Mexico City. As part of the first meeting of the Free Trade Commission of the Mexico and Canada Agreement (T-MEC) a year after its creation, the Canadian government expressed its concern to the Mexican about the investment climate in sectors such as mining and energy.
Mary Ng, Canada’s Minister of Small Business, Export Promotion and International Trade, emphasized to Tatiana Clouthier, Mexico’s Secretary of the Economy, the need to quickly resolve these problems.
The foregoing, with the aim of guaranteeing economic security, and that of workers in those industries, Canada said in a statement.
According to the report, both officials discussed the importance of trilateral free trade to strengthen North America’s competitiveness and advance the implementation of the T-MEC.
They also highlighted the growing economic relationship between Canada and Mexico, and their shared interest in inclusive trade that benefits small businesses, women, indigenous peoples, and underrepresented groups in both countries.
Minister Ng reaffirmed Canada’s commitment to working closely with Mexico to address trade and investment issues, including rules of origin for the auto industry, and to support Mexico’s historic efforts on labor reform.
[Tokyo 14th Reuters]–The inoculation rate of the new coronavirus vaccine divides the light and dark of each country’s currency. Amid rising expectations for early economic normalization, interest rates are rising and the currency is rising against the dollar, conscious of the exit of monetary easing. On the other hand, there are many views that the yen will continue to depreciate even with the cross yen against the Japanese yen, which has been delayed in vaccination and is far from tightening monetary policy.
The pound sterling has been boosted by the spread of vaccines. It has been close to 3% against the dollar since the beginning of the year, up about 20% from the low in March last year.
As of 14th, 53.4% of the population in the UK has already completed at least the first vaccination and 27.6% have completed the second, according to data compiled by Reuters.
The UK has the highest vaccination rate among the seven major countries (G7), and expectations for economic normalization are high. On the 10th, British Prime Minister Johnson announced a policy to take the mitigation of measures to control the spread of corona infection to the next stage in England, where the capital London is located. The ban on indoor business such as restaurants and pubs will be lifted on the 17th.
The Bank of England (Central Bank of England) has decided to reduce the size of its weekly government bond purchases on the 6th of this month. The market is aware of the “exit”, although it says that it will not tighten monetary policy by keeping the policy interest rate at 0.1%, which is the lowest level ever, and maintaining the asset purchase limit. UK 10-year bond interest rates have reached the level for the first time in about two years.
The Canadian dollar showed the resilience of the “US CPI shock.” In April, the US Consumer Price Index (CPI, seasonally adjusted) recorded a significant increase in the comprehensive index, up 4.2% from the previous year, the first significant increase in about 12 and a half years. Amid widespread turmoil in financial markets, the Australian dollar and New Zealand dollar were the first to sell against the US dollar in the currencies of resource-rich countries, which are considered to be high-risk, but the Canadian dollar remained almost flat.
Juntaro Morimoto, an analyst at the Sony Financial HD Gold Market Research Department, said that Canada, which is moving toward tapering (gradual reduction of quantitative easing) ahead of other developed countries, is paying close attention to monetary policy. “The Canadian dollar may have been bought because of the speculation that monetary policy will be tightened as soon as possible,” he said.
The Bank of Canada (Central Bank) decided at a monetary policy meeting in April to reduce the purchase of government bonds. It was the first central bank to slowly lift the monetary easing measures in response to the pandemic of the new coronavirus.
Behind the strength of the Canadian dollar is the high vaccination rate, as in the UK, in addition to the “exit”. As of 14th, 41.5% of the country’s population has completed at least the first vaccination and 3.5% have completed the second, according to Reuters data.
Canada’s 10-year government bond interest rates have been flat since March, but have remained at their highest levels since January 2020, before the Corona disaster.
The yen has fallen about 6% against the dollar since the beginning of the year. The yen has been depreciating against the British pound for the first time in about 3 years and 3 months, and the Canadian dollar has been depreciating for the first time in about 3 years and 4 months, making it one of the weakest major currencies.
