Biden’s Presidency and Economy Boost Turkey-Saudi Arabia Rapprochement | Voice of America

ISTANBUL, TURKEY – Turkey’s relations with Saudi Arabia appear to be thawing after years of regional rivalry, and leaders of both countries have pledged to improve bilateral ties. Analysts suggest that the factors leading to improved ties could be economic issues, as well as the incoming presidency of Joe Biden.

“President [Recep Tayyip] Erdoğan and King Salman [bin Abdulaziz​] they agreed to keep the channels of dialogue open to improve bilateral relations and overcome problems, “said a statement from the Turkish presidency after the two leaders spoke by phone in early November.

The two leaders’ conversation was followed by similar warm remarks from the Turkish and Saudi Arabian foreign ministers who met in Niger on the sidelines of a meeting of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation.

“A strong partnership between Turkey and Saudi Arabia will be beneficial not only for our countries, but for the entire region,” Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu tweeted.

Erdogan and Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman have been bitter rivals in the past, frequently exchanging outright angry statements as they pursue regional dominance.

Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman in a March 2020 photo.

“Saudi Arabia, and MBS [Mohammed Bin Salman] in particular, he tries to be the leader of the Arab world, “said international relations professor Huseyin Bagci of the Middle East Technical University in Ankara.

“Saudi Arabia is a close ally of the United States, and Donald Trump left them unconditionally free. Turkey was also trying to be the leader of the Arabs and the Islamic world, which Saudi Arabia opposed,” Bagci said.

Observers blame this bilateral rivalry for exacerbating conflicts in the Middle East and North Africa. But Biden’s apparent electoral victory over Trump is forcing the Turks and Saudis to reevaluate.

“One of the impulses [del acercamiento entre Arabia Saudita y Turquía] It is the arrival of Joe Biden, “said former Turkish ambassador to Qatar, Mithat Rende, now a regional energy analyst.” The Saudis should be prepared for a different treatment by the Biden administration, so they, and also the Turks, arrived to understand that this worsening of relations, this crisis in bilateral relations is not sustainable. “

Analysts also cite economic factors driving Turkey’s rapprochement with Riyadh. “Turkey has dire economic conditions right now, and Saudi Arabia has always been a breath of life for Turkey,” Bagci said.

“In the past, they invested and brought money into the country, so Turkey will probably also try to renew relations and make some concessions,” he added.

Riyadh is reported to have imposed an unofficial trade embargo on Turkish goods. Turkey’s Assembly of Exporters said exports to Saudi Arabia fell 16% through October this year to $ 2.23 trillion.

But Ankara seems optimistic about a breakthrough.

“We look forward to concrete steps to resolve the problems in our trade and economic relations,” Turkey’s Trade Minister Ruhsar Pekcan was quoted as saying by the newspaper. Sabah. “Our partners told us that there was no formal decision on some exceptional issues.”

Dynamic change

In a possible gesture to Riyadh, analysts suggest that Ankara is tempering its rhetoric on the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi.

Khashoggi’s assassination inside the Istanbul consulate of Saudi Arabia in 2018 saw Erdogan take a leading role in the international condemnation of Riyadh for the murder, which was widely attributed to prominent members of the Saudi regime.

An Istanbul court is trying Saudi officials in absentia for Khashoggi’s murder.

Ankara had drawn publicity to the case, until now.

Last week’s hearing generated no comment from Erdogan or any of his party’s top officials, and the case was postponed until March.

“Turkey has stopped making this an international problem,” observed Emre Caliskan of Britain’s Oxford University. “It seems that Erdogan has toned down on the Khashoggi case; this would also be an indication that Erdogan wants to have a better relationship with Riyadh.”

Saudi court renders verdicts in Khashoggi’s murder

Journalist Jamal Khashoggi was assassinated in late 2018 inside the Saudi consulate in Turkey.

However, Ankara’s support for the Muslim Brotherhood remains a major obstacle to any restoration of Turkish-Saudi ties.

“Turkey has supported the Arab Spring and the Saudis were not happy about it. The support of the Ikhwan movement [Hermandad Musulmana]In particular, it was viewed by Saudi Arabia, Egypt and other Gulf kingdoms as a threat to their rulers and systems, “Rende said.

