Turkey: Turkey on target

Since the signing of the Ankara Agreement in 1963, Turkey It was one of the closest partners of the then European Economic Community. With the signing of the agreement for a Customs Union in 1995 and its consideration as a suitable candidate for accession, it seemed that relations between the Eurasian country and the Union were at their best. Following the rise to power of President Tayyip Erdogan, relations between the Union and Turkey have been deteriorating, until reaching the current situation.

The government of Erdogan, aware of the geostrategic situation in Turkey, has tightened the rope on more than one occasion to exercise pressure on its European neighbors. Its privileged geographical position, bordering on Iran and Iraq and being the country that moves the Syrian war away from the borders of the Union, makes it a main actor to solve important geostrategic challenges. This role has come to interfere in the EU’s own policies, since most of the refugees from the Syrian war who have entered Europe have entered through Turkey and – on many occasions – with the consent of the authorities (causing one of the biggest humanitarian crises in decades).

Likewise, since gas was discovered in 2013 in the Eastern Mediterranean, conflicts over the delimitation of territorial waters between Greece, Cyprus and Turkey have been increasing. The Cypriot government, following Turkish explorations, has requested on more than one occasion the imposition of sanctions on Turkey. The drilling in the seabed would not only have caused seismic movements in parts of Greece and Cyprus, but also would have violated – according to these countries – their territorial sovereignty. Despite the lack of a common front within the European Union regarding sanctions against Turkey, The Union has already imposed sanctions against Turkish citizens related to the Government, as well as against companies involved in oil exploration and those who support them.

In addition to tightening the rope with the EU, Turkey also has diplomatic disagreements with the United States. Since the outbreak of the Syrian conflict, the intersection of accusations and the clash between the two powers has increased, at first they were the accusations of the then vice president, Joe Biden, on the possible financing that the Turkish Government was providing to Al-Nusra (one of the local affiliates of Al-Qaeda), the support of the American troops to the Kurdish militias or the increasing rapprochement between the Turkish Government and Russia from Vladimir Putin. The constant friction has led the Erdogan government to also consider Turkey’s possible exit from NATO, which would mean the definitive break with the West.

At the height of this dispute, the statements of the President of France, Emmanuel Macron, about Islam, caused a new clash between Tayyip Erdogan and the European Union. The Turkish president questioned the mental health of the French leader and called on other Muslim countries to boycott French products as a gesture of protest.

All these acts have been rejected by the European Union, which has been verified through the High Representative for Foreign Policy, Josep Borrell who has expressed, together with Parliament and the Commission, their rejection of both President Erdogan’s personal attacks and the boycott of French products, which is contrary to the tariff agreements in force between Turkey and the Union. In addition, the turbulent situation in Cyprus has also led to the imposition of economic sanctions by the Union as well as to rethink the commercial relationship that gives a status singular and preferential to Turkey.

As is always the case when international sanctions turn out to be the tool of choice, the main losers are foreign companies who have made investments and are already present in the market. As for Spanish companies, Turkey has become one of its preferred investment destinations having increased investments from 2012 to 2019 between 3 and 4% per year. In addition to Spanish investment, commercial relations are intense given that Turkey is one of the main destinations for Spanish exports of automobiles and other metallurgical resources, while Turkey -for its part- exports a large quantity of textile products to Spain.

The risks posed by diplomatic tension and instability impairs trade relations with Turkey. In particular, the legal certainty on which the foreign investments already established and that bet on the Ottoman country as a developing market and regional ‘hub’ rest (as it enjoys a privileged position as a gateway to the markets of its surroundings). Proof of your promotion and ambition from the local authorities of consolidate Istanbul as ub financial and commercial of the region is the Istanbul Financial Center project, which aims to turn Istanbul into a center for business by 2022.

However, the Turkish government does not seem to be concerned about the increase in tension and is sparing no effort in clashing head-on with its European allies and the United States. It would seem that Erdogan’s dream of asserting Turkish influence over the region passes – with the support of Russia – through feel comfortable on the target.

* José María Viñals Camallonga. Socio en Squire Patton Boggs.


Reactivating the Iran nuclear deal: Paris, London and Berlin, the mediators in the Biden era

Following the victory of the president-elect of the United States, Joe Biden, many eyes are on the return to negotiations with Iran to recover the nuclear agreement that the former president Barack Obama signed in 2015 and from which Trump unilaterally withdrew three years later.

German Foreign Ministers, Heiko Maas, France, Jean-Yves Le Drian, and the United Kingdom, Dominic Raab, have met in Berlin to agree on a joint position with the future Joe Biden Administration on the Iranian question. The three countries hope that the United States will lift its sanctions on Tehran and it will comply with the 2015 agreement that limits its nuclear activities.