The reason is low expectations for economic normalization due to delayed vaccination. According to data compiled by Reuters, the percentage of people who have completed the first vaccination is only 3%, and the second vaccination is only 1.1%, and the business community is worried about the delay in the spread of vaccines. The voice is heard.
Hiroshi Mikitani, chairman of Rakuten Group, said at a press conference on the 13th that he “has a considerable sense of crisis” about the current state of vaccine spread in Japan. In particular, he said that he was “a little frustrated” about the extremely complicated and complicated procedures, and expressed his intention to cooperate with the government in the future.
On the 7th, the government extended the state of emergency to Tokyo and other areas. As infections including mutant strains spread in rural areas, Hokkaido, Okayama, and Hiroshima prefectures were newly added to the target areas of the state of emergency on the 14th.
The Bank of Japan has increased its purchases of government bonds slightly over the past year, but has slowed it since the introduction of Yield Curve Control (YCC) in 2016. Although it has been pointed out that it may be “stealth tapering” in the market, the “exit” of monetary easing is considered to be far away due to the delay in the recovery of the economy and prices, and the 10-year bond interest rate continues to move around 0%. ing.
Mr. Masashi Hashimoto, a senior researcher at the International Monetary Research Institute, analyzed that the global economic cycle and the yen are in an inverse relationship, and now that the yen is in a recovery phase from the corona disaster, “the yen is likely to depreciate.” If vaccines spread around the world and the economy recovers steadily, the yen will depreciate around the cross yen, he said.
Despite the complications generated by this moment of pandemic, the Formula 1 put together a demanding and historic calendar: for the first time 23 races would be run in the same year in the World Championship. However, it seems that 2021 will not be what was expected.
Before completing the first four competitions (three were won by Lewis Hamilton, the tournament leader), the top flight was slapped that the Canadian GP, for the second year in a row, will not take place. The main culprit for this was Covid-19. Although the organizers moved quickly and got Turkey as a replacement, just as it had happened in 2020.
Victory in 2020 was left to Lewis Hamilton.
But again another problem appeared. Turkey presented a high number of cases in recent days and limited the arrival of tourists from the United Kingdom. Those arrivals will have to carry out a forty of 10 days, which Formula 1 ruled out. Everything seems to indicate that the appointment, which should take place on June 13, will not run.
Without time to reschedule, the World Cup will have 22 dates, also exceeding the maximum number of days, which is 21.
Despite the complications generated by this moment of pandemic, the Fformula 1 put together a demanding and historic calendar: for the first time 23 races would be run in the same year in the World Championship. However, it seems that 2021 will not be what was expected.
Before completing the first four competitions (three were won by Lewis Hamilton, the tournament leader), the Máxima received the slap that the Canadian GP, for the second year in a row, will not take place. The great culprit of this was the Covid. Although the organizers moved quickly and got Turkey as a replacement, just as it had happened in 2020.
Victory in 2020 was left to Lewis Hamilton.
But again another but appeared. Turkey presented a high number of cases in recent days and limited the arrival of tourists from the United Kingdom. Those arrivals will have to carry out a forty of 10 days, which Formula 1 ruled out. Everything seems to indicate that the appointment, which should take place on June 13, will not run.
Without time to reschedule, the World Cup will have 22 dates, also exceeding the maximum number of days, which is 21.
[London, 10th Reuters]–A report compiled at the request of British Prime Minister Johnson said that the seven major countries (G7) should invest $ 1 trillion a year by 2030. The government says it should promote the vaccination of the new coronavirus vaccine and aim for an investment-led economic recovery that induces a drastic energy transformation to delay climate change.
Professor Nicholas Stern of the University of London School of Economics, who wrote the report, points out that “the transition to a world with zero greenhouse gas emissions and climate change is a great opportunity for economy, business and commerce.” ..