Riyadh views the Muslim Brotherhood as a terrorist organization, a designation Ankara strongly rejects.

“I do not think that Erdogan will break his position on the Muslim Brotherhood at least in the near future because this support has a direct impact on Turkey’s policy in Libya, Syria and Qatar“Caliskan said.

History and pragmatism will be central to any approach, predicts Caliskan.

“We must not forget that these two countries had a very good relationship before the Arab Spring. Turkey and Saudi Arabia must learn to work together with their different agendas and baggage. But when it comes to pragmatism, Erdogan is the champion of pragmatism; me I am confident that Erdogan would establish a dialogue with the Saudi leadership and vice versa, “concluded Caliskan.

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OPEC + has yet to forge consensus on oil policy by 2021: sources

FILE PHOTO: The OPEC logo before an informal meeting between members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in Algiers, Algeria. September 27, 2016. REUTERS / Ramzi Boudina

LONDON, Nov 29 (Reuters) – OPEC and its allies, led by Russia, have yet to reach consensus on oil production policy for 2021, following an initial round of talks on Sunday and ahead of the decisive meetings of the Monday and Tuesday, four OPEC + sources told Reuters.

OPEC +, a grouping made up of members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), plus Russia and others, planned to moderate production cuts starting in January 2021, but a second wave of coronavirus has reduced the demand for fuel around the world.

OPEC + is now considering extending existing cuts of 7.7 million barrels per day, or around 8% of global demand, in the first months of 2021, according to sources.

Preliminary consultations on Sunday among top ministers, including OPEC leader Saudi Arabia and Russia, have not reached a consensus on the length of the extension.

Sources have said talks were now focused on extending the cuts from three to four months, or a gradual increase in production. Ideas for deeper cuts or a six-month renewal were much less likely, according to sources.

“There is no consensus yet,” said one of the four sources.

A second source said: “There are many different ideas on the table (…) also a gradual increase (of production).”

The main meeting was expected to start at 1300 GMT on Monday.

Reporting by Rania El Gamal in Dubai, Alex Lawler and Ahmad Ghaddar in London and Olesya Astakhova and Vladimir Soldatkin in Moscow; Edited in Spanish by Javier López de Lérida

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Ansarolá to Riyadh: London cannot protect you from Yemeni retaliation

Ansarolá rules out that the alleged deployment of British troops in Saudi Arabia could protect this regime against retaliatory attacks from Yemen.

“The deployment of UK forces in Saudi Arabia does not change anything”said Muhamad al-Bujaiti, a member of the Political Council of the Yemeni popular movement Ansarolá, in an interview with the Qatari network Al Jazeera, published on Saturday.

Al-Bujaiti made such a comment in reaction to a report published on Friday by the British newspaper. The Independent which reveals that the British Ministry of Defense, without notifying Parliament or the public, deployed soldiers from the 16th Royal Artillery Regiment on the territory of Saudi Arabia to provide support in the protection of oil fields from aircraft attacks unmanned (drones) from Yemen.

In fact, London and the Saudi Ministry of Defense and other international partners studied how to strengthen the defense of Riyadh’s economic infrastructure, after the oil facilities of the Saudi company Aramco were the target of an attack, with 10 Yemeni drones, on September 14, 2019, the report states.

For Al-Bujaiti, the United Kingdom, together with the United States, are basically members of the aggressor ‘coalition’, led by the Arab kingdom, against Yemen, which has plunged this country into a catastrophic humanitarian situation, leaving hundreds of thousands of dead and wounded.

Faced with this situation, Yemeni troops have promised to reinforce their military might and launched several attacks, with drones and domestically made missiles, against various Saudi targets, including its airports, bases and oil areas.

In this regard, the Yemeni official alerted the attackers to the continuation of retaliatory attacks by the Yemeni Army and Ansarolá. “All facilities [de los enemigos] they have become a legitimate target of the attacks, “he added.

For his part, the spokesman for the Yemeni popular movement Ansarolá, Mohamad Abdel Salam, warned, through a message on Twitter, that “Neither American and British weapons, nor any other force are capable of providing an umbrella to protect the aggressor Saudi regime”.

