond in a democracy “.

The triple alert system – medium, high and very high – that will be implemented in the coming days leaves almost all of England (except Cornwall and the Isle of Wight) in a “virtual confinement” until next spring, according to the reports. tories rebels. “My fear is that this system it’s going to be like a purgatory with no possible escape“declared Conservative MP William Wragga, head of the Public Administration Committee.

The United Kingdom remains the European country with the most deaths from coronavirus, 58,030 to date and 479 in the last 24 hours. The number of daily infections has dropped to 15,871 and the reproduction number (R) is below 1 for the first time in three months. In spite of the relative improvement in the situation In recent weeks, scientists from the Government Committee (SAGE) consider that the relaxation of the measures for five days at Christmas (December 23 to 27) may give rise to a third wave at the beginning of the year in the United Kingdom. British hospitals will receive the first doses of vaccines in nine days, accessible at the moment for health personnel. The Government hopes to initiate vaccinations of risk groups as of January.

According to the criteria of

The Trust Project

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In London: opened the first vegan butcher shop and sold out the same day – 11/28/2020

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Meatballs, pastrami, blood sausage, burgers, bacon, ham, turkey rolls and sausages. The display of the product list of Rudy’s Vegan Butcher It might look like the same one that is reproduced in many butcher shops in London, in the UK, and around the world. However, this store has a peculiarity for which it has become popular in recent days: it is the first vegan butcher shop which opens in London and was a bestseller on its opening day.

It was no accident that its owners chose November 1 – World Vegan Day – for the opening. This “cruelty free” adventure represents a further step in the trajectory of two partners who have already established themselves as references of the vegan culture in London. The opening of the store came a few years after establishing itself in Camden (one of the most alternative neighborhoods in the British capital), with Rudy’s Diner, a small restaurant that offers vegan versions of classic American food. In it, the entire menu, from burgers to hot dogs, through sandwiches and milkshakes are totally free of ingredients and animal derivatives.

However, they never imagined that the carnage would be so successful. Before 11 in the morning, the time the store opened, there was already a long line on the sidewalk with customers eager to get hold of the products. And, in just five hours, the entire stock of Rudy’s Vegan Butcher was gone.

The success was repeated the next day. And at the end of the second day, Matthew and Ruth, the visible faces behind the success, had new news to celebrate: their Online store he had run out of merchandise.

“We are completely overwhelmed by the love and support we have received from our customers over the last few weeks. This shows that there is a huge appetite for plant-based foods,” they told local media.

The butcher shop stems from the success of Rudy’s Diner, which offers vegan versions of American food.

All products sold in the butcher shop are his own creations, developed by chef and co-owner Matthew Foster who has extensive experience in kitchens around the world. Five-star establishments and royalty are part of Foster’s journey. Meat, however, has not been a part of his menu for several years and this resulted in him veganizing his favorite foods – through trials, trials, and finally through his own version of plant-based foods.

The butcher shop is located in Islington, north of the British city of London, and will be the first permanent headquarters in the country. However, it will offer its products through its website.


Mexican actress presents play at the Actors Center in London

The Actors Centre, located in Covent Garden – one of the main districts in London, known for its tourist offer – is a theatrical space in which, in addition to the actor training through master classes and workshops, the proposals of emerging artists so that they can create and present their work.

As part of your On Demand programming, the Latin American Conference organized by Untold Collectiv. In this the Mexican actress and playwright Splash Morales with the work Failing at ADDulthood, in which – he tells in an interview – he seeks to give a vision, based on his own experience, about how it is living with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

“I was diagnosed when I was 15 years old and I think from then on I wanted to know more about what it meant and how it affected my life. I’ve always liked interpreting and writing stories that I feel related to ”.

Failing at ADDulthood began as a search to better understand his diagnosis and was in the theatrical comedy where he found “a more cathartic way of writing” about this disorder: “When you have ADHD, if you take things very seriously, you’re not going to have such a good time, then I think somehow or another it had to be a comedy” .

The work is divided into five scenes and intertwined with poetry aloud. The story focuses on the way in which Splash has lived his disorder since his diagnosis and the process of living with his mother, who also lives with ADHD.

Living with ADHD has emphasized her more creative side, which has exploded in her acting career, but it has also given her moments that she has had to deal with, such as rejection on a professional level.

“Many people with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder tend to be very creative and very empathetic people. I think that empathy is a very necessary virtue if you want to be a creative person, because you have to put yourself in the shoes of other people and be an observant person who understands what they are talking about ”.

“On the creative side, I think (ADHD) has given me an advantage, but I have also had moments to resolve, especially in the way that people with ADHD deal with rejection and obviously in acting and writing it will have many rejections. That has been the biggest challenge: being able to deal with the rejection without wanting to throw in the towel ”.

In addition to issues that have to do with neurodiversidad, Splash Morales also seeks to talk about feminism through his plays. One of his first jobs – out of college – was at collaboration with five actresses who wanted to do a play about the lives of sex workers in the UK and its difficulties.

“It was called Red Light. What we wanted was for there to be a middle ground between demonizing sex work and glamorizing it; we had to do a lot of research ”.