“At the heart of an economic response to a pandemic is a global co-investment program for recovery, reconstruction and transformation. Physical and human, nature, society, etc. All forms of capital can be raised. “
On top of that, the G7 suggested that over the next 10 years, it should set a common goal of increasing annual investment by 2% of GDP and improving the quality of investment compared to before the pandemic. That’s about $ 1 trillion in additional investment annually over the next decade, he said.
Finally, the cancellation of the Canadian Grand Prix was made official and Istanbul will return to run from June 13 to 15.
For the second year in a row, the Canadian Grand Prix will be absent from the Formula 1 calendar; In 2020 he canceled his race due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the hope of recovering the date for this year at the “Gilles Villeneuve” circuit in Montreal since the public acquiring the tickets kept them for this year.
But for weeks the situation has been complicated by restrictions on entering the country and finally the competition had to be suspended and replaced by Turkey.
The statement states: “Due to current international travel restrictions in Canada, it is impossible for Formula 1 to enter the country without a mandatory 14-day quarantine. We are grateful for all the efforts of the promoter and the authorities of Canada, Quebec and Montreal in the last weeks to try to make the race happen.
“We will work with the promoter to ensure that those with tickets to the 2020 and 2021 races have the option of a refund or transferring their tickets to next year’s race and we look forward to racing in Canada in 2022.”
Likewise, Canada extended its contract with Formula 1 for two more years until 2031; Stefano Domenicali, F1 CEO, said: “While it is disappointing that we cannot be in Canada this season, we are excited to confirm that Turkey will receive a grand prize in 2021 after an incredible race last season.”
“I want to thank the promoter and the Canadian authorities for all their efforts in recent weeks, but the travel situation made our plans impossible,” added the Italian manager.
The Canadian GP, officially canceled due to covid-19
Turkey is once again the ‘wild card’ of Formula 1 guarantees
The North American test has renewed two more years with F1
Formula 1 has officially announced that the 2021 Canadian Grand Prix has been canceled due to logistical complications caused by the coronavirus pandemic and in its place will enter Turkey, which was already a ‘wild card’ of guarantees last year.
The Canadian Grand Prix was to be held from June 11 to 13 at the Gilles Villeneuve circuit, but the restrictions on international travel imposed in the North American country have made it impossible, since a 14-day quarantine is mandatory and the Azerbaijan race is scheduled for June 6.
As a substitute, he will enter on the same dates – from June 11 to 13 – the Grand Prix of Turkey, whose race last year was one of the most spectacular. Istanbul Park was away from Formula 1 for nine years, but in 2020 it was a guarantee date for an extraordinary calendar that was developed in the wake of the pandemic.
“While it is disappointing that we cannot be in Canada this season, we are excited to confirm that Turkey will host a Grand Prix in 2021 after having an incredible race last season. I know all of our fans are excited for the start of the season and Turkey is a great circuit that offers great battles on the track, “said Stefano Domenicali, CEO and President of F1.
“I want to thank the promoter and the authorities of Canada for all their efforts in recent weeks, but the situation made our plans impossible. I also want to thank the promoter and the authorities of Turkey for their continued willingness to host a Formula 1 race, which It shows the great interest in our sport and the hope of many places to have a Grand Prix, “he added.
The good news for Canadian fans is that, as ‘collateral damage’ from its two ‘lost’ Grand Prix in 2020 and 2021, Formula 1 has announced a two-year extension to the event. Those who already purchased a ticket for last year or this year will have the option of requesting a refund or a ticket for next year.
On the other hand, Domenicali assures that they have had “very good conversations with all the other promoters since the beginning of the year”, not in vain the calendar closely follows the evolution of the covid-19 worldwide. In addition, it stresses that they will continue to “work closely with them during this period” in case more changes are necessary.
Despite recent attempts to save the Canadian Grand Prix, it has finally not been possible and Turkey will return to the Formula 1 calendar for the second consecutive season to replace the event that is regularly held in the city of Montreal.