Abdel Salam emphasized that Riyadh will regain its security once it ends its bombing and blockade campaign against the poorest country in the Arab world.

tqi / anz / fmk / mkh

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The crisis created by the COVID-19 pandemic dominates the G20 summit

Dubai, United Arab EmiratesThe Group of 20 The world’s leading economies began a summit dominated by the theme of pandemic of the coronavirus, so much so that instead of being a physical meeting it was virtual.

The pandemic, which has killed more than 1.37 million people around the world, offers the G20 the opportunity to demonstrate how such groups can facilitate international cooperation to face crises of this magnitude., although it also reveals its shortcomings

“We have the duty to meet this challenge together during this summit and offer a strong message of hope and tranquility,” said in his opening speech on rey Salman from Saudi Arabia, the country that is the host of the event and that this year assumed the presidency of the G20.

Together, the G20 member countries represent 85% of world economic production and three-quarters of international trade.

The summit has the participation of the largest and most industrialized countries in the world, such as the United States, China, India, Turkey, France, Great Britain and Brazil. President Donald Trump He is one of the leaders who will participate in the virtual sessions, closed to the public, which will take place between Saturday and Sunday.

The COVID-19 pandemic has been an unprecedented crisis that has affected the world in a short span of time, causing global social and economic losses”Declared the Saudi monarch, who convened an emergency meeting of the G20 in March, at a time when the virus was spreading alarmingly around the world.

At that time, the death toll from the virus reached 22,000 and the G20 promised to share information about the disease, materials needed to combat it and clinical and epidemiological studies, and strengthen their health systems. They also promised to cooperate in the search for a vaccine.

While cooperation on disease study and trial design has been fulfilled, individual G20 countries have preferred to accumulate their own stocks of potential vaccines.

King Salman called on the G20 member countries to support developing countries, clarifying that Saudi Arabia is preparing to inject more than 11 trillion dollars into the global economy this year, in order to help small businesses and populations more needy.

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Write for Rights: An opportunity for governments to defend a sense of humanity

Amnesty International today launches the world’s largest human rights campaign, Write for Rights, in which it calls on governments to rectify injustices against people who are detained or persecuted in countries around the globe, and to lead by example to build a fairer post-COVID-19 world.

“As devastating as it has been, the COVID-19 pandemic has also brought out the best in people. We have witnessed countless acts of compassion and solidarity as people come together in their communities to help those who need it most. Unfortunately, many governments have gone the wrong way, arresting and persecuting human rights defenders, ”said Julie Verhaar, Acting Secretary General of Amnesty International.

“We are at a crossroads: we can choose to build a future that has goodness, solidarity, tolerance and human rights at its core. Governments must seize this moment to demonstrate that they can rectify injustices by releasing prisoners of conscience, ending the persecution of human rights defenders, and respecting and protecting the right of all people to freedom of expression. . “

Write for Rights: The World’s Largest Human Rights Campaign

Every December, people around the world write millions of letters, emails, tweets, Facebook messages and postcards on behalf of others whose human rights are under attack, in what has become the largest rights event humans of the world. The ten cases selected for Write for Rights 2020 refer to private individuals and human rights defenders from Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Burundi, Chile, Colombia, Malta, Myanmar, Pakistan, South Africa and Turkey.

Gustavo Gatica is a psychology student in Santiago, Chile. On November 8, 2019, he attended a protest against rising inequality, part of a series of mass demonstrations that made headlines around the world for his inspiring example of popular power. The police violently suppressed this protest, and repeatedly fired at protesters with rubber-coated pellets.

Gustavo was hit in both eyes and left permanently blind. Amnesty International is calling for a full investigation into the events that led to Gustavo’s injuries, and for the commanding officers to be held to account.

In Malta, three teenagers from Côte d’Ivoire and Guinea are incarcerated awaiting trial on unfounded terrorism charges after acting as interpreters for the captain and crew of a Maltese tanker that rescued them – themselves and more than 100 others. migrants – from their sinking inflatable boat.

Initially, the captain wanted to take the 114 people, including 20 women and at least 15 children, back in Garabulli, Libya, where they would have been in danger of suffering abuses such as detention under inhumane conditions, extortion and torture.However, after discussing it with the migrants, the captain and crew agreed to take them to Malta.