Formal talks between Biden’s team and Europe cannot yet begin, but they have been urged. three countries to act as mediators between the United States and Iran, where a heated debate is taking place over the intentions of the Biden administration.

Biden has appointed Jake Sullivan, National Security Advisor, a key position in the US Administration and will become one of the youngest people in decades to access this position. Sullivan was precisely one of the team members who it participated in the negotiations that made it possible to reach the nuclear agreement with Iran.

The president-elect of the United States spoke on Monday with the Secretary General of NATO, Jens Stoltenberg; with the heads of the European Commission, Úrsula von der Leyen, and the Council of Europe, Charles Michel. Biden also highlighted the importance of cooperation between the United States and the EU on issues of mutual interest, such as Iran.


Israeli media: New Iranian military ship is “a floating arsenal”

An Israeli newspaper, referring to the advanced Iranian transatlantic ship Martyr Rudaki, wrote that it is “an asymmetric threat and a floating arsenal.”

“On the surface, this military vessel is just a transport ship, but Iran has equipped its deck with a variety of weapons to showcase its capabilities.”, reads a report published on Saturday by the Israeli newspaper The Jerusalem Post, alluding to the new Iranian military ship, called the Martyr Rudaki, which was unveiled on Thursday in the waters of southern Iran.

The Zionist regime newspaper made such comments, to later report that, according to aerial images, the Martyr Rudaki “It is equipped with several operational boats. It also has a Jordad 3 air defense system and military helicopters, drones [drones] and anti-ship missiles. This ship is a floating arsenal or a floating market [de armas]”.

The Jerusalem Post He also noted the deployment, on the ship, of Qader long-range anti-ship missiles, the Iranian version of China’s C-802 missile system, and asserted that this ship “could constitute a disproportionate threat to the US”.

Also, according to the report, although the operational focus of the Iranian Army of the Guardian Corps of the Islamic Revolution (IRGC) is in the Persian Gulf, the ship could be sent to the Mediterranean Sea or help Iran to collect information in Yemeni waters.

Iranian military experts describe the Martyr Rudaki ship as “a mobile naval city”, which is fully ready to carry out ocean missions, as well as ensuring the safety of shipping lines and providing assistance to Iranian commercial fleets and US ships. regional countries on the high seas.

The Persian country, even under the sanctions regime it is in, has made considerable progress in the defense industry, achieving self-sufficiency in the production of different types of weapons and military systems. It has also made spectacular progress in the production of military ships and submarines.

However, the Iranian Armed Forces assure that they are not seeking a war with anyone, although they warn that they will respond to the slightest intention to undermine Iran’s security, especially in the Persian Gulf, an area that is considered one of the red lines of the Republic. Islamic

mrp / anz / rba / mkh


Trump wanted to attack Iran last week but was dissuaded

Updated:17/11/2020 04:10h


Outgoing US President Donald Trump wanted to attack Iran last week for its uranium enrichment program, but his advisers dissuaded him, The New York Times reported Monday.

The New York newspaper detailed that Trump addressed the matter in a meeting last Thursday, a day after the United Nations, through the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), reported an increase in the enriched uranium reserves from Iran.

The meeting in the Oval Office was attended by Vice President Mike Pence; the secretary of state; Mike Pompeo; the new acting Secretary of Defense, Christopher Miller; or the Chief of Staff, General Mark Milley.

All of them dissuaded the president of launching a military attack against Iranian facilities considering that such aggression “could easily escalate to a broader conflict” at a time of political uncertainty in the United States.

At the end of the meeting, the attack on nuclear facilities was ruled out, according to officials quoted by the Times on condition of anonymity.

A military attack, which according to the newspaper could be with missiles but also cybernetic, would have had as its objective the Iranian nuclear facilities in the city of Natanz, where IAEA inspectors reported enriched uranium reserves of 2,449 kilos, well above the maximum limit of 300 kilos established in the nuclear pact with the great powers.

Most of the reserves of the Islamic Republic, 2,408 kilos, are in the form of UF6 gas. Iran has added another 337.5 kilos to its enriched uranium reserves in the last quarter.

Iran started producing higher purity uranium last year, violating the nuclear agreement, in response to the United States’ exit from the pact in 2018 and to pressure the European members of the agreement with the intention of guaranteeing the economic benefits provided in it.

The pact, signed in 2015, provided for certain limitations on Iran’s nuclear program so that the Islamic Republic could not get hold of a nuclear bomb in the short term.