Officially, Formula 1 has confirmed today that the 2021 Canadian Grand Prix will be canceled finally and replaced by the Grand Prix of Turkey, an event that left great sensations last year and that this season will be held between Friday 11 and Sunday 13 June 2021.
Currently, in Canada there are a number of restrictions for absolutely all international travel that force a 14-day mandatory quarantine, one of the main reasons that has made it impossible for Formula 1 for the second year in a row to visit the renowned Montreal circuit.
Together with the leaders of the category, the promoters and the authorities of Canada, Quebec and Montreal in recent weeks they tried to save the race and despite not succeeding, they have been able to extend the stay of the Canadian Grand Prix on the Formula 1 calendar for two more years, extending his contract until 2023.
Turkey arrives on the calendar
On the other hand and after the bad news from Canada, Formula 1 confirmed that Turkey will return to the calendar this season from June 11 to 13, the category had no hesitation in selecting the Istanbul Circuit after an incredible race in 2020 and they are confident that this season will offer us another exciting and dramatic race.
On the part of the fans, the integration of the Turkish Grand Prix into the calendar of the highest category of motorsport has been received with open arms, thanks in large part to the aforementioned spectacle that last season offered us with a freshly paved circuit, a A track that became a skating rink due to the new asphalt and the rain that also gave us a nice surprise at the Istanbul Circuit.
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[Norwich (UK) 26th Reuters]–Coline Lucere, born in Quebec, Canada and known as a “carbon cycle” researcher, was ranked high on the Reuters hotlist. In this list of 1,000 of the world’s most influential environmental scientists, less than one in seven women. Having witnessed sexism in this male-dominated area, Lucere has been persistently struggling.
In March 2020, Mr. Lucere was locked up in his work room. The UK, where she lives, is being locked down due to the spread of the new coronavirus. There were no people on the street, and the world was stopped. In that eerie tranquility, she specializes in climate science and wanted to know. How does this affect carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, and how does it affect the climate change itself caused by humankind?
A colleague called me. There was also an inquiry from a journalist.
“It was very embarrassing not to be able to answer this question,” Lucere recalls. “It’s my field of study, and it’s clear that it’s a natural question, but I didn’t know the answer.”
Although she had a fever at the time (suspected Corona but still unknown), she mobilized a team of 13 scientists from six countries. They sought to understand CO2 emissions under a pandemic (a pandemic of infectious diseases) where economic activity has shrunk and fossil fuel combustion has decreased. The first email I sent was in mid-March. Twenty-five days later, the data was collected and analyzed, and the paper was submitted. It’s a tremendous amount of work in a cautious world of science.
The treatise was published in the English scientific journal “Nature” on May 17th. One day in April, CO2 emissions fell by 17%, reaching the level of 2006, which became the top news in the world. However, according to Ruquere’s updated treatise, published in March 2021, it was down only 7% for the full year of 2020.
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It may have been proved that the effect of the pandemic on the suspension of economic activity is temporary in contrast to the huge and harsh climate change. Lockdown has made it clear that there is a limit to reducing CO2 emissions, which is one of the causes of global warming, only by behavioral changes such as staying at home refraining from driving or traveling.
Mr. Lucere said. “It’s been such a cruel change, but it’s only 17% less. Only one day. You’re kidding?”
Not limited to this treatise, Mr. Lucere’s life was a repetitive process of accepting unexpected things. For example, when I was in college in Canada. If she attended a small school and was in time to apply for the desired faculty, she might have been a PE teacher by now.
After all, she walked the path of a scientist. In the hot list released by Reuters, it is ranked 4th among women and 53rd overall, which is close to the top.
Of the 1,000 scientists on the list, less than one in seven are women. Mr. Lucere has been plagued by trivial or more than just sexism in this male-dominated sector. However, he is persistently struggling. No other scientist is so familiar with the mechanism of the carbon cycle, in which carbon moves between the atmosphere, ocean, and land. She demonstrated that CO2 is reaching unsustainable levels for the future of the planet.