“We wanted to portray them from our personality, so the characters were called the same as us with stories that could give us different perspectives of sex workers. In my case, for example, she was a sex worker who migrated to the United Kingdom, which meant a double difficulty for her because if she was criminalized in some way she could also be deported ”.

Season of Failing at ADDulthood ends this November 29. To acquire the entrance ticket and see this theatrical comedy you can enter this link.



The Museum of London collects dreams and nightmares during the pandemic

The disturbance of sleep patterns is an apparently common experience during the pandemic and the reason for an innovative project by the Museum of london, which since this Thursday collects testimonies of dreams and nightmares lived by citizens in the lockdown.

As part of your broader initiative Collecting COVID and in collaboration with the Museum of Dreams of the Western University of Canada, the London entity asks until January 15 for volunteers who want to reveal the nocturnal adventures of their subconscious, has reported in a release.

Those selected will participate in February in the virtual event “Guardians of the Dream” (in reference to the concept coined by Sigmund Freud), in which they will tell the dream of several psychologists attached to the Canadian center, whose “Museum of Dreams“is dedicated to studying” the economic and political significance “of the dream life.

More vivid dreams than normal, disconcerting nightmares, insomnia or tiredness when waking up are frequent experiences after the arrival of the coronavirus, according to a study carried out in June by the University Kings College London with the demoscópica Ipsos MORI, which has partly inspired the museum project.

The idea that the Museum of london is that the anxiety, stress or worry that the pandemic supposes for many people in a waking state may also have channeled into dreams that, in themselves, will offer unpublished testimony on what was experienced in this year 2020, he points out in his note.

“Collecting the dreams of Londoners as told by themselves will not only document a key common experience in the pandemic, but it will also extend the definition of what a museum piece is “, stated the digital curator, Foteini Aravani, who observes that until now dream experiences used to be recorded through works of art.

The testimonies collected through interviews by Zoom at the February appointment they will be evaluated to form part of the permanent collection of the London museum, which sees them “as oral histories” that will provide “a personal and emotional narrative” of current events for future generations.

In their study, based on 2,254 interviews conducted between May 20 and 22, Kings College e Ipsos MORI found that 63% of Britons had experienced sleep disturbances of various kinds since confinement in the United States was decreed on 23 March. United Kingdom.

50% of those interviewed, aged 16 to 75, said they sleep worse -62% in the case of those who faced financial difficulties-, 39% said they sleep less (especially young people) and 29% said they sleep more hours but feeling more tired, compared to 24% who stated that they sleep better.

38% said they had more vivid dreams than normal, which increased among older women and among people who considered the stressful pandemic.

When the Museum of london When your project is finished, you will know not only how they have slept but also what Londoners have dreamed of during the pandemic, when confinement has forced them to cultivate their inner life, inside their home and their own minds.


Hospitality may reopen with restrictions in London after lockdown

London, Nov 26 (EFE) .- London will be subject to a “high risk” level of restrictions – the second of a scale of three – as of December 2, when the current lockdown expires, which implies that locals of hospitality will be able to welcome clients again, as confirmed this Thursday by the British Minister of Health, Matt Hancock.

In a statement to the House of Commons (lower), Hancock revealed which areas of the country will be subject to the standards designated at each of these three levels – medium, high and very high risk – from next week, when the term ends. almost total confinement imposed by the Executive last day 5.

Hancock remarked that the confinement “has successfully lowered the curve (of infections) and has begun to relax the pressure on the health system (NHS).”

“Cases are down 19% in one week and daily hospital admissions have dropped 7% in the last week,” he said.

Minister “Tory” noted that “January and February are always difficult months for the NHS, so it is vital to safeguard the gains that have been made.”

The British capital will return to a system of “tougher” rules than those imposed before confinement: indoor encounters in different homes are prohibited; the maximum of six people is maintained for outdoor meetings and the closing time of pubs and restaurants -now closed except for home delivery- is set at 23.00 GMT.

Within this “level 2”, establishments may only serve alcoholic beverages if they are accompanied by a “substantial meal” and a “limited” return of spectators to sports stadiums and live shows will be allowed. At that level, the maximum number of people who can enter the sports venues will be 2,000, while at level 3 there may be no one and at the first level, up to 4,000 people will be allowed.

Non-essential venues such as hairdressers and other personal care shops may also reopen in London.

The city of Liverpool (northern England) will take advantage of this second level of risk from next Wednesday, which before confinement was already subject to the maximum restrictions.


At the highest level of alert, considered very high risk, will be, among others Manchester, Newcastle, Birmingham, Kent or Bristol, which will be prohibited from meeting both indoors and outdoors, in private premises or gardens.

At the less severe level, medium alert, only the Isle of Wight, the English South West, Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly have been included. Hancock also indicated that the announced measures will be reviewed “within a fortnight and will be subject to regular review”.

The assignment of each area to one of these three levels of restriction has been taken based on the recommendations given by the country’s health authorities, taking into account factors such as the case detection rate in all age groups in each area and , in particular, in those over 60 years of age.

Another valued element has been the speed with which the rate of infection cases rises as well as the pressure faced by the public health system (NHS). EFE

prc / er / msr


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