In return, international sanctions against Tehran were lifted, although the United States reinstated its punitive measures in 2018, including an oil embargo.

See them


The irundarras will go to Austria to play the Champions League

Friday 13 November 2020, 01:53

Also in table tennis the competitions are stopped. There are attempts to start even with the higher categories, possibly with the dispute of matches by concentration in a venue but for now there is nothing certain.

Yes, there are dates and formula for the Champions League, where the Irundarra club will be again. In this case, the sixteen participating teams will travel to Linz, in Austria, where the championship will be played between December 2 and 8. Leka Enea is waiting for the draw to take place to know which teams they will face.

The women’s team is also qualified for the Champions League and had an appointment from December 11 to 18 in Germany, but the players are not professionals, they cannot afford to miss their jobs and Leka Enea has resigned.


Johnson and Von der Leyen agree to “redouble efforts” toward a post-Brexit deal

The British Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, and the president of the European Commission (EC), Ursula von der Leyen, they agreed ‘Redouble efforts’ towards a post-Brexit deal in a telephone conversation held this Saturday, a British government spokesman said.

The source noted that during the call, planned to Taking stock of the negotiationsJohnson noted that, while progress has been made, “significant differences persist in several areas” of common concern, including competition and fisheries.

The two leaders agreed that their respective teams will continue negotiations next Monday in London in order to “Redouble efforts to reach an agreement”, which would enter into force at the end, on December 31, of the post-Brexit transition period, which was formally executed on January 31.

For their part, Johnson and Von der Leyen “will remain in contact,” the spokesman said. If they fail to negotiate a bilateral pact, as of January 1, 2021, the United Kingdom and the European Union (EU) will start trading based on the generic, less beneficial regulations of the World Trade Organization (WTO).


Iran and Venezuela strengthen ties amid political storm in the United States

State visit of Iran to Venezuela. In the middle of the political storm in the United States, two of its greatest diplomatic enemies wanted to publicly confirm their “strategic alliance” with the visit of the Iranian Foreign Minister, Javad Zarif, to the Caribbean country.

Zarif is currently on a South American tour in which he will also visit Cuba and in which he plans to attend the imminent inauguration ceremony of the new president of Bolivia, Luis Arce.

Zarif’s stay in Venezuela represents a new example of what his counterpart Jorge Arreaza has defined as the brotherhood of these two countries in the face of “foreign aggression”, weeks after the imposition by the United States of new sanctions against Caracas for having violated the arms embargo on Tehran and in a year marked by significant shipments of oil from Iran to Venezuela.


▷ Meghan Markle’s vote in the US elections

Meghan Markle’s vote in the US elections.


In these last American electionss  Meghan Markle has been encouraged to vote in its public comments. ‘Page Six’ has been confirmed by sources close to the Sussex that the Duchess voted days before by post, and they go further by adding that she would also have exercised her right as an American citizen if she continued to live in the United Kingdom.


▷ The new virtual BlizzCon will be free for everyone: Blizzard says goodbye to the classic ticket in this edition

BlizzConline will be the event to learn more about Overwatch 2, Diablo 4, and other games.

Blizzard It has been holding a face-to-face event for 15 years where it announces news for its video games, and where fans can meet to participate in all kinds of activities related to their favorite titles. As we already knew, the 2020 pandemic has caused this BlizzCon to become “BlizzConline“an exclusively digital edition destined to maintain tradition from a safer perspective. And with this new format, they also arrive monetization changes.

In a video reviewing Blizzard-related news, products and services, President J. Allen Brack announces that BlizzConline, dated to February 19 and 20, will be free for all viewers. This is, in part, a first for the event: although the opening ceremony has always been free to watch, the rest of the tournaments, contests and collectibles were part of a virtual ticket of 40 dollars / euros.

In spite of everything, a good part of the activities which WoW parents are accustomed to, including competitions, cosplay contests or the fun march of the murlocs, where fans interpret these tribal fish with greater or lesser visual fidelity. Of course, we will also have ads.

In this edition, we will have to closely track Overwatch 2 Y Diablo IV, among other novelties. The former will add campaign heroes and PvE content to Blizzard’s cooperative shooter, while the latter will take a more sinister and traditional approach to the loot progression-based RPG series. Neither has a release date for now.

More about: Blizzard, BlizzConline, BlizzCon 2020, Diablo IV Y Overwatch 2.