Still, according to Lucere, it was not always easy to be surrounded by white men who were “of a certain age and type and very confident.”
Golan Hanson, Executive Director of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, points out that the proportion of women in science remains very low, especially in physics and mathematics.
For example, female physics professors account for only about 10% of the total in the UK and about 16% in the United States and Germany. Only seven women have won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry and four in Physics. One of them, the legendary Polish female scientist Marie Curie, won the Chemistry Award for the discovery of the radioactive elements polonium and radium 100 years ago and the Physics Award for research on radioactivity.
“We need an exciting role model,” Hanson said. “It helps young people decide which areas to go in the future. In that sense, Curie’s importance cannot be underestimated.”
Lucere, 54, is a modern version of Curie. Having been active in the world of science, she puts her research into policy and serves as an advisor to the leaders of two major European powers. In France, as Chairman of the High Council, he is responsible for overseeing efforts to reduce CO2 emissions and proposing methods for how to get rid of fossil fuels. In the UK, a member of the Climate Change Commission, a plan to reduce emissions to virtually zero by 2050 was adopted by Parliament.
Today, Mr. Lucere travels around the world for work. He has British nationality and has Canadian and French passports. However, in 1984 when she graduated from high school, she was drifting without deciding what she wanted to do. He enrolled in a liberal arts course at a small university near his home in Gatineau, Quebec, a French-speaking country, but was unfocused. As the end of the second year approached, I didn’t know what to do.
“When I was a kid, I used to play sports a lot, so I called the Faculty of Physical Education. I thought,’OK, let’s become a PE teacher,’ but’ the deadline (for application) was yesterday. Come back next year. “
She whimsically called the Department of Physics at the University of Montreal. This is because when I was in high school, physics was my favorite subject.
“Oh, I’m welcome, I’m told that anyone will accept it.”
That was the beginning of my journey as a scientist. He met his vocation in the late 1990s at Princeton University, where he worked as an assistant while raising a daughter with his first husband. He devoted himself to the study of the carbon cycle, which is the physical and biological process of CO2 being ingested and stored in the ocean and land and released into the atmosphere.
Lucere moved from Princeton to Paris, France in 1996 with his family to earn a PhD. The following year, he attended a conference of scientists studying CO2 in the atmosphere of China in Cairns, Australia. Presented the theory of carbon circulation.
Climate scientist Colin Prentice was also present there. He was then responsible for writing the chapter on the carbon cycle in the third assessment report, which was scheduled to be published by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 2001. It was the first time that the IPCC report had a carbon cycle chapter, and it was “very groundbreaking,” Prentice recalls.
Prentice, who ranks 158th on the Reuters hotlist, was familiar with how CO2 is absorbed by plants and stored in the soil. However, he knew little about the interaction with the ocean and was impressed by Mr. Lucere’s announcement.
“And I wanted to get this person into my team,” Prentice said. Lucere didn’t even have a PhD at the time, saying, “Some people were surprised, but it was clear that she was the person she needed and she did a really good job.”
Looking up at the ceiling, Lucere remembered when he was hired by Prentice. She said her specialty was marine science and that the small number of female scientists might have helped her.
“I think Colin (Prentice) was gathering 10 men and was looking for a woman, and there were few oceanographers on the team,” Lucere said. “Colin would say I could do any job, but in reality I was probably looking for a woman and I think I was very lucky to find me.”
When Lucere got his PhD, Prentice persuaded her to work with him at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry in Germany. I considered Mr. Lucere’s gender, but that was not the deciding factor for hiring.
“I wasn’t focusing on the balance between men and women, which is a big issue, of course,” Prentice said. “I was looking for the right person. In fact, I spoke to a number of men, but none were right.”
In 2004, Mr. Lucere was suffering from anxiety about the future. It wasn’t the first time I felt that way. The job went well, but during the four years I worked in Germany, my first marriage went bankrupt.
He moved to Norwich, England and got a job at the University of East Anglia. What I faced there was a new challenge of raising children by myself.