But when they got there, the three teenagers, who had acted as interpreters, were arrested for allegedly hijacking the ship and for forcing the captain to take them to Malta. They are now charged with very serious crimes that could carry life sentences, simply for refusing to be illegally returned to a place of torture. Amnesty International demands justice for “the three from El Hiblu” and calls for the charges against the young men (now 21, 18 and 16 years old) to be dropped.

Other cases include the following:

  • Germain Rukuki, Burundian human rights defender and prisoner of conscience serving a 32-year prison sentence. He was found guilty because of his human rights work. Amnesty International is calling for his immediate and unconditional release.
  • Jani Silva, an environmental defender who represents hundreds of peasant people in the Putumayo region, Colombia, constantly threatened by illegal groups, the army, drug traffickers and multinational companies. In Colombia, human rights defenders face numerous acts of persecution, repression, threats, criminalization, and even homicides. Amnesty International is calling for the protection of Jani Silva and others who, like her, defend human rights.
  • The METU LGBTI Solidarity Group, whose members they face a prison sentence for exercising their rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly in Turkey. LGBTI students at the Middle East Technical University (METU) in Ankara have been organizing an annual Pride march on campus without restriction for years. In 2019, the peaceful event was dissolved by the police. Students and a teacher were arrested and beaten, and the case is now in court. Amnesty International is calling for all those accused to be acquitted, for the excessive use of force by the police to be investigated, and for students to be free to hold peaceful marches on campus.
  • Idris Khattak of Pakistan, an enforced disappearance researcher for Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, was – in a cruel twist of fate – enforced disappearance himself on November 13, 2019, and can now be charged with espionage. Amnesty International calls for his immediate release.

Campaign successes

As seen in previous years, letter writing can really make a difference for people whose cases are featured in Write for Rights, and it often offers tremendous emotional support and encouragement to these individuals and their families.

Nigerian teenager Moses Akatugba was arrested and sentenced to death when he was 15 years old, after being accused of stealing three phones. In 2019 he was released after 800,000 Amnesty International supporters showed their support.

“They sentenced me to death because the police claimed that I had stolen three phones,” says Moses. “But now I am free, because people like you wrote letters to support me. After eight years in jail, and 800,000 letters from Amnesty International supporters around the world, I was released. Those letters kept me spirited. Today I am alive thanks to them. Your letters can save a life. “

In July 2020, the death sentence of a South Sudanese was overturned, thanks in part to Write for Rights. According to his court testimony, Magai Matiop Ngong fired his father’s gun at the ground as a warning to his cousin, who was trying to stop him from fighting another boy in their neighborhood. The bullet ricocheted and hit his cousin, who later died in hospital. Magai, then 15 years old, was tried for murder without a lawyer. He was found guilty and sentenced to death.

Our research shows that the death penalty is used disproportionately against poor and disadvantaged people. According to international law, and the laws of South Sudan, sentencing a child to death is illegal.

More than 765,000 people took action and wrote to the government of South Sudan to express their solidarity with Magai. The South Sudan Court of Appeal eventually overturned Magai’s death sentence because he was a child at the time of the crime, and sent his case back to the High Court for a proper sentence..

“The power of individual actions to save lives and hold governments to account should never be underestimated. Year after year, we see the enormous impact that something as simple as writing a letter or an email can have, ”said Julie Verhaar.

“Write for Rights is about people who help others, and this way of expressing our shared humanity has never been more important and relevant. Governments must respond to this widespread desire for change by administering justice to those whose human rights are under attack. ”

Additional information

Write for Rights mobilizes hundreds of thousands of people around the world to, through action, change the lives of people at risk. Last year, more than six and a half million actions were taken – an annual increase for the eighteenth year in a row. The Yasaman Aryani case, in Iran, alone, received more than a million shares.

The Write for Rights campaign will run from November 20 to December 31, 2020.

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Johnson and Von der Leyen agree to “redouble efforts” toward a post-Brexit deal

The British Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, and the president of the European Commission (EC), Ursula von der Leyen, they agreed ‘Redouble efforts’ towards a post-Brexit deal in a telephone conversation held this Saturday, a British government spokesman said.

The source noted that during the call, planned to Taking stock of the negotiationsJohnson noted that, while progress has been made, “significant differences persist in several areas” of common concern, including competition and fisheries.