2020 US Elections | Trump’s legacy: pandemic, tax cut, little wall, much racial conflict and the most autocratic government

No US president goes unnoticed by the White House, but number 45, the controversial Donald Trump, less so. For the US policy specialist at the Elcano Royal Institute, Carolina García Encinas, the adjective that best serves to describe the Trump presidency is “chaotic.” In his opinion, Donald Trump “has been the least political president, he has questioned almost all the precepts about the presidency and with this what he has achieved is to damage institutions, hurt the system by questioning it and breaking the rules.”

García Encinas recalls that the legacy of presidents is often best appreciated in the perspective of time, depending among other things on their successors. But after four years at the helm of the world’s leading power and on the eve of running for a difficult reelection on November 3, it is now possible to mark the line of Trump’s successes and failures.

Economy: the disaster after the pandemic

The economy was the strong asset of his campaign in 2016. With the famous “Make America Great Again”. In his first speech to the nation after knowing himself the winner of the elections, he said that it would create “millions of jobs.” Got approved the biggest tax cut in US history (corporate tax lowered it from 35% to 21%), however, the biggest pandemic in history This election year has come to ruin the numbers. The country has lost millions of jobs and the economic crisis in which it is immersed is unparalleled since the Great Depression.

US President Donald Trump removes his mask.

International isolation policy

In his letter of introduction as president, in November 2016, Trump proposed prop up the country to a leadership of a world that puts its interests first. To do this, the first thing he did was break international agreements and regulations signed during the Obama era, such as the Paris Climate Agreement or the North American Free Trade Agreement, as well as the nuclear treaty with Iran.

Even though Enters 2020 with Better Neighborhood Relations with Mexico and Canada, which he considers the greatest triumph of his mandate, the US has fewer international allies than ever, after announcing cuts in WHO funding amid the pandemic and his government is in the midst of trade and political war with China.

The immigration wall: 50 kilometers and children without their parents

The BBC has carried out an investigation into Trump’s promise to raise a wall across the border with Mexico, the bill for which would be paid by the neighboring country. According to their data, from January 2017 to September, 507 kilometers of the so-called “new border wall system” have been built, but the vast majority 451 are replacements or repairs of previous deteriorated structures. This leaves 56 km of new wall, of a border that has a length of 3,142 km. But not a single kilometer has been billed to Mexico.

Members of the Central American caravan of immigrants, in a shelter in Tijuana (Mexico), next to the US border.
Immigrants, in a shelter in Tijuana (Mexico), next to the US border.

He may not have kept his promise to raise the physical wall, but analysts note that his policies of border control, such as the cruel separation of thousands of children from their parents, have left too much of a mark on the nation. And it will be difficult to reverse the thinking that immigrants pose more of a danger than an opportunity for the country.

The trump card of the Supreme Court

An asset in your favor is the nomination of three judges to the Supreme Court (TS). The last one, on the run and in the stoppage after the death of Ruth Bader Ginsburg, that of the ultra-conservative judge Amy Coney Barrett. Your choice guarantees a majority Republican TS, with a 6 against 3, which in the end could put in serious difficulties any action taken by the Democrats in the White House in relation, for example, to abortion, health coverage, greater regulation of weapons or civil rights. And it will be crucial in case the elections do not have a clear winner.

Anti-racist protests

The defense of the civil rights of minorities has undergone one of the largest social mobilizations with the Black Live Matters. The series of mass marches throughout the country in protest against police violence against African Americans, unleashed by the murder recorded in the street of George Floyd. Trump called the movement a “symbol of hatred”. In the last debate, however, he assured that he did not know a person less racist than him. The wound of racial identity and civil rights continues to fester.

Protests over George Floyd death in New York
Black Lives Matter protest, in New York.

Environmental denialism

One of the first actions of the Donald Trump government was to announce that it would remove the United States from Paris Agreement to combat climate change Worldwide. The procedure is not so simple. Trump started it and it could be completed on November 4 of this year, if he wins the election. It would be the first country in the world to unsubscribe, but above all it would be the most polluting. Meanwhile, internally his mandate has reversed many cleaner air policies promoted in the Obama era, although other attempts of ordinances in favor of the most polluting industries are stopped in the courts.

The loss of prestige of the Government and the autocracy

The blatant inexperience in public management he has become the “chaos” of which he has been accused in these four years on countless occasions. Maybe that’s the legacy that goes down in history a very personalist president, who has been accused of maneuvering to claim greater control and power, of firing all government positions less related to him, and of shielding himself against accusations of malpractice and corruption. Not to mention the thousands of hoaxes or ‘fake news’ that he has squandered on Twitter. Experts suggest that, however, we will have to wait to define his legacy to what the presidents who follow him do, because many of his policies were executive orders that the next in office could overrule.