Marianne, now 25, is studying the digital news media business at Cornell University in New York to earn her PhD. He said he learned about sexism directly from his mother.
“I’ve seen my mother struggle a lot personally,” says Marianne. “I’ve seen people come back from meetings and say,’That person is the worst,’ or cry at home.”
Lucere attended an IPCC meeting in Ispra, northern Italy, when he was just beginning his career as a scientist. In the opening session, the chairman will show the authors of each chapter of the report (Rukere remembers that they were all white men) one slide summarizing their findings. I asked.
One of them was a slide that suggested that the skin exposure of women’s swimwear increased as warming progressed. The author joked that climate change proved to be a reality.
“Everyone laughed when he showed me the picture, which made me even more angry,” Lucere recalls the situation at the time. “I waited until it was over, then raised my hand and said that I think this image is totally unsuitable for this occasion.”
There were about 300 men and few women at the venue. No one supported Mr. Lucere.
“I was really angry. I was really, really strong. At the same time, I was very embarrassed,” said Lucere.
However, a middle-aged Caucasian man approached during the break. He said he was an American and said, “Thank you for speaking.” Several more people spoke in the same way. All were men.
“Everyone said the same thing,’Thank you.’ I was so surprised that I almost started to cry. I think I was crying,” recalls Lucere.
Lucere bought a villa a few years ago in a Norfolk village facing the North Sea. At low tide-generated as part of the carbon cycle-the rotten smell from the harbor can also be on your nose.
“This is my place of writing.” Mr. Lucere sat down on a table chair in the cottage yard.
Mr. Lucere is drinking the tea his husband made. In the afternoon, the setting sun is moving west. As expected, the weather was very nice.
Weather forecasts are based on mathematical models that take into account a large amount of information such as atmospheric data, seasonal variations, and the geography and topography of the area. Predicts the probabilities of sunny, cloudy, snowfall, and precipitation, as well as maximum and minimum temperatures.
While the predictions seem easy, Lucere says they actually require very complex calculations. And it’s mostly accurate. There is even a joke often used by weather forecasters, “I’m wrong most of the time, and I wish I could continue working.”
Climate change, on the other hand, makes similar predictions about what will happen years or decades later. Therefore, it is often doubted that it is possible to predict the average temperature of the earth in 2050 even though the forecast of the snowstorm two days ahead may be wrong.
In fact, the two are completely different. Climate change prediction models focus on what is called “energy balance” on a multi-year basis, rather than on daily atmospheric changes. How much sunlight hits the earth, how much energy the earth absorbs and reflects. How does gas or moisture in the atmosphere react by absorbing its energy or reflecting it back into space? How do the proportions of these gases, especially carbon dioxide, change over time as they are added to and removed from the atmosphere?
Predicting a long-term model correctly may be easier than predicting a cold wave next week, Lucere points out. “It’s just a matter of energy balance. It’s essentially simpler than organized chaos-like weather forecasts,” she says, avoiding the afternoon sunshine.
Climate change prediction models have proven to be surprisingly accurate, predicting that global mean temperatures could rise by 1 degree Celsius by 2019, climate scientist Dr. James Hansen. Also includes the famous 1988 announcement by. But many dismiss that the future model of global climate cannot be correct, as weather forecasters can make irrelevant predictions.
“I came here for two days and I knew it wouldn’t rain, so I lightened my luggage,” said Lucere. “But sometimes the weather forecaster makes a mistake, and everyone remembers that mistake, especially if it affects him.”
A few years ago, Lucere gave a lecture entitled “In the Mind of Climate Change Scientists.” In it she admitted that she is no longer trying to convince everyone that climate change is a reality.
I want more people to understand my research-it’s not without that feeling. Of course, I would like you to understand that when you reach out to the general public, people who claim that climate change is a hoax or an exaggeration often respond violently.