The two leaders agreed that their respective teams will continue negotiations next Monday in London in order to “Redouble efforts to reach an agreement”, which would enter into force at the end, on December 31, of the post-Brexit transition period, which was formally executed on January 31.

For their part, Johnson and Von der Leyen “will remain in contact,” the spokesman said. If they fail to negotiate a bilateral pact, as of January 1, 2021, the United Kingdom and the European Union (EU) will start trading based on the generic, less beneficial regulations of the World Trade Organization (WTO).

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▷ Meghan Markle’s vote in the US elections

Meghan Markle’s vote in the US elections.
OKDIARY

05/11/202019:07

In these last American electionss  Meghan Markle has been encouraged to vote in its public comments. ‘Page Six’ has been confirmed by sources close to the Sussex that the Duchess voted days before by post, and they go further by adding that she would also have exercised her right as an American citizen if she continued to live in the United Kingdom.

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▷ The new virtual BlizzCon will be free for everyone: Blizzard says goodbye to the classic ticket in this edition

BlizzConline will be the event to learn more about Overwatch 2, Diablo 4, and other games.

Blizzard It has been holding a face-to-face event for 15 years where it announces news for its video games, and where fans can meet to participate in all kinds of activities related to their favorite titles. As we already knew, the 2020 pandemic has caused this BlizzCon to become “BlizzConline“an exclusively digital edition destined to maintain tradition from a safer perspective. And with this new format, they also arrive monetization changes.

In a video reviewing Blizzard-related news, products and services, President J. Allen Brack announces that BlizzConline, dated to February 19 and 20, will be free for all viewers. This is, in part, a first for the event: although the opening ceremony has always been free to watch, the rest of the tournaments, contests and collectibles were part of a virtual ticket of 40 dollars / euros.

In spite of everything, a good part of the activities which WoW parents are accustomed to, including competitions, cosplay contests or the fun march of the murlocs, where fans interpret these tribal fish with greater or lesser visual fidelity. Of course, we will also have ads.

In this edition, we will have to closely track Overwatch 2 Y Diablo IV, among other novelties. The former will add campaign heroes and PvE content to Blizzard’s cooperative shooter, while the latter will take a more sinister and traditional approach to the loot progression-based RPG series. Neither has a release date for now.

More about: Blizzard, BlizzConline, BlizzCon 2020, Diablo IV Y Overwatch 2.

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The luxury of the Cullinan in the desert

Luxury in vehicles may seem to us to be linked to urban places, since it is where most you can show or admire an exclusive vehicle, But it does not have to be like that. Indeed, today we are going to show you a different case.

Rolls-Royce, It is the moon of the luxury brands most linked to the exclusive and has always manufactured stately cars, of which great famous personalities have been downloaded. But times have changed, and now that the British brand already manufactures SUV’s, you have to take advantage of them not only in the city, but also outside of it.

Adventures in any type of terrain can also be carried out aboard a Rolls-Royce Cullinan, that not because it is a precious Rolls-Royce should we leave it at home when an adventure presents itself. The Cullinan is the vehicle that can overcome any obstacle with little effort and anywhere on earth, and for the whole world to see, the British brand shows us a spectacular video.

The Cullinan survives the challenging desert of Saudi Arabia. The dunes and rocky landscapes are not enough of a challenge for the “Sapphire Black Edition”, who discovers new horizons. Supreme freedom, impeccable authority, magical driving and unique sensations. You want to challenge yourself through the dunes with such an “elephant”, Do you agree?

It seems a good option when choosing an SUV of the elegant and expensive, although perhaps in relation to quality-price there are other more desirable options. anyway, Rolls-Royce, money is not usually what can make you decide to buy.

Adrián Osés, Locos Motor.

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Flanders wields a 1666 treaty to fish in British waters even if Brexit fails

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by hatunruna a lavanguardia.com Sent: ____

Charles II of England had a hectic life. A woman he married in two separate ceremonies, no legitimate children, but a minimum of 12 with his lovers, a beheaded father, and himself spending nine years in exile before taking the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland after the Cromwell’s death. He spent three of his years in exile in the Flemish city of Bruges and, grateful for their hospitality, in 1666 he awarded them the Privilegie der Visscherie, the privilege of fishermen who gave 50 boats from that city rights …

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