“I’m not in conflict with you, I’m not guilty,” Lucere said in a speech. “But I’m not doing anything about climate change and I’m just not going to accept it.” It was.
“I have a lot of data, but I feel very helpless. I can’t save anyone. I rely entirely on you,” he added.
Last spring, when the British lockdown entered its third month, Lucere was in his study. From the lecture to that time, people’s views on climate change have not changed at all. “It’s true that many people don’t believe in climate change, but many do, and that’s enough for me,” Lucere thought.
“If you do the work you need to do, it will eventually work. That’s why I think I have hope,” she says.
Lucere was happy to work on a study to elucidate the relationship between corona damage and CO2 emissions. This is an opportunity to raise public awareness of climate change and encourage governments to take action.
Although the reduction in CO2 emissions was negligible, Lucere found something in common among those who read the study report. The perception is that we must find more ways than buying an electric car or refraining from traveling.
“This curiosity has linked pandemics, pollution and the environment in the minds of many,” Lucere said. “At this moment, if we can provide scientific information on what people want to know, we will be able to make a voice that will have a great impact on the future of the earth.”
On the first of two days of the World Climate Summit, hosted by the United States, President Joe Biden pledged to cut his country’s greenhouse gas emissions “by half” by 2030. China, the largest country polluting the planet, announced a gradual reduction in coal consumption between 2026 and 2030. In Latin America, the president of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, tried to shed his image of a villain in this matter and promised carbon neutrality until 2050.
“The United States is back.” With these words, President Joe Biden ratified this Thursday, April 22, the resumption of his country’s commitments against climate change in the face of the Country Agreement. This contrasts with the actions of the previous Administration, Donald Trump, which withdrew the United States from the international pact on climate change.
Now, Biden has set an ambitious goal: for his country to reach carbon neutrality by 2050. That is, not to emit more carbon dioxide than the atmosphere can process. As a first step to achieve this, it announced efforts to reduce greenhouse gases by between 50 and 52%, compared to 2005 levels, by 2030.
“This is the decade in which we must make decisions that will avoid the worst consequences of the climate crisis,” said the Democratic president from the White House during the first of two days of the virtual climate summit that he presides over and in which 40 participate. countries. Among them the big producers of polluting gases: China, India and Russia.
For its part, the United States is the second most polluting country in the world after China. Between the two nations alone, they produce almost half of all the carbon dioxide on the planet, according to the Global Carbon Atlas.
Against this backdrop, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson applauded Biden’s commitment, noting that it is a “game changer” that “will have a transformative impact on the global fight against climate change.”
Today, President Biden brought together 40 world leaders for the Leaders Summit on Climate and announced an ambitious new goal of cutting U.S. greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2030. pic.twitter.com/8sGGIJw21P
European leaders, including German Chancellor Angela Merkel and European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen, expressed their satisfaction with America’s return to the climate fight.
Meanwhile, French President Emmanuel Macron called Joe Biden’s announcement “historic” and called for speeding up the implementation of the Paris Agreement.
In that sense, he asked to regulate carbon taxation and its costs at a global level. “Taking measures for the climate means regulating and regulating at the international level. If we do not establish a price for carbon, there will be no transition” towards a green economy, said the French president.
China promises to reduce coal consumption between 2026 and 2030
The climate has been one of the points of contention between China and the United States. However, at this summit, President Xi Jinping assured that his nation will begin to gradually reduce coal consumption during the period 2026-2030, as part of its efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions that cause global warming.
China will start to phase down coal consumption over the 2026-2030 period as part of its efforts to reduce climate-warming greenhouse gas emissions, President Xi Jinping told the Climate Leaders’ Summit on Thursday. https://t.co/keuqMogtMp
“We will strictly limit the increase in coal consumption during the fourteenth period of the five-year plan-2021-2025- and we will phase it out in the fifteenth period of the five-year plan-2026-2030- (…) We will strictly control power generation projects with coal, “Xi said via video link.
The Chinese president’s comments imply that his country’s coal consumption, the highest in the world, will peak in 2025 and begin to fall thereafter.
Last year, Xi Jinping claimed that he would push his country’s emissions to a low peak by 2030 and become carbon neutral by 2060.
Canada and Japan increase the quota to reduce CO2 emissions
Canada raised its goal and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau pledged to reduce his country’s emissions between 40 and 45%, below those of 2005, also by 2030, and not the 30% as initially stipulated in the Canada Agreement. Paris.
Also, Japan increased its target. Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga, who visited Biden at the White House this month, pointed to a 46% cut in emissions by 2030, up from 26% he had announced.
Although it does not reach 50%, the minimum percentage that environmentalists ask for, it is a significant step at a time when Japan’s powerful business lobby has promoted national policies that favor the coal industry.
World leaders aim to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, a threshold that scientists say can prevent the worst impacts of climate change. In fact, that is the limit figure that the Paris Agreement is proposing.
It is a goal that according to officials of the current US Government could be achieved with the new objectives of their country added to the improved commitments of Japan and Canada, and those already announced by the European Union and the United Kingdom, the countries They represent more than half of the world economy.
“In my opinion, the importance of this day is that the world came together,” said Biden’s envoy for climate change, John Kerry.
Russia, another of the largest producers of polluting gases and currently in great geopolitical discrepancies, seems instead to be in tune with the majority of powers in the fight against global warming.
President Vladimir Putin assured that his country can introduce preferential conditions for foreign investment in clean energy projects. He also proposed a scientific and global investigation in this matter.
Under pressure, Brazil promises emissions neutrality by 2050
The president of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, tries to move away from the stigma of being a leader unconcerned about climate change and at this meeting he announced the most ambitious environmental goals of his government.
Bolsonaro pointed out that his country would reach carbon neutrality by 2050, following the demands of the United States. He also pledged to double funds for environmental enforcement efforts in an apparent policy shift, as his Administration closely aligned itself with the Donald Trump government, which did not criticize Brazilian environmental policy mired in controversy in recent years, especially after deforestation and tremendous fires in the Amazon.
Bolsonaro Jair Bolsonaro said at today’s climate summit: > Promises to become climate neutral by 2050, anticipating the goal by 10 years > End illegal deforestation by 2030 (note: they previously agreed to end deforestation by 2020)#EarthDay2021#EarthDaypic.twitter.com/IGppWmePBK
Deforestation under his rule skyrocketed, reaching a record with an area destroyed 14 times larger than New York City. The Brazilian president assured last week that he will end illegal deforestation by 2030.
Now diplomatic relations between Washington and Brasilia are under pressure to commit to the environment, promoted by Biden. Nonetheless, environmentalists are skeptical of Bolsonaro’s promises, due to his well-known criticisms of conservation efforts and calls to develop protected indigenous reserves.
“The government makes totally empty promises,” said Marcio Astrini, director of the Brazilian environmental group’s Climate Observatory.
Mayors of the Americas announce gas neutrality commitments by 2040
Meanwhile, and in the only physical event that takes place within the framework of the summit, several mayors from Latin America met in the so-called Summit of the Earth Day of Ibero-America COP26, key in the achievement of the objectives in the region, presented their joint goals on carbon neutrality for 2040.
Local leaders highlighted examples of how increased climate ambition will create high-paying jobs, promote innovative technologies and help vulnerable countries adapt to climate shocks.
They also highlighted how to mobilize financing from the public and private sectors to promote the transition to zero emissions and help less favored cities to cope with the impacts of global warming.
The meeting was attended by the mayors that make up the CC35, Capital Cities of the Americas Facing Climate Change: Felipe Alessandri, from Santiago de Chile, Nasry Asfura, from Tegucigalpa, Ernesto Muyshondt, from San Salvador and Carolina Mejía, from Santo Domingo, accompanied by Global envoy for the Santiago-Glasgow Route, Sebastián Navarro and US Special Envoy for Climate, John Kerry.